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Changes (short story)

Creators: Marnie Mueller


Short story by Marnie Mueller set in an unspecified Japanese American concentration camp. As the story begins, Toru Horokawa, an Issei man, sits outside his barrack thinking about returning to Japan. He flashes back to the time of the exclusion, two years prior, as he and his wife disagree about the selling of their possessions to bargain seekers. He then recalls his recent clashes with his Nisei son, his only child, who has announced that he will be joining the army.

Changes was first published in The Village Voice and appears in a different form in the 1990 anthology Home to Stay: Asian American Women's Fiction . Horokawa, as well as another character in the story, a community analyst named Seymour Topol, appear as minor characters in Mueller's 1999 novel set in Tule Lake , The Climate of the Country .

Authored by Brian Niiya , Densho

Might also like " The Brothers Murata " by Toshio Mori; " Sundown in Topaz " by Sheridan Tatsuno; " The Day After Today " by Toshio Mori

Media Details
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Author Marnie Mueller
Publication Date 1990
For More Information

For More Information

Mueller, Marnie. "Changes." In Home to Stay: Asian American Women's Fiction . Edited by Sylvia Watanabe and Carol Bruchac. Greenfied Center, N.Y.: The Greenfield Review Press, 1989.