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            "description": "A play by Wakako Yamauchi that was first produced in 1982. Set in the concentration camp in Poston, Arizona—the same camp the author was incarcerated in—from May 1942 to July 1943, the play follows several Japanese American families at Poston as their characters grapple with the loyalty questionnaire, military service, and possible resettlement. The title of the play refers to the camp address of the Tanaka family, block 12, barracks 1, unit A. Yamauchi wrote the play while the Rockefeller Playwright in Residence at the Mark Taper Forum in Los Angeles. It premiered on March 11, 1982, at East West Players in Los Angeles, the third of four plays in their \"Internment Camp Series\". Subsequent productions include Asian American Theater Co, San Francisco (1982); Kumu Kahua Theatre, Honolulu (1990); University of California, Los Angeles (1992); and California State University, Los Angeles (2012).",
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            "description": "Novel by Perry Miyake that imagines an early 21st century roundup of Japanese Americans and how Sansei and Yonsei would react to it.",
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            "description": "The diary of a white staff member at Tule Lake offers his take on the tumultuous events there after it was made a segregation center.",
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            "id": "442: For the Future (film)",
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            "id": "An Abandoned Pot of Rice (short story)",
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            "description": "Short essay by Hisaye Yamamoto DeSoto about the Kumamoto-mura community near Oceanside, California, where her family lived just prior to World War II. The pleasant reminiscences of life there are tempered by recollections of the chaos after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor and the events leading up to the forced removal of Japanese Americans from the West Coast. The title of the story comes from the narrator's recollection of making a pot of rice intending to make rice balls on the day of their forced departure, but forgetting about it, leaving the full pot behind. Years later, she returns to the site of the community, which subsequently became a large military base which for a time housed tens of thousands of Southeast Asian refugees. Noting the similarities with the concentration camps she and her family were in, she observes that this group was the third group of Asians to come and go from the geographical area, after the Japanese Americans and the Native Americans before them.",
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            "description": "The recollections of a Nisei woman, from her childhood in the Santa Clara Valley, to her marriage, her family's incarceration at Santa Anita and Heart Mountain, and their efforts to rebuild their lives back in California after the war ended.",
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            "description": "Exhibition at the History Museum of Hood River County on the Japanese American experience in Hood River, Oregon. Instigated by Museum Coordinator Connie Nice once she learned of the of the wartime incarceration of local Japanese Americans and the particularly virulent opposition to their postwar return, the exhibition has the support of the local community. The small exhibition included four sections: \"Our Lives Before,\" \"Our Lives Removed,\" \" Our Lives in Camp,\" and \"Our Lives in Service.\" Included in the exhibition are documents from the local American Legion chapter, which made national headlines in 1944 when it removed the names of Nisei soldiers from a local \"roll of honor.\" The exhibition subsequently became a semi-permanent part of the museum.",
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            "id": "Act of Faith: The Rev. Emery Andrews Story (film)",
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            "description": "Documentary film on Rev. Emery Andrews, a Baptist priest who went beyond the call of duty to aid Japanese Americans from Seattle incarcerated at the Minidoka, Idaho, concentration camp.",
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            "id": "A Diamond in the Desert (book)",
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            "id": "Adios to Tears: The Memoirs of a Japanese-Peruvian Internee in U.S. Concentration Camps (book)",
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            "description": "Adios to Tears: The Memoirs of a Japanese-Peruvian Internee in U.S. Concentration Camps relays the life story of Seiichi Higashide (1909–97). The book was translated from Japanese into English and Spanish through the efforts of his eight children, and was first published in 1993 by E&E Kudo. A second edition of the book was published in 2000 by the University of Washington Press, with a new foreword by C. Harvey Gardiner, professor emeritus of history at Southern Illinois University and author of Pawns in a Triangle of Hate: The Peruvian Japanese and the United States; a new epilogue by Julie Small, co-chair of Campaign for Justice-Redress Now for Japanese Latin Americans; and, a new preface by Elsa H. Kudo, the author's eldest daughter.",
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            "description": "Documentary film that focuses on the forced removal and incarceration of Japanese Americans from Bainbridge Island, Washington, as recounted through the perspective of Dr. Frank Kitamoto, who was a child during World War II. The story is told through interaction between Kitamoto and a small group of high school students from Bainbridge High School as they develop archival photographs from the incarceration and discuss its relevance to post 9/11 America. The film ends with the 2002 dedication of a memorial and plaque marking the site of the Bainbridge Islanders' departure. After Silence was produced by the Bainbridge Island Historical Society as part of an exhibition on the community's World War II experience, with funding from the Washington State Civil Liberties Public Education Program and the Charles W. Gaugl Foundation.",
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                "Patriotism - complications",
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                "Power of the past"
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            "id": "After the Bloom (book)",
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            "description": "Novel by Japanese Canadian author Leslie Shimotakahara about the sudden disappearance of a Nisei woman in Toronto and her Sansei daughter's search for her and her own past.",
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                "Role of women"
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            "id": "Against Their Will: The Japanese American Experience in World War II Arkansas (exhibition)",
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            "description": "Exhibition centering on the experiences of Japanese Americans in Jerome and Rohwer, the two concentration camps located in Arkansas, as well as those of who lived near the camps and/or worked in them. The exhibition was developed by the University of Arkansas at Little Rock Public History Program and debuted as part of the Life Interrupted project in 2004. The largest of eight exhibitions mounted in various venues in the Little Rock area, Against Their Will debuted at Arkansas Statehouse Convention Center downstairs foyer on September 24, 2004, running through November 28, 2004. Against Their Will is currently on permanent display at the World War II Japanese American Internment Museum, which opened in McGehee, Arkansas, in 2013.",
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            "description": "Coming-of-age novel by Maureen Lindley that takes place largely in Manzanar and whose protagonist is a mixed-race Sansei girl.",
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                "Importance of community",
                "Motherhood",
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            "id": "A Lesson in American History: The Japanese American Experience, Curriculum and Resource Guide, 5th Edition (curricula)",
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            "description": "Created by the Japanese American Citizens League (JACL), this 150-page guide for teachers is a comprehensive resource focused on the World War II incarceration of Japanese Americans. It provides historical information, a timeline, an annotated listing of K-12 resource materials (books, audio and visual works, websites, museum exhibits, agencies and organizations), K-6 and 7-12 lesson plans, and an appendix of various primary source materials. The content also covers other historic events when the government restricted the rights of individual citizens in favor of national security, including the story of Arab and Muslim Americans in the aftermath of September 11, 2001.",
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            "id": "Aleut Evacuation: The Untold War Story (film)",
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            "description": "Documentary film that tells the story of the forced removal and incarceration of the Aleut people from their ancestral Alaskan homes to detention camps in southwest Alaska during World War II. Based on interviews with surviving inmates and their descendants and on historical photographs and documents, Aleut Evacuation proceeds in largely chronological fashion, starting with a brief portrait of the Aleut community prior to the war, then covering their forcible removal by the U.S. government—ostensibly for their own protection in the face of possible Japanese attack—and their subsequent incarceration in several different camps. Focusing first on the largest camp, Funter Bay, which held those from the Pribilof Islands, it also considers a camp on Killisnoo Island where those from Atka were held, along with Ward Lake, where those from smaller villages were incarcerated. Former inmates remember the poor and harsh conditions in the camps and the rampant health problems they suffered which resulted in the deaths of some 10% of inmates. The film contrasts these conditions with the relatively good treatment that German POW received in a camp just a few miles from Funter Bay.",
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            "id": "Alice and the Bear (short story)",
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            "description": "Short story by Kiyoshi Parker about an old woman whose trip to a Little Tokyo store with her great-granddaughter brings back memories of her camp experience. Alice Miyamoto visits Little Tokyo in Los Angeles for the first time in thirty years with her family. After lunch, her daughter suggests they go visit the Go For Broke Monument. But on the way, her four-year-old great-granddaughter drags her into a store and picks up a stuffed Totoro toy. Alice is immediately reminded of a stuffed bear she had as a child of about the same age that was her constant companion when she was in an unspecified concentration camp.",
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                "Grades 9-12",
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                "Desire to escape",
                "Growing up – pain or pleasure",
                "Power of the past"
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            "id": "Allegiance (book)",
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            "title_sort": "allegiancebook",
            "description": "Historical mystery novel by Kermit Roosevelt set during World War II against the backdrop of the Supreme Court and the Japanese American cases.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Historical Fiction",
                "Mystery"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Emptiness of attaining a false dream",
                "Facing darkness",
                "Injustice",
                "Loss of innocence",
                "Power and corruption"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "All We Could Carry (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/All%20We%20Could%20Carry%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/All%20We%20Could%20Carry%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "allwecouldcarryfilm",
            "description": "Short documentary film by Steven Okazaki on Heart Mountain that serves as the introductory video to the exhibits at the Heart Mountain Interpretive Center. The fifteen minute film draws on interviews with twelve former Heart Mountain inmates and features photographs by Yoshio Okumoto and Bill Manbo, 8-mm home movie footage by Naokichi Hashizume and Eiichi Edward Sakauye, and drawings by Estelle Ishigo, all of whom where were also incarcerated there. The Heart Mountain Wyoming Foundation commissioned and funded the film. It premiered at the grand opening of the interpretive center on August 20, 2011.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [],
            "rg_genre": [],
            "rg_theme": [],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": null
        },
        {
            "id": "America at its Best: Legacy of Two Nisei Patriots (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/America%20at%20its%20Best:%20Legacy%20of%20Two%20Nisei%20Patriots%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/America%20at%20its%20Best:%20Legacy%20of%20Two%20Nisei%20Patriots%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "americaatitsbestlegacyoftwoniseipatriotsfilm",
            "description": "Documentary film produced and directed by Vince Matsudaira that highlights events honoring the two Medal of Honor recipients from the Seattle area, William Nakamura and James Okubo in 2001. The video was produced by the Nakamura/Okubo Medal of Honor Committee of the Nisei Veterans Committee, Seattle.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Heroism - real and perceived",
                "War - glory, necessity, pain, tragedy"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "No availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "American at Heart (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/American%20at%20Heart%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/American%20at%20Heart%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "americanatheartfilm",
            "description": "Film that tells the story of the 100th Infantry Battalion and 442nd Regimental Combat Team through historical footage (including clips from the movie Go for Broke!), still photographs and interview with many Nisei veterans, their white commanders, and others tied to the story. American at Heart covers the origin of the units in Hawai'i and Washington, DC, basic training in Camps McCoy and Shelby, their experiences in combat in Europe, and their return to the Hawai'i and the continental U.S. after the war. The film also contrasts the experience of Japanese Americans in Hawai'i vs. those on the West Coast, outlining the mass forced removal and incarceration of the latter. Among those interviewed are General Mark Clark, the World War II commander of the Fifth Army and 15th Army Group in Europe, who discusses what he calls \"the wrong decision\" to send Japanese Americans to \"concentration camps\" and his attempts to convince General John DeWitt to rescind his decision to do so, as well as his glowing descriptions of the Nisei units in combat; Senators Spark Matsunaga and Daniel Inouye on their experiences as members of the 100th and 442nd respectively; and Shig Doi, who takes part in the rescue of the Lost Battalion, only to hear of \"night riders\" attacking his family upon their return to their farm in California. The film ends with scenes from the exhibition A More Perfect Union at the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of American History.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Heroism - real and perceived",
                "War - glory, necessity, pain, tragedy"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "No availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "An American Contradiction (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/An%20American%20Contradiction%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/An%20American%20Contradiction%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "americancontradiction",
            "description": "Filmmaker Vanessa Yuille goes to visit the Heart Mountain site, where her mother was born, to learn more about its history. Through interviews with former inmates—particularly Bacon Sakatani—and local residents and experts, she provides an overview of the mass removal and incarceration and of life at Heart Mountain. We also see LaDonna Zall, acting curator at the Heart Mountain Interpretive Center, lead tour of the site as it is today. The film concludes with Sakatani leading what looks like a local community meeting in a discussion about whether the camp should be called a \"concentration camp.\"",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Evils of racism",
                "Injustice",
                "Power of the past",
                "Power of words"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "American Dreams (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/American%20Dreams%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/American%20Dreams%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "americandreamsbook",
            "description": "Chapter book for children about two eleven-year-old girls in Hollywood, one white and one Japanese American, in the weeks just before and just after the attack on Pearl Harbor.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 3-5"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Historical Fiction",
                "Children's"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Evils of racism",
                "Coming of age",
                "Injustice",
                "Growing up – pain or pleasure"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 3-5"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "American Fish (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/American%20Fish%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/American%20Fish%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "americanfishfilm",
            "description": "Short dramatic film about two Nisei women who run into each other at a grocery store and the dance that ensues when neither can remember who the other is. Humorous at first, the tone shifts when one asks about \"camp\" and other replies that she was in Tule Lake, invoking stereotypes of the camp and its inmates in the other. Directed by Jesse Wine, \"American Fish\" was based on the short story of the same name by R. A. Sasaki. It was screened as part of the Tule Lake Pilgrimage in 1996.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Short",
                "Drama"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "American Heroes: Japanese American World War II Nisei Soldiers and the Congressional Gold Medal (exhibition)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/American%20Heroes:%20Japanese%20American%20World%20War%20II%20Nisei%20Soldiers%20and%20the%20Congressional%20Gold%20Medal%20(exhibition)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/American%20Heroes:%20Japanese%20American%20World%20War%20II%20Nisei%20Soldiers%20and%20the%20Congressional%20Gold%20Medal%20(exhibition)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "americanheroesjapaneseamericanworldwariiniseisoldiersandthecongressionalgoldmedalexhibition",
            "description": "Traveling exhibition developed by the Smithsonian Institution to commemorate the awarding of the Congressional Gold Medal to the 100th Infantry Battalion, 442nd Regimental Combat Team, and Military Intelligence Service in 2011. Created by the Smithsonian Institution Traveling Exhibition Service in partnership with National Veterans Network, National Museum of American History, and Smithsonian Asian Pacific American Center, the exhibition included photo and text panels about the Japanese Americans who served in World War II along with the medal itself.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "exhibitions"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Museum Exhibitions",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-university",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Patriotism - positive side or complications",
                "Heroism - real and perceived"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "An American Hero: Shiro Kashino (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/An%20American%20Hero:%20Shiro%20Kashino%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/An%20American%20Hero:%20Shiro%20Kashino%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "americanheroshirokashino",
            "description": "Short documentary film that uses animation and archival footage to tell the story of Shiro Kashino, a Nisei from Seattle who becomes a war hero as a member of the 442nd Regimental Combat Team, but who loses his rank for his role in a fight in France.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary",
                "Animation"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Heroism – real and perceived",
                "Injustice",
                "Patriotism – positive side or complications"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "An American History: Resettlement of Japanese Americans in Greater Cleveland (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/An%20American%20History:%20Resettlement%20of%20Japanese%20Americans%20in%20Greater%20Cleveland%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/An%20American%20History:%20Resettlement%20of%20Japanese%20Americans%20in%20Greater%20Cleveland%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "americanhistory",
            "description": "Oral history-based documentary centering on Japanese Americans who resettled in Cleveland after leaving the concentration camps. Directed by Greg Petusky and Johnny Wu, the film was funded in part by a grant from the Japanese American Citizen's League's National Endowment Fund. It debuted at a screening at the Cleveland Museum of Natural History on April 8, 2000.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Self-reliance",
                "Injustice"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "American in Disguise (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/American%20in%20Disguise%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/American%20in%20Disguise%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "americanindisguisebook",
            "description": "American in Disguise is Daniel Okimoto's account of his search for identity in America and Japan. The book was originally published in 1971 by John Weatherhill, Inc, with a foreword by James Michener.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Memoir"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Identity crisis",
                "Wisdom of experience"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "American Pastime (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/American%20Pastime%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/American%20Pastime%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "americanpastimefilm",
            "description": "A 2007 feature film directed by Desmond Nakano that is based on true events that occurred at Topaz, an American concentration camp in Utah which held thousands of Japanese Americans during World War II. The film's story focuses on the Nomura family, whose mother and father are both Issei, and their two Nisei children, Lane and Lyle. Following the signing of Executive Order 9066 in February 1942, the Nomuras, along with over 120,000 other Japanese living on the West Coast, are forced into desolate government camps across the country. To boost the morale of the younger inmates and help build a sense of community, Mr. Nomura, who was once a professional baseball player, forms an in-camp league within the concentration camp, in an attempt to to instill some sense of normality into their lives.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Drama",
                "History",
                "Sport"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "American Scrapbook (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/American%20Scrapbook%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/American%20Scrapbook%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "americanscrapbookbook",
            "description": "Novel set in Manzanar and Tule Lake by prolific writer Jerome Charyn and published in 1969.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Historical fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Identity crisis",
                "Family"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "American Sons (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/American%20Sons%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/American%20Sons%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "americansonsfilm",
            "description": "Docudrama by Steven Okazaki about four Asian American male characters talking about the role of race in their lives. Though played by actors, the words spoken by each character come from interviews with real people.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Drama"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Empowerment",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Quest for discovery",
                "Role of men"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "An American Story: The History of California's Nisei Veterans (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/An%20American%20Story:%20The%20History%20of%20California's%20Nisei%20Veterans%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/An%20American%20Story:%20The%20History%20of%20California's%20Nisei%20Veterans%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "americanstorythehistoryofcaliforniasniseiveterans",
            "description": "Short documentary on California's Nisei veterans produced by photographer Tom Graves. The video was funded by a grant from the California Civil Liberties Public Education Program.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Heroism - real and perceived",
                "War - glory, necessity, pain, tragedy"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "No availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "An American Story: World War II Stories of the Tragedy and Triumph of Our Japanese-American Community During Wartime (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/An%20American%20Story:%20World%20War%20II%20Stories%20of%20the%20Tragedy%20and%20Triumph%20of%20Our%20Japanese-American%20Community%20During%20Wartime%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/An%20American%20Story:%20World%20War%20II%20Stories%20of%20the%20Tragedy%20and%20Triumph%20of%20Our%20Japanese-American%20Community%20During%20Wartime%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "americanstoryworldwarii",
            "description": "Video on the World War II odyssey of Japanese Americans from the Watsonville area based on interviews with survivors of that time. The video was part of a larger project that also included a curriculum guide/lesson plan kit for teachers and an interactive video kiosk available for display by community organizations. The project was sponsored by the Watsonville Public Library and Watsonville-Santa Cruz chapter of the Japanese American Citizens League and funded by a $14,000 grant from the California Civil Liberties Public Education Program. The film's premiere screening took place on August 27, 2011.[1]",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Injustice",
                "Importance of community"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "America's Betrayal (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/America's%20Betrayal%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/America's%20Betrayal%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "americasbetrayalbook",
            "description": "Young adult novel by Jodi Icenoggle written in the first person voice of Margaret Yamaguchi, a high school sophomore and aspiring writer in Valle Verde in coastal California. Her father runs a successful orchard and oversees a happy family that includes Margaret's mother, an older brother Robert, and younger brother Timmy. She has also started going steady with John Wilson, star athlete of Valle Verde High. But her happy life is slowly torn apart by the outbreak of war. As anti-Japanese sentiment rises after the attack on Pearl Harbor, so do tensions at the high school, particularly for an interracial couple like John and Margaret. Inevitably, the Yamaguchis get sent first to the Salinas Assembly Center, then to Poston, while John gets drafted. As family tragedies ensue, Margaret comes of age in the concentration camp, starting a camp newspaper and waiting for John to come back. But will he?",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 7-8",
                "Grades 9-12"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Fiction",
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Coming of age",
                "Companionship as salvation",
                "Everlasting love",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Female roles",
                "Losing hope",
                "Will to survive"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Am I a Traitor? (short story)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Am%20I%20a%20Traitor%3F%20(short%20story)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Am%20I%20a%20Traitor%3F%20(short%20story)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "amiatraitorshortstory",
            "description": "Essay by Issei socialist journalist Shigeki Oka (1878–1959) focusing on his decision to aid the Allies and oppose the Japanese militarist regime during World War II. Oka begins by describing the situation prior to the war, where Japanese American leaders dismissed the possibility of war between the U.S. and Japan. While preparing a translation of Hitler's anti-Japanese writings to be distributed in Japan, the attack on Pearl Harbor occurs. Oka sends a telegram to President Roosevelt offering his services and expresses the desire that Japan lose the war as quickly as possible so that its militarist regime would be brought down; these actions lead to members of the Japanese American community branding him a traitor. He later volunteers to go to India despite his advanced age to write and distribute propaganda for the U.S. After the war, the Japanese community continues to shun him despite the fact that the events of the war, in his opinion, have proved the rightness of his actions.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-file-text",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Memoir"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Facing reality",
                "Nationalism – complications",
                "Patriotism – positive side or complications"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "An American Christmas (short story)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/An%20American%20Christmas%20(short%20story)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/An%20American%20Christmas%20(short%20story)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "anamericanchristmasshortstory",
            "description": "Short story by Alice Nash centering on an elderly Issei woman in contemporary New York. As she struggles to carry a bag of rice home to her apartment, she reflects on her arrival in New York with her late husband after leaving the concentration camp and the kind Yamaguchi family who put them up while refusing to take money from them. They eventually opened a cleaning shop that helped pay for their only son's college education. A successful businessman in California, the son takes her on a trip every year, but largely keeps her away from her grandchildren due to his white wife's discomfort with her. When she gets back to her apartment, the family of the building's supervisor, the Gonzalez family, invites her to their home to help decorate their Christmas tree.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-file-text",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Family – blessing or curse",
                "Immigrant experience",
                "Motherhood",
                "Working class struggles"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "The Ancestors' Box (play)",
            "doctype": "articles",
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            },
            "title_sort": "ancestorsbox",
            "description": "Play for children by Christina Hamlett that takes place during and after World War II and explores the wartime expulsion and incarceration of Japanese Americans. The play centers on Japanese American teenager Amy Sasaki, who is sent to an unspecified American concentration camp with her family, and her best friend Lily Danvers, a white teenager who stays behind. The play's scenes take play just prior to the Sasakis leaving for camp from their home in Anaheim, California, in 1942, upon their return in 1945, and in 2000. The estimated length of a performance is 35 minutes.",
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            "mediatype_icon": "fa-ticket",
            "rg_interestlevel": [],
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            "rg_availability": null
        },
        {
            "id": "Ancestry is Not a Crime: The Internment of People of Japanese Descent During World War II (curricula)",
            "doctype": "articles",
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            },
            "title_sort": "ancestryisnotacrimetheinternmentofpeopleofjapanesedescentduringworldwariicurricula",
            "description": "To commemorate the 50th anniversary of the end of World War II, the Hawai'i state legislature funded the development of Ancestry is Not a Crime, focused on the forced removal and incarceration of Japanese Americans. The 192-page curriculum aims to engage elementary through high school students with this complex history, to wrestle with the meaning of democratic principles, and to think critically about civil liberties and the responsibilities of a democratic citizenry.",
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                "Grades 3-5",
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Displacement",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Injustice",
                "Patriotism - positive side or complications",
                "Rights - individual or societal",
                "War - glory, necessity, pain, tragedy"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "And Then a Rainbow (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
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            },
            "title_sort": "andthenarainbowbook",
            "description": "Memoir by a Nisei woman who renounces her citizenship at Tule Lake and lives in Japan for thirteen years before returning to the U.S.",
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                "books"
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            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Memoir"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Evils of racism",
                "Role of women",
                "Will to survive",
                "Working class struggles"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "And There Are Stories, There Are Stories (short story)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
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            },
            "title_sort": "andtherearestoriestherearestoriesshortstory",
            "description": "Prose poem memoir by Momoko Iko that traces her family's journey out of the concentration camps and her subsequent upbringing away from Japanese American communities on the West Coast. She begins with her birth in 1940 to Issei parents, her fleeting recollections of her family's incarceration, and life after the war, first in Philadelphia, then Chicago. Various stories centering on racism, racial identity, interracial relations, and the legacy of the camps in the 1950s and 1960s follow, tracing the narrator's journey to becoming a writer.",
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                "short stories"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-file-text",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Memoir"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Coming of age",
                "Coming of age",
                "Power of the past",
                "Self – inner and outer"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "An Internment Odyssey: Haisho Tenten (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
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            },
            "title_sort": "aninternmentodysseyhaishotentenbook",
            "description": "An Internment Odyssey: Haisho Tenten is the third book in a series published by the Japanese Cultural Center of Hawai'i and University of Hawai'i Press of a Hawai'i inmate's account of their incarceration experience during World War II. It represents a critical addition to Japanese American history as it provides the perspective of an Issei from Hawai'i who authorities incarcerated at multiple sites in the Islands and the mainland. The author, Kumaji Furuya, thus gives voice to some of the experiences faced by the 1,320 inmates from Hawai'i who like Furuya were often separated from their families for the duration of the war.",
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                "books"
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            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Memoir"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Immigrant experience",
                "Nationalism – complications",
                "Overcoming – fear, weakness, vice",
                "Will to survive"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "A Question of Loyalty/The Betrayed (play)",
            "doctype": "articles",
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            },
            "title_sort": "aquestionofloyaltythebetrayedplay",
            "description": "Play authored by Nisei playwright Hiroshi Kashiwagi set in Tule Lake and centered on the dilemmas brought on by the loyalty questionnaire. The main characters are Tak Fujimoto, a country boy loosely based on the playwright, and Grace Tamura, a sophisticated city girl from Seattle, who fall in love in the concentration camp. But they are divided by the loyalty questions and go their separate ways. The play's second act is set forty years later, when Grace, a widowed redress activist from Chicago, visits Tak, a divorced farmer in Fresno, prior to a camp reunion.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "plays"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Plays",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-ticket",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Arnold Knows Me: The Tommy Kono Story (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Arnold%20Knows%20Me:%20The%20Tommy%20Kono%20Story%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Arnold%20Knows%20Me:%20The%20Tommy%20Kono%20Story%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "arnoldknowsmethetommykonostoryfilm",
            "description": "Documentary film that charts Nisei Tommy Kono's unlikely rise from a World War II concentration camp to becoming one of America's greatest Olympic style weightlifters.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Overcoming – fear, weakness, vice",
                "Role of men"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "The Art of Gaman: Arts and Crafts from the Japanese American Internment Camps, 1942-1946 (exhibition)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
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            },
            "title_sort": "artofgaman",
            "description": "Traveling exhibition highlighting art and craft objects made by incarcerated Japanese Americans in wartime concentration camps. Curated by Delphine Hirasuna and based on the 2005 book of the same name, The Art of Gaman exhibition has traveled to fourteen venues since its debut in 2006.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "exhibitions"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Museum Exhibitions",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-university",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 3-5",
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Art",
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Expression through art",
                "Displacement",
                "Beauty of simplicity"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "The Art of Gaman: The Story Behind the Objects (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/The%20Art%20of%20Gaman:%20The%20Story%20Behind%20the%20Objects%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/The%20Art%20of%20Gaman:%20The%20Story%20Behind%20the%20Objects%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "artofgamanthestorybehindtheobjects",
            "description": "A short documentary film created by Rick Quan in 2010 to accompany the traveling exhibition, The Art of Gaman: Arts and Crafts from the Japanese American Internment Camps, 1942-1946 which features arts and crafts created by Japanese American internees while living in World War II concentration camps. The film includes stories about the inmates who created the objects included in the exhibition, as told by their children and grandchildren. It also includes an interview with the exhibition's curator, Delphine Hirasuna, who describes The Art of Gaman's purpose of celebrating the unique talents of these camp artists and helping people understand the larger story of the Japanese American mass confinement. The DVD release also includes Voices Long Silent, a 1980 short film by Bob Matsumoto, that was also shown in conjunction with The Art of Gaman exhibition.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Expression through art",
                "Will to survive"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "The Art of Living: Japanese American Creative Experience at Rohwer (exhibition)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
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                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/The%20Art%20of%20Living:%20Japanese%20American%20Creative%20Experience%20at%20Rohwer%20(exhibition)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "artofliving",
            "description": "Exhibition of art objects created by Japanese Americans in Rohwer. Mounted in 2011 by the Butler Center for Arkansas Studies, the exhibition was based on the collection of Mabel Rose Jamison Vogel, an art teacher at Rohwer. Vogel bequeathed the objects to McGehee, Arkansas, Mayor Rosalie Santine Gould, who in turn donated the collection to the Butler Center in 2010. The Art of Living included about 125 pieces, ranging from fashion sketches to bird pins to paintings in a wide variety of styles, augmented by photographs of the camp and interview segments with former Rohwer inmates. The project also includes an online version of the exhibition. Among the public programs tied to the exhibition's run were talks by Delphine Hirasuna, author of The Art of Gaman and by Vivienne Schiffer, daughter of Gould and author of the novel Camp Nine, which is set in a Rohwer-like concentration camp.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "exhibitions"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Museum Exhibitions",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-university",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 3-5",
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Art",
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Expression through art",
                "Displacement"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Arts and Crafts from the Camps: The Arkansas Camp Experience (exhibition)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Arts%20and%20Crafts%20from%20the%20Camps:%20The%20Arkansas%20Camp%20Experience%20(exhibition)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Arts%20and%20Crafts%20from%20the%20Camps:%20The%20Arkansas%20Camp%20Experience%20(exhibition)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "artsandcraftsfromthecampsthearkansascampexperienceexhibition",
            "description": "Exhibition of art and craft objects created by Japanese American inmates at the Arkansas concentration camps. Curated by the University of Arkansas at Little Rock Public History Program in 2004, the exhibition included objects from the collection of Rosalie Gould, a former mayor of McGehee, Arkansas, who had amassed a substantial private collection.[1] Arts and Crafts from the Camps was one of the eight exhibitions mounted in the Little Rock area that were part of the Life Interrupted project, a collaboration between the Japanese American National Museum and the University of Arkansas at Little Rock.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "exhibitions"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Museum Exhibitions",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-university",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Art",
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Beauty of simplicity",
                "Desire to escape"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "A Session at Tak's Place (short story)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/A%20Session%20at%20Tak's%20Place%20(short%20story)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/A%20Session%20at%20Tak's%20Place%20(short%20story)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "asessionattaksplaceshortstory",
            "description": "Short story by Manzen (Tom Arima) about four old Nisei men discussing the future of the Japanese American community and the Japanese American Citizens League (JACL). Tak, a 65-year-old retiree, wakes up one morning with an uneasy feeling after a late night JACL meeting the previous evening. His close friend Nobe, a JACL lifer, drops by to talk about the meeting, and they are soon joined by two more friends, Joe and Mits. The four talk about the role they and the JACL should take in the implementation of the recently passed Civil Liberties Act of 1988, what to make of a recent JACL resolution to investigate the organization's actions regarding the so-called \"No-No Boys,\" and the role of the JACL. After a spirited discussion, Tak feels much better and is grateful for the men's friendship.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-file-text",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Communication – verbal and nonverbal",
                "Companionship as salvation",
                "Importance of community",
                "Optimism – power or folly"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "A Stone Cried Out: The True Story of Simple Faith in Difficult Days",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/A%20Stone%20Cried%20Out:%20The%20True%20Story%20of%20Simple%20Faith%20in%20Difficult%20Days/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/A%20Stone%20Cried%20Out:%20The%20True%20Story%20of%20Simple%20Faith%20in%20Difficult%20Days/"
            },
            "title_sort": "astonecriedoutthetruestoryofsimplefaithindifficultdays",
            "description": "A Christian minister reflects on his life, including the difficult years he and his family spent in wartime concentration camps.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Memoir"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Change versus tradition",
                "Faith versus doubt",
                "Forgiveness",
                "Identity crisis",
                "Overcoming - fear, weakness, vice"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "A Taste for Strawberries: The Independent Journey of Nisei Farmer Manabi Hirasaki (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/A%20Taste%20for%20Strawberries:%20The%20Independent%20Journey%20of%20Nisei%20Farmer%20Manabi%20Hirasaki%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/A%20Taste%20for%20Strawberries:%20The%20Independent%20Journey%20of%20Nisei%20Farmer%20Manabi%20Hirasaki%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "atasteforstrawberriestheindependentjourneyofniseifarmermanabihirasakibook",
            "description": "The memoir of Manabi Hirasaki, a successful Nisei farmer, with reflections on experiences ranging from his childhood working on his father's farms, his family's \"voluntary evacuation\" to Grand Junction, Colorado, voluntary service in the 522nd Field Artillery Battalion of the 442nd Regimental Combat Team, and his successes in the strawberry industry after World War II.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Memoir"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "A Teacher's Resource for Farewell to Manzanar (curricula)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/A%20Teacher's%20Resource%20for%20Farewell%20to%20Manzanar%20(curricula)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/A%20Teacher's%20Resource%20for%20Farewell%20to%20Manzanar%20(curricula)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "ateachersresourceforfarewelltomanzanarcurricula",
            "description": "This study guide developed in 1999 by Facing History and Ourselves with Voices of Love and Freedom is part of the \"Witness to History\" series that examines a literary work confronting the complexity of history particularly around issues of prejudice and discrimination. It is based on the 1973 edition of Farewell to Manzanar by Jeanne Wakatsuki Houston and James D. Houston. In this memoir, Wakatsuki Houston traces her family experiences during World War II, when because of their Japanese ancestry, they are incarcerated at Manzanar, a concentration camp in the California desert.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "curricula"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 7-8",
                "Grades 9-12"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Coming of age",
                "Displacement",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Family - blessing or curse",
                "Growing up - pain or pleasure",
                "Identity crisis",
                "Injustice"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 7-9",
                "Grades 9-12"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "A Tradition of Honor (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/A%20Tradition%20of%20Honor%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/A%20Tradition%20of%20Honor%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "atraditionofhonorfilm",
            "description": "Feature length documentary telling the stories of Japanese American soldiers in the 100th Infantry Battalion, 442nd Regimental Combat Team, and Military Intelligence Service, produced in 2002 by the Go For Broke National Education Foundation.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Heroism – real and perceived",
                "Role of men",
                "War – glory, necessity, pain, tragedy"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Bad Day at Black Rock (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Bad%20Day%20at%20Black%20Rock%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Bad%20Day%20at%20Black%20Rock%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "baddayatblackrockfilm",
            "description": "Critically acclaimed 1955 movie starring Spencer Tracy whose plot is built around the murder of the Issei father of a Nisei war hero in a forlorn desert town and its subsequent cover up. Though it was one of the first movies to note the discrimination Japanese Americans faced during World War II, no Japanese American characters appear in it. Bad Day at Black Rock was nominated for three Academy Awards.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Thriller"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Evils of racism",
                "Fear of other"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Barbed Wire Baseball (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Barbed%20Wire%20Baseball%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Barbed%20Wire%20Baseball%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "barbedwirebaseballbook",
            "description": "Children's picture book by Marissa Moss with illustrations by Yuko Shimizu that focuses on the true story of Kenichi Zenimura, an Issei baseball pioneer who builds a baseball field in the Gila River concentration camp.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 1-2",
                "Grades 3-5"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Children's"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Empowerment",
                "Individual versus society",
                "Will to survive"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 1-2",
                "Grades 3-5"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Baseball Saved Us (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Baseball%20Saved%20Us%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Baseball%20Saved%20Us%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "baseballsavedusbook",
            "description": "Popular and acclaimed children's picture book written by Ken Mochizuki and illustrated by Dom Lee about the concentration camps and their aftermath through the prism of baseball.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 1-2",
                "Grades 3-5"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Children's",
                "Sports",
                "Picture book"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Character - destruction, building up",
                "Fear of failure"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 3-5"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Baseball Saved Us (play)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Baseball%20Saved%20Us%20(play)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Baseball%20Saved%20Us%20(play)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "baseballsavedusplay",
            "description": "Musical play for children based on the popular children's book of the same name. Produced by Seattle's 5th Avenue Theatre as part of its Adventure Musical Theater Touring Company in 2003, the play went to schools throughout Washington state. Ken Mochizuki, who also authored the children's book, Baseball Saved Us, wrote the script for the play, and Bruce Monroe wrote the music and lyrics. The approximately forty-five minute play tells the story of one family's wartime incarceration and how building a baseball field in camp provided an escape for the imprisoned population.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "plays"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Plays",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-ticket",
            "rg_interestlevel": [],
            "rg_genre": [],
            "rg_theme": [],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": null
        },
        {
            "id": "Bat 6 (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Bat%206%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Bat%206%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "bat6book",
            "description": "Set in 1949, two small towns in Oregon are rivals in the girls' softball game of the year, Bat 6 (1998). On the Bear Creek Ridge team, Aki Mikami is the new girl is who has just returned after being \"sent away to a camp\" with her family since 1942. All the 6th grade girls were too young to remember Aki and her family leaving, and the adults would talk in whispers amongst themselves about what happened, but not to the children. Aki is shy but she is an amazing ball player (her mother was MVP for Bat 6 in 1930) and girls take to her immediately. The opposing Bat 6 team, Barlow, also recruits a talented new player named Shazam—a troubled girl who has come to live with her grandmother. She hates the Japanese because her father was killed in the attack on Pearl Harbor. The ballgame culminates in a catastrophic incident between Shazam and Aki. Told in retrospectives by the girls who make up the two softball teams, the chapters peel back the evolution of the incident which reveals the conflicts in the small community both before and after the war.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 3-5",
                "Grades 6-8"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Children's",
                "Sports"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Character - destruction, building up",
                "Forgiveness"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 3-5",
                "Grades 6-8"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Beacon Hill Boys (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Beacon%20Hill%20Boys%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Beacon%20Hill%20Boys%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "beaconhillboysbook",
            "description": "Novel for young adults by Ken Mochizuki about a Sansei teenager's quest for identity and meaning in 1972 Seattle.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 7-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Young Adult",
                "Historical Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Coming of age",
                "Convention and rebellion",
                "Family – blessing or curse",
                "Growing up – pain or pleasure",
                "Identity crisis",
                "Power of tradition"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Behind Enemy Lines (play)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Behind%20Enemy%20Lines%20(play)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Behind%20Enemy%20Lines%20(play)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "behindenemylinesplay",
            "description": "Play by Rosanna Yamagiwa Alfaro that tells the story of the Toda family and the travails brought on by their expulsion and incarceration in \"assembly center\" horse stalls and concentration camp barracks. The loyalty questionnaire splits the family, with one son joining the 442nd Regimental Combat Team and another ending up a renunciant. The play was had its first reading in 1980 and was produced by the Peoples Theater in Cambridge, Massachusetts, in 1981 and the Pan Asian Repertory Theatre in New York in March of 1982 as part a series of three plays about the Japanese American incarceration.[1]",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "plays"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Plays",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-ticket",
            "rg_interestlevel": [],
            "rg_genre": [],
            "rg_theme": [],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": null
        },
        {
            "id": "Bend with the Wind: The Life, Family, and Writings of Grace Eto Shibata (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
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                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Bend%20with%20the%20Wind:%20The%20Life,%20Family,%20and%20Writings%20of%20Grace%20Eto%20Shibata%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "bendwiththewindthelifefamilyandwritingsofgraceetoshibatabook",
            "description": "Memoir of a Nisei woman—though written in the third person—that covers a nearly one hundred year history of a prominent San Luis Obispo area farming family and that ends with the author's graduation from college at age seventy-four.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Memoir"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Circle of life",
                "Family – blessing or curse",
                "Female roles",
                "Power of tradition"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Best Friends Forever: A World II Scrapbook (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Best%20Friends%20Forever:%20A%20World%20II%20Scrapbook%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Best%20Friends%20Forever:%20A%20World%20II%20Scrapbook%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "bestfriendsforeveraworldiiscrapbookbook",
            "description": "Children's book about the friendship between a German American girl and her forcibly removed Japanese American friend in the form of a scrapbook from the year 1942.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 3-5",
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Children's",
                "Historical Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Everlasting love",
                "Family – blessing or curse",
                "Injustice",
                "Rights - individual or societal"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 3-5",
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Betrayed Trust: The Story of a Deported Issei and His American-Born Family During World War II (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Betrayed%20Trust:%20The%20Story%20of%20a%20Deported%20Issei%20and%20His%20American-Born%20Family%20During%20World%20War%20II%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Betrayed%20Trust:%20The%20Story%20of%20a%20Deported%20Issei%20and%20His%20American-Born%20Family%20During%20World%20War%20II%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "betrayedtrustthestoryofadeportedisseiandhisamericanbornfamilyduringworldwariibook",
            "description": "A Nisei shares his family's heart-wrenching experience of wartime incarceration and the complex background behind their decision to go to Japan instead of staying in the U.S. after the end of the war.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Memoir"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Coming of age",
                "Disillusionment and dreams",
                "Displacement",
                "Heartbreak of betrayal",
                "Identity crisis",
                "Immigrant experience",
                "Losing hope"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Beyond Barbed Wire (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Beyond%20Barbed%20Wire%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Beyond%20Barbed%20Wire%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "beyondbarbedwirefilm",
            "description": "A 1997 documentary film on the Japanese American soldiers of the 100th Infantry Battalion, the 442nd Regimental Combat Team and the Military Intelligence Service who fought for the United States during World War II while some of their families were held in concentration camps. The film is based on interviews with numerous veterans as well as with their wives and adult children. Among topics touched on in Beyond Barbed Wire are friction between men from Hawai'i and the continental U.S. during basic training; the unusual story of Korean American Colonel Young O. Kim; the rescue of the Lost Battalion, and the continuing legacy of the veterans for their families. One unique aspect of the film is its treatment of the controversy over the role of Major General John Dahlquist, whom some veterans feel used the Nisei as \"cannon fodder.\" In telling the story of the mass incarceration, the filmmakers include scenes from the Japanese American National Museum and the Smithsonian Institution's A More Perfect Union: Japanese Americans and the U.S. Constitution. The film concludes with scenes from a reunion at the 50th anniversary of the war's end in Honolulu in 1995. The film is narrated by Noriyuki \"Pat\" Morita.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "War – glory, necessity, pain, tragedy",
                "Patriotism – positive side or complications",
                "Role of men",
                "Disillusionment and dreams"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Beyond Heart Mountain (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Beyond%20Heart%20Mountain%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Beyond%20Heart%20Mountain%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "beyondheartmountainbook",
            "description": "Lee Ann Roripaugh's first collection of poetry, which was selected by writer Ishmael Reed as one of five manuscripts published in 1999 through the National Poetry Series competition. The central section of the book is an interconnected series of dramatic monologues written in the voices of various Japanese Americans incarcerated at the Heart Mountain camp.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Poetry"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Beyond Loyalty: The Story of a Kibei (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Beyond%20Loyalty:%20The%20Story%20of%20a%20Kibei%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Beyond%20Loyalty:%20The%20Story%20of%20a%20Kibei%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "beyondloyaltythestoryofakibeibook",
            "description": "Memoir of Kibei scholar Minoru Kiyota (1923–2013) that focuses on the difficult World War II years that saw him incarcerated in American concentration camps and eventually renouncing his U.S. citizenship. Originally published as a Japanese language autobiographical novel in 1990, it was translated and reworked into an English language memoir published in 1997 by the University of Hawai'i Press.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Memoir"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Evils of racism",
                "Growing up – pain or pleasure",
                "Individual versus society",
                "Role of Religion – virtue or hypocrisy",
                "Self – inner and outer"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Beyond the Call of Duty: Honoring the 24 Japanese American Medal of Honor Recipients (exhibition)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Beyond%20the%20Call%20of%20Duty:%20Honoring%20the%2024%20Japanese%20American%20Medal%20of%20Honor%20Recipients%20(exhibition)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Beyond%20the%20Call%20of%20Duty:%20Honoring%20the%2024%20Japanese%20American%20Medal%20of%20Honor%20Recipients%20(exhibition)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "beyondthecallofdutyhonoringthe24japaneseamericanmedalofhonorrecipientsexhibition",
            "description": "2004-05 exhibition on Japanese American recipients of the Medal of Honor, the country's highest military decoration organized by the Japanese American National Museum (JANM). Of the twenty-four Japanese American recipients, twenty-one were honored for their service during World War II. Beyond the Call of Duty was one of eight exhibitions in the Little Rock, Arkansas, area that were part of the Life Interrupted project, a collaboration between JANM and the University of Arkansas at Little Rock. Three of the exhibitions, all on some aspect of the Japanese American military experience, were displayed at the MacArthur Museum of Arkansas Military History, the other two being Witness: Our Brothers' Keepers and Undaunted Courage, Proven Loyalty: Japanese American Soldiers in World War II.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "exhibitions"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Museum Exhibitions",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-university",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Patriotism - positive side or complications",
                "Heroism - real and perceived"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Biography Hawai'i: Koji Ariyoshi (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Biography%20Hawai'i:%20Koji%20Ariyoshi%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Biography%20Hawai'i:%20Koji%20Ariyoshi%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "biographyhawaiikojiariyoshifilm",
            "description": "Documentary film that profiles journalist, labor leader, and former Manzanar inmate Koji Ariyoshi. Produced as part of the Biography Hawai'i series, it aired on public television stations in Hawai'i in May 2005.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary",
                "Biography"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Working class struggles",
                "Change versus tradition",
                "Convention and rebellion"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Birth of an Activist: The Sox Kitashima Story (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Birth%20of%20an%20Activist:%20The%20Sox%20Kitashima%20Story%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Birth%20of%20an%20Activist:%20The%20Sox%20Kitashima%20Story%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "birthofanactivistthesoxkitashimastorybook",
            "description": "A renowned redress activist shares her life story, including how the humiliating experience of wartime incarceration helped shape her later involvement in political activism.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Memoir"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Coming of age",
                "Death - inevitable or tragedy",
                "Empowerment",
                "Importance of community"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "The Bitter Memory: America's Concentration Camps (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/The%20Bitter%20Memory:%20America's%20Concentration%20Camps%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/The%20Bitter%20Memory:%20America's%20Concentration%20Camps%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "bittermemory",
            "description": "Early film that provides an overview of the wartime forced removal and incarceration of Japanese Americans on the West Coast produced by the University of California, Berkeley in 1975. Bitter Memory tells the story through narration and interviews with former inmates accompanied by archival footage from Office of War Information/War Relocation Authority (WRA) films and WRA still photos. All footage—even contemporary interview footage and footage shot at Tule Lake—is in black and white. Identified inmate narrators include poet and playwright Hiroshi Kashiwagi, Mary Otani, Michi Mukai, and Kumito Ishida. The bulk of the film deals with living conditions in the concentration camps—the lack of privacy, the breaking up of the family unit, employment, food and so forth—along with the loyalty questionnaire and segregation. The film is also known as Bitter Memories: Tule Lake, even though only the last few minutes of the film focus on Tule Lake.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Injustice"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Block 8 (play)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Block%208%20(play)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Block%208%20(play)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "block8play",
            "description": "Two character play set in Topaz by Matthew Ivan Bennett. A production of the Plan-B Theatre Company of Salt Lake City, Utah, Block 8 premiered on February 20, 2009, at the Rose Wagner Performing Arts Center's Studio Theatre. The play centers on Ken, a twenty-three year old Nisei from San Francisco who had been a student at the University of California at Berkeley prior to being forcibly removed with his family and incarcerated at Topaz, and Ada, a Mormon woman from Salt Lake City with a son fighting the Pacific who becomes the librarian at Topaz. Initially wary of each other, the two form a surrogate mother/son relationship as Ken struggles with the decision on whether or not to enlist.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "plays"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Plays",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-ticket",
            "rg_interestlevel": [],
            "rg_genre": [],
            "rg_theme": [],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": null
        },
        {
            "id": "Blood Hina (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Blood%20Hina%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Blood%20Hina%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "bloodhinabook",
            "description": "The fourth book in the Mas Arai Mysteries series by Naomi Hirahara finds the Kibei gardener coming to the aid of his best friend, Haruo Mukai, whose impending wedding is interrupted by accusations of theft and by his sudden disappearance.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Fiction",
                "Mystery"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Family – blessing or curse",
                "Hazards of passing judgment",
                "Heroism – real and perceived",
                "Love and sacrifice"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Blue Jay in the Desert (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Blue%20Jay%20in%20the%20Desert%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Blue%20Jay%20in%20the%20Desert%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "bluejayinthedesertbook",
            "description": "Blue Jay in the Desert by Marlene Shigekawa and illustrated by Isao Kikuchi is a children's picture book about how the gift of a hand-carved wooden blue jay symbolizes the love and hope a grandfather gives to his grandson.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 1-2",
                "Grades 3-5"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Children's",
                "Picture book"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Quest for discovery",
                "Rights - individual or societal"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 1-2",
                "Grades 3-5"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Blue Skies and Thunder: Farm Boy, Pilot, Inventor, TSA Officer, and WWII Soldier of the 442nd Regimental Combat Team (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Blue%20Skies%20and%20Thunder:%20Farm%20Boy,%20Pilot,%20Inventor,%20TSA%20Officer,%20and%20WWII%20Soldier%20of%20the%20442nd%20Regimental%20Combat%20Team%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Blue%20Skies%20and%20Thunder:%20Farm%20Boy,%20Pilot,%20Inventor,%20TSA%20Officer,%20and%20WWII%20Soldier%20of%20the%20442nd%20Regimental%20Combat%20Team%20(book)/"
            },
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            "id": "Bob Sakata: American Farmer (book)",
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        {
            "id": "Both Alike in Dignity (short story)",
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            "description": "Short story by Chester Sakamoto about an elderly Holocaust survivor who mistakenly gets off the bus in Little Tokyo, where he meets an elderly Nisei man. One Sunday, on his weekly visit to a friend in Pasadena, Mr. Muncznik gets off the bus too early and ends up in Little Tokyo. Sitting to get his bearings, he finds himself next to a statue of a Japanese man. Friendly Mr. Sata stops and explains that it is a statue of Chiune Sugihara, a Japanese diplomat who risked his career and safety to help thousands of Jews escape Lithuania during the war. Conversation ensues about each man's wartime experience—Mr. Sata had lived in Little Tokyo before the war and had been sent with his family to Heart Mountain—revealing a startling coincidence.",
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                "short stories"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Short Stories",
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                "Wisdom of experience"
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        },
        {
            "id": "The Boy from Nebraska (book)",
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            "description": "Brief biography of Ben Kuroki, Nisei war hero, by Ralph G. Martin and published in late 1946 when Kuroki was arguably the best known Japanese American.",
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        },
        {
            "id": "A Boy No More (book)",
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            "description": "A 2004 young adult novel by Harry Mazer about Adam Pelko, who is torn between grieving his father, who died on the USS Arizona during the attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, and his feelings of loyalty towards his Japanese American best friend, Devi, whose own father has been arrested and taken to the War Relocation Authority camp in Manzanar, California. When Devi asks Adam to help him find his father, Adam is faced with a moral conflict: should he risk both his own safety and his friendship in order to do what is right? He is also still deeply affected by the bombing of Pearl Harbor and the urge to scapegoat the Japanese Americans, despite his urge to help and defend his friend.",
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                "Grades 9-12"
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                "Growing up – pain or pleasure",
                "Overcoming – fear, weakness, vice",
                "Patriotism – positive side or complications"
            ],
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                "Grades 7-8",
                "Grades 9-12"
            ],
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        },
        {
            "id": "A Bridge Between Us (book)",
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            "description": "Critically acclaimed 1995 novel by Julie Shigekuni that is both a multi-generational family saga about a Japanese American family in San Francisco and a coming-of-age novel centered on a fifth-generation Japanese American woman growing up in a four generation household. The story—which includes the family's incarceration at Heart Mountain—is told from the perspectives of four women of different generations who live together in the family home in San Francisco.",
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                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
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        },
        {
            "id": "Bridge of Scarlet Leaves (book)",
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            "description": "Novel by Kristina McMorris that centers on an interracial romance between a white woman and a Nisei man during World War II.",
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                "Love and sacrifice"
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            "id": "The Brighter Side of Dark: Toyo Miyatake, 1895-1979 (film)",
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            "description": "A 1996 short documentary film by Robert Nakamura about the life and career of Los Angeles photographer Toyo Miyatake. Through Miyatake's personal and artistic life (he was very much engaged with other modernists of the 1920s and '30s), the film reveals the vibrant artistic and intellectual milieu of Los Angeles's Little Tokyo district prior to World War II as well as the impact Executive Order 9066 and Miyatake's wartime incarceration had on his artistic career. Using a camera lens that he smuggled into the camp at Manzanar where he was incarcerated, Miyatake reconstructed a camera and eventually became the official camp photographer, producing iconic images of camp life and the landscape of the Eastern Sierras. After the war, Miyatake was able to reconstruct his photography business and resume work at his studio in Little Tokyo. For generations, he was the community's most trusted portrait photographer, enlisted for weddings, graduations, and other celebratory milestones in the lives of Japanese Americans.",
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        },
        {
            "id": "Bronzeville (play)",
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            "title_sort": "bronzevilleplay",
            "description": "Play by Tim Toyama and Aaron Woolfolk about an African American family moving into Bronzeville—the abandoned Little Tokyo in Los Angeles—during World War II and encountering a Japanese American in hiding.",
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        {
            "id": "A Brother Is a Stranger (book)",
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            "description": "Memoir of a young Japanese immigrant/refugee Christian about his upbringing and travails in Japan, his journey to the U.S. and his wartime internment, and his postwar observations in Japan. Published in 1946 by the John Day Company, it was among the first books by a Japanese American to appear after the war.",
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                "Family – blessing or curse",
                "Immigrant experience",
                "Individual versus society",
                "Nationalism – complications",
                "Power of tradition"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
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        },
        {
            "id": "Burma Rifles: A Story of Merrill's Marauders (book)",
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            "description": "Book for young readers by Frank Bonham centering on a Nisei intelligence soldier in Burma during World War II. Published in 1960, it is among the first children's books to depict the wartime incarceration of Japanese Americans.",
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                "Injustice",
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                "Grades 9-12"
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            "id": "By the Hands of a Working Man: A Japanese Background, a Mexican Childhood, an American Life (book)",
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            "description": "Nisei landscape architect shares his life story, from his childhood in Mexico to his years working in Los Angeles-area nurseries to his wartime experiences in Manzanar and Illinois.",
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                "Displacement",
                "Forgiveness",
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            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
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        },
        {
            "id": "California Generation (book)",
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            "description": "Popular 1970 novel by Jacqueline Briskin that follows a group of students from the class of 1960 at fictitious California High—one of them a Sansei born in Topaz—through the touchstone events of the turbulent decade. Though a first novel, California Generation was widely promoted and launched Briskin's career as a best-selling novelist.",
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            "mediatype_label": "Books",
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            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
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            "rg_theme": [
                "Coming of age",
                "Identity crisis"
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            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
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        },
        {
            "id": "California's Gold with Huell Howser: Manzanar (film)",
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            "description": "Episode 4012 of the California public television series features a visit to the Manzanar site with a group of former inmates. Host Huell Howser interviews activist Sue Kunitomi Embrey, who provides some background on Manzanar's history and points out the administration and inmate areas. Archie Miyatake talks about the photographs his father Toyo Miyatake took at Manzanar and displays the camera Toyo had made at Manzanar with a lens he had smuggled into the camp. The rest of the episode focuses on names carved into cement by inmate laborers, with three such laborers—Goro Kurihara, Jiro Matsuyama, and Gimp Izumi—brought back to the camp to see their handiwork for the first time in nearly sixty years.",
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                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
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                "Power of the past"
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            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "California's Gold with Huell Howser: Songbird of Manzanar (film)",
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            "description": "Episode 7003 of the long running California public television television series, California's Gold with Huell Howser. Filmed at the 2004 Manzanar Pilgrimage, this episode profiles two Nisei artists, painter Henry Fukuhara and singer Mary Nomura. Fukuhara is introduced by colleague Al Setton, and two of his paintings from the collection of the Japanese American National Museum are also highlighted. Fukuhara, who was just short of his ninety-first birthday at the time, is interviewed and is shown working on a painting. Nomura, the \"Songbird of Manzanar,\" is interviewed about her singing exploits at Manzanar and is shown performing \"The Manzanar Song\" at the grand opening of the Manzanar Visitors Center.",
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                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
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                "Reunion",
                "Expression through art"
            ],
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                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Calling Tokyo: Japanese American Radio Broadcasters During World War II (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
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            "description": "Documentary film directed by Gary T. Ono that tells the story of a small group of Japanese Americans recruited out of the concentration camps to work for the British Political Warfare Mission (BPWM) and Office of War Information (OWI) as translators and broadcasters of propaganda aimed at Japan. The small group—eight who worked for the OWI and four for the BPWM—were mostly Kibei and worked out of a Denver studio. Both groups translated American news reports that were made into radio scripts and broadcasts transmitted by shortwave radio. The operation later moved to San Francisco in February 1945, when Japanese Americans were allowed to return to the West Coast.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
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            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
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            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Patriotism - complications",
                "War - glory, necessity, pain, tragedy"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Camp Amache: The Story of an American Tragedy (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
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            "title_sort": "campamachethestoryofanamericantragedyfilm",
            "description": "A 2006 documentary film by Don Dexter about the American concentration camp located in southwest Colorado, where more than 7,000 Japanese Americans were held during World War II. Amache was one of ten camps established in 1942 to incarcerate over 120,000 Japanese Americans who were forced from their West Coast homes. The film mixes interviews and personal stories with historic and contemporary photos and footage of the camp and surrounding area. Some of the featured stories include journalist Bill Hosokawa, author Gil Asakawa, and John Hopper, a teacher at Granada High School, who has incorporated the story of Amache into his curriculum and started the Amache Preservation Society with his students.",
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            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
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            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
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            "rg_genre": [
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            "rg_theme": [
                "Injustice",
                "Will to survive"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
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                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "The Camp Dance: The Music and The Memories (play)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
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            "description": "Musical play set in an unidentified Japanese American concentration camp that is centered on the high school dances that took place in the camps as one of the centers of social life for teenagers. The play was written by Soji Kashiwagi and produced by the Grateful Crane ensemble in 2003. Grants from the California Civil Liberties Public Education Program supported performances of The Camp Dance in eight California cities in 2004, as well as the production of a soundtrack CD. As part of the show, the cast performs a variety of popular songs from the period. In some shows, Mary Nomura, a popular Nisei singer known as the \"Songbird of Manzanar\" has performed with the cast. Since its inception, The Camp Dance in its original two-hour version and a fifty-minute version has been performed at a variety of venues and events in California and the West including the 2006 Japanese American Citizens League national convention in Phoenix, Arizona; the 2008 dinner of the National Japanese American Memorial Foundation in Washington, DC; and the 2010 Minidoka Civil Rights Symposium as part of the Minidoka Pilgrimage.",
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            "id": "Camp Nine (book)",
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            "title_sort": "campninebook",
            "description": "Coming of age novel set in and around \"Camp Nine,\" a fictionalized Japanese American concentration camp based on Rohwer, narrated by a girl from a prominent white family in the adjacent town whose life is transformed by the camp.",
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            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
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            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Coming of age",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Power of wealth",
                "Role of women"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Camp Notes (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Camp%20Notes%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Camp%20Notes%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "campnotesbook",
            "description": "Mitsuye Yamada's first collection of poetry, initially published in 1976, includes poems she wrote during World War II and soon thereafter. The first book of poetry by a Japanese American woman to focus explicitly on the wartime incarceration of Japanese Americans and its aftermath, the collection includes illustrations by Yamada's daughters, Jeni and Hedi, and calligraphy done by her husband, Yoshikazu Yamada.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Poetry"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Canefields and Deserts: Japanese American Internment (exhibition)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Canefields%20and%20Deserts:%20Japanese%20American%20Internment%20(exhibition)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Canefields%20and%20Deserts:%20Japanese%20American%20Internment%20(exhibition)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "canefieldsanddesertsjapaneseamericaninternmentexhibition",
            "description": "Early traveling exhibition assembled by the Japanese American National Museum (JANM) and displayed in venues in Honolulu and Denver, Colorado, in 1992. As part of the 50th anniversary commemoration of Executive Order 9066, JANM put together Canefields and Deserts, which opened at the Ala Moana Center in Honolulu on July 10, 1992. Curated by Pam Funai, the exhibition included photographs of Hawai'i internment camps Sand Island and Honouliuli, letter and sketches by artist George Hoshida, and a large scale model of Manzanar made by Robert Hasuike. After its brief ten-day run in Honolulu, the exhibition traveled to Denver in August 1992.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "exhibitions"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Museum Exhibitions",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-university",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Evils of racism",
                "Injustice"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "No availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "The Caretaker (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/The%20Caretaker%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/The%20Caretaker%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "caretaker",
            "description": "Short film about Josey Gerrish, a migrant from Fiji, who serves as the caretaker for 95 year old Haru Tsurumoto in Sonoma County, California. Told through Josey's first-person narrative, we learn that she had hoped to be doctor or nurse, but, like many Fijian woman, had to leave her own family behind to become a caretaker in the U.S. She finds herself immediately drawn to Haru, with the women linked by their outsider status. During World War II, Haru had been among those Japanese Americans forcibly removed and held in concentration camps. In the U.S. without papers, Joesy worries about getting stopped by police and deported.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "Films"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Female roles",
                "Isolation",
                "Working class struggles"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Case History (short story)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Case%20History%20(short%20story)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Case%20History%20(short%20story)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "casehistoryshortstory",
            "description": "Short story about a young Nisei couple settling in \"Centreville,\" a fictional small town in California, after World War II. John and Mary Mori arrive and open a flower market in town. But despite John's military service and the couple's good deeds, the face anti-Japanese harassment before a series of events begin to turn the tide. Author Bradford Smith tells the story using fictitious newspaper articles, letters, and personal testimony.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-file-text",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Overcoming – fear, weakness, vice",
                "Patriotism – positive side or complications",
                "Evils of racism"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "The Cats of Mirikitani (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/The%20Cats%20of%20Mirikitani%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/The%20Cats%20of%20Mirikitani%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "catsofmirikitani",
            "description": "An award-winning documentary film from 2006 about a homeless Nisei artist named Jimmy Tsutomu Mirikitani and the friendship that develops with filmmaker Linda Hattendorf on the streets of New York.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Expression through art",
                "Disillusionment and dreams"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Caucasian Boy at a Japanese Camp (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Caucasian%20Boy%20at%20a%20Japanese%20Camp%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Caucasian%20Boy%20at%20a%20Japanese%20Camp%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "caucasianboyatajapanesecampbook",
            "description": "The son of the superintendent of schools at Tule Lake concentration camp recounts his experiences as a young boy there.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 7-8",
                "Grades 9-12"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Memoir"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Coming of age",
                "Companionship as salvation",
                "Displacement"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Caught in Between: What to Call Home in Times of War (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Caught%20in%20Between:%20What%20to%20Call%20Home%20in%20Times%20of%20War%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Caught%20in%20Between:%20What%20to%20Call%20Home%20in%20Times%20of%20War%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "caughtinbetweenwhattocallhomeintimesofwarfilm",
            "description": "Documentary film by Lina Hoshino that looks at parallels between Japanese Americans after the attack on Pearl Harbor on Arab and Muslim Americans after 9/11 and at joint activism between the two groups in the months after 9/11.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Fear of other",
                "Hazards of passing judgment",
                "Importance of community",
                "Injustice",
                "Patriotism – positive side or complications"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Changes (short story)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Changes%20(short%20story)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Changes%20(short%20story)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "changesshortstory",
            "description": "Short story by Marnie Mueller set in an unspecified Japanese American concentration camp. As the story begins, Toru Horokawa, an Issei man, sits outside his barrack thinking about returning to Japan. He flashes back to the time of the exclusion, two years prior, as he and his wife disagree about the selling of their possessions to bargain seekers. He then recalls his recent clashes with his Nisei son, his only child, who has announced that he will be joining the army.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-file-text",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Change versus tradition",
                "Communication – verbal and nonverbal",
                "Lost honor",
                "Role of men"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Changing Season: On the Masumoto Family Farm (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Changing%20Season:%20On%20the%20Masumoto%20Family%20Farm%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Changing%20Season:%20On%20the%20Masumoto%20Family%20Farm%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "changingseasononthemasumotofamilyfarmfilm",
            "description": "Documentary film that follows a Japanese American farm family over the course of a year at their Central California farm.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Circle of life",
                "Family – blessing or curse",
                "Man against nature",
                "Wisdom of experience"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Chicago Goes to War, 1941-1945 (exhibition)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Chicago%20Goes%20to%20War,%201941-1945%20(exhibition)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Chicago%20Goes%20to%20War,%201941-1945%20(exhibition)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "chicagogoestowar19411945exhibition",
            "description": "1992–93 exhibition at the Chicago Historical Society on the impact of World War II on Chicago. Among the topics covered in the exhibition is the resettlement in the Chicago area of Japanese Americans from wartime concentration camps. It was one of several major local exhibitions that appeared around the 50th anniversary of World War II and that included aspects of the local Japanese American story.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "exhibitions"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Museum Exhibitions",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-university",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 3-5",
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Importance of community"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "No availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Chikara!: A Sweeping Novel of Japan and America From 1907 to 1983 (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Chikara!:%20A%20Sweeping%20Novel%20of%20Japan%20and%20America%20From%201907%20to%201983%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Chikara!:%20A%20Sweeping%20Novel%20of%20Japan%20and%20America%20From%201907%20to%201983%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "chikaraasweepingnovelofjapanandamericafrom1907to1983book",
            "description": "This work of historical fiction traces the tumultuous rise and fall of the Hoshi family, whose scion, Sataro, takes his wife Itoko and eldest son Noboru to California in 1907 to seek his fortune and restore his family's honor. He leaves his second son Hiroshi behind with family, a decision that marks the inauspicious first step of the tragic transpacific drama that unfolds over the course of the novel.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Historical Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Change versus tradition",
                "Coming of age",
                "Death - inevitable or tragedy",
                "Disillusionment and dreams",
                "Displacement",
                "Emptiness of attaining a false dream",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Facing reality",
                "Family - blessing or curse",
                "Forgiveness",
                "Greed as downfall",
                "Fate and free will",
                "Heartbreak of betrayal",
                "Heroism - real and perceived",
                "Immigrant experience",
                "Individual versus society",
                "Inner versus outer strength",
                "Lost honor",
                "Lost love",
                "Nationalism - complications",
                "Patriotism - positive side or complications",
                "Power of the past",
                "Will to survive"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Children of Detention Camps, 1942-1946 (exhibition)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Children%20of%20Detention%20Camps,%201942-1946%20(exhibition)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Children%20of%20Detention%20Camps,%201942-1946%20(exhibition)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "childrenofdetentioncamps19421946exhibition",
            "description": "Traveling exhibition produced by the National Japanese American Historical Society that debuted in February 1992 at San Francisco City Hall. The sixty-panel photo exhibition looked at the incarceration experience from the perspective of children, who made up a significant portion of affected Japanese Americans. In addition to Japanese American youth, the exhibition includes the experiences of Aleuts and Japanese Latin Americans in the U.S. detention camps. A follow up to the 1990 exhibition U.S. Detention Camps, 1942–1946, Children of Detention Camps was displayed at the Japanese Cultural and Community Center of Northern California and Children's Museum of Indianapolis among other venues.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "exhibitions"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Museum Exhibitions",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-university",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 3-5",
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Coming of age",
                "Growing up - pain or pleasure"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "No availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Children of the Atomic Bomb: An American Physician's Memoirs of Nagasaki, Hiroshima, and the Marshall Islands",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Children%20of%20the%20Atomic%20Bomb:%20An%20American%20Physician's%20Memoirs%20of%20Nagasaki,%20Hiroshima,%20and%20the%20Marshall%20Islands/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Children%20of%20the%20Atomic%20Bomb:%20An%20American%20Physician's%20Memoirs%20of%20Nagasaki,%20Hiroshima,%20and%20the%20Marshall%20Islands/"
            },
            "title_sort": "childrenoftheatomicbombanamericanphysiciansmemoirsofnagasakihiroshimaandthemarshallislands",
            "description": "A Japanese American pediatrician reflects on his lifelong involvement with studying the effects of radiation on children, while also recalling his and his family's experiences during World War II.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Memoir"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Children of the Camps (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Children%20of%20the%20Camps%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Children%20of%20the%20Camps%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "childrenofthecampsfilm",
            "description": "Documentary film that explores the long term impact of the wartime incarceration on those who were children at the time. Much of the film documents a three-day workshop that brings together former child inmates for co-counseling sessions in which they discuss often repressed memories of the incarceration and its aftermath.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Communication – verbal and nonverbal",
                "Power of words",
                "Self-awareness",
                "Wisdom of experience"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "The Children of Topaz: The Story of the Japanese-American Internment Camp (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/The%20Children%20of%20Topaz:%20The%20Story%20of%20the%20Japanese-American%20Internment%20Camp%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/The%20Children%20of%20Topaz:%20The%20Story%20of%20the%20Japanese-American%20Internment%20Camp%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "childrenoftopaz",
            "description": "Children's book by Michael O. Tunnell and George W. Chilcoat based on a class diary kept by a 3rd grade teacher at Topaz.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 3-5"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Children's"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Companionship as salvation",
                "Growing up – pain or pleasure",
                "Loss of innocence"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 3-5"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Children of Topaz (short story)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Children%20of%20Topaz%20(short%20story)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Children%20of%20Topaz%20(short%20story)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "childrenoftopazshortstory",
            "description": "A snowfall at Topaz brings children out of the barracks to engage in snowball fights and snowman building. They recall friends back home and wish their non-Japanese American friends can join them in play. The very short story by Toshio Mori—dubbed \"A Sketch\"—appeared in the Pacific Citizen newspaper in 1945.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-file-text",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 7-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Companionship as salvation",
                "Isolation",
                "Nature as beauty"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "China Dolls (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/China%20Dolls%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/China%20Dolls%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "chinadollsbook",
            "description": "Historical novel by Lisa See centering on performers at Chinese themed nightclubs in San Francisco and New York in the 1930s and 1940s. One of the three main characters is a Japanese American woman passing as Chinese American.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Historical Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Companionship as salvation",
                "Empowerment",
                "Female roles",
                "Forgiveness",
                "Heartbreak of betrayal",
                "Will to survive"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Christmas in Camp (play)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Christmas%20in%20Camp%20(play)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Christmas%20in%20Camp%20(play)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "christmasincampplay",
            "description": "Musical play set in a Japanese American concentration camp at Christmastime. Christmas in Camp, by playwright Dom Magwili, was the second play in East West Players' 1981–82 season—entitled \"Kidoairaku\"—in which all four plays centered on the Japanese American incarceration story. It premiered December 10, 1981. The central character is Hannah Sasaki, a disabled teenage girl in camp, whose letters to an older sister who had escaped camp through \"voluntary evacuation\" propel the story. Hannah ends up organizing a Christmas show to improve morale in the camp. The show, consisting of popular Christmas songs, is then performed for both the camp and theater audiences.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "plays"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Plays",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-ticket",
            "rg_interestlevel": [],
            "rg_genre": [],
            "rg_theme": [],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": null
        },
        {
            "id": "Chrysanthemums and Salt (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Chrysanthemums%20and%20Salt%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Chrysanthemums%20and%20Salt%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "chrysanthemumsandsaltfilm",
            "description": "Documentary film by Dianne Fukami on the Japanese American community in San Mateo, California, from its late 1800s origins to the outbreak of World War II. As hinted at by the film's title, Chrysanthemums and Salt largely focuses on two of the major industries that employed Japanese Americans before the war, growing and marketing chrysanthemums and salt companies that took advantage of the region's natural suitability for salt evaporation ponds. The film also covers Japanese American community life, the role of the churches and the outbreak of World War II and the reaction to the subsequent forced removal. Chrysanthemums and Salt is notable for including interviews with several Issei, conducted in Japanese with translated voiceovers. \"Host\" Jane Yanehiro narrates the film and also appears on camera.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Immigrant experience",
                "Importance of community",
                "Self-reliance"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Citizen 13559 (play)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Citizen%2013559%20(play)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Citizen%2013559%20(play)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "citizen13559play",
            "description": "Play for children by Naomi Iizuka, based on the children's book The Journal of Ben Uchida: Citizen 13559, Mirror Lake Internment Camp by Barry Denenberg. The story focuses on the wartime experiences of twelve-year-old Ben Uchida, whose family is incarcerated at the fictional \"Mirror Lake\" camp in Wisconsin. After workshop productions at the Kennedy Center and the Mark Taper Forum's Asian Theatre Workshop, the hour-long play premiered in March 2006 as part of the Kennedy Center Family Theater's first season.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "plays"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Plays",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-ticket",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 3-5",
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [],
            "rg_theme": [],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": null
        },
        {
            "id": "Citizen 13660 (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Citizen%2013660%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Citizen%2013660%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "citizen13660book",
            "description": "Published in 1946 as the last camps were being shuttered, Nisei artist Miné Okubo's illustrated eponymous memoir, Citizen 13660, has the distinction of being the earliest, first-person, book-length account of the American concentration camp experience. Always a vigorous booster of her own work, Okubo promoted the book that came to define her career as \"the first and only documentary story of the Japanese evacuation and relocation written and illustrated by one who was there.\"[1] All told, Okubo produced an estimated 2,000 portraits of camp life in a range of styles and materials, including ink, charcoal, and gouache, while imprisoned at the Tanforan temporary detention camp in California and the Topaz concentration camp in Utah. Okubo's voluminous output notwithstanding, it was primarily Citizen 13660's roughly 200 line-drawings that established her standing as a major chronicler of and historic witness to the camp experience.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Memoir",
                "Graphic Novels"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Displacement",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Expression through art",
                "Will to survive"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Citizen Tanouye (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Citizen%20Tanouye%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Citizen%20Tanouye%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "citizentanouyefilm",
            "description": "A 2005 documentary film that tells the story of eight high school students from Torrance High School in California, and their discovery of a school alumnus named Ted Tanouye and his experiences during World War II. A Japanese American soldier of the renowned 442nd Regimental Combat Team who was killed in action and a Congressional Medal of Honor recipient, Technical Sergeant Tanouye and his family were nonetheless incarcerated at the Jerome and Rohwer, Arkansas, concentration camps from 1942–45, without due process. By researching Tanouye's personal history through school yearbooks, newspapers, internet sites and by conducting interviews with Japanese American veterans, the relevance of history and importance of civil liberties becomes tangible for the students, who come to see the parallels between the Japanese American experience during World War II and their own lives and the impact war had on their city.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Heroism - real or perceived",
                "War - glory, necessity, pain, tragedy",
                "Rights - individual or societal"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "City in the Sun (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/City%20in%20the%20Sun%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/City%20in%20the%20Sun%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "cityinthesunbook",
            "description": "1946 novel by Karon Kehoe that represented the first full-length work of adult fiction to dramatize Japanese American confinement.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Displacement",
                "Evils of racism"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Civil Rights and Japanese-American Internment (curricula)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Civil%20Rights%20and%20Japanese-American%20Internment%20(curricula)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Civil%20Rights%20and%20Japanese-American%20Internment%20(curricula)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "civilrightsandjapaneseamericaninternmentcurricula",
            "description": "Developed in 2000 by the Stanford Program on International and Cross-Cultural Education (SPICE) and the Institute for International Studies (IIS) at Stanford University, this high school/college curriculum module presents civil rights in the context of the Japanese-American experience from immigration in the early 20th century to World War II, and on through more contemporary issues of redress, reparations and memorializing the incarceration. Organized into six lessons, this curriculum can provide up to three weeks of stand-alone instruction or select lessons can be used to augment U.S. history textbook coverage.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "curricula"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "High school",
                "college"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Expression through art",
                "Immigrant experience",
                "Individual versus society",
                "Injustice",
                "Overcoming",
                "Patriotism",
                "Rights",
                "War"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": null
        },
        {
            "id": "Classroom Guide for the National Japanese Memorial to Patriotism (curricula)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Classroom%20Guide%20for%20the%20National%20Japanese%20Memorial%20to%20Patriotism%20(curricula)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Classroom%20Guide%20for%20the%20National%20Japanese%20Memorial%20to%20Patriotism%20(curricula)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "classroomguideforthenationaljapanesememorialtopatriotismcurricula",
            "description": "The National Japanese American Memorial to Patriotism in Washington, D.C. was dedicated in 2000. It was initially developed in 1988 by the \"Go For Broke\" National Veterans Association Foundation; ownership was transferred to the United States Government in 2002. The Memorial is currently managed by the National Park Service. The classroom guides (one for upper elementary/middle school and another for high school) are designed for teachers to provide an overview of the Memorial and to provide some basic information about the World War II experience of Japanese Americans, particularly around forced removal, incarceration, and military service.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "curricula"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 3-5",
                "Grades 7-8",
                "Grades 9-12"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Overcoming - fear, weakness, vice",
                "Patriotism - positive side or complications",
                "Power of the Past",
                "War - glory, necessity, pain, tragedy"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "The Climate of the Country (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/The%20Climate%20of%20the%20Country%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/The%20Climate%20of%20the%20Country%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "climateofthecountry",
            "description": "A dramatic novel by Marnie Mueller published in 1999 by Curbstone Press set in Tule Lake \"Segregation Center\" in 1943. The novel is loosely based on the experiences of the author's parents, who were staff members at the camp.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [],
            "rg_genre": [],
            "rg_theme": [],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Colorado Experience: Amache (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Colorado%20Experience:%20Amache%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Colorado%20Experience:%20Amache%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "coloradoexperienceamachefilm",
            "description": "Documentary film on the Amache, Colorado, concentration camp produced by Rocky Mountain PBS and History Colorado in 2013. The film tells the story of the forced removal and incarceration of Japanese Americans from the West Coast and their subsequent incarceration at Amache in straightforward fashion, using interviews with former inmates May Murakami and Robert Fuchigami and scholars William J. Convery and Bonnie Clark to tell much of story over historic still photographs and moving images largely taken from War Relocation Authority produced films, in particular Japanese Relocation. There is no narrator. The film also includes contemporary footage of the Amache site as well as reflections on the importance of keeping the story of the mass incarceration alive. Though the military service of Japanese Americans from Amache is mentioned, there is no mention of the loyalty questionnaire or of resistance in the camp.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [],
            "rg_genre": [],
            "rg_theme": [],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": null
        },
        {
            "id": "The Color of Honor: The Japanese American Soldier in WWII (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/The%20Color%20of%20Honor:%20The%20Japanese%20American%20Soldier%20in%20WWII%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/The%20Color%20of%20Honor:%20The%20Japanese%20American%20Soldier%20in%20WWII%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "colorofhonorthejapaneseamericansoldier",
            "description": "A 1987 documentary film by Loni Ding that largely focuses on Japanese Americans who served in the Military Intelligence Service (MIS) during World War II. A sequel to Ding's 1983 film Nisei Soldier: Standard Bearer for an Exiled People, the two films were among the first and most influential films on the Nisei soldiers and both were critically acclaimed and widely viewed.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Patriotism - positive side or complications"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Color of the Sea (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Color%20of%20the%20Sea%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Color%20of%20the%20Sea%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "coloroftheseabook",
            "description": "A coming-of-age novel by first time novelist John Hamamura centering on a Kibei raised in Japan, Hawai'i, and California and that climaxes with his wartime experiences that include arrest, the Military Intelligence Service, and the atomic bombing of Hiroshima. The book won an Alex Award from the Young Adult Library Services Association in 2007.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Young Adult",
                "Historical Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Coming of age",
                "War - glory, necessity, pain, tragedy"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Come See the Paradise (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Come%20See%20the%20Paradise%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Come%20See%20the%20Paradise%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "comeseetheparadisefilm",
            "description": "The content in this article is still under development. A completed version will appear soon!",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Drama",
                "History",
                "Romance"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Everlasting love",
                "Family – blessing or curse",
                "Overcoming – fear, weakness, vice"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Comforting the Afflicted (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Comforting%20the%20Afflicted%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Comforting%20the%20Afflicted%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "comfortingtheafflictedfilm",
            "description": "Moderated panel discussion led by Phil Shigekuni with four prominent Japanese American Protestant ministers with ties to Los Angeles who were incarcerated during World War II. Three—Rev. Paul Nagano, Rev. John Miyabe, and Bishop Roy Sano—were at the Poston, Arizona, concentration camp, while Rev. Sam Tonomura was a boy in British Columbia caught up in the forced removal of Japanese Canadians during the war. The discussion covers the men's experiences during the war and the role of the church during the incarceration, particularly with regard to issues of \"loyalty\" and resistance. The men talk about the role of the church in the Redress Movement, in bridging divides in the Japanese American community today, and in the anti-Muslim/Arab climate following the 9/11 attacks. The format of the film largely follows that of a \"talking heads\" type television program, with the insertion of still historical photographs.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Importance of community",
                "Overcoming – fear, weakness, vice",
                "Role of Religion – virtue or hypocrisy"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "No availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Coming Home: Memories of Japanese American Resettlement (exhibition)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Coming%20Home:%20Memories%20of%20Japanese%20American%20Resettlement%20(exhibition)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Coming%20Home:%20Memories%20of%20Japanese%20American%20Resettlement%20(exhibition)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "cominghomememoriesofjapaneseamericanresettlementexhibition",
            "description": "Exhibition organized by the Japanese American National Museum and curated by Darcie Iki that explored the obstacles, such as housing and employment shortages and discrimination, that Japanese Americans faced after they left the confines of America's concentration camps. The exhibit opened on August 14, 1998, and ran until February 7, 1999. The exhibit explored the process of rebuilding community as well as the individual struggle to come to terms with the larger \"camp\" experience. It focused on five collections, each displayed in intimate settings, that reflected varied life experiences encountered in the process of coming home.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "exhibitions"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Museum Exhibitions",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-university",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Displacement",
                "Evils of racism"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "No availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Confined Citizens: The Amache-Granada Relocation Center, 1942-1945 (exhibition)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Confined%20Citizens:%20The%20Amache-Granada%20Relocation%20Center,%201942-1945%20(exhibition)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Confined%20Citizens:%20The%20Amache-Granada%20Relocation%20Center,%201942-1945%20(exhibition)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "confinedcitizenstheamachegranadarelocationcenter19421945exhibition",
            "description": "Section within the Colorado Stories exhibition, a permanent installation at the History Colorado Center in Denver that was part of its 2012 grand opening.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "exhibitions"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Museum Exhibitions",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-university",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Displacement",
                "Injustice"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Conjunto (play)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Conjunto%20(play)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Conjunto%20(play)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "conjuntoplay",
            "description": "Play by Oliver Mayer that explores interactions between Japanese, Mexican, and Filipino American farmers and farm workers in California during the World War II years. Min Yamada, a reluctant Nisei farmer in Burbank who dreams of city life, is confronted with the prospect of losing his farm when he and all other West Coast Japanese Americans are forcibly removed to inland concentration camps. He decides to sell the farm to his trusted foreman and friend, Genevevo, a Mexican American. He also arranges for his Issei wife, Shoko, to remain behind, disguised as a Mexican laborer. Returning from incarceration three years later, he finds that much has changed.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "plays"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Plays",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-ticket",
            "rg_interestlevel": [],
            "rg_genre": [],
            "rg_theme": [],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": null
        },
        {
            "id": "Conscience and the Constitution (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Conscience%20and%20the%20Constitution%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Conscience%20and%20the%20Constitution%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "conscienceandtheconstitutionfilm",
            "description": "Influential documentary film that tells the story of the draft resistance movement at Heart Mountain. Journalist Frank Abe produced, directed, and wrote the hour-long film, which was released in 2000.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Convention and rebellion",
                "Illusion of power",
                "Injustice",
                "Power of the past",
                "Rights - individual or societal"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Conversations: Before the War/After the War (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Conversations:%20Before%20the%20War/After%20the%20War%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Conversations:%20Before%20the%20War/After%20the%20War%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "conversationsbeforethewarafterthewarfilm",
            "description": "A 1986 dramatic film by Robert Nakamura that is based on the play \"Truth of the Matter\" by Karen L. Ishizuka. In Conversations, three characters discuss their life experiences, feelings and the facts of the World War II incarceration of Japanese Americans, exploring the changes in their lives and long term effects of their wartime experiences. Though taking the form of oral history interviews, the three characters were nonprofessional actors playing composite characters based on their own experiences and that of others. The cast included Kimiko Nakamura—the mother of director Nakamura—along with Warren Furutani, playing a role based on his father, and Grace Ino, playing the part of a younger Nisei. in a 2009 interview, Nakamra said that the film \"was experimental in that we used the experiences of the non-actors themselves reading transcripts of interviews, and a little bit of coaching.\"[1]",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Drama"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Injustice",
                "Power of the past"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Crafting History: Arts and Crafts from America's Concentration Camps (exhibition)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Crafting%20History:%20Arts%20and%20Crafts%20from%20America's%20Concentration%20Camps%20(exhibition)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Crafting%20History:%20Arts%20and%20Crafts%20from%20America's%20Concentration%20Camps%20(exhibition)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "craftinghistoryartsandcraftsfromamericasconcentrationcampsexhibition",
            "description": "2002 exhibition at the Japanese American National Museum (JANM). Crafting History highlighted some 400 objects from JANM's collection made by Japanese Americans held in American concentration camps during World War II, ranging from a five foot tall Buddhist altar carved in Heart Mountain to bird pins, clothing and other textiles, and furniture. Curated by Kristine Kim, the exhibition opened on November 16, 2002. A full slate of public programs took place during the six-month run of the exhibition, including many crafting workshops. Craft items from the camps were also the subject of The Art of Gaman, a lavishly illustrated book published in 2005 and an exhibition that traveled around the country and in Japan starting in 2010.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "exhibitions"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Museum Exhibitions",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-university",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Art",
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Expression through art",
                "Desire to escape"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Crossings: 10 Views of America's Concentration Camps (exhibition)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Crossings:%2010%20Views%20of%20America's%20Concentration%20Camps%20(exhibition)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Crossings:%2010%20Views%20of%20America's%20Concentration%20Camps%20(exhibition)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "crossings10viewsofamericasconcentrationcampsexhibition",
            "description": "2009 exhibition at the Japanese American National Museum featuring the work of ten artists, juxtaposing work created by Issei and Nisei artists in the concentration camps and works by contemporary artists that draw on that experience. The \"crossings\" in the title refers to the \"crossing point between generations\" that the exhibition strives to provide. Featured artists included Sesshu Foster, Masumi Hayashi, Hisako Hibi, Toyo Miyatake, Tadashi Nakamura, Benji Okubo, Mine Okubo, Shizu Saldamando, Renee Tajima-Peña, and Sadayuki Uno. Crossings opened on April 2, 2009.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "exhibitions"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Museum Exhibitions",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-university",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Art",
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Expression through art",
                "Desire to escape"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "No availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "A Crossroad Called Manzanar (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/A%20Crossroad%20Called%20Manzanar%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/A%20Crossroad%20Called%20Manzanar%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "crossroadcalledmanzanar",
            "description": "Short dramatic film about two nine-year-old girls who are best friends—Aya Matsui and Penny Chan—in the final days before Aya's family will be forced to board busses for Manzanar. On what will be her final day of school, Penny—wearing the \"Proud to Be Chinese\" button than her mother pins on her every morning—comes to pick up Aya as usual. But after being harassed by white children on their way to school, they decide to spend the day playing in the fields and parks before heading home. Aya's family eats on the floor, the rest of their things packed or sold off. The next morning, the Matsuis report for their exile and are put on busses for Manzanar. Penny comes by their house, finding it empty and, shunned by the other kids, rides alone on the school bus to school.",
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                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Short",
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Growing up - pain or pleasure",
                "Loss of innocence"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "No availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Crossroads: Boyle Heights (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
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                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Crossroads:%20Boyle%20Heights%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "crossroadsboyleheightsfilm",
            "description": "A documentary film compiled from life histories of past and present residents of Boyle Heights, a working-class neighborhood east of downtown Los Angeles. From the 1920s-1950s, Boyle Heights was a racially and ethnically diverse home to immigrants from Mexico, Japan, England, Germany, Russia and Armenia as well as people from the east, the south and the southwest portions of the United States who lived, worked and worshiped in the area. The film also explores how the mass incarceration of Japanese Americans and their postwar return affected businesses and friendships. While many Japanese Americans faced hostility in other parts of Los Angeles, residents of Boyle Heights share stories of a deeper empathy with the plight of those incarcerated. Crossroads: Boyle Heights was originally produced to accompany the exhibition Boyle Heights: The Power of Place (2002) at the Japanese American National Museum.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Importance of community",
                "Immigrant experience",
                "Working class struggles",
                "Growing up – pain or pleasure"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Crossroads in Nihonmachi (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Crossroads%20in%20Nihonmachi%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Crossroads%20in%20Nihonmachi%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "crossroadsinnihonmachifilm",
            "description": "A 2006 documentary film by Adrianne Anderson and Tony Sondag about the redevelopment struggle in San Francisco's Japantown. As in other cities on the West Coast, plans for urban renewal disproportionately affected ethnic minorities including Japanese Americans, destroying or diminishing historical Japantowns after World War II. The film traces the history of San Francisco's Nihonmachi, focusing on the eviction of Japanese American residents of San Francisco's Nihonmachi starting in the 1960s—drawing parallels with the 1942 eviction of Japanese Americans under Executive Order 9066—and 1970s efforts by community members to halt evictions and preserve and reclaim the community and its history. The film covers the 100th anniversary celebration of the community in 2006, while also noting the continuing threats it faces.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Displacement",
                "Importance of community",
                "Rebirth"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "The Crystal City Story: One Family's Experience with the World War II Japanese Internment Camps (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/The%20Crystal%20City%20Story:%20One%20Family's%20Experience%20with%20the%20World%20War%20II%20Japanese%20Internment%20Camps%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/The%20Crystal%20City%20Story:%20One%20Family's%20Experience%20with%20the%20World%20War%20II%20Japanese%20Internment%20Camps%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "crystalcitystory",
            "description": "Self-published memoir by Tomo Izumi about her family's internment in the Crystal City, Texas, internment camp and her life before and after the war in a small plantation town on the Big Island of Hawai'i.",
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                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Memoir"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Coming of age",
                "Growing up – pain or pleasure",
                "Immigrant experience",
                "Reunion"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Dandelion Through the Crack/Kiyo's Story (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Dandelion%20Through%20the%20Crack/Kiyo's%20Story%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Dandelion%20Through%20the%20Crack/Kiyo's%20Story%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "dandelionthroughthecrackkiyosstorybook",
            "description": "Memoir by a Nisei woman of farm life in Sacramento, her family's wartime incarceration, and their struggles to reestablish their lives after the war.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Memoir"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Evils of racism",
                "Family – blessing or curse",
                "Female roles",
                "Growing up – pain or pleasure",
                "Overcoming – fear, weakness, vice",
                "Wisdom of experience"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Dark Clouds Over Paradise: The Hawai'i Internees Story (exhibition)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Dark%20Clouds%20Over%20Paradise:%20The%20Hawai'i%20Internees%20Story%20(exhibition)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Dark%20Clouds%20Over%20Paradise:%20The%20Hawai'i%20Internees%20Story%20(exhibition)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "darkcloudsoverparadisethehawaiiinterneesstoryexhibition",
            "description": "Exhibition organized by the Japanese Cultural Center of Hawai'i (JCCH) that focused on the World War II internment of Japanese Americans living in Hawai'i. Originally organized in 2004, a later traveling version of the exhibition debuted in 2006 and traveled widely in Hawai'i over the next several years.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "exhibitions"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Museum Exhibitions",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-university",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Lost honor",
                "War - glory, necessity, pain, tragedy",
                "Rights - individual or societal"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "No availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Dash (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Dash%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Dash%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "dashbook",
            "description": "Dash, Kirby Larson's book for 4-6 grade readers, tells the story of 11-year-old Mitsi Kashino and how the love for her dog Dash gives her strength while she and her family are sent to an incarceration camp.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 3-5",
                "Grades 6-8"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Children's",
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Companionship as salvation",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Displacement",
                "Heartbreak of betrayal"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 3-5",
                "Grades 6-8"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Dave Tatsuno: Movies and Memories (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Dave%20Tatsuno:%20Movies%20and%20Memories%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Dave%20Tatsuno:%20Movies%20and%20Memories%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "davetatsunomoviesandmemoriesfilm",
            "description": "Documentary film on Dave Tatsuno (1913–2006), a Nisei best known for the home movie footage he shot while incarcerated at the Topaz, Utah, concentration camp. Produced by KTEH, a San Jose-based public television station (now KQED), the hour-long documentary is based largely on interviews with Tatsuno and members of his family, along with family photos and clips from his home movies from before, during, and after the war. The film includes a lengthy excerpt from Tatsuno's Topaz Memories. The 2006 production was funded by the Henri and Tomoye Takahashi Charitable Foundation, directed by Scott Gracheff, and produced by Christina Lim.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Day of Independence (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Day%20of%20Independence%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Day%20of%20Independence%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "dayofindependencefilm",
            "description": "A 2003 short dramatic film about one Japanese American family's World War II experience in an American concentration camp, told through the narration of a young baseball player, whose life is traumatically altered by the forced removal and his father's decision to expatriate back to Japan. The screenplay is based on the real-life experiences of playwright and executive producer Tim Toyama's family and adapted from a play Toyama wrote entitled \"Independence Day\".",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Drama"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Coming of age",
                "Family - blessing or curse",
                "Self-reliance"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Day of Remembrance (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Day%20of%20Remembrance%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Day%20of%20Remembrance%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "dayofremembrancefilm",
            "description": "Documentary film by Cynthia Gates Fujikawa consisting of highlights from 2003 Day of Remembrance (DoR) commemorations in New York, San Francisco, Los Angeles, Seattle, and Honolulu, all of which highlight the parallels between what happened to Japanese Americans in 1942 and what was then happening to Arab and Muslim Americans in the aftermath of the 9/11 attacks. The film also includes brief interviews with some of the event organizers and excerpts from press conferences organized in reaction to remarks defending the roundup and imprisonment of Japanese Americans by North Carolina Congressman Howard Coble two weeks prior to the DoRs. Highlighted speakers include Hakim Oaunsafi, Muslim Association of Hawai'i; Nadine Hamoui, whose family in the Seattle area were imprisoned by the INS in 2002; Salam Al-Marayati, executive director of the Muslim Public Affairs Council; legal scholar Chris Iijima; Congressman Mike Honda; and civil rights attorney Dale Minami. Day of Remembrance is available on DVD in combination with Fujikawa's earlier Old Man River (1998).",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Dangers of ignorance",
                "Facing darkness",
                "Hazards of passing judgment",
                "Injustice",
                "Rights - individual or societal"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Day of Remembrance: The First National Ceremony (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Day%20of%20Remembrance:%20The%20First%20National%20Ceremony%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Day%20of%20Remembrance:%20The%20First%20National%20Ceremony%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "dayofremembrancethefirstnationalceremonyfilm",
            "description": "Documentary film of the first national Day of Remembrance commemoration, held at the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C. in 1998. The national ceremony was hosted by George Takei and Tamlyn Tomita and included guest speakers Gordon Hirabayashi, Fred Korematsu, Norman Mineta, Joan Bernstein, Mitsuye Yamada, Aiko Herzig-Yoshinaga, and Robert Matsui.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Injustice",
                "Power of the past"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Days of Waiting (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Days%20of%20Waiting%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Days%20of%20Waiting%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "daysofwaitingfilm",
            "description": "An award-winning 1990 documentary film by Steven Okazaki about the life and work of artist Estelle Peck Ishigo, a Caucasian woman who voluntarily entered the Heart Mountain concentration camp in Wyoming during World War II with her Japanese American husband. The film won an Academy Award for Documentary Short Subject in 1991 and The George Foster Peabody Award.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Expression through art",
                "love and sacrifice",
                "injustice"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Dear Miss Breed (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Dear%20Miss%20Breed%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Dear%20Miss%20Breed%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "dearmissbreedfilm",
            "description": "A 2000 short documentary film by Veronica Ko about San Diego children's librarian Clara Breed, whose wartime correspondence with Japanese American youth she had befriended before the war became an unlikely source of hope and courage when the children were sent to American concentration camps. The film, which is hosted by actor Marcus Toji, includes excerpts from some of the 250 letters Miss Breed received from the Japanese American children. The film was created and produced in conjunction with an exhibition at the Japanese American National Museum of the same title. The film was recognized with numerous awards including the Henry Hampton Award for Excellence in Film & Digital Media, Council on Foundations, 2002; the 34th Annual Worldfest Houston, Grand Prize nomination, Special Gold Jury Award, Historical, 2001; and the Columbus International Film & Video Festival, Honorable Mention, 2000.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Injustice",
                "importance of community"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Dear Miss Breed: Letters from Camp (exhibition)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
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                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Dear%20Miss%20Breed:%20Letters%20from%20Camp%20(exhibition)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "dearmissbreedlettersfromcampexhibition",
            "description": "Exhibition at the Japanese American National Museum (JANM) based on the letters sent to librarian Clara Breed by Japanese American students forcibly removed to concentration camps. Dear Miss Breed opened in JANM's Legacy Center gallery on January 14, 1997, and closed on April 13, 1997. A short film of the same name was also featured in the exhibition. Though it did not travel subsequently, an online version of the exhibition was created and is available at the JANM website.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "exhibitions"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Museum Exhibitions",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-university",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 3-5",
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Importance of community",
                "Power of words"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Dear Miss Breed (play)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Dear%20Miss%20Breed%20(play)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Dear%20Miss%20Breed%20(play)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "dearmissbreedplay",
            "description": "Play about a San Diego librarian who corresponded with incarcerated Japanese American children during World War II. Playwright Joanne Oppenheim adapted Dear Miss Breed from her children's book Dear Miss Breed: True Stories of the Japanese American Incarceration During World War II and a Librarian Who Made a Difference.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "plays"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Plays",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-ticket",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 3-5",
                "Grades 7-8",
                "Grades 9-12"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Communication – verbal and nonverbal",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Growing up – pain or pleasure"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "No availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Dear Miss Breed: True Stories of the Japanese American Incarceration During World War II and a Librarian Who Made a Difference (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
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                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Dear%20Miss%20Breed:%20True%20Stories%20of%20the%20Japanese%20American%20Incarceration%20During%20World%20War%20II%20and%20a%20Librarian%20Who%20Made%20a%20Difference%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "dearmissbreedtruestoriesofthejapaneseamericanincarcerationduringworldwariiandalibrarianwhomadeadifferencebook",
            "description": "Book for young adult readers by Joanne Oppenheim that tells the story of the wartime incarceration of Japanese Americans through the wartime correspondence between a San Diego librarian and the incarcerated young people whom she had befriended at the library.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 7-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Young Adult"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Coming of age",
                "Communication – verbal and nonverbal",
                "Heroism – real and perceived",
                "Injustice"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Dear Miye: Letters Home from Japan, 1939-1946 (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Dear%20Miye:%20Letters%20Home%20from%20Japan,%201939-1946%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Dear%20Miye:%20Letters%20Home%20from%20Japan,%201939-1946%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "dearmiyelettershomefromjapan19391946book",
            "description": "A collection of letters written by a young Nisei woman in Japan who becomes stuck there during World War II to her best friend who is still in California.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Memoir",
                "Historical nonfiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Coming of age",
                "Companionship as salvation",
                "Desire to escape",
                "Displacement",
                "Family - blessing or curse",
                "Female roles",
                "Identity crisis",
                "Immigrant experience",
                "Isolation",
                "Loss of innocence",
                "Overcoming - fear, weakness, vice",
                "Self-preservation",
                "War - glory, necessity, pain, tragedy",
                "Will to survive"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Death Rides the Rails to Poston (short story)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Death%20Rides%20the%20Rails%20to%20Poston%20(short%20story)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Death%20Rides%20the%20Rails%20to%20Poston%20(short%20story)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "deathridestherailstopostonshortstory",
            "description": "Short story murder mystery by Hisaye Yamamoto that takes place on the train taking forcibly removed Japanese Americans to the Poston, Arizona, concentration camp. Death Rides the Rails to Poston first appeared in serialized form in the Poston Chronicle newspaper in 1943.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-file-text",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Mystery"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Power and corruption",
                "Quest for discovery"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Democracy Under Pressure: Japanese Americans and World War II (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Democracy%20Under%20Pressure:%20Japanese%20Americans%20and%20World%20War%20II%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Democracy%20Under%20Pressure:%20Japanese%20Americans%20and%20World%20War%20II%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "democracyunderpressurejapaneseamericansandworldwariifilm",
            "description": "Documentary film on the wartime experience of Japanese Americans from the San Diego area, including their exclusion and subsequent incarceration at Santa Anita Assembly Center and Poston, as well as their return home. The story is told through the eyes of former inmates Ruth Takahashi Voorhies (born 1923) and Ben Segawa (born 1930), along with historian Don Estes.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Displacement",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Injustice"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Desert Exile (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Desert%20Exile%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Desert%20Exile%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "desertexilebook",
            "description": "Desert Exile: The Uprooting of a Japanese-American Family is an autobiography by noted children's book author Yoshiko Uchida that chronicles her experiences in the years before and during her incarceration in an American concentration camp during World War II. It was originally published in 1982 by the University of Washington Press and reissued with a new introduction by Traise Yamamoto in 2015.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Biography",
                "Non fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Injustice",
                "Displacement",
                "Evils of racism"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Designing the Path: Japanese American Architect, Gyo Obata (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Designing%20the%20Path:%20Japanese%20American%20Architect,%20Gyo%20Obata%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Designing%20the%20Path:%20Japanese%20American%20Architect,%20Gyo%20Obata%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "designingthepathjapaneseamericanarchitectgyoobatafilm",
            "description": "Japanese-produced documentary film profiling Nisei architect Gyo Obata.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary",
                "Biography"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Circle of life",
                "Expression through art",
                "Wisdom of experience"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Diamonds in the Rough (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Diamonds%20in%20the%20Rough%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Diamonds%20in%20the%20Rough%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "diamondsintheroughfilm",
            "description": "Documentary film on Japanese American baseball that focuses on Kenichi Zenimura (1900–68), a pioneering Issei baseball player and coach in Hawai'i and in Fresno, California. The film includes four main sections. The first looks at Zenimura's prewar baseball exploits, and by extension, Japanese American baseball in general, featuring interviews with those who played with or against him. The next focuses on the World War II incarceration that saw Zenimura and his family sent to the Gila River, Arizona, concentration camp, where he famously built a baseball field. Next, the film looks at the postwar phenomenon of Nisei players going to Japan and becoming stars in the Japanese major leagues, focusing on the most prominent such player, Wally Yonamine. The final segment sees Zenimura's son Howard returning to the site of the Gila River camp and visiting the location of the former barracks and of the baseball field. Actor Noriyuki \"Pat\" Morita serves as the film's host and narrator, and appears on camera in various locations, including Gila River.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 7-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Power of the past",
                "Role of men"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Discoveries... America National Parks: Japanese American Incarceration, 1942-1945 (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Discoveries...%20America%20National%20Parks:%20Japanese%20American%20Incarceration,%201942-1945%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Discoveries...%20America%20National%20Parks:%20Japanese%20American%20Incarceration,%201942-1945%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "discoveriesamericanationalparksjapaneseamericanincarceration19421945film",
            "description": "Installment of the popular video series America National Parks produced by Bennett-Watt HD Productions that provides an overview of the Japanese American wartime incarceration and looks at contemporary efforts by the National Park Service and state and local organizations to preserve the former camp sites. In his review in Video Librarian, T. Keogh wrote, \"Full of personal testimonies, this eye-opening travelogue is highly recommended.\"[1]",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Injustice",
                "power of the past"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "A Divided Community (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/A%20Divided%20Community%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/A%20Divided%20Community%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "dividedcommunity",
            "description": "Film produced and directed by Momo Yashima that tells the story of the Heart Mountain draft resisters through the stories of resisters Frank Emi, Yosh Kuromiya, Mits Koshiyama and journalist James Omura. While Emi and Kuromiya tell their stories on camera, actor Ralph Brannen voices the words of Kuromiya and Omura. Paul Tsuneishi, a veteran and a member of the Japanese American Citizens League (JACL) who supported the cause of the draft resisters, provides on camera narration and background. Interviews with lawyer Deborah K. Lim, author of The Lim Report, and historian Art Hansen are also included. The title refers both to divisions between Issei and Nisei during the war and between the JACL and those who resisted aspects of the mass incarceration.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Heroism - Real and Perceived",
                "Patriotism - Positive Side or Complications"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "No availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Doka B-100 (short story)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Doka%20B-100%20(short%20story)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Doka%20B-100%20(short%20story)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "dokab100shortstory",
            "description": "Short story by Ernest Nagamatsu on the difficult adjustment to civilian life of a group of World War II veterans. Written in the first person voice of an ex-GI named Hamamoto in 1954, \"Doka B-100\" coveys both Hamamoto's alienation and the welcoming embrace of Little Tokyo Los Angeles. Estranged from his domineering father because of the way he left the service (despite serving heroically in the 442nd, he quit before his time was up) and his choice of social work as an occupation, Hamamoto's wife had decided to go back to her family in Chicago with their daughter to get away from the arguments. Finding a small apartment in Little Tokyo and a part time job in a diner, he finds a niche in starting to counsel the veterans who would gather in a Little Tokyo pool hall. That work eventually leads to a paying job with the Veterans Administration. The story also incorporates Hamamoto's concentration camp experience and how his family was able to keep their house with the help of neighbors. The title comes from the address of the pool hall and the veterans' customary greeting to each other.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-file-text",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Character – destruction, building up",
                "Family – blessing or curse",
                "Importance of community",
                "Overcoming – fear, weakness, vice",
                "Working class struggles"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Double Solitaire (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Double%20Solitaire%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Double%20Solitaire%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "doublesolitairefilm",
            "description": "A 1997 documentary film that uses the motif of games to examine how the World War II incarceration of Japanese Americans affected the lives of two \"ordinary\" people, the filmmaker's Sansei uncles Norm and Stan. Described as \"all American\" guys who lived in the Amache concentration camp as children, they don't believe that the experience affected them much. However, subsequent conversations and reflections reveal otherwise. Winner of the SECA Award in the Media Arts and King Hu Award, Los Angeles Asian Pacific Film & Video Festival in 1998. Directed, produced and written by Corey Ohama.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Literary Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Drops of Water (short story)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Drops%20of%20Water%20(short%20story)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Drops%20of%20Water%20(short%20story)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "dropsofwatershortstory",
            "description": "Short story by Ferris Takahashi. A presumably young Sansei social worker and a colleague discuss the case of an elderly Issei homeless man who seems to want to remain homeless. Sections written from the perspective of the Issei man reveal his life as a laborer first on Hawai'i sugar plantations, then in the continental U.S. and the impact of his wartime incarceration and the razing of the residential hotel he once lived in.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-file-text",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Capitalism – effect on the individual",
                "Immigrant experience",
                "Individual versus society",
                "Working class struggles"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Dust of Eden (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Dust%20of%20Eden%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Dust%20of%20Eden%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "dustofedenbook",
            "description": "Acclaimed children's book in verse about the wartime incarceration experience of a Japanese American family told from the perspective of a middle-school aged girl.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 7-8",
                "Grades 9-12"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Children's",
                "Historical Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Coming of age",
                "Injustice"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Dust Storm (play)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Dust%20Storm%20(play)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Dust%20Storm%20(play)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "duststormplay",
            "description": "One-person play by Rick Foster inspired by the beating of Issei artist Chiura Obata at Topaz in 1943. Originally produced for Duende, a nonprofit that develops plays about history for schools, Dust Storm was most recently produced in 2013 by Colorado's Theatre Esprit Asia (TEA).",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "plays"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Plays",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-ticket",
            "rg_interestlevel": [],
            "rg_genre": [],
            "rg_theme": [],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": null
        },
        {
            "id": "Dusty Exile: Looking Back at Japanese Relocation during World War II (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Dusty%20Exile:%20Looking%20Back%20at%20Japanese%20Relocation%20during%20World%20War%20II%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Dusty%20Exile:%20Looking%20Back%20at%20Japanese%20Relocation%20during%20World%20War%20II%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "dustyexilelookingbackatjapaneserelocationduringworldwariibook",
            "description": "Memoir of the forced removal and incarceration and its aftermath by a sympathetic white schoolteacher at Poston.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Memoir"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Evils of racism",
                "Role of women",
                "Progress – real or illusion"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Eagle Against the Sun (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Eagle%20Against%20the%20Sun%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Eagle%20Against%20the%20Sun%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "eagleagainstthesunfilm",
            "description": "A dramatic short film by John Akahoshi centering on a 17-year-old Japanese American high school girl and the impact the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor has on her life.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Drama"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Loss of innocence",
                "Coming of age",
                "Evils of racism"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "East of Occidental: The History of Seattle's Chinatown (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/East%20of%20Occidental:%20The%20History%20of%20Seattle's%20Chinatown%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/East%20of%20Occidental:%20The%20History%20of%20Seattle's%20Chinatown%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "eastofoccidentalthehistoryofseattleschinatownfilm",
            "description": "Documentary film on Seattle's Chinatown/International District that outlines the history of the area and argues that pan-Asian Americanism makes it unique among American ethnic enclaves. The film includes the story of the mass removal of Japanese Americans from the area and their subsequent incarceration during World War II.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Change versus tradition",
                "Rebirth"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Emi (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Emi%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Emi%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "emifilm",
            "description": "Documentary film about a Nisei woman returning to Manzanar and to her prewar community on Bainbridge Island, Washington, for the first time some thirty-five years after being forcibly removed.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Power of the past",
                "Injustice",
                "Importance of community"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "The Empty Chair (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/The%20Empty%20Chair%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/The%20Empty%20Chair%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "emptychair",
            "description": "Feature length documentary film by Greg Chaney that recounts the forced removal and incarceration of Japanese Americans from Juneau, Alaska, during World War II.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Injustice",
                "Power of the past",
                "Importance of community"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Encounter with the Past: American Japanese Internment in World War II (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Encounter%20with%20the%20Past:%20American%20Japanese%20Internment%20in%20World%20War%20II%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Encounter%20with%20the%20Past:%20American%20Japanese%20Internment%20in%20World%20War%20II%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "encounterwiththepastamericanjapaneseinternmentinworldwariifilm",
            "description": "A 1980 documentary film on the history of the World War II incarceration of Japanese Americans at Manzanar, produced and directed by Tak Shindo, a Nisei musician and composer, best known for his albums from the jazz exotica music era and television soundtrack work. The film is built around color footage of the camp taken by Aksel Nielson, the director of recreation at Manzanar. Narrated by Shindo, the film includes his own experiences at Manzanar, military service, and subsequent musical career. Though he had passed away prior to the making of the film, Nielson's voice can be heard describing scenes of sporting events and gardens at Manzanar, and his wife, Melva Nielson, a music teacher at Manzanar, is interviewed at length on camera. Among those appearing in the film are Military Intelligence Service veteran Yukio Tamura, artist Estelle Ishigo, photographer Toyo Miyatake, nursery owner Shinobu Mashiko, Tamotsu Tsuchida, and actor Mako. With the exception of the Nielsons, Shindo summarizes their comments over the footage of them, so that none of their voices actually are heard in the film. Also included are contemporary scenes of the Manzanar site at that time and of young people revisiting Manzanar, possibly at a pilgrimage.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Injustice"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "No availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Enemy Alien (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Enemy%20Alien%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Enemy%20Alien%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "enemyalienbook",
            "description": "Bilingual memoir by Kiyo Hirano of her World War II experiences as an \"enemy alien\" is a rare example of an Issei woman's first-person perspective of the American concentration camps. Enemy Alien (Japanese title: Tekikoku gaijin) was translated into English by George Hirano and Yuri Kageyama and published by Japantown Arts and Media Workshop (JAM) Publications in 1983. Hirano's Japanese-English biographical account of her incarceration at the Merced Assembly Center and Amache and of her resettlement was originally written as an assignment for a creative writing class at the Japantown Arts and Media Workshop in San Francisco, and eventually published by the organization.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Memoir"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Displacement",
                "Evils of racism"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Enemy Alien (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Enemy%20Alien%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Enemy%20Alien%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "enemyalienfilm",
            "description": "Documentary film by Konrad Aderer on the post-9/11 arrest of Farouk Abel-Muhti, a New York based human right activist, and his two year odyssey of imprisonment, protest, and mistreatment. The case inspires Aderer, a Yonsei, to explore his family's World War II incarceration for the first time, journeying to Cleveland to interview his grandmother, Toyo Takayama, who had gotten married in Tanforan and bore his mother in Topaz. The making of the film as well as Aderer's personal transformation in becoming active in Abel-Muhti's case become part of the story told in the film.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Dangers of ignorance",
                "Fear of other"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "E.O. 9066 (play)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/E.O.%209066%20(play)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/E.O.%209066%20(play)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "eo9066play",
            "description": "Play that tells the story of one family's wartime incarceration through puppets made out of ordinary objects. Performed by the San Francisco Bay area based \"object theatre company\" Lunatique Fantastique, which was founded by Liebe Wetzel, E.O. 9066 tells its story nearly silently, with objects such a tea set, table cloth, and old suitcase brought to life by company members, dubbed \"manipulators.\" Debuting in 2003, the show was performed at several venues in the Bay Area over the next few years as well as in Utah in 2005 to commemorate the 60th anniversary of Topaz, where the play is set.[1]",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "plays"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Plays",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-ticket",
            "rg_interestlevel": [],
            "rg_genre": [],
            "rg_theme": [],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": null
        },
        {
            "id": "Evacuation 1942-1945: A Japanese American Perspective (exhibition)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Evacuation%201942-1945:%20A%20Japanese%20American%20Perspective%20(exhibition)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Evacuation%201942-1945:%20A%20Japanese%20American%20Perspective%20(exhibition)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "evacuation19421945ajapaneseamericanperspectiveexhibition",
            "description": "Exhibition at the University of Washington's Suzzallo Library in 1979. Curated by Karyl Winn, the curator of manuscripts at the library, the exhibition provided an overview of the forced removal and incarceration using letters, photographs, newspaper articles and other period publications from the holdings of the library. Though the title focuses on the Japanese American perspective, the exhibition also includes perspectives of non-Japanese Americans about the events of the time.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "exhibitions"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Museum Exhibitions",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-university",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Injustice",
                "Evils of racism"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "No availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Executive Order 9066: 50 Years Before and 50 Years After (exhibition)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Executive%20Order%209066:%2050%20Years%20Before%20and%2050%20Years%20After%20(exhibition)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Executive%20Order%209066:%2050%20Years%20Before%20and%2050%20Years%20After%20(exhibition)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "executiveorder906650yearsbeforeand50yearsafterexhibition",
            "description": "Exhibition on the Japanese American experience in the Seattle area mounted by the Wing Luke Asian Museum to commemorate the 50th anniversary of Executive Order 9066. The exhibition was organized, scripted, and constructed largely by volunteer community members and was accompanied by an exhibition catalog authored by David Takami.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "exhibitions"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Museum Exhibitions",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-university",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 3-5",
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Evils of racism",
                "Injustice",
                "Displacement"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Executive Order 9066 (exhibition)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Executive%20Order%209066%20(exhibition)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Executive%20Order%209066%20(exhibition)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "executiveorder9066exhibition",
            "description": "Landmark photographic exhibition on the forced removal and incarceration of Japanese Americans curated by Richard and Maisie Conrat for the California Historical Society in 1972. The first exhibition on this topic to tour nationally—including such venues as the Corcoran Gallery in Washington, D.C. and the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York—it likely introduced many Americans to this story and was part of a resurgence of interest in the topic both inside and outside the Japanese American community in the 1970s.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "exhibitions"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Museum Exhibitions",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-university",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "History",
                "Art",
                "Photography"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Injustice",
                "Evils of racism"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Eyes of the Emperor (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Eyes%20of%20the%20Emperor%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Eyes%20of%20the%20Emperor%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "eyesoftheemperorbook",
            "description": "Historical novel aimed at middle school readers based on the true story of Nisei solders from Hawai'i who were made to serve as \"bait\" in a program that attempted to train dogs to recognize and attack the supposed distinctive smell of \"Japanese\" during World War II.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Historical Fiction",
                "Young Adult"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Evils of racism",
                "Patriotism – positive side or complications",
                "Self-preservation",
                "War – glory, necessity, pain, tragedy"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 6-8"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Eyewitness: Stan Honda: Reflections of a Photojournalist (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Eyewitness:%20Stan%20Honda:%20Reflections%20of%20a%20Photojournalist%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Eyewitness:%20Stan%20Honda:%20Reflections%20of%20a%20Photojournalist%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "eyewitnessstanhondareflectionsofaphotojournalistfilm",
            "description": "Short documentary film about photojournalist Stan Honda, who gained fame for the photographs he took of the aftermath of the attacks on the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary",
                "Biography"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Expression through art",
                "Facing darkness"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Family Gathering (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Family%20Gathering%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Family%20Gathering%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "familygatheringfilm",
            "description": "Documentary film by Lise Yasui that chronicles her exploration of her family's hidden history—especially that of her paternal grandfather, Masuo Yasui—through interviews and family home movies and photographs. One of the most acclaimed films about the wartime incarceration of Japanese Americans, Family Gathering was nominated for an Academy Award in 1988.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Family – blessing or curse",
                "Power of the past",
                "Quest for discovery",
                "Self-awareness"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Family Torn Apart: The Internment Story of the Otokichi Muin Ozaki Family (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Family%20Torn%20Apart:%20The%20Internment%20Story%20of%20the%20Otokichi%20Muin%20Ozaki%20Family%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Family%20Torn%20Apart:%20The%20Internment%20Story%20of%20the%20Otokichi%20Muin%20Ozaki%20Family%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "familytornaparttheinternmentstoryoftheotokichimuinozakifamilybook",
            "description": "Family Torn Apart is the story of the wartime experiences of Otokichi Muin Ozaki, an Issei who was a Japanese language school teacher, tanka poet, and a leader within the Japanese community in Hilo, Hawai'i. While most incarceration accounts focus on the mainland experience of the English-speaking Nisei who comprised nearly two-thirds of the incarcerated population, Ozaki's story provides insight into the incarceration experience of Hawai'i island Japanese, many of whom authorities detained at mainland incarceration sites. While this book includes radio scripts of Ozaki's incarceration experience and his own accounts of camp news, it is also comprised of letters that family and friends wrote responding to his correspondence. The variety and frequency of these letters and other sources provide intimate details of Ozaki's incarceration that lasted nearly four years. This story highlights the uniqueness of the Hawai'i experience from the perspective of an Issei observer and the impact of incarceration on a family and community.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Memoir"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Communication – verbal and nonverbal",
                "Facing darkness",
                "Immigrant experience",
                "Injustice",
                "Power of words"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Famous Suicides of the Japanese Empire (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Famous%20Suicides%20of%20the%20Japanese%20Empire%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Famous%20Suicides%20of%20the%20Japanese%20Empire%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "famoussuicidesofthejapaneseempirebook",
            "description": "First novel by acclaimed poet and memoirist David Mura that explores the impact of wartime incarceration—and the silences about it—on a Japanese American family in Chicago after World War II.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Coming of age",
                "Dangers of ignorance",
                "Power of silence",
                "Power of the past"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Farewell to Manzanar (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Farewell%20to%20Manzanar%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Farewell%20to%20Manzanar%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "farewelltomanzanarbook",
            "description": "Popular memoir that tells the story of one family's forced removal and confinement at Manzanar through the eyes of a young girl. First published in 1973, Farewell to Manzanar has sold over one million copies and is one of the most widely read accounts of Japanese American incarceration and its aftermath.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Memoir"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Coming of age",
                "Displacement",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Family – blessing or curse",
                "Working class struggles"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Farewell to Manzanar Educational Kit (curricula)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Farewell%20to%20Manzanar%20Educational%20Kit%20(curricula)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Farewell%20to%20Manzanar%20Educational%20Kit%20(curricula)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "farewelltomanzanareducationalkitcurricula",
            "description": "In 2003, the Farewell to Manzanar Education Initiative distributed 10,000 copies of the Farewell to Manzanar Educational Kit to California public schools and public libraries. The kit consists of the book, Farewell to Manzanar and Related Readings (1998), a teaching guide for the book (1998), a VHS cassette of the Farewell to Manzanar made-for-television movie (1976) with an additional 35-minute classroom version, and a video study guide (2002). Separate elements of the kit are available for purchase (except for the video study guide).",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "curricula"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 7-8",
                "Grades 9-12"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Memoir",
                "Drama",
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Coming of age",
                "Displacement",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Family - blessing or curse",
                "Growing up - pain or pleasure",
                "Injustice",
                "Patriotism - positive side or complications",
                "Power of the past"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 7-8",
                "Grades 9-12"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability (kit)",
                "widely available (book, teaching guide and film)"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Farewell to Manzanar (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Farewell%20to%20Manzanar%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Farewell%20to%20Manzanar%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "farewelltomanzanarfilm",
            "description": "Made-for-television movie about a Japanese American family in Manzanar during World War II. Based on the book of the same name by Jeanne Wakatsuki Houston and James D. Houston, Farewell to Manzanar aired nationally on NBC stations on March 11, 1976, and remains one of the few mainstream dramatic films centered on the Japanese American concentration camp experience.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Drama",
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Evils of racism",
                "Family – blessing or curse",
                "Growing up – pain or pleasure",
                "Injustice",
                "Patriotism – positive side or complications",
                "Power of the past"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "The Fence at Minidoka (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/The%20Fence%20at%20Minidoka%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/The%20Fence%20at%20Minidoka%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "fenceatminidoka",
            "description": "Early documentary film on the forced removal and incarceration of Japanese Americans from the Seattle, Washington, area that may have been the first such film to be produced by a local television station. Barbara J. Tanabe, a young reporter for KOMO in Seattle instigated, wrote, and reported on the program, which first aired on December 7, 1971.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Injustice",
                "Displacement"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "A Fence Away From Freedom: Japanese-Americans and World War II (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/A%20Fence%20Away%20From%20Freedom:%20Japanese-Americans%20and%20World%20War%20II%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/A%20Fence%20Away%20From%20Freedom:%20Japanese-Americans%20and%20World%20War%20II%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "fenceawayfromfreedom",
            "description": "Book for young adults that tells the story of the wartime removal and incarceration of Japanese Americans through the oral history voices of those who were children and young adults at the time.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 7-8",
                "Grades 9-12"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Young Adult",
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Displacement",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Injustice",
                "Patriotism – positive side or complications",
                "Power of the past"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "The Fences Between Us: The Diary of Piper Davis (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/The%20Fences%20Between%20Us:%20The%20Diary%20of%20Piper%20Davis%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/The%20Fences%20Between%20Us:%20The%20Diary%20of%20Piper%20Davis%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "fencesbetweenusthediaryofpiperdavis",
            "description": "Novel for elementary and middle schoolers about a young white teenage girl's experience of World War II including the Japanese American removal and incarceration told in the form of a diary. The Fences Between Us is part of the Dear America series, all of which are written in the form of diaries by young women/girls from various key moments in U.S. history.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 3-5",
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Children's",
                "Historical Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Coming of age",
                "Injustice",
                "Loss of innocence"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 3-5",
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Fifty Years of Silence: The Untold Story of Japanese American Soldiers in the Pacific Theater, 1941-1952 (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
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            },
            "title_sort": "fiftyyearsofsilencetheuntoldstoryofjapaneseamericansoldiersinthepacifictheater19411952film",
            "description": "Documentary film that tells the story of Japanese Americans in the Military Intelligence Service (MIS) during World War II and during the occupation of Japan through archival footage and interviews. Produced by the Military Intelligence Service Association of Northern California and the National Japanese American Historical Society, the 60-minute documentary was directed by Sheryl K. Narahara and released in 1992. In addition to providing an overview of the MIS story from training to the battlefield and occupation of Japan, Fifty Years of Silence also includes a section on Richard Sakakida, a Nisei who did intelligence work in the Philippines as part of the Counter Intelligence Corps.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Heroism - real or perceived",
                "War - glory, necessity, pain, tragedy"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Fighting for Honor: Japanese Americans and World War II (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Fighting%20for%20Honor:%20Japanese%20Americans%20and%20World%20War%20II%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Fighting%20for%20Honor:%20Japanese%20Americans%20and%20World%20War%20II%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "fightingforhonorjapaneseamericansandworldwariibook",
            "description": "Book aimed at middle and high school audiences on the experience of Japanese Americans during World War II, that focuses equally on the wartime incarceration and on military service.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 7-8",
                "Grades 9-12"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Young Adult"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Evils of racism",
                "Injustice",
                "Patriotism – positive side or complications",
                "War – glory, necessity, pain, tragedy"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Fighting for Justice: The Coram Nobis Cases (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Fighting%20for%20Justice:%20The%20Coram%20Nobis%20Cases%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Fighting%20for%20Justice:%20The%20Coram%20Nobis%20Cases%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "fightingforjusticethecoramnobiscasesfilm",
            "description": "Documentary film that provides a short overview of the coram nobis cases, based on interviews with attorneys Dale Minami, Peggy Nagae, and Rod Kawakami and television footage of other key figures.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Convention and rebellion",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Injustice",
                "Power of the past"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Fighting for Tomorrow: Japanese Americans in America's Wars (exhibition)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Fighting%20for%20Tomorrow:%20Japanese%20Americans%20in%20America's%20Wars%20(exhibition)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Fighting%20for%20Tomorrow:%20Japanese%20Americans%20in%20America's%20Wars%20(exhibition)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "fightingfortomorrowjapaneseamericansinamericaswarsexhibition",
            "description": "Exhibition on Japanese Americans in the American armed forces that debuted at the Japanese American National Museum (JANM) in 1995.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "exhibitions"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Museum Exhibitions",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-university",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Patriotism - positive side or complications",
                "War - glory, necessity, pain, tragedy",
                "Injustice"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "The First Battle: The Battle for Equality in War-Time Hawaii (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
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                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/The%20First%20Battle:%20The%20Battle%20for%20Equality%20in%20War-Time%20Hawaii%20(film)/"
            },
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            "description": "A 2006 film by Tom Coffman about the multi-racial group of civic and military leaders in World War II Hawai'i that monitored race relations and supported Hawai'i's large Japanese American community. After Pearl Harbor was bombed on December 7, 1941, the Committee for Interracial Unity and the Morale Section led by Chinese American YMCA Secretary Hung Wai Ching and Japanese American school principal Shigeo Yoshida, worked to protect the civil liberties of the people of Japanese ancestry living in Hawai'i, which ultimately led to the decision against a mass removal of Japanese Americans from the islands. In addition to interviews with some of the key figures and archival footage and stills, The First Battle also recreates several key scenes with actors playing key historical figures such as Ching, Yoshida, and Hawai'i FBI head Robert Shivers. Major funders included Central Pacific Bank, the Gerbode Foundation, the Hawaii Pacific Rim Society, and the Island Insurance Company.",
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                "films"
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            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary",
                "Drama"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Fish for Jimmy (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Fish%20for%20Jimmy%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Fish%20for%20Jimmy%20(book)/"
            },
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            "description": "Fish for Jimmy: Inspired by One Family's Experience in a Japanese American Internment Camp, written and illustrated by Katie Yamasaki, is based on the author's great-grandfather's family experience at the Granada camp in Amache, Colorado. This picture book for young readers which expresses in few words an older brother's act of kindness and daring that kept a family strong during their imprisonment.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 1-2",
                "Grades 3-5"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Children's",
                "Picture book"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Growing up - pain or pleasure",
                "Heroism - real and perceived",
                "Family - blessing or curse"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 3-5"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "A Flicker in Eternity (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/A%20Flicker%20in%20Eternity%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/A%20Flicker%20in%20Eternity%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "flickerineternity",
            "description": "A short documentary film from 2013 by Sharon Yamato and Ann Kaneko about the experiences of a young Nisei named Stanley Hayami, based on his diary and letters. A Nisei teenager incarcerated with his family during World War II at Heart Mountain, Hayami kept a diary documenting his life and thoughts in camp and subsequently as a member of the 442nd Regimental Combat Team until his death while in combat in Europe just days before Germany surrendered. Filmmakers Yamato and Kaneko tell the story largely in Hayami's own words, voiced by actor Aaron Yoo, as well as those of his older sister Sach, voiced by Amy Hill. The film includes archival photographs and footage and aspiring artist Hayami's own drawings from his diary, often in animated form. The DVD release of the film included interview footage with Hayami family members including Stanley's sister-in-law Miwako Hayami, niece Dawn Hayami, and nephew Danny Hayami about Stanley and his family's experience during and after the war, and finding his diary in a garage many years later. The title of the film comes from one of Stanley's diary entries. The film was funded in part by the California Civil Liberties Public Education Program.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary",
                "Short"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "War - glory, necessity, pain, tragedy",
                "Loss of innocence",
                "Coming of age"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Floating Home (short story)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Floating%20Home%20(short%20story)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Floating%20Home%20(short%20story)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "floatinghomeshortstory",
            "description": "Short story about a family returning to Little Tokyo from Rohwer. When fourteen-year-old Mari returns home with her parents, she expects to go to their old house, but is dismayed when they go to a run down residential hotel instead. Her father explains to her that they had rented the house they had lived in before the war, and they it was now being rented to someone else. Mari decides to walk to the house to take a last look. She finds an African American girl about her age on the swing in front. Initially suspicious, the girl becomes friendlier when Mari tells her why she and her family had to leave and invites her inside.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-file-text",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 7-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Historical Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Facing reality",
                "Growing up – pain or pleasure",
                "Reunion",
                "Working class struggles"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "The Floating World (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/The%20Floating%20World%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/The%20Floating%20World%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "floatingworld",
            "description": "Acclaimed coming-of-age novel largely set on the road centering on Olivia Osaka and her itinerant family in the 1950s.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Coming of age",
                "Family – blessing or curse",
                "Female roles",
                "Working class struggles",
                "Growing up – pain or pleasure"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Flowers from Mariko (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Flowers%20from%20Mariko%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Flowers%20from%20Mariko%20(book)/"
            },
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            "description": "Picture book for children about a Japanese American family's World War II incarceration and difficulties in restarting their lives after the war, told from the perspective of a young girl of about nine of ten. Mariko, her little sister Emi, and their parents live in Los Angeles before the war, where their father works as a gardener. When they are forced to leave, he leaves his gardening truck and equipment with their landlord. When Japanese Americans are allowed to return to the West Coast in 1945, the family makes plans to return. However their father finds that his truck and equipment have been sold, and the former landlord is nowhere to be found. The family is forced to live in a government-run trailer park upon their return, and her father is unable to find work. One day, he finds some old equipment in the trash, along with some flower seeds. Remembering the flower garden he had planted in the concentration camp (the particular camp is not specified), Mariko plants the seeds, hoping the flowers will cheer him up. The flowers eventually bloom, coinciding with her father finding the means to restart his gardening business. A one-page Author's Note provides a brief summary of the historical events from the roundup of Japanese Americans after Executive Order 9066 to Civil Liberties Act of 1988.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 1-2",
                "Grades 3-5"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Children's",
                "Historical Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Growing up – pain or pleasure",
                "Heartbreak of betrayal",
                "Optimism – power or folly",
                "Overcoming – fear, weakness, vice",
                "Working class struggles"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 3-5"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Forced Out: Internment and the Enduring Damage to California Cities and Towns (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Forced%20Out:%20Internment%20and%20the%20Enduring%20Damage%20to%20California%20Cities%20and%20Towns%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Forced%20Out:%20Internment%20and%20the%20Enduring%20Damage%20to%20California%20Cities%20and%20Towns%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "forcedoutinternmentandtheenduringdamagetocaliforniacitiesandtownsfilm",
            "description": "A 2003 documentary film that explores the subject of the Japanese American forced removal and mass incarceration during World War II and its economic impact on California's Japantowns through the stories of merchants and community institutions. Among the stories highlighted are Honnami Taedo, a ceramics shop in San Francisco Japantown; the Rafu Shimpo newspaper, Fugetsudo sweet shop, and the Japanese American National Museum in Los Angeles' Little Tokyo; a San Francisco-based quilt project by Japanese American women that documents the wartime events; and the Asahi Market in Oxnard, which was run for the Japanese American proprietors by a Mexican American family during the war.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Injustice",
                "Importance of community",
                "Power of the past"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Forgotten Valor (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Forgotten%20Valor%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Forgotten%20Valor%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "forgottenvalorfilm",
            "description": "Dramatic film about a 442nd Regimental Combat Team veteran who was among those awarded the Medal of Honor in 2000, but who refuses to attend the ceremony and subsequently disappears.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Drama"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "War - glory, necessity, pain, tragedy",
                "Heroism - real or perceived"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "No availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Forsaken Fields (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Forsaken%20Fields%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Forsaken%20Fields%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "forsakenfieldsfilm",
            "description": "Documentary film on the impact of wartime incarceration on Japanese American farming in California.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Injustice",
                "Displacement",
                "Necessity of work",
                "Working class struggles"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "For the Sake of the Children (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/For%20the%20Sake%20of%20the%20Children%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/For%20the%20Sake%20of%20the%20Children%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "forthesakeofthechildrenfilm",
            "description": "Documentary film on the impact of the World War II incarceration on the generation of Japanese Americans who grew up after the war. Filmmaker Marlene Shigekawa profiles several Japanese American families, interviewing both surviving Nisei and their children and grandchildren, exploring the questions of why the Nisei generally didn't tell their children about their wartime incarceration and the impact of that silence on the later generations. Much of the focus is on the varying experiences of mothers and daughters. The film uses both historical images and contemporary footage shot at Poston and other camps as well and contemporary camp pilgrimages.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documetary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Change versus tradition",
                "Communication – verbal and nonverbal",
                "Female roles",
                "Power of silence"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "\"Forty Years from Sand Island\" (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/%22Forty%20Years%20from%20Sand%20Island%22%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/%22Forty%20Years%20from%20Sand%20Island%22%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "fortyyearsfromsandislandfilm",
            "description": "Episode of the Magnum P.I. television series that centers on a murder in the Sand Island Internment Camp in 1942. The episode from the popular series' third season first aired in 1983.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Action",
                "Crime"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Greed as downfall",
                "Power and corruption",
                "Power of the past"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "The 442nd: Duty, Honor and Loyalty (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/The%20442nd:%20Duty,%20Honor%20and%20Loyalty%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/The%20442nd:%20Duty,%20Honor%20and%20Loyalty%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "fourfortyseconddutyhonorloyalty",
            "description": "Documentary film on the 442nd Regimental Combat Team. The 442nd: Duty, Honor & Loyalty is a English language version of a 1996 Japanese language documentary produced by Bungei Shunju, Ltd. titled Amerika Dai-442 Hohei Rentai: Nikkei Niseitachi no Dainijin Seikai Taisen. The English language script was by John Dobovan, who also narrated.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "War - glory, necessity, pain, tragedy",
                "Heroism - real and perceived"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Four-Four-Two (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Four-Four-Two%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Four-Four-Two%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "fourfourtwobook",
            "description": "A popular and confident Nisei boy and his best friend enlist in the all-Japanese American 442nd Regimental Combat Team and are thrown into the horrific reality of combat in Europe.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 7-8",
                "Grades 9-12"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Historical fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Coming of age",
                "Companionship as salvation",
                "Displacement",
                "Forgiveness",
                "Identity crisis"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "442: Live with Honor, Die with Dignity (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/442:%20Live%20with%20Honor,%20Die%20with%20Dignity%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/442:%20Live%20with%20Honor,%20Die%20with%20Dignity%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "fourfourtwolivewithhonor",
            "description": "A 2010 documentary film directed by Japanese filmmaker Junichiro Suzuki that tells the story of the 442nd Regimental Combat Team and other Japanese Americans in the U.S. armed forces during World War II. It is the second film in Suzuki's trilogy of films on the Japanese American World War II experience.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Heroism - real and perceived",
                "War - glory, necessity, pain, tragedy",
                "Evils of racism"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Fox Drum Bebop (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Fox%20Drum%20Bebop%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Fox%20Drum%20Bebop%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "foxdrumbebopbook",
            "description": "Novel by Gene Oishi that tells the saga of the Konos, a Japanese American farming family from coastal California, covering the years 1940 to 1982. Largely based on the author's own life and family, each chapter is a stand alone short story set in a particular time period. Early chapters covering the prewar years and the upheavals of World War II are told from the perspective of different family members, while later chapters covering the postwar years are largely through the perspective of Hiroshi, the character based on the author. Fox Drum Bebop was published by Kaya Press in 2014 and received the 2016 Association for Asian American Studies book award in the Creative Writing: Prose category.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Historical Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Family – blessing or curse",
                "Immigrant experience",
                "Power of words"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Fred Korematsu: All American Hero (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Fred%20Korematsu:%20All%20American%20Hero%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Fred%20Korematsu:%20All%20American%20Hero%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "fredkorematsuallamericanherobook",
            "description": "Comic book by two University of California at Davis law professors that tells the story of exclusion challenger Fred Korematsu through the eyes of a young Muslim American girl in post-9/11 America.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 7-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Comics"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Convention and rebellion",
                "Heroism – real and perceived",
                "Injustice",
                "Patriotism – positive side or complications",
                "Power of the past"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Fred Korematsu Speaks Up (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Fred%20Korematsu%20Speaks%20Up%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Fred%20Korematsu%20Speaks%20Up%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "fredkorematsuspeaksupbook",
            "description": "Book for middle school audiences on Fred Korematsu, who challenged the forced removal of Japanese Americans during World War II.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 3-5",
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Children's",
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Heroism – real and perceived",
                "Injustice",
                "Rights - individual or societal"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 3-5",
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "From a Different Shore: An American Identity (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/From%20a%20Different%20Shore:%20An%20American%20Identity%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/From%20a%20Different%20Shore:%20An%20American%20Identity%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "fromadifferentshoreanamericanidentityfilm",
            "description": "Documentary film produced by Great Britain's The Open University that examines the Japanese American community by focusing on three families in Los Angeles.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Change versus tradition",
                "Importance of community",
                "Power of the past",
                "Reunion"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "From a Silk Cocoon (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
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            "title_sort": "fromasilkcocoonfilm",
            "description": "Documentary film recounting the wartime story of a Kibei couple, Itaru and Shizuko Ina and their two young children as reconstructed by their daughter Satsuki Ina. Ina and co-directors Emery Clay III and Stephen Holsapple tell the story largely through the couple's own words in the form of Shizuko's diary and letters to each other when they become separated in the course of their incarceration.",
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                "films"
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            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
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            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Individual versus society",
                "Injustice",
                "War – glory, necessity, pain, tragedy"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "From Barbed Wire to Battlefields: Japanese American Experiences in WWII (exhibition)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
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                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/From%20Barbed%20Wire%20to%20Battlefields:%20Japanese%20American%20Experiences%20in%20WWII%20(exhibition)/"
            },
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            "description": "Exhibition on the Japanese American incarceration and on Japanese Americans in the U.S. armed forces during World War II at the National World War II Museum in New Orleans, Louisiana. Barbed Wire to Battlefields opened in the Joe W. and D. D. Brown Foundation Special Exhibit Gallery on March 15, 2014, and ran through October 12, 2014. The exhibition featured the photographs of Dorothea Lange, Ansel Adams, and Bill Mambo along with objects and video interviews. In conjunction with the exhibition, the museum put on a slate of public programs including book events, lectures, and film screenings, and incorporated curricular material and a webinar aimed at school children. The exhibition was funded in part by the the Annenberg Foundation and the Eugenie and Joseph Jones Family Foundation. The National World War II Museum opened in New Orleans in 2000 at the National D-Day Museum.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "exhibitions"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Museum Exhibitions",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-university",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Heroism - real and perceived",
                "War - glory, necessity, pain, tragedy",
                "Displacement",
                "Evils of racism"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "From Bullets to Ballots (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/From%20Bullets%20to%20Ballots%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/From%20Bullets%20to%20Ballots%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "frombulletstoballotsfilm",
            "description": "Documentary film on Japanese Americans from Hawai'i as part of the 442nd Regimental Combat Team and their role in the political realignment of Hawai'i after the war. From Bullets to Ballots was one of three short films directed by Robert A. Nakamura and produced by Karen L. Ishizuka in conjunction with From Bento to Mixed Plate: Americans of Japanese Ancestry in Multicultural Hawai'i, an exhibition produced by the Japanese American National Museum in 1997.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Quest for power",
                "Role of men",
                "War – glory, necessity, pain, tragedy",
                "Working class struggles"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "From Hawaii to the Holocaust: A Shared Moment in History (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/From%20Hawaii%20to%20the%20Holocaust:%20A%20Shared%20Moment%20in%20History%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/From%20Hawaii%20to%20the%20Holocaust:%20A%20Shared%20Moment%20in%20History%20(film)/"
            },
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            "description": "Documentary film on the men of the 522nd Field Artillery Battalion and their encounter with Jewish victims of the Nazi death camps at the end of World War II. The 1993 film was a production of the Hawaii Holocaust Project.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Evils of racism",
                "Facing darkness",
                "War – glory, necessity, pain, tragedy"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Fumiko Hayashida: The Woman Behind the Symbol (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Fumiko%20Hayashida:%20The%20Woman%20Behind%20the%20Symbol%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Fumiko%20Hayashida:%20The%20Woman%20Behind%20the%20Symbol%20(film)/"
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            "description": "A 2009 short documentary film about Fumiko Hayashida, a pregnant mother of two who was one of 227 members of the Bainbridge Island Japanese American community who were forced from their homes in March 1942. Hayashida—or at least her image—became immortalized in a photograph taken of her holding her young daughter. First appearing the Seattle Post-Intelligencer, the photograph became one of the iconic images of the roundup. Providing both a biographical portrait of Hayashida and telling the larger story of Bainbridge Island, the film also shows the then 97-year-old Hayashida revisiting the site of the former Minidoka concentration camp in Idaho.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Injustice",
                "Role of women",
                "Power of the past"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Gaijin: American Prisoner of War (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Gaijin:%20American%20Prisoner%20of%20War%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Gaijin:%20American%20Prisoner%20of%20War%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "gaijinamericanprisonerofwarbook",
            "description": "Gaijin: American Prisoner of War by Matt Faulkner is the story of a hapa teenage boy's struggle living in post December 7 San Francisco, California. 13-year-old Koji Miyamoto discovers that life being biracial (his mother Adeline is white and his father Ichiro is Japanese) is just as difficult inside an incarceration camp as it was outside in the city after the bombing of Pearl Harbor. Written for 5th through 8th grade readers, this graphic novel has a distinctive style of elongated caricatures colored with dark reds, yellows, blues, and browns.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Graphic novels"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Coming of age",
                "Displacement",
                "Isolation"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Gambling Den (short story)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
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                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Gambling%20Den%20(short%20story)/"
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            "title_sort": "gamblingdenshortstory",
            "description": "Short story by Akemi Kikumura about a Japanese American family in Lodi, California, on the eve of World War II. Told in the first person voice of fifteen-year-old Peggy Tanaka, the story begins with the Tanaka family's fateful purchase of a restaurant in 1941. The restaurant soon becomes a success as migrant workers are drawn to both Mrs. Tanaka's cooking and the beauty of Ann, Peggy's eighteen-year-old sister. Mr. Tanaka's decision to open a gambling den in back further adds to profits, despite Mrs. Tanaka's disapproval and the necessary kick-backs to a corrupt local policeman. But the Tanakas' lives are soon to be complicated by Ann's romance with a young man of burakumin (Japanese outcaste) origin, a conniving neighbor, and the impending roundup of Japanese Americans after the attack on Pearl Harbor.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-file-text",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Historical Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Coming of age",
                "Disillusionment and dreams",
                "Immigrant experience",
                "Loss of innocence",
                "Role of women",
                "Temptation and destruction"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "No availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Ganbare Don't Give Up! (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
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                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Ganbare%20Don't%20Give%20Up!%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "ganbaredontgiveupfilm",
            "description": "Documentary film that provides an overview of what happened to Japanese Americans in Hawai'i during World War II, focusing on the limited internment of Issei community leaders and the exploits of Japanese American men in the armed forces. Ganbare Don't Give Up! was produced as a part of the Japanese Cultural Center of Hawai'i's core exhibition, Okage Sama De: I am what I am because of you, which remains the only place where it can be viewed.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Immigrant experience",
                "Patriotism – positive side or complications",
                "Rights - individual or societal",
                "War – glory, necessity, pain, tragedy"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "No availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Ganbatte: Sixty-year Struggle of a Kibei Worker (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Ganbatte:%20Sixty-year%20Struggle%20of%20a%20Kibei%20Worker%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Ganbatte:%20Sixty-year%20Struggle%20of%20a%20Kibei%20Worker%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "ganbattesixtyyearstruggleofakibeiworkerbook",
            "description": "Kibei-Nisei labor organizer and communist shares his life story, including his unique experiences during World War II as the husband of a white woman with a mixed-race child incarcerated while he served with the Military Intelligence Service in the Pacific Theater.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Memoir"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Capitalism - effect on the individual",
                "Convention and rebellion",
                "Empowerment",
                "Important of community",
                "Injustice",
                "Rights - individual and societal",
                "Self-awareness",
                "Working class struggles"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Garden of Stones (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Garden%20of%20Stones%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Garden%20of%20Stones%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "gardenofstonesbook",
            "description": "Popular novel by Sophie Littlefield centering on three generations of Japanese American women whose lives are dramatically shaped by the wartime incarceration of the elder two at Manzanar.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Historical Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Role of women",
                "Motherhood",
                "Temporary nature of physical beauty",
                "Power of the past",
                "Facing darkness"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Gardens of Hope (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Gardens%20of%20Hope%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Gardens%20of%20Hope%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "gardensofhopebook",
            "description": "Novel about the short but life changing romance between a young white man and a Nisei man during World War II. The story begins in 2004, as the elderly Jack Henry asks his nephew to drive him to the Manzanar National Historic Site. On the way, he tells the nephew the story of his connection to the place. As the story begins in Los Angeles the fall of 1942, Jack seems to have everything: a loving family, a smart and attractive fiancée, and good prospects for a career as a teacher. However as a closeted gay man, he is confused and unhappy. Drawn to Pershing Park downtown, he has a series of furtive sexual encounters with other men before meeting Hiro, a handsome young Nisei. Their affair is immediately different and deeper than the others. When the outbreak of war separates them, Jack impulsively decides to become a teacher at Manzanar. While there, they connect again, though again circumstances separate them after a short period of time. Back in 2004, Jack's first return to Manzanar in sixty years brings memories of that time flooding back.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Historical Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Companionship as salvation",
                "Everlasting love",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Loss of innocence",
                "Self-awareness"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Gasa-Gasa Girl (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Gasa-Gasa%20Girl%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Gasa-Gasa%20Girl%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "gasagasagirlbook",
            "description": "The second mystery novel in Naomi Hirahara's \"Mas Arai Mysteries\" series, Gasa-Gasa Girl finds the Kibei crime solver in New York where he reconciles with his estranged daughter and unravels the mysterious death of a wealthy Nisei businessman.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Fiction",
                "Mystery"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Family – blessing or curse",
                "Greed as downfall",
                "Power of the past"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Gasa Gasa Girl Goes to Camp (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Gasa%20Gasa%20Girl%20Goes%20to%20Camp%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Gasa%20Gasa%20Girl%20Goes%20to%20Camp%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "gasagasagirlgoestocampbook",
            "description": "Concentration camp memoir by a Nisei artist. Ten years old at the time of the wartime incarceration, Lily Yuriko Nakai Havey was sent to Santa Anita Assembly Center and Amache with her older brother and Issei parents. Evolving from captions that accompanied displays of the author's postwar paintings, Gasa Gasa Girl intersperses stories of life in the camps with recollections of happier days with her parents, brother, and aunts in Hollywood, California, before the war. The book is illustrated by twenty-eight color reproductions of her watercolor paintings that depict both her external and internal lives during the war, as well as a like number of family photographs, archival photographs, and photographs of key objects mentioned in the text. Published by the University of Utah Press, the book includes an foreword by historian Cherstin Lyon.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Memoir",
                "Art"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Coming of age",
                "Expression through art",
                "Growing up – pain or pleasure",
                "Immigrant experience",
                "Oppression of women"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "The Gate of Heaven (play)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/The%20Gate%20of%20Heaven%20(play)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/The%20Gate%20of%20Heaven%20(play)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "gateofheaven",
            "description": "Play by Lane Nishikawa and Victor Talmadge about the lifelong friendship between a Nisei who helped liberate a Nazi death camp as a member of the 522nd Field Artillery Battalion and a Holocaust survivor. The main characters, Kiyoshi \"Sam\" Yamamoto and Leon Ehrlich, are based on the lives of the playwrights' fathers. The play begins in April 1945 and follows the two men over the course of their lives. It was first produced at the Old Globe Theatre in San Diego on March 5, 1996. Nishikawa adapted the play into a short dramatic film titled When We Were Warriors, Part I, which he directed and starred in alongside Talmadge.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "plays"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Plays",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-ticket",
            "rg_interestlevel": [],
            "rg_genre": [],
            "rg_theme": [],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": null
        },
        {
            "id": "Gila River and Mama: The Ruth Mix Story (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Gila%20River%20and%20Mama:%20The%20Ruth%20Mix%20Story%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Gila%20River%20and%20Mama:%20The%20Ruth%20Mix%20Story%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "gilariverandmamatheruthmixstoryfilm",
            "description": "Documentary film that tells the story of the mass removal and incarceration of Japanese Americans through the eyes of Ruth Mix, who as a fifteen year old, accompanied her mother Frida, a teacher, to Gila River and lived among the inmates. Filmmaker Claire Mix is the daughter of Ruth.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Injustice",
                "Loss of innocence",
                "Power of the past"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Gila River (play)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Gila%20River%20(play)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Gila%20River%20(play)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "gilariverplay",
            "description": "Play by Lane Nishikawa, set in the Gila River, Arizona, concentration camp, that tells the story of the Wakabayashi family. Told in a flashback after Nisei daughter Mitsue revisits the site in 1972, the play incorporates the arrest and internment of the Issei patriarch, the military service (in the Military Intelligence Service) of a baseball loving son, and relationships with Native Americans on whose land the camp had been built. The play premiered in 1999 at the Gila River Arts and Crafts Center and has been subsequently performed at the World Theater at California State University at Monterey Bay and the Japan America Theatre in Los Angeles.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "plays"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Plays",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-ticket",
            "rg_interestlevel": [],
            "rg_genre": [],
            "rg_theme": [],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": null
        },
        {
            "id": "Give Us This Day (short story)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Give%20Us%20This%20Day%20(short%20story)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Give%20Us%20This%20Day%20(short%20story)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "giveusthisdayshortstory",
            "description": "Short story by Henry H. Ebihara that presents a hopeful portrait of an Issei couple a year after resettlement. Mr. Sakamoto returns on a winter night from his night shift job at a factory to find his wife waiting for him with a hot meal. They discuss their good fortune, their son in the Military Intelligence Service in Burma, and their leaving the concentration camp with their children a year earlier.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-file-text",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Patriotism—positive side or complications",
                "Progress—real or illusion"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "G-Men vs. The Black Dragon/Black Dragon of Manzanar (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/G-Men%20vs.%20The%20Black%20Dragon/Black%20Dragon%20of%20Manzanar%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/G-Men%20vs.%20The%20Black%20Dragon/Black%20Dragon%20of%20Manzanar%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "gmenvstheblackdragonblackdragonofmanzanarfilm",
            "description": "A war-era movie serial produced by Republic Pictures in 1943 that pits Los Angeles-based American Special Investigator Rex Bennett against the Black Dragon Society (BDS), a Japanese led organization that is attempting to aid the Axis-war effort. There is a brief intersection of the BDS with the wartime incarceration of Japanese Americans.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Thriller",
                "Crime"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Fear of other",
                "Good vs. bad",
                "Nationalism - complications"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Go for Broke! (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Go%20for%20Broke!%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Go%20for%20Broke!%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "goforbrokefilm",
            "description": "1951 feature film that tells the story of 442nd Regimental Combat Team and that climaxes with the rescue of the \"Lost Battalion.\" A popular and critical success, Go For Broke! represents a landmark in the representation of Japanese Americans in Hollywood films. The film focuses on the transformation of the initially bigoted Lt. Michael Grayson (played by Van Johnson), who is assigned to command the all-Japanese American unit. The members of the 442nd were mostly played by Nisei veterans. Producer and MGM studio head Dore Schary would produce another film centered around bigotry aimed at Japanese Americans four years later, Bad Day at Black Rock (1955).",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Drama",
                "War"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "War - glory, necessity, pain, tragedy",
                "Heroism - real or perceived",
                "Hazards of passing judgment"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Going for Broke (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Going%20for%20Broke%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Going%20for%20Broke%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "goingforbrokefilm",
            "description": "Documentary film that provides an overview of Japanese Americans who served in the 100th Infantry Battalion, 442nd Regimental Combat Team, and Military Intelligence Service (MIS) during World War II using archival footage, interviews, and contemporary footage of key wartime locations. The film also includes information on the history of Japanese Americans before the war and the wartime incarceration of Japanese Americans and is narrated by George Takei and \"hosted\" by Daniel Inouye. Going for Broke was produced in 2005 by the Go For Broke Educational Foundation, with funding from Farmers' Insurance. The film's tagline is \"They Believed in America, When America No Longer Believed in Them.\"",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "War - glory, necessity, pain, tragedy",
                "Heroism - real and perceived"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Going for Honor, Going for Broke (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Going%20for%20Honor,%20Going%20for%20Broke%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Going%20for%20Honor,%20Going%20for%20Broke%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "goingforhonorgoingforbrokefilm",
            "description": "Short 2006 documentary film that gives an overview of the 100th Infantry Battalion and 442nd Regimental Combat Team. Produced, written, directed, narrated & edited by George Toshio Johnston, he film was funded by a grant from the California Civil Liberties Public Education Program.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "War - glory, necessity, pain, tragedy",
                "Heroism - real and perceived"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Gold Watch (play)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Gold%20Watch%20(play)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Gold%20Watch%20(play)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "goldwatchplay",
            "description": "A 1972 play by Momoko Iko that was one of the first to take up the wartime mass removal of Japanese Americans from the West Coast.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "plays"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Plays",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-ticket",
            "rg_interestlevel": [],
            "rg_genre": [],
            "rg_theme": [],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": null
        },
        {
            "id": "Good Luck Soup (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Good%20Luck%20Soup%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Good%20Luck%20Soup%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "goodlucksoupfilm",
            "description": "Autobiographical documentary film by Matthew Hashiguchi that explores his and his family's experience growing up as mixed-race Japanese Americans in Cleveland, Ohio. Hashiguchi draws inspiration from his Nisei grandmother and family matriarch Eva Hashiguchi, who settled in Cleveland after leaving the Jerome, Arkansas, concentration camp during World War II and chose to remain there. In addition to the feature length film, the Good Luck Soup project also includes an interactive website that serves as an \"participatory storytelling\" platform.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Coming of age",
                "Growing up – pain or pleasure",
                "Importance of community",
                "Individual versus society",
                "Power of tradition"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "A Grain of Sand (album)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/A%20Grain%20of%20Sand%20(album)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/A%20Grain%20of%20Sand%20(album)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "grainofsanda",
            "description": "Originally produced and released in 1973 by Paredon Records, A Grain of Sand: Music for the Struggle by Asians in America by folk trio Chris Kando Iijima, Nobuko JoAnne Miyamoto, and William \"Charlie\" Chin is widely recognized to be the first album of Asian American music. The record is a combination of folk songs, political ballads and protest songs. The music was written, performed and recorded at the height of the Asian American, black, and anti-war movements in the early '70s by New York musicians and activists Iijima, Miyamoto, and Chin, who were then in their twenties and early thirties. The original album includes artwork by Arlan Huang/Artist Resource Basement Workshop on the album jacket and liner notes with a political statement by the musicians, lyrics, and a list of Asian American publications from the era. One of the songs, \"We Are the Children,\" is likely the first song in English to explicitly mention the wartime incarceration of Japanese Americans.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "albums"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Albums",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-music",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Contemporary Folk"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Evils of racism",
                "Immigrant experience",
                "Injustice"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Great Grandfather's Drum (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Great%20Grandfather's%20Drum%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Great%20Grandfather's%20Drum%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "greatgrandfathersdrumfilm",
            "description": "Documentary film that tells the story of Japanese Americans in Maui through the story of Maui Taiko and its founder, Kay Fukumoto.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Expression through art",
                "Importance of community",
                "Power of the past",
                "Power of tradition"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Guilty by Reason of Race (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Guilty%20by%20Reason%20of%20Race%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Guilty%20by%20Reason%20of%20Race%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "guiltybyreasonofracefilm",
            "description": "Documentary film produced by NBC and shown nationally on September 19, 1972, as part of the NBC Reports series. It was the second major network documentary on the wartime removal and incarceration of Japanese Americans after The Nisei: The Pride and the Shame, which aired on CBS in 1965.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Injustice",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Power of the past"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Half Kenneth (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Half%20Kenneth%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Half%20Kenneth%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "halfkennethfilm",
            "description": "Short dramatic film about two mixed race brothers at Manzanar in 1945. A 21-minute short, Half Kenneth was made by Ken Ochiai as a master's thesis film at the American Film Institute.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Drama",
                "Short"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Coming of age",
                "Loss of innocence",
                "Family - blessing or curse"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Harry Kelly (play)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Harry%20Kelly%20(play)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Harry%20Kelly%20(play)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "harrykellyplay",
            "description": "Two-act play by Harold Heifezt set during World War II that dramatizes the romance between Hanako, a young Japanese American outcast woman in a concentration camp who has just lost her parents, and Anyay, a Native American man living in the neighboring \"Mojave Indian Reservation.\" As the play begins, the stage is literally divided down the middle by a barbed wire fence separating the two worlds. The play juxtaposes the romance with the conflicts over the institution of the loyalty questionnaire. Harry Kelly debuted at East West Players (EWP) in Los Angeles on April 4, 1974, in a production directed by Mako. With the support of the California Arts Council, EWP toured the play to various community institutions in California in 1976–77.[1]",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "plays"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Plays",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-ticket",
            "rg_interestlevel": [],
            "rg_genre": [],
            "rg_theme": [],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": null
        },
        {
            "id": "Harsh Canvas: The Art and Life of Henry Sugimoto (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Harsh%20Canvas:%20The%20Art%20and%20Life%20of%20Henry%20Sugimoto%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Harsh%20Canvas:%20The%20Art%20and%20Life%20of%20Henry%20Sugimoto%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "harshcanvastheartandlifeofhenrysugimotofilm",
            "description": "A 2001 biographical documentary film on the life and work of Issei artist Henry Sugimoto, based on the artist's memoirs and testimony before the Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians. The film highlights Sugimoto's art through archival and contemporary footage and follows his life's journey from immigration to his incarceration with his family during World War II in Arkansas, and postwar relocation to New York. Actor Mako narrates the film in the voice of Sugimoto. Interviews with his daughter Madeleine Sugimoto and sister-in-law Naomi Tagawa provide additional information on his life, while fellow artist George Mukai and curators Kristine Kim and Stephanie Barron discuss the significance of his work.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Expression through art",
                "Immigrant experience",
                "Injustice"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "No availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Hawaii, End of the Rainbow (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Hawaii,%20End%20of%20the%20Rainbow%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Hawaii,%20End%20of%20the%20Rainbow%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "hawaiiendoftherainbowbook",
            "description": "Kazuo Miyamoto (1897–1988) was a Nisei doctor and author who was interned at various incarceration camps for the duration of World War II as a result of the publication of his observations during the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945). During his incarceration at Sand Island, Miyamoto began writing Hawaii, End of the Rainbow, which took him seventeen years to complete. Although a fictional account of the experiences of Japanese immigrants spanning nearly seventy years from their arrival in the Islands to World War II, it provides key insights from a participant in these important events.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Historical Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Immigrant experience",
                "Injustice",
                "Will to survive",
                "Working class struggles"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "The Hawai'i Nisei Story (website)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/The%20Hawai'i%20Nisei%20Story%20(website)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/The%20Hawai'i%20Nisei%20Story%20(website)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "hawaiiniseistory",
            "description": "Website developed in the mid-2000s by the University of Hawai'i built around oral histories of Nisei veterans from Hawai'i.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "websites"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Websites",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-laptop",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Virtual Exhibit"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Heroism – real and perceived",
                "Role of men",
                "War – glory, necessity, pain, tragedy"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Heart Mountain: An All American Town (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Heart%20Mountain:%20An%20All%20American%20Town%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Heart%20Mountain:%20An%20All%20American%20Town%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "heartmountainanallamericantownfilm",
            "description": "Documentary film on the Heart Mountain, Wyoming, concentration camp written, produced and directed by Raechel Donahue that focuses on the experiences of the children in the camp.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Growing up – pain or pleasure",
                "Injustice",
                "Overcoming – fear, weakness, vice",
                "Power of the past"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Heart Mountain (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Heart%20Mountain%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Heart%20Mountain%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "heartmountainbook",
            "description": "Novel by acclaimed essayist and nature/travel writer Gretel Ehrlich. Set inside and outside of the Heart Mountain, Wyoming, concentration camp, Heart Mountain was published by Viking in 1988.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Historical Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Disillusionment and dreams",
                "Displacement",
                "Love and sacrifice",
                "War – glory, necessity, pain, tragedy"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Heart Mountain (play)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Heart%20Mountain%20(play)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Heart%20Mountain%20(play)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "heartmountainplay",
            "description": "Play first produced in 2012 that tells the story of a Japanese American family from Venice, California, and their wartime removal and incarceration at Heart Mountain. The play was conceived and commissioned by Perviz Sawoski, the chair of the Theater Arts Department at Santa Monica City College in Southern California and written by G. Bruce Smith, the school's public information officer and a playwright of over twenty plays. The dramatic play incorporates archival images and dance inspired by Butoh. First produced at the college in November 2012, the play was also selected to be performed at the Kenney Center American College Theater Festival, Region VIII at the Los Angeles Theater Center in February 2013.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "plays"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Plays",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-ticket",
            "rg_interestlevel": [],
            "rg_genre": [],
            "rg_theme": [],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": null
        },
        {
            "id": "Heart Mountain: Three Years in an Internment Camp (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Heart%20Mountain:%20Three%20Years%20in%20an%20Internment%20Camp%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Heart%20Mountain:%20Three%20Years%20in%20an%20Internment%20Camp%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "heartmountainthreeyearsinaninternmentcampfilm",
            "description": "A short documentary film from 1997 that documents the World War II incarceration of Japanese Americans at the American concentration camp in Heart Mountain, Wyoming. The film also documents daily life for the Japanese American incarcerees, who endured living in rough barracks, surrounded by barbed wire in sub-zero temperatures and dust storms, as well as the political and personal conflicts that arose with the government-issued \"loyalty questionnaire\" and draft resistance. In addition to interviews with former inmates and local residents, the film uses previously unseen footage from the camp. The film was produced by KCSM, a San Mateo, California, public television station as part of The New Americans series and was directed by Dianne Fukami, with David Hosley serving as executive producer. It was originally titled Heart Mountain: Three Years in a Relocation Center. Funders for the documentary included the Chevron Corporation, the Henri and Tomoye Takahashi Charitable Foundation, and the Ray and Peggy Daba Fund.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Injustice",
                "Will to survive"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "The Heart No Longer Silent (play)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/The%20Heart%20No%20Longer%20Silent%20(play)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/The%20Heart%20No%20Longer%20Silent%20(play)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "heartnolongersilent",
            "description": "Storytelling performance with digital imagery by storyteller Megumi and artist Elaine Sayoko Yoneoka. Funded by the California Civil Liberties Public Education Program, The Heart No Longer Silent: Stories with Images from the Japanese American Internment of World War II was performed several times in Central and Northern California in 2002.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "plays"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Plays",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-ticket",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 7-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Quest for discovery",
                "Power of the past",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Will to survive"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "No availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Heiji (short story)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Heiji%20(short%20story)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Heiji%20(short%20story)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "heijishortstory",
            "description": "Short story by Jeff Tsuyoshi Matsuda about a disheveled elderly Nisei widower who goes to a empty field in his Westchester, California, neighborhood every day for reasons that no one can figure out. In slowly revealing the reason for his quest, Heiji Taguma's wartime family history is revealed. His family had farmed twenty acres in the area before the war, but lost their crops and their farm in the mass incarceration of Japanese Americans during World War II. Heiji's father Masu was among the Issei arrested by the FBI and was taken to the Bismarck, North Dakota internment camp, eventually rejoining his family at Manzanar. But he returned a broken man: while Heiji resettled in Chicago, he refused to leave Manzanar and died there just after the end of the war. Heiji's odd ritual seemed to have been triggered by the death of his wife Keiko, who had once cooked all his meals and washed and selected his clothes.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-file-text",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Female roles",
                "Injustice",
                "Power of the past"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "No availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Hell to Eternity (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Hell%20to%20Eternity%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Hell%20to%20Eternity%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "helltoeternityfilm",
            "description": "Hell to Eternity, directed by Phil Karlson and released in 1960, is a Hollywood war film that dramatizes the real-life story of Guy Gabaldon (played by Jeffrey Hunter), an American Marine who singlehandedly captured over 1,500 Japanese soldiers and civilians on the Island of Saipan during the fighting there in mid-1944. In addition to its portrait of Gabaldon's wartime heroism, Hell to Eternity is notable as the first Hollywood film to portray the wartime confinement of Japanese Americans.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "War",
                "Drama"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Evils of racism",
                "Heroism - real or perceived",
                "War - glory, necessity, pain, tragedy"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Henry Sugimoto: Painting an American Experience (exhibition)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Henry%20Sugimoto:%20Painting%20an%20American%20Experience%20(exhibition)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Henry%20Sugimoto:%20Painting%20an%20American%20Experience%20(exhibition)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "henrysugimotopaintinganamericanexperienceexhibition",
            "description": "Retrospective exhibition at the Japanese American National Museum (JANM) featuring the work of Issei artist Henry Sugimoto, who was best known for his depictions of the wartime incarceration experience, many of them executed while he was confined at the Fresno, Jerome, and Rohwer camps. Debuting at JANM in 2001, the exhibition subsequently traveled to Sacramento and to Arkansas.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "exhibitions"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Museum Exhibitions",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-university",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 3-5",
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Art",
                "History"
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            "rg_theme": [
                "Expression through art",
                "Immigration experience",
                "Displacement"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Here, in America? (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
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                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Here,%20in%20America%3F%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "hereinamericafilm",
            "description": "Short documentary film that presents highlights from the Assembly on Wartime Relocation & Internment of Civilians, held in San Francisco in April 2005. The event included the public testimony of persons of Japanese, German, and Italian ancestry about the World War II era internment/incarceration and persons of Arab, Muslim or South Asian descent about post-9/11 detentions. In addition to excepts of the testimonies, the film includes historical background on the World War II detentions along with historical photographs and footage. Testimonies highlighted include Buddy Fujii (statement read by Bill Sato); Victor Kimura; Libia Yamamoto; Art Shibayama; Angelica Higashide (statement read by Naomi Quinones); Doris Berg Nye (statement read by Carole Eiserloh); Ted Eckardt (statement read by Bruce Donald); Constanza Ilacqua Foran; Al Bronzini; John Christgau; Lawrence DiStasi; Yaman Hamdan; and Xavier Becerra.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Power of the past",
                "Injustice"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Heroes (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Heroes%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Heroes%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "heroesbook",
            "description": "Children's picture book by Ken Mochizuki and illustrated by Dom Lee about a young boy facing Asian stereotypes and bullying in the postwar years. Donnie Okada is continually made to play the part of the \"enemy\" in war games with friends, even as he tries to explain that his father and uncles served on the American side. A school visit by Donnie's father and uncle in their uniforms and medals changes the way he and his friends view their histories.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 1-2",
                "Grades 3-5"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Children's",
                "Picture Book"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "War - glory, necessity, pain, tragedy",
                "Growing up - pain or pleasure",
                "Heroism - real and perceived"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 1-2",
                "Grades 3-5"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Hidden Internment: The Art Shibayama Story (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Hidden%20Internment:%20The%20Art%20Shibayama%20Story%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Hidden%20Internment:%20The%20Art%20Shibayama%20Story%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "hiddeninternmenttheartshibayamastoryfilm",
            "description": "A 2004 documentary film about the life of Art Shibayama, a Japanese Peruvian who was forcibly taken from his home in Peru in 1944 when he was thirteen years old, and interned in a Department of Justice camp in Crystal City, Texas, for the duration of World War II. This film explores the lesser-known history of the Japanese Latin American detention, where over 2,000 Latin Americans were essentially kidnapped from their countries and interned in American government camps, to be used as political pawns between countries. Using first-person narrative and archival footage, the film shows how despite their traumatic experiences and wrongful treatment, Shibayama and other Latin Americans have been denied redress that was awarded to Japanese Americans in 1988 for their loss of civil liberties and forced wartime incarceration. Directed by Casey Peek and produced by Irum Shiekh.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Injustice"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Hiroshi Honda: Detained (exhibition)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Hiroshi%20Honda:%20Detained%20(exhibition)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Hiroshi%20Honda:%20Detained%20(exhibition)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "hiroshihondadetainedexhibition",
            "description": "Exhibition featuring the internment art of Hiroshi Honda at the Honolulu Academy of Art (HAA) which ran from June 21 to September 9, 2012. Hiroshi Honda: Detained, was the HAA's second exhibition of Honda's art, after Reflections of Internment: The Art of Hawaii's Hiroshi Honda in 1994. The exhibition included drawings and watercolors produced during Honda's internment in camps in Hawai'i and in the continental U.S. drawn from the HAA's permanent collection.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "exhibitions"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Museum Exhibitions",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-university",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 3-5",
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Art",
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Expression through art",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Displacement"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "No availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Hito Hata: Raise the Banner (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Hito%20Hata:%20Raise%20the%20Banner%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Hito%20Hata:%20Raise%20the%20Banner%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "hitohataraisethebannerfilm",
            "description": "Landmark feature film produced by Visual Communications (VC), a Los Angeles based non-profit in 1980. Centering on the life story of an Issei man, Hito Hata was likely the first dramatic feature film about Asian Americans by Asian Americans since the silent film era.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Drama"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Immigrant experience"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Hold These Truths (play)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Hold%20These%20Truths%20(play)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Hold%20These%20Truths%20(play)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "holdthesetruthsplay",
            "description": "One-person play by Jeanne Sakata centering on Gordon Hirabayashi's challenge of World War II measures against Japanese Americans. Debuting at East West Players in Los Angeles in 2007 under the title Dawn's Light: The Journey of Gordon Hirabayashi, the ninety-minute play enjoyed a second major production in New York in 2012 as Hold These Truths.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "plays"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Plays",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-ticket",
            "rg_interestlevel": [],
            "rg_genre": [],
            "rg_theme": [],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": null
        },
        {
            "id": "Home Again (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Home%20Again%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Home%20Again%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "homeagainbook",
            "description": "A 1955 novel authored by a former War Relocation Authority (WRA) official that tells the epic story of one Japanese American family from California, covering their prewar travails, their wartime incarceration, and their return to California after the war. The book was heavily promoted particularly within the Japanese American community and widely reviewed.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Character - destruction and building up",
                "Displacement",
                "Evils of racism"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Homecoming (short story)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Homecoming%20(short%20story)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Homecoming%20(short%20story)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "homecomingshortstory",
            "description": "Short story by Toshio Mori about an Issei woman's first visit with her son Mamoru after he has been severely wounded in combat as a member of the 442nd Regimental Combat Team. \"Homecoming\" takes the form of a story told in the woman's first person voice to her grandchildren. It is one of several stories by Mori featuring the same woman published in the Pacific Citizen between 1949 and 1952 that later became the basis of his novel Woman from Hiroshima, published in 1978. The first half of the story is about her efforts to see her son after being allowed to leave Topaz to return to the West Coast. She is at first dismayed to learn that he has been moved to a military hospital in Auburn, California, known to be a hotbed of anti-Japanese racism. Arriving in Auburn, they see numerous anti-Japanese signs and are unable to find a place to stay until the Red Cross sends them to a Japanese American owned farm in the next town. The second half of the story is about her visit with Mamoru, whom she learns for the first time is confined to a wheelchair and may not ever be able to walk again.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-file-text",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Love and sacrifice",
                "Motherhood",
                "Wisdom of experience"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Home in the West (short story)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Home%20in%20the%20West%20(short%20story)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Home%20in%20the%20West%20(short%20story)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "homeinthewestshortstory",
            "description": "Short story recounting the return to California by Hirosho Yugi and his wife after their incarceration at Heart Mountain. His initial happiness is dulled when a group of neighbors try to force him out, first by burning down a shed and throwing rocks through windows, then by the burning down of their house. The day after their house is torched, they receive a telegram informing them of the death of their son in combat in Italy.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-file-text",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Evils of racism",
                "Individual versus society",
                "Injustice",
                "Loss of innocence",
                "Totalitarianism"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Home Is the Expatriate (short story)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Home%20Is%20the%20Expatriate%20(short%20story)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Home%20Is%20the%20Expatriate%20(short%20story)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "homeistheexpatriateshortstory",
            "description": "Short story by Larry Tajiri about a Nisei strandee just returned from Japan after a decade there. Joe Suzuki was a Nisei in Los Angeles who graduated high school in the mid 1930s. Unwilling to take the types of jobs available to Nisei at that time—primarily agricultural and/or manual labor type jobs—he first tried Hollywood, then went to Japan, as did many other Nisei at that time. He landed a white-collar job at a Japanese firm, but it proved to be a dead end job, and, as a Nisei, he drew suspicion from the police. He attempted to return to the U.S. in November 1941, but his ship turned around midway as war broke out, and he was stuck in Japan during the war. He returns embittered, his mother having died in an American concentration camp, and his father having resettled in Chicago.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-file-text",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Disillusionment and dreams",
                "Pride and downfall"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Home of the Brave (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Home%20of%20the%20Brave%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Home%20of%20the%20Brave%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "homeofthebravebook",
            "description": "Children's picture book by Allen Say inspired by the mass incarceration of Japanese Americans during World War II.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 3-5",
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Children's"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Injustice",
                "Knowledge versus ignorance",
                "Power of the past",
                "Progress – real or illusion"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 3-5",
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Honor and Sacrifice: The Roy Matsumoto Story (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Honor%20and%20Sacrifice:%20The%20Roy%20Matsumoto%20Story%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Honor%20and%20Sacrifice:%20The%20Roy%20Matsumoto%20Story%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "honorandsacrificetheroymatsumotostoryfilm",
            "description": "A 2013 documentary film about Japanese American Kibei war hero Roy Matsumoto and his family during World War II, as told through the eyes of his daughter Karen. A decorated linguist with the Military Intelligence Service who was a part of Merrill's Marauders, an American guerrilla unit in Burma, Matsumoto served even though his parents and sisters were living in Hiroshima and three of his Nisei brothers were ultimately conscripted into the Japanese army.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Heroism - real or perceived",
                "War - glory, necessity, pain, tragedy"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Honor Bound: A Personal Journey (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Honor%20Bound:%20A%20Personal%20Journey%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Honor%20Bound:%20A%20Personal%20Journey%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "honorboundapersonaljourneyfilm",
            "description": "Documentary film that tells the story of the 442nd Regimental Combat Team through the story of one soldier, Haruo Howard \"Howe\" Hanamura, and his daughter, television reporter Wendy Hanamura, who travel to Europe in October 1944 for 50th anniversary ceremonies of the liberation of Bruyeres and Biffontaine by the 442nd. The film was produced by the National Japanese American Historical Society (NJAHS) and KPIX, San Francisco, where Wendy Hanamura was a news reporter. After debuting on KPIX on March 5, 1995, it went on to be shown on over 100 PBS stations.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Heroism - real or perceived",
                "Power of the past"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Honoring Alameda's Japanese American History (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Honoring%20Alameda's%20Japanese%20American%20History%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Honoring%20Alameda's%20Japanese%20American%20History%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "honoringalamedasjapaneseamericanhistoryfilm",
            "description": "Conventional documentary on the history of the Japanese American community in Alameda, California, that is more or less equally divided between the prewar years and wartime incarceration/aftermath. Perhaps due to sponsorship by the Buddhist Temple of Alameda and the Buena Vista United Methodist Church, there is a focus on the history and activities of those two institutions throughout. While the first half is specifically on the Japanese American community in Alameda and is thus somewhat unique, the section on the wartime removal and incarceration is more general and thus repeats information that can be found elsewhere.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Importance of community",
                "Immigrant experience",
                "Role of Religion – virtue or hypocrisy"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Honouliuli: Hawai'i's Hidden Internment Camp (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Honouliuli:%20Hawai'i's%20Hidden%20Internment%20Camp%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Honouliuli:%20Hawai'i's%20Hidden%20Internment%20Camp%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "honouliulihawaiishiddeninternmentcampfilm",
            "description": "Documentary short film on the Honouliuli Internment Camp in central Ō'ahu produced by the Japanese Cultural Center of Hawai'i. Interviews and other footage from this film were later incorporated into a broader documentary film, The Untold Story: Internment of Japanese Americans in Hawai'i. Ryan Kawamoto wrote, directed, and edited both films.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Power of the past",
                "Injustice",
                "Evils of racism"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Ho'onani Makuakane (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Ho'onani%20Makuakane%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Ho'onani%20Makuakane%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "hoonanimakuakanefilm",
            "description": "Episode of the Hawaii Five-0 TV series from 2013 that featured a Japanese American internment-related storyline.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Drama"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Power of the past",
                "Injustice",
                "War – glory, necessity, pain, tragedy",
                "Quest for discovery"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Hotel on the Corner of Bitter and Sweet (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Hotel%20on%20the%20Corner%20of%20Bitter%20and%20Sweet%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Hotel%20on%20the%20Corner%20of%20Bitter%20and%20Sweet%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "hotelonthecornerofbitterandsweetbook",
            "description": "Bestselling 2009 novel by Jamie Ford about a doomed romance between a young Chinese American boy and a Japanese American girl in 1942 Seattle.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Family - blessing or curse",
                "Growing up - pain or pleasure",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Lost love"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 6-8"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Hotel on the Corner of Bitter and Sweet (curricula)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Hotel%20on%20the%20Corner%20of%20Bitter%20and%20Sweet%20(curricula)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Hotel%20on%20the%20Corner%20of%20Bitter%20and%20Sweet%20(curricula)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "hotelonthecornerofbitterandsweetcurricula",
            "description": "This teacher's guide supports the instructional use of the bestselling 2009 novel by Jamie Ford about a budding romance between a young Chinese American boy and a Japanese American girl, set in 1942 Seattle as aspects of World War II impact their lives. Appropriate for the middle/high school English/language arts classroom, and because of the setting, also social studies. The guide notes the novel is written at a seventh grade reading level.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "curricula"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [],
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                "Family - blessing or curse",
                "Growing up - pain or pleasure",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Lost love"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Hotel on the Corner of Bitter and Sweet (play)",
            "doctype": "articles",
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            },
            "title_sort": "hotelonthecornerofbitterandsweetplay",
            "description": "Theatrical adaptation of the best selling novel by Jamie Ford, first produced by the Book-It Repertory Theatre in Seattle in 2012. The play proved very popular with audiences and was extended twice.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "plays"
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            "mediatype_label": "Plays",
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            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": null
        },
        {
            "id": "House of the Red Fish (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
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                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/House%20of%20the%20Red%20Fish%20(book)/"
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            "title_sort": "houseoftheredfishbook",
            "description": "Young adult novel by Graham Salisbury about a Nisei teenager in wartime Honolulu who struggles to bring up the sunken fishing boat of his interned father. It is a sequel to the popular 1994 novel Under the Blood-Red Sun.",
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                "books"
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            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
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                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Historical Fiction",
                "Young Adult"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Coming of age",
                "Empowerment",
                "Good versus bad",
                "Importance of community"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "How Did This Happen Here?: Japanese Internment Camps (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
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            "description": "Short overview picture book on the wartime removal and incarceration of Japanese Americans aimed at an elementary school audience.",
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                "books"
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            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
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                "Grades 3-5"
            ],
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                "Children's"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Displacement",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Hazards of passing judgment",
                "Injustice"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 3-5"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Hunt for the Bamboo Rat (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
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            "title_sort": "huntforthebambooratbook",
            "description": "Young adult novel by Graham Salisbury based on the wartime exploits of Richard Sakakida, a Nisei intelligence agent in the Counter Intelligence Corps who was captured by the Japanese in the Philippines.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Children's"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Facing darkness",
                "Forgiveness",
                "Heroism – real and perceived",
                "Will to survive"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 6-8"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Hyakunen no monogatari (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
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                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Hyakunen%20no%20monogatari%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "hyakunennomonogatarifilm",
            "description": "Japanese television drama—whose English title is 100 Years—that follows the fortunes of four generations of women over the course of the twentieth century. The three-part drama first aired in Japan on TBS on August 28 to 30, 2000, and was subsequently shown on Japanese language TV stations in the United States. The first segment begins in 1920 and ends in the late 1930s, the second begins in 1949 and covers the early postwar years, and the third takes place in 2000. Each segment stars Nanako Matsushima, who plays Aya Togura, born in 1901 in the first segment, her daughter in the second, and her great-granddaughter in the third. The second segment includes two major Japanese American characters, both of whom were incarcerated in American concentration camps.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Drama"
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            "rg_theme": [
                "Love and sacrifice",
                "Role of women"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "I Am an American: A True Story of Japanese Internment (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/I%20Am%20an%20American:%20A%20True%20Story%20of%20Japanese%20Internment%20(book)/",
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            "description": "Book aimed at middle school audiences that tells the larger story of the Japanese American World War II removal and incarceration through the experiences of one typical Nisei teenager.",
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                "books"
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            "mediatype_label": "Books",
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            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 7-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Children's"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Displacement",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Injustice"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "I Call to Remembrance: Toyo Suyemoto's Years of Internment (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
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            "description": "The memoir of poet Toyo Suyemoto that spans her years of incarceration in Tanforan Assembly Center and later, at Topaz in Utah, from spring 1942 to late autumn 1945. The book, published in 2007 by Rutgers University Press, focuses on the quotidian life in an American concentration camp, while coping both physically and psychologically with the brutality of imprisonment behind barbed wire. The book is dedicated to Suyemoto's son Kay and details his short life from birth in Berkeley, California, to his first steps at Tanforan in a crowded horse stall, and finally to Utah where he developed a serious asthmatic condition and pneumonia in the harsh atmosphere of camp which eventually lead to his premature death. Suyemoto's memoir includes the impact of policies and wartime decisions on her family and the larger Japanese American community, bringing insight on complex and controversial questions of loyalty, citizenship and resistance. She also chronicles her observations of the Issei women and men around her and recounts in detail the ways in which gender and identity evolve and change over the duration of their wartime incarceration.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Memoir"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Rights - individual or societal",
                "Motherhood",
                "Displacement"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "The Idaho Homefront: Of Camps and Combat (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/The%20Idaho%20Homefront:%20Of%20Camps%20and%20Combat%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/The%20Idaho%20Homefront:%20Of%20Camps%20and%20Combat%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "idahohomefront",
            "description": "Documentary video written and produced by Jim Peck for Idaho Public Television that tells the story of the Minidoka camp in Idaho and of Japanese Americans who served in World War II from Idaho, both those in Minidoka and those born and raised in Idaho. The show was a follow up to an earlier documentary by Peck titled The Idaho Homefront: World War II that had included a mention of Minidoka and of the 442nd. Narrated by Sue Galligan, and featuring interviews with Hero Shiosaki, Roy Gikui, Robert Sims, Bethine Church, Fumiko Hayashida, and Toshi Ito. Funding for the show came in part from the Corporation for Public Broadcasting, WETA Public Broadcasting, and from Wal-Mart. The half-hour show premiered on Idaho public television stations on September 20, 2007.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Injustice",
                "Patriotism - positive side or complications"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "If Tomorrow Comes (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/If%20Tomorrow%20Comes%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/If%20Tomorrow%20Comes%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "iftomorrowcomesfilm",
            "description": "Made for television movie that tells the story of a Romeo and Juliet type romance between a Nisei man and a white woman against the backdrop of World War II. Produced by Aaron Spelling Productions, \"If Tomorrow Comes\" debuted on CBS on December 7, 1971. It was directed by George McCowan from a teleplay by Lew Hunter and starred former child star Patty Duke opposite newcomer Frank Liu. The movie was originally titled \"My Husband, the Enemy,\" with protests by the Asian American community leading to a name change.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Drama"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Love and sacrifice",
                "Evils of racism"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "I'll Remember April (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/I'll%20Remember%20April%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/I'll%20Remember%20April%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "illrememberaprilfilm",
            "description": "Dramatic film directed by Bob Clark and written by Mark Sanderson set in April 1942 about four young boys who discover a Japanese sailor. One of the boys is Japanese American, and he and his family also prepare for their imminent forced removal and incarceration. Pat Morita plays the boy's grandfather.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Drama"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Coming of age",
                "Loss of innocence",
                "Fear of other"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Imprisoned Apart: The World War II Correspondence of an Issei Couple (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Imprisoned%20Apart:%20The%20World%20War%20II%20Correspondence%20of%20an%20Issei%20Couple%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Imprisoned%20Apart:%20The%20World%20War%20II%20Correspondence%20of%20an%20Issei%20Couple%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "imprisonedaparttheworldwariicorrespondenceofanisseicouplebook",
            "description": "An intimate history of one Issei couple's experience of World War II, including transcriptions of the letters they sent each other when they were incarcerated apart.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Non Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Displacement",
                "Facing darkness",
                "Facing reality",
                "Immigrant experience",
                "Isolation",
                "Will to survive"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Imprisoned: The Betrayal of Japanese Americans during World War II (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Imprisoned:%20The%20Betrayal%20of%20Japanese%20Americans%20during%20World%20War%20II%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Imprisoned:%20The%20Betrayal%20of%20Japanese%20Americans%20during%20World%20War%20II%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "imprisonedthebetrayalofjapaneseamericansduringworldwariibook",
            "description": "Lavishly illustrated large-format juvenile book for that provides an overview of the World War II incarceration of Japanese Americans, military service, and the redress movement.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 7-8",
                "Grades 9-12"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Young adult"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Displacement",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Hazards of passing judgment",
                "Injustice",
                "Patriotism – positive side or complications"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "In America's Shadow (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/In%20America's%20Shadow%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/In%20America's%20Shadow%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "inamericasshadowbook",
            "description": "Children's picture book by Kimberley Komatsu and Kaleigh Komatsu told from the perspective of a young girl recounting her family's wartime incarceration story.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 3-5",
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Children's"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Patriotism – positive side or complications",
                "Power of the past"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 3-5",
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Innocent When You Dream (play)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Innocent%20When%20You%20Dream%20(play)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Innocent%20When%20You%20Dream%20(play)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "innocentwhenyoudreamplay",
            "description": "Play by Ken Narasaki centering on a dying eighty-year old Nisei man and his recollections of the World War II years.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "plays"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Plays",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-ticket",
            "rg_interestlevel": [],
            "rg_genre": [],
            "rg_theme": [],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": null
        },
        {
            "id": "In Search of Hiroshi (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/In%20Search%20of%20Hiroshi%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/In%20Search%20of%20Hiroshi%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "insearchofhiroshibook",
            "description": "Memoir by Nisei journalist Gene Oishi published by Charles E. Tuttle in 1988.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Memoir"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Family – blessing or curse",
                "Overcoming – fear, weakness, vice",
                "Power of the past"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Interactions (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Interactions%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Interactions%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "interactionsfilm",
            "description": "A 2000 film that chronicles the experiences of four high school students, who are given four days to find out about Japanese American teenagers in U.S. concentration camps during World War II. Equipped with a phone and a computer, Kiet, Christina, Miguel and Lluvia interview former inmates and visit the site of one of the camps, while contemplating the meaning of the wartime incarceration and its relevance to the present.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Power of the past"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "No availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "The Internment of Japanese Americans (Enslow Publishing) (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/The%20Internment%20of%20Japanese%20Americans%20(Enslow%20Publishing)%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/The%20Internment%20of%20Japanese%20Americans%20(Enslow%20Publishing)%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "internmentofjapaneseamericans",
            "description": "Overview work on the Japanese American wartime removal and incarceration for middle school audiences that is part of Enslow Publishers' \"Our Shared History\" series. It draws heavily from Kent's earlier The Tragic History of the Japanese-American Internment Camps (2008) and can be seen as a slightly updated version of the earlier book.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Children's",
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Displacement",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Hazards of passing judgment",
                "Injustice",
                "Patriotism – positive side or complications"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "The Internment of Japanese Americans (ReferencePoint Press) (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/The%20Internment%20of%20Japanese%20Americans%20(ReferencePoint%20Press)%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/The%20Internment%20of%20Japanese%20Americans%20(ReferencePoint%20Press)%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "internmentofjapaneseamericans",
            "description": "Overview volume on the wartime removal and incarceration of Japanese Americans aimed at middle and high school audiences published in 2014 by ReferencePoint Press as part of the \"Understanding American History\" series.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 7-8",
                "Grades 9-12"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Young adult"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Displacement",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Hazards of passing judgment",
                "Injustice",
                "Patriotism – positive side or complications"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Internment of Japanese Americans (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Internment%20of%20Japanese%20Americans%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Internment%20of%20Japanese%20Americans%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "internmentofjapaneseamericansbook",
            "description": "Non-fiction overview of the Japanese American forced removal and incarceration by John L. Wukovits as part of Lucent Books' World History Series. Published in 2013, the 120-page book is intended for students in grades 7 to 10.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 7-8",
                "Grades 9-12"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Children's"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Displacement",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Hazards of passing judgment",
                "Injustice"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "The Internment of Japanese Americans during World War II (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/The%20Internment%20of%20Japanese%20Americans%20during%20World%20War%20II%20(book)/",
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            "description": "Overview work on the Japanese American World War II incarceration aimed at middle and high school audiences.",
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                "Grades 9-12"
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                "Displacement",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Hazards of passing judgment",
                "Injustice",
                "Patriotism – positive side or complications"
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                "Grades 7-8"
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                "Widely available"
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        },
        {
            "id": "Internment of Japanese Americans (Greenhaven Press) (book)",
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            "description": "Reader intended for high school audiences that includes a mixture of primary, contemporaneous, and contemporary pieces on the wartime incarceration of Japanese Americans.",
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                "Displacement",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Hazards of passing judgment",
                "Injustice"
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            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 9-12"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "The Internment of the Japanese (book)",
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            "title_sort": "internmentofthejapaneseyancey",
            "description": "Overview book by Diane Yancey on the wartime forced removal and incarceration of Japanese Americans for middle school audiences that is part of Lucent Books \"World History Series.\"",
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                "books"
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                "Displacement",
                "Evils of racism",
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                "Patriotism – positive side or complications"
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                "Grades 3-5",
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Children of the Relocation Camps (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
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            },
            "title_sort": "internmentofthejapaneseyancey",
            "description": "Picture book for elementary school children that tells the story of the wartime removal and incarceration of Japanese Americans from a children's perspective. The book was named a Carter G. Woodson Elementary Level Honor Book in 2001.",
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                "books"
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                "Grades 3-5"
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                "Displacement",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Growing up – pain or pleasure",
                "Injustice"
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            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 1-2",
                "Grades 3-5"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "In Time of War (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
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            },
            "title_sort": "intimeofwarfilm",
            "description": "Documentary film on the Japanese American experience in the Pacific Northwest including \"voluntary evacuation,\" forced removal and confinement, and the debate over military service. Produced by North By Northwest Entertainment for Whitworth College, the project was funded by a grant from the Washington Civil Liberties Public Education Program.",
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                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
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            "rg_theme": [
                "Circle of life",
                "Displacement",
                "Injustice",
                "Overcoming – fear, weakness, vice"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Invisible Citizens: Japanese Americans (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
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                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Invisible%20Citizens:%20Japanese%20Americans%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "invisiblecitizensjapaneseamericansfilm",
            "description": "Early documentary film that highlights the experiences of Japanese Americans during and after World War II through profiles of six Japanese Americans from around the country.",
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            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
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            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
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                "Power of the past",
                "Wisdom of experience"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "The Invisible Thread (book)",
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            },
            "title_sort": "invisiblethread",
            "description": "Memoir for young adult readers by the acclaimed children's book author that covers her charmed childhood in Berkeley, California, and her wartime incarceration during World War II.",
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                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
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            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 3-5",
                "Grades 7-8",
                "Grades 9-12"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
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                "Children's"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Immigrant experience",
                "Growing up – pain or pleasure",
                "Expression through art",
                "Facing darkness",
                "Overcoming – fear, weakness, vice"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 3-5",
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Issei and Nisei: The Internment Years (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
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            },
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            "description": "Memoir of a young Issei Methodist clergyman based in Washington state during the trying years of World War II. Published in the fall of 1967, Daisuke Kitagawa's account was among the first book-length first-person accounts of the Japanese American incarceration.",
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                "books"
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                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
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                "Displacement",
                "Importance of community",
                "Role of religion - value or hypocrisy"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Issei: The First Generation (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
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            },
            "title_sort": "isseithefirstgenerationfilm",
            "description": "Documentary film featuring interviews with Issei who speak in Japanese about their lives. Filmed in 1983 and shown on television in the San Francisco Bay area in 1984, the film remained largely unseen for the next thirty years until it was restored and reissued in 2013. It remains one of the only films to feature Issei voices on the wartime removal and incarceration and on Japanese American history in general.",
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            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
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                "Role of women",
                "Wisdom of experience"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
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                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "\"Iwao-chan!\" (short story)",
            "doctype": "articles",
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            },
            "title_sort": "iwaochanshortstory",
            "description": "Short story by Yachiyo Uehara about a Nisei woman's bond with her deceased Issei mother in the years after the war. As the story begins, Yachiyo is on a plane from New York to San Francisco around 1950 with her two-year-old son Andy, the first time since the war years that she would be returning to her hometown. She will be moving there, initially staying with her Issei father. She is saddened that Andy will never meet her mother, whom she last saw in 1944 when she left Heart Mountain for New York and who subsequently died after they returned to San Francisco. She is relieved that her father, who dislikes children, tolerates Andy and even seems to like him. But she is also concerned about the dangerous stairs leading to the small house. She finds that despite her death two years prior, her mother's presence permeates the house. One day, while Yachiyo is fetching a first-aid kit after her father cuts his hand, she hears her mother's voice calling out Andy's Japanese name, \"Iwao-chan.\" She hurries outside to find Andy reaching perilously for a favorite blanket hanging from a branch over the stairs. After grabbing him before he can fall, she learns from her father that her mother had fallen in the same spot just prior to her death.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Short Stories",
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            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Memoir"
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            "rg_theme": [
                "Everlasting love",
                "Motherhood"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "No availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Japanese American Detention Camps: Stories of Strength and Hope (play)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
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                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Japanese%20American%20Detention%20Camps:%20Stories%20of%20Strength%20and%20Hope%20(play)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "japaneseamericandetentioncampsstoriesofstrengthandhopeplay",
            "description": "Storytelling performance by Megumi in which she tells stories of the World War II incarceration of Japanese Americans from the perspective of various characters. Based on interviews with Japanese American former inmates, she has been performing Japanese American Detention Camps since 1997.",
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            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Plays",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-ticket",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 7-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Quest for discovery",
                "Power of the past",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Will to survive"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "The Japanese American Internment: An Interactive History Adventure (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/The%20Japanese%20American%20Internment:%20An%20Interactive%20History%20Adventure%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/The%20Japanese%20American%20Internment:%20An%20Interactive%20History%20Adventure%20(book)/"
            },
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            "description": "Children's book on the wartime incarceration by Rachael Hanel that allows the reader to choose one of three stories and to make a series of decisions in each story that determines its outcome.",
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                "books"
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            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 3-5"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
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                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Displacement",
                "Injustice",
                "Patriotism – positive side or complications"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 3-5"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Japanese American Internment: Asian Americans and U.S.-Asia Relations (curricula)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
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            },
            "title_sort": "japaneseamericaninternmentasianamericansandusasiarelationscurricula",
            "description": "This lesson seeks to make students aware of the World War II wartime experience of Japanese Americans and to develop empathy for the children whose lives were impacted. The lesson is designed not to reveal aspects of the Japanese American incarceration until the end. It begins with a survey that asks students about aspects of their daily lives including a list of their possessions, description of their bedroom, and their usual routine. Next students are asked to respond to situations similar to what Japanese Americans faced, such as what they would take if they had to move away, how they would feel if they had to leave a pet behind or share a bathroom with over 100 people. This is followed by a short skit about a student taking another student's desk and when asked to return the desk, the student is reluctant to do so, simulating what some Japanese American families went through when returning home after the war. The final part of the lesson delves into the history of the Japanese American incarceration through the reading of excerpts from Japanese American Journey edited by Florence Hongo. The text selections are not provided; however, ways to access the book are suggested, with specific pages noted. The discussion prompts try to get students to connect the World War II story with current events, question why those of German and/or Italian descent were not incarcerated, and ponder if the government adequately compensated Japanese Americans after the war.",
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                "Grades 3-5",
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
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            "rg_theme": [
                "Displacement",
                "Rights"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": null
        },
        {
            "id": "Japanese American Internment Camps (Children's Press) (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
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                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Japanese%20American%20Internment%20Camps%20(Children's%20Press)%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "japaneseamericaninternmentcampschildrenspressbook",
            "description": "Short overview book for younger children on the wartime removal and incarceration of Japanese Americans that is part of Children's Press's \"Cornerstones of Freedom,\" Second Series of books.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 3-5"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Children's",
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Evils of racism",
                "Hazards of passing judgment",
                "Injustice",
                "War – glory, necessity, pain, tragedy"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 3-5"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Japanese American Internment Camps (Greenhaven Press, 2001) (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
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                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Japanese%20American%20Internment%20Camps%20(Greenhaven%20Press,%202001)%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "japaneseamericaninternmentcampsgreenhavenpress2001book",
            "description": "Anthology of first-person pieces on the wartime removal and incarceration as part of Greenhaven Press's \"History Firsthand\" Series.",
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            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
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                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Displacement",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Hazards of passing judgment",
                "Injustice"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Japanese American Internment Camps (Greenhaven Press, 2002) (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Japanese%20American%20Internment%20Camps%20(Greenhaven%20Press,%202002)%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Japanese%20American%20Internment%20Camps%20(Greenhaven%20Press,%202002)%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "japaneseamericaninternmentcampsgreenhavenpress2002book",
            "description": "Collection of pieces on the wartime incarceration of Japanese Americans for middle and high school audiences. As part of Greenhaven Press's \"Opposing Viewpoints\" and \"At Issue in History\" series, the assembled pieces express different perspectives on the topic.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Young Adult",
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Displacement",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Hazards of passing judgment",
                "Injustice"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "The Japanese American Internment: Civil Liberties Denied (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/The%20Japanese%20American%20Internment:%20Civil%20Liberties%20Denied%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/The%20Japanese%20American%20Internment:%20Civil%20Liberties%20Denied%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "japaneseamericaninternmentcivillibertiesdenied",
            "description": "Overview work on the Japanese American wartime removal and incarceration for middle school audiences.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Young Adult",
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Displacement",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Hazards of passing judgment",
                "Injustice",
                "Patriotism – positive side or complications"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Japanese-American Internment during World War II (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Japanese-American%20Internment%20during%20World%20War%20II%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Japanese-American%20Internment%20during%20World%20War%20II%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "japaneseamericaninternmentduringworldwariibook",
            "description": "Overview book by Peggy Daniels Becker on the World War II removal and incarceration of Japanese Americans that includes a one-hundred page narrative summary, eleven short biographies of key figures, and a selection of primary sources. It is part of the \"Defining Moments\" series published by Omnigraphics.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Young Adult",
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Displacement",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Injustice",
                "Patriotism – positive side or complications"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 9-12"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Japanese American Internment: Fear Itself (curricula)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Japanese%20American%20Internment:%20Fear%20Itself%20(curricula)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Japanese%20American%20Internment:%20Fear%20Itself%20(curricula)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "japaneseamericaninternmentfearitselfcurricula",
            "description": "Published on the Library of Congress (LOC) website, this lesson plan incorporates primary source materials about the World War II Japanese American incarceration in five classroom activities projected to take 1-2 weeks. The primary sources used are largely historic photographs from the LOC American Memory collection featuring the removal of Japanese Americans, and President Roosevelt signing the declaration of war. In addition, there are profiles of two Japanese American veterans from the LOC American Folklife Center - Veterans History Project which includes oral history interviews and transcripts, historic photos, and related documents. An online tool allows teachers to search by grade level and subject to see how this lesson addresses standards (Common Core, State Content, Organization).",
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                "curricula"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 3-5",
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Displacement",
                "Injustice",
                "Rights-individual or societal",
                "War-glory, necessity, pain, tragedy"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": null
        },
        {
            "id": "Japanese-American Internment in American History (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Japanese-American%20Internment%20in%20American%20History%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Japanese-American%20Internment%20in%20American%20History%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "japaneseamericaninternmentinamericanhistorybook",
            "description": "Non-fiction overview of the incarceration experience written for middle school readers. One of the relatively few such books written for this age group, it is part of Enslow Publishers' \"In American History\" series.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 3-5",
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Young Adult",
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Displacement",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Hazards of passing judgment",
                "Injustice",
                "Patriotism – positive side or complications"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 3-5",
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "The Japanese American Internment: Innocence, Guilt, and Wartime Justice (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/The%20Japanese%20American%20Internment:%20Innocence,%20Guilt,%20and%20Wartime%20Justice%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/The%20Japanese%20American%20Internment:%20Innocence,%20Guilt,%20and%20Wartime%20Justice%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "japaneseamericaninternmentinnocenceguiltandwartimejustice",
            "description": "Overview of the wartime removal and incarceration of Japanese Americans by Ann Heinrichs that is part of Marshall Cavendish Benchmark's \"Perspectives on... \" series.",
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                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 7-8",
                "Grades 9-12"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Young Adult",
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Displacement",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Hazards of passing judgment",
                "Injustice",
                "Patriotism – positive side or complications"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 7-8",
                "Grades 9-12"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Japanese American Journey: The Story of a People (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Japanese%20American%20Journey:%20The%20Story%20of%20a%20People%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Japanese%20American%20Journey:%20The%20Story%20of%20a%20People%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "japaneseamericanjourneythestoryofapeoplebook",
            "description": "Overview work for children on the Japanese American experience produced by the Japanese American Curriculum Project (JACP) in 1985. Consisting of a historical overview, eleven biographies of notable Japanese Americans, and three short stories, Japanese American Journey was adapted from a 1970 JACP publication titled Japanese Americans: The Untold Story.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 3-5",
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "History",
                "Children's"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Empowerment",
                "Fulfillment",
                "Heartbreak of betrayal",
                "Overcoming – fear, weakness, vice",
                "Progress – real or illusion"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 3-5",
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Japanese Americans and Internment (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Japanese%20Americans%20and%20Internment%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Japanese%20Americans%20and%20Internment%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "japaneseamericansandinternmentbook",
            "description": "Overview textbook on the Japanese American removal and incarceration published by Globe Fearon in 1994 as part of their \"Globe Mosaic of American History\" series. No author is credited with sociologist (and former inmate) Harry H.L. Kitano listed on the title page as the \"consultant.\"",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Young Adult",
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Displacement",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Injustice",
                "Patriotism – positive side or complications"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Japanese Americans Struggle for Equality (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Japanese%20Americans%20Struggle%20for%20Equality%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Japanese%20Americans%20Struggle%20for%20Equality%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "japaneseamericansstruggleforequalitybook",
            "description": "Early overview book for young readers on the Japanese American experience framed through a lens of discrimination and the responses to it. Issued as part of a \"Discrimination\" series on various ethnic groups by Rourke Corporation (now Rourke Educational Media), it was published in 1992.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Children's",
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Immigrant experience",
                "Injustice",
                "Progress – real or illusion",
                "Social mobility"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 9-12"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Japanese Immigrants in the United States and the War Era (exhibition)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Japanese%20Immigrants%20in%20the%20United%20States%20and%20the%20War%20Era%20(exhibition)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Japanese%20Immigrants%20in%20the%20United%20States%20and%20the%20War%20Era%20(exhibition)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "japaneseimmigrantsintheunitedstatesandthewareraexhibition",
            "description": "Exhibition on Japanese Americans during World War II at the National Museum of Japanese History in Chiba, Japan. Displayed from March 16, 2010, to April 3, 2011, Japanese Immigrants in the United States and the War Era commemorated the opening of the approximately 7,500 square foot Sixth Exhibition Gallery (which displays contemporary history) at the National Museum of Japanese History (hereafter Rekihaku).[1] The special exhibition was the first at a Japanese national institution to focus on Japanese Americans, attempting to bring them into the mainstream of Japanese history.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "exhibitions"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Museum Exhibitions",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-university",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Immigrant experience"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "No availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "The Japanese in America (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/The%20Japanese%20in%20America%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/The%20Japanese%20in%20America%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "japaneseinamerica",
            "description": "Overview book for children on the history of Japanese Americans from the 1860s to the 1990s. First published in 1967 as one of the first books for children on Japanese Americans, it saw revised versions in 1974 and 1991.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 3-5",
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Empowerment",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Immigrant experience",
                "Overcoming – fear, weakness, vice"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 3-5"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "The Japanese Internment Camps: A History Perspectives Book (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/The%20Japanese%20Internment%20Camps:%20A%20History%20Perspectives%20Book%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/The%20Japanese%20Internment%20Camps:%20A%20History%20Perspectives%20Book%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "japaneseinternmentcampsahistoryperspectivesbook",
            "description": "Children's book on the wartime removal and incarceration of Japanese Americans that focuses on Manzanar and tells its story through three first-person accounts.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 3-5",
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Children's",
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Displacement",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Injustice",
                "Patriotism – positive side or complications"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 3-5",
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Japanese Relocation During World War II (curricula)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Japanese%20Relocation%20During%20World%20War%20II%20(curricula)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Japanese%20Relocation%20During%20World%20War%20II%20(curricula)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "japaneserelocationduringworldwariicurricula",
            "description": "This resource from the National Archives provides historical background, an annotated bibliography of other resources, links to primary source materials (documents, photos), standards correlations, and teaching activities.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "curricula"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 7-8",
                "Grades 9-12"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Displacement",
                "Injustice",
                "Patriotism - positive side or complications",
                "Rights - individual or societal"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Japanese War Bride (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Japanese%20War%20Bride%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Japanese%20War%20Bride%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "japanesewarbridefilm",
            "description": "1952 movie directed by King Vidor about a white Korean War veteran who returns to his California home with a Japanese war bride. The couple faces subtle and overt opposition from his family and friends that comes to a head when the couple has their first baby. A Nisei neighbor discusses his family's wartime incarceration, one of the first mentions of this topic in any Hollywood film.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Drama"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Evils of racism",
                "Love and sacrifice",
                "Family - blessing or curse"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Jimmy Murakami-Non Alien (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Jimmy%20Murakami-Non%20Alien%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Jimmy%20Murakami-Non%20Alien%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "jimmymurakaminonalienfilm",
            "description": "Documentary film about the expatriate Nisei artist and animator Jimmy T. Murakami, focusing on his and his family's wartime incarceration at Tule Lake and his return to Tule Lake as part of the 2009 pilgrimage. The film mixes live action footage set in the film's present with animated segments recalling the eight-year-old Jimmy's experiences in camp and also notes his formative years, his Hollywood career, and his life as an expatriate in Ireland. The film was produced in Ireland by Loop Line Film and directed by Sé Merry Doyle. It has screened in numerous film festivals in both Europe and the United States.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Injustice",
                "Expression through art",
                "Power of the past"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "A Jive Bomber's Christmas (play)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/A%20Jive%20Bomber's%20Christmas%20(play)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/A%20Jive%20Bomber's%20Christmas%20(play)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "jivebomberschristmas",
            "description": "Musical play set in a World War II concentration camp by Saachiko and Dom Magwili. First produced for the Japanese American National Museum (JANM) in 1994, A Jive Bomber's Christmas became a holiday tradition in Los Angeles, enjoying a nine-year run and subsequent revivals in Los Angeles and in Hawai'i. The play was based in part on Saachiko Magwili's childhood memories of Heart Mountain and shares a structural similarity with Dom Magwili's earlier Christmas in Camp, first produced at East West Players in 1981.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "plays"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Plays",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-ticket",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Musical"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Importance of community",
                "Optimism - power or folly"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Join Me in Laughter (short story)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Join%20Me%20in%20Laughter%20(short%20story)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Join%20Me%20in%20Laughter%20(short%20story)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "joinmeinlaughtershortstory",
            "description": "A grandmother tells her grandchildren about the meaning of life, while recalling episodes related to her confinement and return from Topaz. Apparently the same character as in the story \"The Remembered Days,\" published a year earlier, she recalls her adult children leaving Topaz behind to move on with their lives, acts of both prejudice and kindness upon her return to California, and the end of the war, while encouraging an optimistic attitude towards life.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-file-text",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Motherhood",
                "Optimism—power of folly",
                "Wisdom of experience"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Journey Home (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Journey%20Home%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Journey%20Home%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "journeyhomebook",
            "description": "Novel for young adults about a Japanese American family leaving the concentration camps and eventually returning to their home by prolific author Yoshiko Uchida, written as a sequel her 1971 book Journey to Topaz.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 3-5"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Children's",
                "Young Adult"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Evils of racism",
                "Family - blessing or curse",
                "Importance of community"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 3-5"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Journey of Heroes: The Story of the 100th Infantry Battalion and 442nd Regimental Combat Team (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Journey%20of%20Heroes:%20The%20Story%20of%20the%20100th%20Infantry%20Battalion%20and%20442nd%20Regimental%20Combat%20Team%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Journey%20of%20Heroes:%20The%20Story%20of%20the%20100th%20Infantry%20Battalion%20and%20442nd%20Regimental%20Combat%20Team%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "journeyofheroesthestoryofthe100thinfantrybattalionand442ndregimentalcombatteambook",
            "description": "A comic book version of the story of the 100th Infantry Battalion and 442nd Regimental Combat Team told in the first person voice of a Nisei from Hawai'i.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 7-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Heroism – real and perceived",
                "War – glory, necessity, pain, tragedy",
                "Evils of racism"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 3-5",
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Journey of Honor (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Journey%20of%20Honor%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Journey%20of%20Honor%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "journeyofhonorfilm",
            "description": "Documentary film produced and directed by Stuart Yamane centering on a trip by a group of Hawai'i Nisei veterans of the 100th Infantry Battalion and 442nd Regimental Combat Team to Italy some fifty-five years after they fought there during World War II. In documenting the trip, Yamane reconnects with his late and estranged father Masakichi, a World War II veteran, who had served with some of the men on the trip. Led by columnist and military history buff Bob Jones, the trip includes stops at Pietrasanta, where they the men are honored in a Liberation Day ceremony and take part in the unveiling of a statue honoring Sadao Munemori; Mt. Fologorito, where they have a reunion with the Alpini, the Italian Mountain Corps who guided Allied troops; the American Cemetary and Memorial in Nettuno; and, finally, Monte Cassino, a mountain that was the site of one of their most difficult battles. Journey of Honor debuted at the 2001 Hawai'i International Film Festival and was first broadcast of public television station KHET on November 11, 2001. The film later won a regional Emmy Award.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "War - glory, necessity, pain, tragedy",
                "Heroism - real and perceived"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "No availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Journey to Topaz: A Story of the Japanese-American Evacuation (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Journey%20to%20Topaz:%20A%20Story%20of%20the%20Japanese-American%20Evacuation%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Journey%20to%20Topaz:%20A%20Story%20of%20the%20Japanese-American%20Evacuation%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "journeytotopazastoryofthejapaneseamericanevacuationbook",
            "description": "Pioneering 1971 novel by Yoshiko Uchida that was the first book for children on the forced removal and incarceration of Japanese Americans written by a Japanese American. Based in part on Uchida's own family experience, Journey to Topaz was the first of five books the prolific children's book author wrote that focused on the incarceration experience.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 3-5",
                "Grades 6-8"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Children's",
                "Young Adult"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Displacement",
                "Growing up - pain or pleasure"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 6-8"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Journey to Washington (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Journey%20to%20Washington%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Journey%20to%20Washington%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "journeytowashingtonbook",
            "description": "Ghostwritten autobiography by Senator Daniel K. Inouye of Hawai'i, authored with Lawrence Elliott and published in 1967. One of the first autobiographies by a Nisei, Journey to Washington was published as Inouye was finishing his first term as a U.S. Senator from Hawai'i and preparing to run for reelection. The book covers his life up to that time, beginning with his grandfather leaving Japan to come to America to pay off a debt and ending with his father visiting the White House to visit President John. F. Kennedy. A success story that established a template for many Nisei memoirs to come, the book reinforced the \"model minority\" narrative then current. Reader's Digest also excerpted the book in its February 1968 issue. The book includes three forewords, by President Lyndon Johnson, Vice-President Hubert Humphrey, and Senate Majority Leader Mike Mansfield.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Memoir"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Self-reliance",
                "Patriotism - positive side or complications",
                "Empowerment"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Journey to Washington: On the Trail of Senator Daniel Inouye Japanese American Pioneer (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Journey%20to%20Washington:%20On%20the%20Trail%20of%20Senator%20Daniel%20Inouye%20Japanese%20American%20Pioneer%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Journey%20to%20Washington:%20On%20the%20Trail%20of%20Senator%20Daniel%20Inouye%20Japanese%20American%20Pioneer%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "journeytowashingtononthetrailofsenatordanielinouyejapaneseamericanpioneerfilm",
            "description": "Japanese-made video on the life of Daniel Inouye, American war hero and United States Senator from Hawai'i. Journey to Washington aired in selected television markets in both the U.S. and Japan.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Patriotism – positive side or complications",
                "Empowerment"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Justice at War (play)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Justice%20at%20War%20(play)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Justice%20at%20War%20(play)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "justiceatwarplay",
            "description": "Play based on the Mitsuye Endo case developed by Theatre Espresso for performance in schools. A short play that takes place in the courtroom, Justice at War: The Story of the Japanese Internment Camps is a fictionalized version of Endo Supreme Court case, including as characters former head of the Western Defense Command General John DeWitt, one of the main architects of the forced exclusion of Japanese Americans; Endo's lawyer James Purcell; Solicitor General Charles Fahy, who prosecuted the case for the government; Supreme Court Justice Harlan Stone; and Mitsuye Endo. (In the actual Endo case, neither DeWitt, who had by then been replaced as head of the Western Defense Command, nor Endo herself, appeared before the court.) The student audience plays the role of the judges and is asked to decide the questions posed by the case.",
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                "plays"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Plays",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-ticket",
            "rg_interestlevel": [],
            "rg_genre": [],
            "rg_theme": [],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": null
        },
        {
            "id": "Justice Betrayed (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Justice%20Betrayed%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Justice%20Betrayed%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "justicebetrayedfilm",
            "description": "Documentary film on the internment of Japanese Americans from Hawai'i produced in 1992 by the Honolulu Chapter of the Japanese American Citizens League (JACL). Justice Betrayed includes interviews with two Japanese Americans whose fathers were interned (Sandra Takahata, the daughter of artist George Hoshida, and Akira Otani, son of businessman Matsujiro Otani); Tokushige and Mitsue Nakahara, boat builder brothers who were themselves interned; and Violet Ishii Hayashi, a woman from originally from Hawai'i who was on the West Coast at time of the mass expulsion and incarceration and ended up at Poston; and legal scholar Eric Yamamoto and historian Franklin Odo. In addition to outlining the Hawai'i story, the film also covers Executive Order 9066 and the West Coast story as well as the issues with John DeWitt's Final Report that led to the corm nobis cases in the 1980s.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Injustice"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "No availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Justice Denied: A History of the Japanese in the United States (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Justice%20Denied:%20A%20History%20of%20the%20Japanese%20in%20the%20United%20States%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Justice%20Denied:%20A%20History%20of%20the%20Japanese%20in%20the%20United%20States%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "justicedeniedahistoryofthejapaneseintheunitedstatesbook",
            "description": "Early overview of the history of Japanese Americans for young readers by British author/activist Jennifer Cross.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 3-5",
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "History",
                "Children's"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Evils of racism",
                "Immigrant experience",
                "Injustice",
                "Overcoming – fear, weakness, vice"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 3-5",
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Justice Now! Reparations Now! (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Justice%20Now!%20Reparations%20Now!%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Justice%20Now!%20Reparations%20Now!%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "justicenowreparationsnowfilm",
            "description": "Documentary film on the Redress Movement focusing on the contributions of the National Coalition for Redress/Reparations (NCRR), which produced it. The film provides a brief overview of the wartime incarceration, with a focus on resistance by Japanese Americans in and out of confinement. It then traces the roots of NCRR to 1960s social movements and the rise of redress as an issue in Japanese American communities in the 1970s, outlining NCRR's \"grass roots\" orientation. Footage from the Los Angeles hearings of the Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians—which NCRR helped to organize—and well as excerpts of speeches by Norman Mineta and Robert Matsui in support of redress legislation are also included. The film culminates with footage of NCRR's July 1987 trip to Washington, DC, to lobby for redress legislation and with the passage and signing what would become the Civil Liberties Act of 1988. Alan Kondo produced and directed the thirty minute film for NCRR, which premiered at an August 27, 1988 redress celebration in Los Angeles.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Injustice",
                "Importance of community",
                "Power of the past"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Kai's Mother (short story)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
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                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Kai's%20Mother%20(short%20story)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "kaismothershortstory",
            "description": "Short story by Gretel Ehrlich told in the first person voice of an Issei woman as she rides the train back to California from Heart Mountain at war's end. The characters in the story were introduced in Ehrlich's earlier novel Heart Mountain.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-file-text",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Historical Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Immigrant experience",
                "Motherhood",
                "Will to survive",
                "Wisdom of experience"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Kash: The Legend and Legacy of Shiro Kashino (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Kash:%20The%20Legend%20and%20Legacy%20of%20Shiro%20Kashino%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Kash:%20The%20Legend%20and%20Legacy%20of%20Shiro%20Kashino%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "kashthelegendandlegacyofshirokashinofilm",
            "description": "Feature length documentary film by Vince Matsudaira that tells the story of Shiro \"Kash\" Kashino (1922–97), a decorated combat veteran of the 442nd Regimental Combat Team, whose legacy had been tarnished by a court-martial stemming from a fight while in France.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Heroism – real and perceived",
                "Injustice",
                "Patriotism – positive side or complications"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Kibei (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Kibei%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Kibei%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "kibeibook",
            "description": "The saga of a Kibei Nisei confronting prejudice and his own conflicted identity as his and his family’s lives are irreparably transformed by the wartime incarceration of Japanese Americans.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Historical Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Change versus tradition",
                "Disillusionment and dreams",
                "Displacement",
                "Facing reality",
                "Identity crisis"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Kim/Kimi (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Kim/Kimi%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Kim/Kimi%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "kimkimibook",
            "description": "Kim/Kimi (1987) by Hadley Irwin explores one teen's quest to discover herself by finding out about her father's past. Kimi Yogushi, who is more commonly known as Kim Anderson, has an Irish American mother. Kim's father Kenji, who had died before she was born, was Japanese American. Sixteen-year-old Kim happily lives with her family in an all-white community in Iowa but she begins to want to know more about the Japanese American part of her identity. Her mother finally tells Kim that Kenji had been disowned by his family for marrying outside his race.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Children's",
                "Young Adult"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Coming of age",
                "Identity crisis",
                "Quest for discovery"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 6-8"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Korematsu and Civil Liberties (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Korematsu%20and%20Civil%20Liberties%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Korematsu%20and%20Civil%20Liberties%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "korematsuandcivillibertiesfilm",
            "description": "Documentary video focusing on the collision of security concerns and civil liberties as illustrated by theWorld War II roundup of Japanese Americans and the Korematsu Supreme Court case.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 7-8",
                "Grades 9-12"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Injustice",
                "War – glory, necessity, pain, tragedy"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Korematsu v. The United States: World War II Japanese-American Internment Camps (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Korematsu%20v.%20The%20United%20States:%20World%20War%20II%20Japanese-American%20Internment%20Camps%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Korematsu%20v.%20The%20United%20States:%20World%20War%20II%20Japanese-American%20Internment%20Camps%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "korematsuvtheunitedstatesworldwariijapaneseamericaninternmentcampsbook",
            "description": "Book for young adult readers on the Korematsu v. U.S. Supreme Court case by Karen Latchana Kenney. The 160 page volume is part of ABDO Publishing Company's \"Landmark Supreme Court Cases\" series of eight books.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 7-8",
                "Grades 9-12"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Young Adult",
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Convention and rebellion",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Individual versus society",
                "Injustice",
                "Rights - individual or societal"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 9-12"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Korematsu v. United States: Japanese-American Internment (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Korematsu%20v.%20United%20States:%20Japanese-American%20Internment%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Korematsu%20v.%20United%20States:%20Japanese-American%20Internment%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "korematsuvunitedstatesjapaneseamericaninternmentbook",
            "description": "Overview of the Korematsu Supreme Court case—as well as the related Hirabayashi, Yasui, and Endo cases—as part of  Marshall Cavendish Benchmark's \"Supreme Court Milestones\" series.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Young Adult",
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Convention and rebellion",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Individual versus society",
                "Injustice",
                "Rights - individual or societal"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 9-12"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Korematsu v. United States: Japanese-American Internment Camps (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Korematsu%20v.%20United%20States:%20Japanese-American%20Internment%20Camps%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Korematsu%20v.%20United%20States:%20Japanese-American%20Internment%20Camps%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "korematsuvunitedstatesjapaneseamericaninternmentcampsbook",
            "description": "Overview of the Korematsu Supreme Court case as part of  Enslow Publishers' Landmark Supreme Court Cases series.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Young Adult",
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Convention and rebellion",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Individual versus society",
                "Injustice",
                "Rights - individual or societal"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Kubota (short story)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Kubota%20(short%20story)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Kubota%20(short%20story)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "kubotashortstory",
            "description": "Short story/essay centering on the author's maternal grandfather, whom everyone called by his last name, Kubota. A Kibei from Hawai'i, Kubota had graduated high school in Hiroshima before returning to become a successful shopkeeper and community leader—as well as an avid fisherman—on Ō'ahu's North Shore prior to the war. Arrested by the FBI on the day after the attack on Pearl Harbor, Kubota was one of the relatively fortunate ones, having been taken to Honolulu for questioning, but released after just a few days. Years later, Kubota lives with the author's family in Gardena, California, and repeatedly tells the teenager his World War II story, urging him not to forget it and to be his chronicler. The author is puzzled to find that other Japanese Americans not only didn't care to hear this story but were very reluctant to talk about their wartime exclusion and incarceration. After his grandfather's death, the author dreams of him on the night that the the Civil Liberties Act of 1988 was signed into law.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-file-text",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Memoir"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Power of silence",
                "Wisdom of experience"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Lasting Beauty: Miss Jamison and the Student Muralists (exhibition)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Lasting%20Beauty:%20Miss%20Jamison%20and%20the%20Student%20Muralists%20(exhibition)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Lasting%20Beauty:%20Miss%20Jamison%20and%20the%20Student%20Muralists%20(exhibition)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "lastingbeautymissjamisonandthestudentmuralistsexhibition",
            "description": "Exhibition featuring murals painted by Japanese American students at Rohwer High School under the direction of art teacher Mabel Rose Jamison Vogel. Lasting Beauty was one of eight exhibitions mounted in and around Little Rock, Arkansas, as part of the Life Interrupted project in 2004. It was later shown at the Japanese American National Museum in Los Angeles in 2005.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "exhibitions"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Museum Exhibitions",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-university",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 3-5",
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Art",
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Expression through art"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Las Vegas Charley (short story)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Las%20Vegas%20Charley%20(short%20story)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Las%20Vegas%20Charley%20(short%20story)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "lasvegascharleyshortstory",
            "description": "Short story by Hisaye Yamamoto about an Issei man named Kazuyuki Matsumoto, who works as a dishwasher at a Las Vegas restaurant while gambling away his wages. In flashback, we learn of his life story: boyhood in Kumamoto prefecture, then migration to the U.S. where he becomes a successful farmer in Santa Maria, California, and is soon joined by a \"picture bride\" wife, Haru and two sons. But Haru's death in childbirth after the birth of their second son changes Kazuyuki's life decisively. He sends the two boys to live with his mother in Japan and becomes a migrant laborer. At first, he sends regular remittances home, but he soon picks up a gambling habit and the payments gradually come to an end. He later brings his Kibei sons back to the U.S., where they start a new farming venture in Orange County, California, this one less successful. Then comes World War II and the three end up in an Arizona concentration camp in Arizona. While Kazuyuki works as a mess hall chef and comes to be vaguely satisfied with his life in camp, his ambitious older son Isamu volunteers for the army, only to die in combat in Italy. His second son Noriyuki initially decides to return to Japan on an exchange ship, but changes his mind when he falls in love with a Nisei girl he had met in camp. He ends up as a Japanese instructor in the army and the couple marry and settle in Los Angeles, while Kazuyuki gravitates to Las Vegas, where his co-workers dub him \"Charley.\" Health problems bring him to L.A. for care, where he stays with his son's family, though he clashes with his daughter-in-law. Despite his promises, he can never give up his gambling habit.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-file-text",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Disillusionment and dreams",
                "Temptation and destruction",
                "Vulnerability of the meek",
                "Working class struggles"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Laughter and False Teeth (play)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Laughter%20and%20False%20Teeth%20(play)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Laughter%20and%20False%20Teeth%20(play)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "laughterandfalseteethplay",
            "description": "One-act play by Hiroshi Kashiwagi first produced in 1954 that is likely the first produced play set in the Japanese American concentration camps. The play was revived years later by Asian American theater companies in San Francisco and Los Angeles.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "plays"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Plays",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-ticket",
            "rg_interestlevel": [],
            "rg_genre": [],
            "rg_theme": [],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": null
        },
        {
            "id": "Leap of Faith: How Enmanji Temple Was Saved (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Leap%20of%20Faith:%20How%20Enmanji%20Temple%20Was%20Saved%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Leap%20of%20Faith:%20How%20Enmanji%20Temple%20Was%20Saved%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "leapoffaithhowenmanjitemplewassavedfilm",
            "description": "Documentary short film by Lina Hoshino about a group of white Christian teenagers who guard a California Buddhist temple during World War II in an effort to deter vandalism.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Evils of racism",
                "Importance of community",
                "Role of Religion – virtue or hypocrisy"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "The Legacy of a Cemetery (short story)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/The%20Legacy%20of%20a%20Cemetery%20(short%20story)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/The%20Legacy%20of%20a%20Cemetery%20(short%20story)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "legacyofacemetery",
            "description": "First person reflections on a trip back to his hometown of Los Angeles by a man who had settled in New Jersey after leaving the Jerome, Arkansas, concentration camps some thirty years earlier. A visit to Evergreen Cemetery east of downtown Los Angeles brings back memories of his forced removal in 1942, remembrances of Nisei soldiers he knew who are buried there, and memories of his deceased family members.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-file-text",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Memoir"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Reunion",
                "Wisdom of experience"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Legacy of the Nisei: Stories of Japanese American Internment and World War II Veterans (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Legacy%20of%20the%20Nisei:%20Stories%20of%20Japanese%20American%20Internment%20and%20World%20War%20II%20Veterans%20(film)/",
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            "title_sort": "legacyoftheniseistoriesofjapaneseamericaninternmentandworldwariiveteransfilm",
            "description": "The second video produced by the San Leandro Public Library built around interviews with Japanese American veterans and former concentration camp inmates from the San Francisco Bay area.",
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                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
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            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
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            "rg_theme": [
                "War – glory, necessity, pain, tragedy",
                "Heroism - real and perceived",
                "Role of men",
                "Injustice",
                "Evils of racism"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Legacy of the Nisei Veterans: WWII Stories of the 100th/442nd and Military Intelligence Service (film)",
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            "description": "Documentary film made up of interviews with ten Nisei World War II veterans from the San Francisco Bay area. Short segments of the interviews are organized by topic in more or less chronological fashion, with the occasional insertion of still photographs from the period. Segments include the reaction to the attack on Pearl Harbor, the arrest of Issei leaders, Executive Order 9066 and its aftermath, early recruits to the Military Intelligence Service (MIS), the formation of the 442nd and the loyalty questionnaire episode of early 1943, the battlefield experiences of the MIS in the Pacific and the 442nd in Europe, and the role of the MIS in occupation Japan. The film ends with a brief summary of each man's life after the war. One unusual element in the inclusion of Takeshi \"Gish\" Endo's story of being recruited out of Heart Mountain by the British Political Warfare Mission, and doing translation and Japanese broadcasting work out of Denver.",
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                "films"
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                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
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                "Documentary"
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                "War – glory, necessity, pain, tragedy",
                "Heroism - real and perceived",
                "Role of men"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "The Legend of Fire Horse Woman (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/The%20Legend%20of%20Fire%20Horse%20Woman%20(book)/",
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            },
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            "description": "Novel by Jeanne Wakatsuki Houston published in 2003 that is set in large part in Manzanar.",
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                "books"
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            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
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                "Historical Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Female roles",
                "Family – blessing or curse",
                "Overcoming – fear, weakness, vice"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "The Legend of Miss Sasagawara (short story)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
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            "description": "Short story by Hisaye Yamamoto that takes place in an Arizona concentration camp during World War II and centers on the odd activities of one woman in the camp, as described by a college age female fellow inmate. Mari Sasagawara, a former ballet dancer, arrives with her Buddhist priest father upon transfer from another camp and soon becomes the subject of much gossip by other camp inmates for her regal bearing and aloofness. After being absent from the camp for a few months—taken to an institution in Phoenix—she returns a changed woman, friendly and sociable, even organizing and teaching a dance troupe of young girls. But after the narrator leaves the camp to attend school in Philadelphia, her friend tells her that Miss Sasagawara's malaise had returned and that she was taken out of the camp again. The story ends with the narrator finding a poem by Miss Sasagawara published in a literary journal that seems to reveal the difficulties she faced as the daughter of a man seeking to reach a state of Nirvana.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
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            "mediatype_label": "Short Stories",
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                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Female roles",
                "Hazards of passing judgment",
                "Individual versus society",
                "Losing hope"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "A Letter (short story)",
            "doctype": "articles",
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            "description": "Short story by Sasabune Sasaki about a group of Issei internees at an unspecified internment camp in the first days of their detention. Though the men write letters to their families, few have received any letters in return, due to, they believe, delays caused by censorship of the letters and their being moved from camp to camp. One day, the narrator sees a letter in its envelope tacked on a bulletin board at the camp post office and copies it down. It is an anonymously authored letter by a Nisei in English that expresses concern and support for the internees. When the narrator reads it to a group of internees, they are greatly moved.",
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            "mediatype_icon": "fa-file-text",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
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                "Fiction"
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                "Facing darkness",
                "Isolation",
                "Power of words"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Letters from the 442nd: The World War II Correspondence of a Japanese American Medic (book)",
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            "links": {
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            "description": "Letters sent by a medic in the 442nd Regimental Combat Team serving in Europe to his wife incarcerated at Minidoka concentration camp during World War II.",
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                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Historical Nonfiction"
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            "rg_theme": [
                "Communication - verbal and nonverbal",
                "Companionship as salvation",
                "Death - inevitable or tragedy",
                "Displacement",
                "Facing reality",
                "War - glory, necessity, pain, tragedy",
                "Will to survive"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Letters to Eve (play)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
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            },
            "title_sort": "letterstoeveplay",
            "description": "Musical play that juxtaposes the experiences of a Japanese American family in Manzanar with that of an African American musician and his Jewish girlfriend held in captivity in a Nazi prison camp.",
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                "plays"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Plays",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-ticket",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Expression through art",
                "Facing darkness",
                "Love and sacrifice",
                "War – glory, necessity, pain, tragedy"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "No availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Life behind Barbed Wire: The World War II Internment Memoirs of a Hawaii Issei (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Life%20behind%20Barbed%20Wire:%20The%20World%20War%20II%20Internment%20Memoirs%20of%20a%20Hawaii%20Issei%20(book)/",
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            },
            "title_sort": "lifebehindbarbedwiretheworldwariiinternmentmemoirsofahawaiiisseibook",
            "description": "Internment memoir by Honolulu Issei publisher and community leader Yasutaro Soga. Originally published in 1948 as Tessaku seikatsu, it was translated into English by Kihei Hirai and a team of volunteers at the Japanese Cultural Center of Hawai'i (JCCH) and published by the University of Hawai'i Press in 2008.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
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            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Memoir"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Facing reality",
                "Immigrant experience",
                "Nationalism – complications",
                "Role of men"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Life in a Japanese American Internment Camp (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Life%20in%20a%20Japanese%20American%20Internment%20Camp%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Life%20in%20a%20Japanese%20American%20Internment%20Camp%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "lifeinajapaneseamericaninternmentcampbook",
            "description": "Short, illustrated book for middle schoolers on the Japanese American wartime incarceration by Diane Yancey. The 1998 volume was part of the Lucent Books' \"The Way People Live\" series.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Young Adult",
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Displacement",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Injustice",
                "Patriotism – positive side or complications"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "The Little Exile (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/The%20Little%20Exile%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/The%20Little%20Exile%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "littleexile",
            "description": "Memoir by Jeanette A. Arakawa covering her wartime incarceration at the Stockton Assembly Center and Rohwer, Arkansas, concentration camp and postwar resettlement in Denver. Though written in the first person, her name and those of others in the book have been changed.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 7-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Memoir"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Evils of racism",
                "Family – blessing or curse",
                "Female roles",
                "Immigrant experience"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Little Tokyo U.S.A. (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Little%20Tokyo%20U.S.A.%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Little%20Tokyo%20U.S.A.%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "littletokyousafilm",
            "description": "Notorious 1942 Hollywood movie that depicts Japanese American leaders in Los Angeles as being part of a Japanese spy ring and that actively advocates the expulsion and incarceration of Japanese Americans using actual documentary footage.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Thrillers"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Evils of racism",
                "Fear of other"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Little Women (A Multicultural Transposition) (play)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Little%20Women%20(A%20Multicultural%20Transposition)%20(play)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Little%20Women%20(A%20Multicultural%20Transposition)%20(play)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "littlewomenamulticulturaltranspositionplay",
            "description": "Play by Velina Hasu Houston that reimagines Louis May Alcott's 19th century novel Little Women, setting it in early postwar Los Angeles with four Japanese American sisters at its center.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "plays"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Plays",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-ticket",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Coming of age",
                "Desire to escape",
                "Family – blessing or curse",
                "Female roles",
                "Overcoming – fear, weakness, vice"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "No availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Living in Color: The Art of Hideo Date (exhibition)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
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                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Living%20in%20Color:%20The%20Art%20of%20Hideo%20Date%20(exhibition)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "livingincolortheartofhideodateexhibition",
            "description": "Retrospective exhibition featuring the work of Issei painter Hideo Date at the Japanese American National Museum (JANM) that opened in 2001. Curated by Karin Higa, Living in Color draws on works Date donated to JANM as well as works held by the Los Angeles County Museum of Art and Smithsonian American Art Museum from the 1930s to the 1980s. An established artist by the 1930s, Date was sent to Santa Anita and Heart Mountain during the war, where he taught art and formed an Art Students League at the latter. Best known for his watercolor and gouache painting before the war, he turned to pencil drawings while incarcerated due in part to the difficulty of obtaining painting materials while in camp. The exhibition includes several of these drawings. Unlike artists such as Henry Sugimoto or Estelle Ishigo, Date's wartime drawings do not depict scenes from the concentration camps, most being of cats. An illustrated catalog with a biographical essay by Higa was published by Heyday Books, funded in part by a grant from the California Civil Liberties Public Education Program.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "exhibitions"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Museum Exhibitions",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-university",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 3-5",
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Art",
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Expression through art",
                "Injustice",
                "Immigrant experience"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Lone Heart Mountain (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Lone%20Heart%20Mountain%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Lone%20Heart%20Mountain%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "loneheartmountainbook",
            "description": "Illustrated memoir of life at Heart Mountain by artist Estelle Ishigo, a white woman married to a Nisei.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Memoir"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Displacement",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Hazards of passing judgment",
                "Injustice"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "The Long Journey and the Short Ride (short story)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/The%20Long%20Journey%20and%20the%20Short%20Ride%20(short%20story)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/The%20Long%20Journey%20and%20the%20Short%20Ride%20(short%20story)/"
            },
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            "description": "Seemingly autobiographical story by Toshio Mori about the author and his brother, a paralyzed veteran of the 442nd Regimental Combat Team, recalling the latter's visit to Topaz prior to shipping out for combat in Europe. The author and his mother get a pass to leave Topaz for the first time since they had arrived in order to see the brother off at the train station. Their apprehensions about being outside the camp are eased by a white family—who had also just seen a son off to war—who offer them a ride to town. Shifting back to the present of the story, the author notes the successful recovery that his brother has made since the war and both brothers lament that neither of their parents lived to see that recovery. The same incident is the basis for another story Mori had written in 1943 titled \"The Travelers.\" \"The Long Journey and the Short Ride\" was first published in Mori's 1979 short story collection The Chauvinist and Other Stories.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-file-text",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Darkness and light",
                "Motherhood",
                "Optimism – power or folly",
                "Reunion"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Looking After Minidoka: An American Memoir (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Looking%20After%20Minidoka:%20An%20American%20Memoir%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Looking%20After%20Minidoka:%20An%20American%20Memoir%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "lookingafterminidokaanamericanmemoirbook",
            "description": "A third-generation Japanese American shares the multi-generational story of both sides of his family, from immigration to the aftermath of Pearl Harbor and wartime incarceration, to resettlement and his own childhood.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Memoir"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Change versus tradition",
                "Coming of age",
                "Displacement",
                "Female roles",
                "Growing up - pain or pleasure",
                "Immigrant experience",
                "Love and sacrifice",
                "Overcoming - fear, weakness, vice",
                "Power of tradition",
                "Will to survive"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Looking Like the Enemy (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Looking%20Like%20the%20Enemy%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Looking%20Like%20the%20Enemy%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "lookingliketheenemyfilm",
            "description": "Documentary film on the unique experiences of Japanese American soldiers in Asian wars: World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam War. The 52-minute film was made by Karen L. Ishizuka and Robert A. Nakamura in conjunction with the exhibition Fighting for Tomorrow: Japanese Americans in America's Wars at the Japanese American National Museum and screened in the exhibition gallery.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "War – glory, necessity, pain, tragedy",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Role of men",
                "Heroism – real and perceived"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Looking Like the Enemy: My Story of Imprisonment in Japanese-American Internment Camps (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Looking%20Like%20the%20Enemy:%20My%20Story%20of%20Imprisonment%20in%20Japanese-American%20Internment%20Camps%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Looking%20Like%20the%20Enemy:%20My%20Story%20of%20Imprisonment%20in%20Japanese-American%20Internment%20Camps%20(book)/"
            },
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            "description": "Incarceration memoir of life at Pinedale Assembly Center, Tule Lake, and Minidoka, by Mary Matsuda Gruenewald, a seventeen-year-old Nisei at the time of her and her family's forced removal from their Washington state farm. First published in 2005 by NewSage Press, it was followed by a young reader's edition in 2010.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 7-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Memoir",
                "Children's"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Evils of racism",
                "Facing darkness",
                "Family – blessing or curse",
                "Injustice",
                "Loss of innocence",
                "Power of the past"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 7-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "The Loom (short story)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/The%20Loom%20(short%20story)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/The%20Loom%20(short%20story)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "loom",
            "description": "Short story by R. A. Sasaki that portrays the life of a Nisei woman looking both backwards and forwards after the death of one of her daughters. Born and raised in San Francisco where her family ran a boarding house, the unnamed woman graduated from the University of California before being incarcerated with her family in Tanforan and Topaz during World War II. Returning to San Francisco after the war having married a Kibei man she had known from before the war, she has four daughters while her husband works in the flower industry. Devoted to her daughters, she is at a loss as they leave the house to pursue their own lives and after one dies in a mountain climbing accident. Her daughters' efforts to bring her out of her torpor are largely unsuccessful until one gives her a loom, through which she is able to express the feelings she cannot verbalize.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-file-text",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Communication – verbal and nonverbal",
                "Facing darkness",
                "Loneliness as destructive force",
                "Motherhood",
                "Power of silence"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "The Lost Village of Terminal Island (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/The%20Lost%20Village%20of%20Terminal%20Island%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/The%20Lost%20Village%20of%20Terminal%20Island%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "lostvillageofterminalisland",
            "description": "A 2007 documentary film directed by David Meltzer about Terminal Island, once home for a large and prosperous Japanese American fishing community located near the Port of Los Angeles, California. After the bombing of Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, nearly 3,000 Japanese immigrants and their families who lived at Terminal Island were forced from their homes and into government concentration camps. Most of the original inhabitants of this tight-knit Japanese American village would never return. This film tells the story of childhood memories of growing up on a once idyllic Terminal Island as well as the painful experiences of suspicion, interrogation and incarceration (most Terminal Islanders were sent to the camp at Manzanar) that the community suffered following the passage of Executive Order 9066. The film also traces the former residents' continuing identification with Terminal Island, noting the reunions that began in 1971 and climaxing with the dedication of a memorial at the former site of the village in 2002. The film is based largely on interviews with the former residents, augmented by many family photographs and archival and home movie footage. Funding for the film came in part from the California Civil Liberties Public Education Program.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Displacement",
                "Immigrant experience",
                "Importance of community",
                "Power of the past"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "The Lucky Baseball: My Story in a Japanese-American Internment Camp (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/The%20Lucky%20Baseball:%20My%20Story%20in%20a%20Japanese-American%20Internment%20Camp%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/The%20Lucky%20Baseball:%20My%20Story%20in%20a%20Japanese-American%20Internment%20Camp%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "luckybaseballmystory",
            "description": "A Japanese American boy is forcibly removed from his home in Southern California and incarcerated in a concentration camp but learns important life lessons through continuing to play baseball.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 3-5"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Historical fiction",
                "Children's"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Coming of age",
                "Displacement",
                "Identity crisis"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 3-5"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Lucky Ears: The True Story of Ben Kuroki, World War II Hero (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Lucky%20Ears:%20The%20True%20Story%20of%20Ben%20Kuroki,%20World%20War%20II%20Hero%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Lucky%20Ears:%20The%20True%20Story%20of%20Ben%20Kuroki,%20World%20War%20II%20Hero%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "luckyearsthetruestoryofbenkurokiworldwariiherobook",
            "description": "Biography of Nisei war hero Ben Kuroki, written for a fourth grade audience.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 3-5",
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Children's",
                "Biography"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Patriotism – positive side or complications",
                "Role of men",
                "Heroism – real and perceived",
                "Overcoming – fear, weakness, vice"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 3-5"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Mackerel Sky (short story)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Mackerel%20Sky%20(short%20story)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Mackerel%20Sky%20(short%20story)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "mackerelskyshortstory",
            "description": "Short story by Jeff Matsuda in which a young Sansei man recalls various stories about his Issei grandfather: visiting him and his grandmother when he was a child; recreating the old man talking about his youth in Japan and his early years as a laborer in the U.S.; and visiting him with his mother when he was in college, and his grandfather was a nearly deaf old man. In the process, the narrator recalls his grandfather's internment: as a fisherman on Terminal Island, he was arrested a week after Pearl Harbor and sent to Bismarck and then to an unspecified camp in New Mexico, while the rest of his immediate family spent the war years in Japan.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-file-text",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Memoir"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Communication – verbal and nonverbal",
                "Immigrant experience",
                "Will to survive",
                "Working class struggles"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "No availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Made in Japan and Settled in Oregon (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Made%20in%20Japan%20and%20Settled%20in%20Oregon%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Made%20in%20Japan%20and%20Settled%20in%20Oregon%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "madeinjapanandsettledinoregonbook",
            "description": "An Oregon-born Nisei woman shares her family's story, including her parents' efforts to establish a farm in Hood River, her childhood, and the impact of being taken from their home and incarcerated during World War II.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Memoir"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Coming of age",
                "Displacement",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Facing reality",
                "Growing up - pain or pleasure",
                "Isolation"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "The Magic of Ordinary Days (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/The%20Magic%20of%20Ordinary%20Days%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/The%20Magic%20of%20Ordinary%20Days%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "magicofordinarydays",
            "description": "Made-for-television movie under the Hallmark Hall of Fame banner about the arranged marriage of an educated urban woman carrying an illegitimate child and a kindly farmer. The film includes a subplot about a friendship between the woman and two Japanese American sisters from Amache who are among the farmworkers.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Drama",
                "Romance"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Beauty of simplicity",
                "Love and sacrifice",
                "Role of women"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Main Street, Wyoming: Heart Mountain (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Main%20Street,%20Wyoming:%20Heart%20Mountain%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Main%20Street,%20Wyoming:%20Heart%20Mountain%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "mainstreetwyomingheartmountainfilm",
            "description": "Episode of the local PBS program Main Street, Wyoming that focuses on Heart Mountain. Originally produced and aired in 1994, it was repackaged with a brief new opening as part of the Main Street, Wyoming Classics series in 2006. Featuring on-camera host Deborah Hammons, the episode includes three segments: : an extended interview with Paul Tsuneishi on his incarceration experience and subsequent military service; a profile of Kaz Uriu, one of the only Heart Mountain inmates to later settle in Wyoming as a farmer, based on an interview with his daughter; and local efforts to build a memorial at the site—which was dedicated in July 1978—featuring interviews with local residents. Produced by Wyoming Public Television, it was funded by the Wyoming Council for the Humanities ad Kennecott Energy. It has been made available online as part of the American Archive of Public Broadcasting.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Injustice",
                "Power of the past"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Makapuu Bay (short story)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Makapuu%20Bay%20(short%20story)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Makapuu%20Bay%20(short%20story)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "makapuubayshortstory",
            "description": "Short story by Wakako Yamauchi about a divorced middle-aged Japanese American writer who goes to a literary conference in Honolulu where she runs into an old boyfriend from the war years. In flashback, we learn that Sachiko—nicknamed \"Pinky\" while incarcerated in Poston with her father—had met Mitch Ochiai at the camp swimming hole, where she asked him to teach her to swim. They become a couple and continue to see each other when she resettles in Chicago while he attends the Military Intelligence Service Language School in Minnesota. But her father's illness—and eventual death—forces her to return to Poston, while Mitch heads off to war, and they lose touch. Sachiko ends up marrying Joe Noda, her block manager, and settling in Los Angeles. Though Sachiko is divorced and Mitch has never married, a rekindling of the romance in Hawai'i is not to be.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-file-text",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Disillusionment and dreams",
                "Facing reality",
                "Lost love",
                "Names – power and significance",
                "Reunion"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "The Man with the Bulging Pockets (short story)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/The%20Man%20with%20the%20Bulging%20Pockets%20(short%20story)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/The%20Man%20with%20the%20Bulging%20Pockets%20(short%20story)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "manwiththebulgingpockets",
            "description": "Short story by Toshio Mori centering on an old man at Tanforan who becomes enormously popular with children by passing out a seemingly limitless supply of candy to them on his daily walks around the camp. His actions and popularity inspire jealousy in another old man, who also begins passing out candy, while spreading bad stories about the first old man. The story originally appeared in the 1944 holiday edition of The Pacific Citizen and was republished in Mori's 1979 short story collection The Chauvinist and Other Stories and in slightly different from, as a part of his 1978 novel Woman from Hiroshima.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-file-text",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Fulfillment",
                "Greed as downfall",
                "Optimism – power or folly",
                "Wisdom of experience"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Manzanar and Beyond (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Manzanar%20and%20Beyond%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Manzanar%20and%20Beyond%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "manzanarandbeyondbook",
            "description": "Prominent Nisei attorney recounts his life, including his experiences as the administrator of the hospital at Manzanar concentration camp and his role in landmark legal battles advocating for redressing injustices experienced by Japanese Americans.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Memoir"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Coming of age",
                "Disillusionment and dreams",
                "Displacement",
                "Importance of community",
                "Injustice",
                "Rights - individual or societal"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Manzanar Daze and Cold Nights (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Manzanar%20Daze%20and%20Cold%20Nights%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Manzanar%20Daze%20and%20Cold%20Nights%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "manzanardazeandcoldnightsbook",
            "description": "Posthumously published memoir by a Nisei man about his years at Manzanar during World War II.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 7-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Memoir"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Desire to escape",
                "Importance of community",
                "Reunion"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Manzanar (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Manzanar%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Manzanar%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "manzanarfilm",
            "description": "Experimental documentary film by Bob Nakamura made in 1971 that was one of the first films to explore the legacy of the wartime incarceration of Japanese Americans.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Power of the past",
                "Quest for discovery",
                "Growing up – pain or pleasure"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Manzanar Fishing Club (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Manzanar%20Fishing%20Club%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Manzanar%20Fishing%20Club%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "manzanarfishingclubfilm",
            "description": "Feature length documentary film on Manzanar inmates who temporarily escaped from the confines of the camp to fish in the nearby streams and mountains. In addition to interviews with former inmate fishermen (and women) and archival images, The Manzanar Fishing Club also tells its story using animation and recreated scenes with actors. The film had a limited theatrical release in April 2012 and was released on DVD on October 30, 2012. It was funded in part by grants from the California Civil Liberties Public Education Program and the Japanese American Confinement Sites Grant program.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Desire to escape"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Manzanar National Historic Site Educator Resources Kit (curricula)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Manzanar%20National%20Historic%20Site%20Educator%20Resources%20Kit%20(curricula)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Manzanar%20National%20Historic%20Site%20Educator%20Resources%20Kit%20(curricula)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "manzanarnationalhistoricsiteeducatorresourceskitcurricula",
            "description": "\"How does identity shape my experience in America?\" is the central question which serves to unify the wide range of materials in this resource kit. The kit includes printed materials (lesson plans, reproductions of primary sources, official park brochure, booklet for self-guided tours, Densho brochure), and digital resources (video documentary, electronic field trip, biographical sketches of former inmates, related standards, lesson plans, and historical photos). The Manzanar National Historic Site Educator Resources Kit was supported by a grant from the California Civil Liberties Public Education Program and the Manzanar History Association.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "curricula"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 3-5",
                "Grades 7-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Displacement",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Self-awareness",
                "War"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Manzanar: Never Again (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Manzanar:%20Never%20Again%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Manzanar:%20Never%20Again%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "manzanarneveragainfilm",
            "description": "Short film shot at a Manzanar Pilgrimage. Attendees—including former inmates and their descendants—talk about Manzanar, the aftermath of camp, and the evolution of the pilgrimages and the Manzanar National Historic Site as we see scenes of the pilgrimage and the preparations for it. The role of activist Sue Kunitomi Embrey is highlighted in reminiscences of those who knew her; her own words are read by an actress.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Importance of community",
                "Injustice",
                "Power of the past"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Manzanar: Photographs by Ansel Adams of Loyal Japanese-American Relocation Center (exhibition)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Manzanar:%20Photographs%20by%20Ansel%20Adams%20of%20Loyal%20Japanese-American%20Relocation%20Center%20(exhibition)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Manzanar:%20Photographs%20by%20Ansel%20Adams%20of%20Loyal%20Japanese-American%20Relocation%20Center%20(exhibition)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "manzanarphotographsbyanseladamsofloyaljapaneseamericanrelocationcenterexhibition",
            "description": "Landmark exhibition of Ansel Adams' photographs of Manzanar at New York's Museum of Modern Art. Opening on November 9, 1944, Manzanar was not only the sole major museum exhibition documenting the Japanese American incarceration to be displayed while incarceration was still ongoing, but arguably the only such exhibition to appear for the next twenty-five years.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "exhibitions"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Museum Exhibitions",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-university",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 3-5",
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Art"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Displacement",
                "Injustice",
                "Character - destruction, building up"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Manzanar Rites (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Manzanar%20Rites%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Manzanar%20Rites%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "manzanarritesbook",
            "description": "Coming of age novel by William Hohri about two teenage boys from West Los Angeles who end up at Manzanar with their families.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Fiction",
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Coming of age",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Rights - individual or societal",
                "Vulnerability of the strong"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Manzanar: Story of an American Family (play)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Manzanar:%20Story%20of%20an%20American%20Family%20(play)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Manzanar:%20Story%20of%20an%20American%20Family%20(play)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "manzanarstoryofanamericanfamilyplay",
            "description": "Musical play centering on the experiences of the Shimada family, following them from their San Pedro, California, home to the Santa Anita Assembly Center and to Manzanar, told through the eyes of twelve-year-old protagonist Margaret. The play was co-written by Dan Taguchi and Rus McCoy and loosely based on the experiences of Taguchi's mother, who was a child at Manzanar. Various versions of the play have been featured in readings and performances since 2002, but there has been no full production of the play to date.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "plays"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Plays",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-ticket",
            "rg_interestlevel": [],
            "rg_genre": [],
            "rg_theme": [],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": null
        },
        {
            "id": "Mary Osaka, I Love You (short story)",
            "doctype": "articles",
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            "title_sort": "maryosakailoveyoushortstory",
            "description": "Short story by acclaimed writer John Fante about the love between a Filipino American immigrant man and a Nisei woman that takes place in Los Angeles as World War II breaks out. A part of Fante's intended novel on Filipino Americans, it was first published in Good Housekeeping magazine in October 1942.",
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                "short stories"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-file-text",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Everlasting love",
                "Immigrant experience",
                "Nationalism – complications"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Masao and the Bronze Nightingale (short story)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
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            "description": "Short story by Rubén \"Funkahuatl\" Guevara about a Nisei zoot suiter and saxophone player in East Los Angeles before and after World War II. Masao Matsui and his buddies Lil' Joe Casillas and Isamu Imoto grow up in Boyle Heights playing jazz and dressing in elaborate zoot suits prior to the war. Masao dreams of leading a band one day. His dreams are interrupted by World War II and his forced incarceration at Manzanar. He passes time playing jazz records and plays in the Jive Bombers in camp. After the war, he returns to Little Tokyo and works as a janitor, while soaking up the local jazz scene that sprang up there as part of \"Bronzeville,\" the African American settlement that formed during the war. Then, one night at a club, he meets a dazzling singer who called herself the Bronze Nightingale, and his life is turned upside down.",
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                "short stories"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Short Stories",
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            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Expression through art",
                "Lost love",
                "Working class struggles"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Matsumi Kanemitsu: A Japanese American Artist (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
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            "description": "Short profile of artist Matsumi \"Mike\" Kanemitsu that includes his own thoughts about his techniques and goals as an artist. Narrator Amy Hill provides a brief outline of his life and work accompanied by many photographs and the music of Miles Davis. His World War II experience as a Kibei in the U.S. Army is largely passed over to focus on his postwar art career.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
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            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
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            "rg_theme": [
                "Expression through art"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Maybe (short story)",
            "doctype": "articles",
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            "description": "Short story by Wakako Yamauchi about a middle-aged Japanese American woman working in a sweatshop with a group of undocumented immigrant workers from Latin America. Divorced after twenty-five years of marriage, Florence wanders into a garment factory with a help wanted sign and is hired on the spot and given a relatively responsible position despite her lack of qualifications due to what she thinks is the owners' stereotype about \"Japanese.\" In her first person voice, she introduces various workers as well as the owner's much younger Colombian immigrant wife who takes an immediate disliking to her. She befriends a young couple who were forced to leave their young son back in Mexico and are unable to bring him to the U.S.; the husband semi-jokingly asks Florence to marry him so that he can get a green card. At the end of the story she recalls her and her family's confinement in a wartime concentration camp.",
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                "short stories"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-file-text",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Capitalism – effect on the individual",
                "Necessity of work",
                "Will to survive",
                "Working class struggles"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Medal of Honor (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
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                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Medal%20of%20Honor%20(film)/"
            },
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            "description": "Short video on the twenty-one Japanese American recipients of the Congressional Medal of Honor, produced by the Go For Broke National Education Center and that features footage from June 21, 2000 ceremony at which twenty of the medals were awarded.",
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                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Heroism - real and perceived"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Meeting at Tule Lake (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
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                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Meeting%20at%20Tule%20Lake%20(film)/"
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            "description": "Documentary film produced and directed by Scott T. Tsuchitani that features interviews with seven former Tule Lake inmates talking about life in the camp, the \"loyalty questionnaire\" and segregation, and the importance of remembering, intercut with footage of poet Hiroshi Kashiwagi reading the title poem and of a Tule Lake Pilgrimage. Meeting at Tule Lake was produced by the Tule Lake Committee for the 1994 Tule Lake Pilgrimage.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Power of the past",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Injustice"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Mei Ling in China City (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
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                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Mei%20Ling%20in%20China%20City%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "meilinginchinacitybook",
            "description": "Mei Ling In China City (2008) by Icy Smith tells the story of 12-year-old Chinese American Mei Ling Lee who lives in China City, an \"old Chinatown\" in Los Angeles which does not survive today. Mei Ling is lonely because her best friend Yayeko Akiyama was sent to Manzanar. The girls write to each other over the course of the war—the book includes handwritten correspondence between them—but they lose touch after the war is over. The main focus of the story is Mei Ling's determination to raise the most funds for the United China Relief campaign, which sought funds for food and medical supplies for war victims in mainland China. Her wish is to present the grand prize to Yayeko upon her return to China City. Based on a true story, the real Mei Ling still hopes to find her friend Yayeko again someday.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [],
            "rg_genre": [],
            "rg_theme": [],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Memoirs of a Certain Nisei (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Memoirs%20of%20a%20Certain%20Nisei%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Memoirs%20of%20a%20Certain%20Nisei%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "memoirsofacertainniseibook",
            "description": "Posthumously published memoir by Kibei war hero Thomas Taro Higa, translated from its original Japanese and published in 1988. The vast majority of the book covers events taking place during World War II.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Memoir"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Empowerment",
                "Patriotism – positive side or complications",
                "War – glory, necessity, pain, tragedy"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Memories of Place: Clarksburg's Japanese Language School (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Memories%20of%20Place:%20Clarksburg's%20Japanese%20Language%20School%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Memories%20of%20Place:%20Clarksburg's%20Japanese%20Language%20School%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "memoriesofplaceclarksburgsjapaneselanguageschoolfilm",
            "description": "Short documentary film on the Holland Union Gakuen (Japanese language school) in Clarksburg, California.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary",
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Importance of community",
                "Working class struggles"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Memories of Pop (short story)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Memories%20of%20Pop%20(short%20story)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Memories%20of%20Pop%20(short%20story)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "memoriesofpopshortstory",
            "description": "Short story by Jiro Saito about a young college dropout Sansei returning home to San Diego for the funeral of his estranged father. Written in the first person voice of Mas Mayeda, it is set in around 1960. As the story begins, Mas gets a call from his sister Rose informing him of their father's death. Disowned by his father after dropping out of UC Berkeley's engineering program to become a writer, Mas had not seen the family in three years. Upon his return, Rose tells him that their father, though stubborn, indicated that he wanted Mas to return. Before the funeral, Mas sees old family photos that tell their story: his parents' wedding in 1927 (his Issei father married a Nisei woman from San Diego); a successful farm; his father becoming a community leader; his father's subsequent arrest after the attack on Pearl Harbor and the family's removal and incarceration at Poston; and their return after the war when they had to start over, his father working as a gardener and his mother as a cook. After the funeral, his mother gives Mas an envelope from his father containing a receipt for a radio purchased in 1949; his mother recounts the story of that radio, which became symbolic of his father's fortunes turning around after the difficulties of the postwar years.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-file-text",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Historical Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Family – blessing or curse",
                "Forgiveness"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "No availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Memories of the Camps (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Memories%20of%20the%20Camps%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Memories%20of%20the%20Camps%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "memoriesofthecampsfilm",
            "description": "Locally produced documentary by Los Angeles TV station KABC that provides an overview of the concentration camps and community efforts to remember them on their fiftieth anniversary. Hosted by KABC news anchor Joanne Ishimine, the program begins at Heart Mountain where former inmate and camp historian Bacon Sakatani gives a tour of the camp and talks about his experience and the larger impact of incarceration. The next segment is on Manzanar, focusing on Toyo Miyatake and his photographs, featuring an interview with his son Archie. The last segments focus on the commemoration of the camps: a visit to a UCLA class that Sakatani speaks to and interviews with the students; some of those same students at the 50th anniversary Manzanar Pilgrimage; and visits to the Japanese American Cultural and Community Center and Japanese American National Museum in the Little Tokyo area of Los Angeles. A copy of the program can be viewed at the UCLA Film and Television Archive.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 7-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Circle of life",
                "Power of the past",
                "Injustice"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Mendez v. Westminster: For All the Children (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Mendez%20v.%20Westminster:%20For%20All%20the%20Children%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Mendez%20v.%20Westminster:%20For%20All%20the%20Children%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "mendezvwestminsterforallthechildrenbook",
            "description": "Children's picture book that tells in simplified form the story of the landmark Mendez case that ultimately ended segregated schools in California. The story is told through the perspective of Sylvia Mendez who is eight years old in 1943. Having rented the farm of Munemitsu family, who had been forcibly removed to concentration camps, they were new to Westminster, California. When she and her brothers are prohibited from attending the same school as her cousins (who can pass as \"white\") and must attend the inferior school for those of Mexican, African or Asian ancestry, her family decides to sue. With the help of lawyer David C. Marcus—and support from various organizations including the Japanese American Citizens League—the suit proves successful, ending segregation in the state. A brief epilogue notes the long-term impact of the case and the fate of Sylvia and others involved in it.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 3-5"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Children's",
                "Historical Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Change versus tradition",
                "Injustice",
                "Rights - individual or societal"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 3-5"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "The Merced Assembly Center: Injustice Immortalized (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/The%20Merced%20Assembly%20Center:%20Injustice%20Immortalized%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/The%20Merced%20Assembly%20Center:%20Injustice%20Immortalized%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "mercedassemblycenter",
            "description": "Documentary film on Japanese Americans from Central California who were incarcerated at the Merced Assembly Center and the effort nearly sixty years later to build a memorial at the site. Produced by the Merced Assembly Center Commemorative Committee, the film was funded in large part by a grant from the Japanese American Confinement Sites Grant Program.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Power of the past",
                "Injustice",
                "Importance of community"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Midway (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Midway%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Midway%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "midwayfilm",
            "description": "Epic war movie that tells the story of the Battle of Midway, the turning point of the Pacific War, from both the American and Japanese perspectives. Made for a modest budget despite its all-star cast, Midway was successful at the box office. In addition to employing many Japanese American actors in the roles of Japanese naval officers, the movie has a subplot involving the internment/incarceration of Japanese Americans.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Drama",
                "War"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "War - glory, necessity, pain, tragedy"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Minnesota's Remarkable Secret School for Language: Curriculum and Resource Guide (curricula)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Minnesota's%20Remarkable%20Secret%20School%20for%20Language:%20Curriculum%20and%20Resource%20Guide%20(curricula)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Minnesota's%20Remarkable%20Secret%20School%20for%20Language:%20Curriculum%20and%20Resource%20Guide%20(curricula)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "minnesotasremarkablesecretschoolforlanguagecurriculumandresourceguidecurricula",
            "description": "During World War II, the Military Intelligence Service (MIS) trained 6,000 soldiers—mostly Japanese Americans (second generation – \"Nisei\")—in the Japanese language to support the war effort with translation, interpretation and interrogation. The MIS language school (MISLS) came to Camp Savage, Minnesota, in 1942 and then moved in 1944 to Fort Snelling, both in the Minneapolis/St. Paul area. It was originally established in 1941 at the Presidio in San Francisco and moved back to the Presidio in 1946. The MIS played a critical role in the American victory over Japan in the Pacific and is credited with shortening the war by two years, saving many lives and great expense. This 72-page curriculum and resource guide is intended for Grade 6, however, the authors suggest it can be adapted for Minnesota History and/or WWII History.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "curricula"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grade 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Patriotism - positive side or complications",
                "War - glory, necessity, pain, tragedy"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "MIS: Human Secret Weapon (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/MIS:%20Human%20Secret%20Weapon%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/MIS:%20Human%20Secret%20Weapon%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "mishumansecretweaponfilm",
            "description": "Feature length documentary film on the history of Japanese Americans in the Military Intelligence Service (MIS) during World War II. Written and directed by Japanese filmmaker Junichiro Suzuki, MIS: Human Secret Weapon is the third film in Suzuki's trilogy of documentaries on Japanese Americans during World War II.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Heroism – real and perceived",
                "Role of men",
                "Vulnerability of the strong",
                "War – glory, necessity, pain, tragedy"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Missing in Action (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Missing%20in%20Action%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Missing%20in%20Action%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "missinginactionbook",
            "description": "A part-Navajo teenager moves with his mother to her hometown of Delta, Utah, and his struggle to find his own identity is aided by his friendship with Ken, a Japanese American teenager, who refuses to allow his family's incarceration at nearby Topaz defeat his spirit.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 7-8",
                "Grades 9-12"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Historical fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Coming of age",
                "Companionship as salvation",
                "Displacement",
                "Forgiveness",
                "Identity crisis"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Mission in Manila: The Sakakida Story (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Mission%20in%20Manila:%20The%20Sakakida%20Story%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Mission%20in%20Manila:%20The%20Sakakida%20Story%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "missioninmanilathesakakidastoryfilm",
            "description": "Documentary film that tells the story of Richard Sakakida, a Nisei intelligence agent in the Philippines who is captured and tortured by the Japanese during World War II and who confronts—and forgives—his torturers after the war. The film is based almost entirely on an interview with Sakakida, augmented by narrator Jerry Kay, archival footage and family photographs, and illustrations by Roberta Twidwell. The 28-minute film was produced by the Military Intelligence Service and the National Japanese American Historical Society for the Military Intelligence Service Fellowship Program.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Facing darkness",
                "Forgiveness",
                "Heroism – real and perceived",
                "Will to survive"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Miss Minidoka 1943 (play)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Miss%20Minidoka%201943%20(play)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Miss%20Minidoka%201943%20(play)/"
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            "description": "Two-act musical comedy play set in Minidoka that follows the preparations for a camp beauty contest. The play's timeline parallels that of an actual beauty contest at the camp in January and February 1943, a time that also saw the loyalty questionnaire and the call for volunteers for the 442nd Regimental Combat Team. The book for the play was written by Seattle attorney Gary Iwamoto, with music and lyrics contributed by Iwamoto along with Richard Lewis, Lisa Pan, Erin Flory, Diane Wong, Ken Kubota, Stan Asis, Masaye Okano Nakagawa, and Brian Higham.",
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            "rg_interestlevel": [],
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            "rg_theme": [],
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            "rg_availability": null
        },
        {
            "id": "Mitsugi's Christmas (short story)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
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                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Mitsugi's%20Christmas%20(short%20story)/"
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            "title_sort": "mitsugischristmasshortstory",
            "description": "Short story by Jennifer \"Emiko\" Kuida about Mitsugi Yamamoto, an elderly widower at the Keiro Retirement Home in Los Angeles who waits to hear from his busy lawyer daughter and his grandchildren on Christmas Day. Julia, a younger Yonsei volunteer nurse, keeps him company sometimes and listens to his stories of the past, particularly his time at Seabrook Farms, New Jersey, where he and his wife Sumi moved after leaving Manzanar.",
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            "mediatype_label": "Short Stories",
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            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Family – blessing or curse",
                "Forgiveness",
                "Love and sacrifice",
                "Optimism – power or folly"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "No availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Mitsuye and Nellie: Asian American Poets (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Mitsuye%20and%20Nellie:%20Asian%20American%20Poets%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Mitsuye%20and%20Nellie:%20Asian%20American%20Poets%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "mitsuyeandnellieasianamericanpoetsfilm",
            "description": "One of the earliest documentaries to broach the topic of Japanese American wartime incarceration, Mitsuye and Nellie profiles Asian American poets Mitsuye Yamada and Nellie Wong, showing them reading their poetry, meeting their family and visiting the Minidoka and Angel Island sites.",
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                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Expression through art",
                "Female roles",
                "Power of words",
                "Role of women"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Molly Donnelly (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Molly%20Donnelly%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Molly%20Donnelly%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "mollydonnellybook",
            "description": "Written for younger teen readers (6th-9th grade), Molly Donnelly by Jean Thesman chronicles the life of a young Irish American girl from ages 12 through 16 during World War II in Seattle, Washington. Serving as a subplot of the novel, one of Molly's best friends is her next door neighbor, Emily Tanaka, who along with her family is sent to an incarceration camp for the duration of the war. While on a picnic at the beach on Sunday December 7 with Emily and another friend Louise, Molly's Uncle Charlie suddenly runs up to them to say that the Japanese have bombed Pearl Harbor. Emily, who moved to Washington from Honolulu three years prior, still has family in Hawai'i and frantically runs home.",
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                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [],
            "rg_genre": [],
            "rg_theme": [],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Months of Waiting, 1942-1945 (exhibition)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Months%20of%20Waiting,%201942-1945%20(exhibition)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Months%20of%20Waiting,%201942-1945%20(exhibition)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "monthsofwaiting19421945exhibition",
            "description": "The first group exhibition of art created in the wartime concentration camps. Produced by the California Historical Society in 1972 as a companion to its Executive Order 9066 photographic exhibition, Months of Waiting toured several venues from 1972 to 1974.",
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                "exhibitions"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Museum Exhibitions",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-university",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 3-5",
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Art",
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Expression through Art",
                "Displacement",
                "Injustice"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "No availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "The Moon Bridge (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
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                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/The%20Moon%20Bridge%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "moonbridge",
            "description": "Ruthie Fox and her best friend Shirl are fifth graders at a San Francisco elementary school. After the attack on Pearl Harbor, a new student named Mitzi Fujimoto joins the neighboring fifth grade class. Ruthie steps in to stop Shirl and a classmate from bullying Mitzi. As a result, Ruthie is disinvited from Shirl's exclusive birthday party at the Japanese Tea Garden—recently renamed the \"Chinese\" Tea Garden. Left behind, Ruthie and Mitzi begin talking and agree that the Moon Bridge in the tea garden is the most beautiful place in the world. Over time, Ruthie's apprehension about befriending Mitzi fades as the girls play at Ruthie's secret places after school, share movie star crushes, and look for buried treasure. Mitzi shares her greatest secret: that she does not live in their school district and is using a family friend's address to attend their school. Ruthie promises to keep Mitzi's secret and their families begin to grow closer as well.",
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                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [],
            "rg_genre": [],
            "rg_theme": [],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "A More Perfect Union: Japanese Americans and the U.S. Constitution (exhibition)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/A%20More%20Perfect%20Union:%20Japanese%20Americans%20and%20the%20U.S.%20Constitution%20(exhibition)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/A%20More%20Perfect%20Union:%20Japanese%20Americans%20and%20the%20U.S.%20Constitution%20(exhibition)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "moreperfectunionjapaneseamericans",
            "description": "In 1987, the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of American History (NMAH) opened A More Perfect Union: Japanese Americans and the US Constitution (MPU), an exhibition on the World War II Japanese American detention centers designed to coincide with the anniversary of the signing of the Constitution. Though the creation of an exhibition that exemplified a moment of weakness for the Constitution was opposed by some, the exhibition stayed long past its intended term and was replaced with a permanent online version even after its physical removal in 2004.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "exhibitions"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Museum Exhibitions",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-university",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Will to survive",
                "Patriotism - positive side or complications",
                "Nationalism - complications",
                "Immigrant experience",
                "Evils of racism"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Morning Glory, Evening Shadow: Yamato Ichihashi and His Internment Writings, 1942-1945 (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Morning%20Glory,%20Evening%20Shadow:%20Yamato%20Ichihashi%20and%20His%20Internment%20Writings,%201942-1945%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Morning%20Glory,%20Evening%20Shadow:%20Yamato%20Ichihashi%20and%20His%20Internment%20Writings,%201942-1945%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "morninggloryeveningshadowyamatoichihashiandhisinternmentwritings19421945book",
            "description": "The incarceration experiences of Yamato Ichihashi, the first endowed chair of East Asian Studies at Stanford University, and his wife, Kei, as told through their own words.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Non fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Disillusionment and dreams",
                "Family - blessing or curse"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Most Honorable Son (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Most%20Honorable%20Son%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Most%20Honorable%20Son%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "mosthonorablesonfilm",
            "description": "Documentary film that profiles Nisei war hero Ben Kuroki, tracing his life from his Nebraska childhood, his fight to be allowed to serve in the military after the attack on Pearl Harbor, his bombing missions over Europe and Japan, and his visits to American concentration camps in which Japanese Americans were held. Kuroki tells much of the story in his own words, which are augmented by many interviews with crew members who flew with him in both Europe and Japan. In addition to archival footage and photographs, the filmmakers also film reenactments of a few key episodes. Among the incidents highlighted are the dramatic raid on the Ploesti oilfields in what is now Romania, one of Kuroki's last missions in Europe; his speech before the Commonweath Club in San Francisco upon his return; and his visit to the Heart Mountain concentration camp of which inmates Eiichi Sakauye, Jack Tono, and James Sakoda provide various perspectives. The film ends with the 2005 ceremony at which he received the Distinguished Service Medal and his speech at that event. Directed by Bill Kubota for KDN Films and NET Television, the title Most Honorable Son comes from the nickname given to him by his squadron members.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary",
                "Biography"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "War - glory, necessity, pain, tragedy",
                "Heroism - real or perceived"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "The Moved-Outers (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/The%20Moved-Outers%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/The%20Moved-Outers%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "movedouters",
            "description": "Landmark novel for teenagers by Florence Crannell Means about a Japanese American family's forced removal and incarceration that was published in 1945 by Houghton Mifflin. One of the most popular and acclaimed writers of children's books at that time, Means' book was a runner up for the John Newbery Medal in 1946, the most prestigious award for children's literature.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [],
            "rg_genre": [],
            "rg_theme": [],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Moving Day (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Moving%20Day%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Moving%20Day%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "movingdayfilm",
            "description": "UCLA student film that dramatizes the wartime eviction of a Japanese American farming family. Silent scenes of a family of five (presumably two Issei parents and their three Nisei children) eating, packing their possessions, making musubi for the voyage, and other preparations for removal are accompanied by first-person narration by a female voice, presumably the daughter of the family. The film begins with the words of John DeWitt read in his voice justifying the need for the forced removal of Japanese Americans. The film ends with a coda about the passage of time and how many have forgotten—or have never known about—the events depicted. Moving Day is one of the first—if not the first—film by a Japanese American that depicts the travails of World War II.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Drama",
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Evils of racism",
                "Power of the past",
                "Injustice"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "No availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "The Music Man of Manzanar (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/The%20Music%20Man%20of%20Manzanar%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/The%20Music%20Man%20of%20Manzanar%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "musicmanofmanzanar",
            "description": "A short documentary film by Brian Tadashi Maeda about Lou Frizzell, who came to the World War II American concentration camp at Manzanar to teach drama and music to the Japanese American high school students who were imprisoned there. The film includes interviews with his former students, who were inspired by Frizell's ability to help the students temporarily forget their circumstances and lose themselves to the beauty and power of music and the joy of being young. The film also includes re-enactments of Manzanar High students performing parts of Frizzell's operetta Loud and Clear. The second half of the film turns its attention to Arnold Maeda, the filmmaker's older brother and a student of Frizzell's who performed in Loud and Clear; we attend a 2002 ceremony at Santa Monica High School in which Maeda and other Japanese American students receive the diplomas they were denied by the mass incarceration and visit the grand opening of the Manzanar Visitors Center in 2004. Music Man was funded by a grant from the California Civil Liberties Public Education Program and released in 2005.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Expression through art",
                "Optimism – power or folly",
                "Power of the past"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "My Friends Behind Barbed Wire (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/My%20Friends%20Behind%20Barbed%20Wire%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/My%20Friends%20Behind%20Barbed%20Wire%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "myfriendsbehindbarbedwirefilm",
            "description": "Short film that tells the story of the Rev. Emery Andrews, pastor of the Japanese Baptist Church in Seattle, and his family and their support of Japanese Americans during their World War II ordeal. The story is largely told through an interview with Brooks Andrews, Emery's son, and through historical photographs, including images from the Andrews family. Brooks provides an overview of the forced removal and incarceration and his childhood recollections of his Nisei friends being taken away. He also recounts the Andrews' family's move to Twin Falls, Idaho, so as to continue to serve the congregation that had been incarcerated at the nearby Minidoka concentration camp and the discrimination they faced from the local community. He also cites parallels to the contemporary treatment of Muslim Americans.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 7-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary",
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Heroism – real and perceived",
                "Individual versus society"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "My Friend Suki (short story)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/My%20Friend%20Suki%20(short%20story)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/My%20Friend%20Suki%20(short%20story)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "myfriendsukishortstory",
            "description": "Short story by Vera Arvey about a Nisei woman whose wartime incarceration along with a run of familial tragedies lead to a breakdown and residence in a mental hospital. The narrator of the story begins by sending a Christmas present to Suki, but doesn't hear back for several weeks, when she gets a notice that Suki has been sent to a mental hospital. Through correspondence with various friends and her own recollections, she pieces together the story starting with Suki's Issei parents' immigration, the impact of exclusion and incarceration, the string of events leading to her current state, and Suki's most recent, hopeful, letter.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-file-text",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Disillusionment and dreams",
                "Displacement",
                "Facing darkness"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "My Life with a Thousand Characters (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/My%20Life%20with%20a%20Thousand%20Characters%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/My%20Life%20with%20a%20Thousand%20Characters%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "mylifewithathousandcharactersbook",
            "description": "The creator of numerous Hanna-Barbera characters including those from Scooby Doo tells his life story, including his childhood as a Nisei in Los Angeles and his experience incarcerated at Manzanar concentration camp.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Memoir"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Coming of age",
                "Expression through art",
                "Overcoming - fear, weakness, vice"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "My Mother's Music (short story)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/My%20Mother's%20Music%20(short%20story)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/My%20Mother's%20Music%20(short%20story)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "mymothersmusicshortstory",
            "description": "Short story by Lydia Yuri Minatoya told from the perspective of a Sansei woman recalling her Kibei mother's various stories—and silences—about the family history. The narrator's mother recalls her Issei mother's banishment from the family after she had an affair with a Filipino immigrant patron of the family-run pool hall and how she never saw her mother again. The mother also recalls her own arranged marriage while in Heart Mountain, but can recall little—or is unwilling to talk about—details of her and her family's wartime incarceration. My Mother's Music appeared in the fifth volume of the Fusion series published by the Asian American Studies Department at San Francisco State University. Minatoya later published a memoir titled Talking to High Monks in the Snow: An Asian-American Odyssey (1989)—which includes \"My Mother's Music\" as its first chapter—as well as a novel, The Strangeness of Beauty (2001).",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-file-text",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Power of the past",
                "Power of silence",
                "Role of women"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "My Name Is Yoshiko (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/My%20Name%20Is%20Yoshiko%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/My%20Name%20Is%20Yoshiko%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "mynameisyoshikobook",
            "description": "Memoir of an ordinary Nisei woman that includes her wartime incarceration in American concentration camps. Yoshiko Kawaguchi (born in 1921) was the eldest daughter in a farm family in Downey, California. After attending sewing school, World War II hits and the family ends up in the horse stalls of Santa Anita, then in the Rohwer, Arkansas, concentration camp. Resettling in Michigan, she eventually gets a job at a fancy restaurant. She meets and marries a Nisei from Kaua'i and settles in Chicago, where her sisters and parents also eventually settle. Her husband becomes a mail carrier, and they adopt a girl. Later, they move to back to Downey and retire in Kaua'i.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 7-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Memoir"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Names – power and significance",
                "Optimism – power or folly",
                "Role of women",
                "Working class struggles"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Nakamura Comes Home (short story)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Nakamura%20Comes%20Home%20(short%20story)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Nakamura%20Comes%20Home%20(short%20story)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "nakamuracomeshomeshortstory",
            "description": "Short story about the return of a Nisei veteran to his California hometown by Henry H. Hayden. Kido Nakamura, with his chest full of medals and a limp due to a war wound, returns to Bonneville, where he had grown up as an orphan, and been on his own since age fourteen, until his forced removal to Tanforan. From camp, he joined the 442nd and served in Europe. He stops first at the hotel where he used to live and work, but a former co-worker tells him that the new owners are unwelcoming. He walks through he town, seeing racist signs, tangible evidence of anti-Japanese sentiment. Walking out to a farm he thinks he can get a job at, he is harassed by drunks and ponders his future in the town.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-file-text",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Evils of racism",
                "Injustice",
                "Totalitarianism"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Nasakenai (short story)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Nasakenai%20(short%20story)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Nasakenai%20(short%20story)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "nasakenaishortstory",
            "description": "Short story about an Issei couple in the San Francisco Bay area in the aftermath of the attack on Pearl Harbor. Both work as servants—the husband as a gardener and the wife as a maid—for prominent white families in a wealthy adjacent community and support three children at home, with a son in the army. After the attack, the husband goes to work and is assured by his employer that she will not fire him despite community pressure to do so. But the wife, who has worked for the family of a prominent lawyer for over a decade, is fired, since the lawyer represents a farming organization that supports anti-Japanese actions. An Issei gardener who works for the same family is also fired. Afterwards, the wife visits briefly with the family of the gardener and goes home to work on her garden, vowing that things will be okay.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-file-text",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Historical Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Evils of racism",
                "Facing reality",
                "Will to survive",
                "Working class struggles"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Nebraska's Nisei (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Nebraska's%20Nisei%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Nebraska's%20Nisei%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "nebraskasniseifilm",
            "description": "Documentary film produced by the University of Nebraska that tells the story of three Nisei from Heart Mountain who left camp to attend the University of Nebraska through the National Japanese American Student Relocation Council during World War II. The three are Pat Sano, Marie Yamashita Snell, and Tom Shiokari. The story is told through interviews, historical photographs, and unidentified home movie type footage of Heart Mountain. No credits are listed for the production of the film. A nine minute version is available on the University of Nebraska's YouTube channel.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Importance of community"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Nihonjin Face (play)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Nihonjin%20Face%20(play)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Nihonjin%20Face%20(play)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "nihonjinfaceplay",
            "description": "Short play for school audiences by Janet Hayakawa and Tere Martínez that juxtaposes the Japanese American incarceration with the Civil Rights Movement and anti-immigrant sentiment in the present.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "plays"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Plays",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-ticket",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 3-5",
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Circle of life",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Progress – real or illusion",
                "Wisdom of experience"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Nikkei Style (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Nikkei%20Style%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Nikkei%20Style%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "nikkeistylefilm",
            "description": "Personal essay on being Japanese American by Sansei filmmaker Steven Okazaki, narrated in his first person voice. Beginning his journey at a family mochizuki event in Oxnard, California, he explores his family history, taking us to the house he grew up in in Venice, California, and telling us what he knows of his mother's and father's families, including their World War II incarceration (his mother went to Santa Anita, then Amache, his father to Heart Mountain) and featuring a brief interview with his mother. In search of more information about his father's side, he goes to Japan to visit a distant cousin and to Hawai'i to visit one of his father's old army buddies, from whom he learns much. The film ends with footage from various bon dances in Hawai'i and the continental U.S, which Okazaki cites as a living symbol of being Japanese American. Along the way, Okazaki muses on aspects of Japanese American culture, the differences between Japanese Americans in the continental U.S. and Hawai'i, and the lingering impact of the World War II incarceration.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Change versus tradition",
                "Importance of community",
                "Power of tradition",
                "Quest for discovery"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "The Nisei Farmer (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/The%20Nisei%20Farmer%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/The%20Nisei%20Farmer%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "niseifarmerthe",
            "description": "Short dramatic film about a Nisei couple, Hank (Steven Kondo) and Aki (Jude Narita), who farm in Northern California. When news of the Civil Liberties Act of 1988 spreads, Hank becomes morose and angry, as it triggers boyhood memories of his family's incarceration, which are shown in flashback scenes. He also lashes out at Aki, who did not go to camp, when she suggests they use the money to go on a vacation. But after further thought and reflection on the incarceration and redress, he recognizes the source of his anger and comes around to the idea of going away.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Short"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Communication – verbal and nonverbal",
                "Injustice",
                "Power of the past",
                "Power of the past"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "The Nisei Monologues: Children of the Camps (play)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/The%20Nisei%20Monologues:%20Children%20of%20the%20Camps%20(play)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/The%20Nisei%20Monologues:%20Children%20of%20the%20Camps%20(play)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "niseimonologues",
            "description": "Three actor play in which the actors give monologues adapted from actual words of Japanese Americans about incarceration, covering the range of the experience from witnessing Japanese planes flying overhead to attack Pearl Harbor, to the arrests of Issei community leaders, the roundup of Japanese Americans, and resistance and cooperation in the concentration camps. Though most pieces are not attributed, first person narratives by Min Yasui, James Sakamoto, and Joe Kurihara are noted. In between the monologues are stories from Japanese mythology and statements by various government officials both in support of and opposing the forced removal and incarceration.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "plays"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Plays",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-ticket",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Displacement",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Hazards of passing judgment",
                "Injustice",
                "Patriotism – positive side or complications"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 9-12"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "No availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Nisei Odyssey: The Camp Years (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Nisei%20Odyssey:%20The%20Camp%20Years%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Nisei%20Odyssey:%20The%20Camp%20Years%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "niseiodysseythecampyearsbook",
            "description": "Nisei's recollections of his experiences incarcerated in an assembly center and concentration camp during World War II as well as a recounting of various stories he remembers hearing from others both before and during the war.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Memoir"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Displacement",
                "Facing reality",
                "Injustice",
                "Patriotism - positive side or complications",
                "Rights - individual or societal",
                "War - glory, necessity, pain, tragedy"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Nisei Soldier: Standard Bearer for an Exiled People (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Nisei%20Soldier:%20Standard%20Bearer%20for%20an%20Exiled%20People%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Nisei%20Soldier:%20Standard%20Bearer%20for%20an%20Exiled%20People%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "niseisoldierstandardbearerforanexiledpeoplefilm",
            "description": "Influential documentary film by Loni Ding that was the first of many to specifically focus on the story of Japanese Americans who served in the armed forces during World War II.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Patriotism - positive side or complications",
                "Injustice",
                "Heroism - real or perceived"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Nisei Stories of Wartime Japan (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Nisei%20Stories%20of%20Wartime%20Japan%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Nisei%20Stories%20of%20Wartime%20Japan%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "niseistoriesofwartimejapanfilm",
            "description": "Documentary film by Mary McDonald and Thomas McDonald Mazawa that tells the story of Nisei who were trapped in Japan during World War II based on interviews with ten such Nisei.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Displacement",
                "Facing darkness",
                "Nationalism – complications",
                "Self-preservation"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "The Nisei: The Pride and the Shame (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/The%20Nisei:%20The%20Pride%20and%20the%20Shame%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/The%20Nisei:%20The%20Pride%20and%20the%20Shame%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "niseitheprideandtheshame",
            "description": "Documentary film centering on the Japanese American wartime experience that was part of CBS television's weekly The Twentieth Century series. The half-hour episode was the first retrospective documentary on the wartime exclusion and incarceration experience.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Injustice",
                "War - glory, pain, necessity, tragedy"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "No-No Boy (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/No-No%20Boy%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/No-No%20Boy%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "nonoboybook",
            "description": "In 1956, Nisei writer John Okada wrote No-No Boy, a novel that explored the predicament of a Japanese American World War II conscientious objector, having served time in prison for refusing to serve in the military, who returns home only to face the consequences of his decision. Upon arriving in his former neighborhood, he is met with hostility and despair. He discovers that his mother delusionally believes that Japan has won the war, and his younger brother—ashamed of Ichiro's decision to refuse the draft—abruptly quits high school to join the army himself. In the course of the novel, Ichiro's inner conflict grows to reflect the racial tension and residual anguish following the war and his individual guilt represents the conflict of the country at large.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Historical Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Convention and rebellion",
                "Family – blessing or curse",
                "Heroism – real and perceived",
                "Individual versus society",
                "Patriotism – positive side or complications"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "No-No Boy (play)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/No-No%20Boy%20(play)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/No-No%20Boy%20(play)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "nonoboyplay",
            "description": "2010 play by Ken Narasaki based on John Okada's classic 1957 novel. While the play largely followed the plot of the novel, the decision to change the ending to a \"happy\" one proved controversial.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "plays"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Plays",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-ticket",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Convention and rebellion",
                "Family – blessing or curse",
                "Heroism – real and perceived",
                "Individual versus society",
                "Role of men"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "No availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Nurse of Manzanar: A Japanese American's World War II Journey",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Nurse%20of%20Manzanar:%20A%20Japanese%20American's%20World%20War%20II%20Journey/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Nurse%20of%20Manzanar:%20A%20Japanese%20American's%20World%20War%20II%20Journey/"
            },
            "title_sort": "nurseofmanzanarajapaneseamericansworldwariijourney",
            "description": "Edited diary of Toshiko Eto Nakamura (1910–94), a nurse who volunteered to work at the hospital in Manzanar during World War II.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Non Fiction",
                "Memoir"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Displacement",
                "Facing reality",
                "Importance of community",
                "Overcoming - fear, weakness, vice",
                "Role of women"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Nurse of Manzanar: A Japanese American's World War II Journey (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Nurse%20of%20Manzanar:%20A%20Japanese%20American's%20World%20War%20II%20Journey%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Nurse%20of%20Manzanar:%20A%20Japanese%20American's%20World%20War%20II%20Journey%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "nurseofmanzanarajapaneseamericansworldwariijourneybook",
            "description": "Edited diary of Toshiko Eto Nakamura (1910–94), a nurse who volunteered to work at the hospital in Manzanar during World War II.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Non Fiction",
                "Memoir"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Displacement",
                "Facing reality",
                "Importance of community",
                "Overcoming - fear, weakness, vice",
                "Role of women"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Nurse (short story)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Nurse%20(short%20story)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Nurse%20(short%20story)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "nurseshortstory",
            "description": "Short story by Masaharu Hane centering on an Issei man on a train in the Southwest during World War II. Spotting a Nisei young woman fellow passenger—one of the few \"Japanese\" on the train—sitting next to a white soldier, the narrator passes time on the trip by conjuring various unlikely scenarios that explain her travel circumstances, before learning the rather mundane truth. Originally published in a Poston Japanese language literary publication, \"Nurse\" was included in the 1991 literary anthology The Big Aiiieeeee!",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-file-text",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Communication – verbal and nonverbal",
                "Hazards of passing judgment"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Of Civil Wrongs and Rights: The Fred Korematsu Story (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Of%20Civil%20Wrongs%20and%20Rights:%20The%20Fred%20Korematsu%20Story%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Of%20Civil%20Wrongs%20and%20Rights:%20The%20Fred%20Korematsu%20Story%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "ofcivilwrongsandrightsthefredkorematsustoryfilm",
            "description": "Documentary film by Eric Paul Fournier that chronicles the story of American civil rights hero, Fred Korematsu, whose refusal to obey orders prohibiting Japanese Americans from remaining on the West Coast led to a landmark Supreme Court case.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Injustice",
                "Rights - individual or societal"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "O Furo (The Bath) (short story)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/O%20Furo%20(The%20Bath)%20(short%20story)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/O%20Furo%20(The%20Bath)%20(short%20story)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "ofurothebathshortstory",
            "description": "Short story by Jeanne Wakatsuki Houston about an elderly woman in an unspecified American concentration camp during the World War II. Yuki, a seventy-three year old widow, lives with her grandson, Dixon, a separate barracks room away from the rest of the family. When the falling snow reminds her of Japan, she prevails on Dixon to help her build a Japanese style furo, which they accomplish using scrap lumber and a discarded metal drum. Sitting in the tub, she reflects contentedly on her life.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-file-text",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Historical Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Beauty of simplicity",
                "Fulfillment",
                "Nature as beauty"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Ohakamairi: A Visit to the Graves (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Ohakamairi:%20A%20Visit%20to%20the%20Graves%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Ohakamairi:%20A%20Visit%20to%20the%20Graves%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "ohakamairiavisittothegravesfilm",
            "description": "Short documentary student film by Janice D. Tanaka that focuses on the annual pilgrimages to Manzanar made by Buddhist Rev. Sentoku Maeda. Shot in 16mm black and white while a student at the University of Southern California (USC), Tanaka's film lets Maeda tell his story in his own voice, accompanied by historical photos and footage of Maeda at the Manzanar site. Incarcerated at Manzanar as a young man, he recalls the Buddhist services held there despite administrative opposition. He talks about the \"I-re-to\" memorial and his promise to visit the graves at Manzanar once the war is over. For the next twenty plus years, he came back to perform memorial services, sometimes alone. The film ends with his recognition of the \"young people\" who have turned his lonely pilgrimage into a community event starting in 1969.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Isolation",
                "Power of tradition",
                "Reunion"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "No availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Okage Sama De (I Am What I Am Because of You) (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Okage%20Sama%20De%20(I%20Am%20What%20I%20Am%20Because%20of%20You)%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Okage%20Sama%20De%20(I%20Am%20What%20I%20Am%20Because%20of%20You)%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "okagesamadeiamwhatiambecauseofyoufilm",
            "description": "Filmed version of storyteller Alton Takiyama-Chung performing a one-person show mostly centering on the stories of Japanese American soldiers during World War II.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Heroism – real and perceived",
                "Vulnerability of the strong",
                "War – glory, necessity, pain, tragedy"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "The Old Man on Crutches (short story)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/The%20Old%20Man%20on%20Crutches%20(short%20story)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/The%20Old%20Man%20on%20Crutches%20(short%20story)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "oldmanoncrutches",
            "description": "Short story by Setsuko Nagata about the title character whom the narrator meets while serving as a waitress at a Tanforan Assembly Center mess hall. The man, named Mr. Mine, takes a liking to the narrator and shares Chinese poetry with her. When they move to the Topaz, Utah, concentration camp, he visits her on occasion, but when he requests repatriation, he moves to Tule Lake. The narrator hears that he eventually did return to his native Kumamoto, Japan.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-file-text",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Companionship as salvation",
                "Power of words",
                "Wisdom of experience"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Old Man River (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Old%20Man%20River%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Old%20Man%20River%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "oldmanriverfilm",
            "description": "Filmed version of Cynthia Gates Fujikawa's one-woman play of the same name about her search to unearth the secrets in the life of her father, actor Jerry Fujikawa. The play premiered in New York in 1997. Gates and documentary film director Allan Holzman filmed her performances during the run of the play in Los Angeles in early 1998. To try to recapture the effect of Fujikawa talking directly to the audience, Holzman positioned cameras on stage that she could talk into and added additional historic photographs and video. Premiering later in 1998, the film version went to play in various film festivals, community screenings and Days of Remembrance in succeeding years. The DVD version of the film also includes Fujikawa's 2003 documentary, Day of Remembrance.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Biography",
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Family – blessing or curse",
                "Power of the past",
                "Power of silence",
                "Quest for discovery"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Old Man River (play)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
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                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Old%20Man%20River%20(play)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "oldmanriverplay",
            "description": "One-woman play about the playwright's search for the truth about her actor father's life story. Jerry Fujikawa was a successful Nisei actor after World War II who worked steadily in character roles in movies and television and who did well enough to own a home and put three children through college. But after his death in 1983, playwright and performer Cynthia Gates Fujikawa found a picture of her father with a woman who is not her mother and a little girl who looks like her, but is not. Old Man River documents her search for her father's history, in which his wartime incarceration at Manzanar and stint in the 442nd Regimental Combat Team play a key role.",
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                "plays"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Plays",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-ticket",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Family – blessing or curse",
                "Power of the past",
                "Power of silence",
                "Quest for discovery"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "One of Many (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/One%20of%20Many%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/One%20of%20Many%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "oneofmanyfilm",
            "description": "Short dramatic film written and directed by Byron Yokomi centering on George Miyamoto, a young man at one of the Arkansas concentration camps facing major life decisions brought on by the loyalty questionnaire crisis. Yokomi made the film as an MFA student at Florida State University.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Drama"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Injustice",
                "Disillusionment and dreams",
                "Patriotism - positive side or complications"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "One-Two-One-Seven (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/One-Two-One-Seven%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/One-Two-One-Seven%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "onetwoonesevenfilm",
            "description": "Documentary film by Brett Kodama about the experiences of his grandmother, Sharon Shizuko Okazaki Kodama, at Manzanar. Just three years old when she and her family were forcibly removed from their Southern California home and sent to Manzanar, Okazaki Kodama's Issei father killed her Kibei mother in September 1942. She and her older sister spent the rest of the war at the Manzanar Children's Village, the camp orphanage. They were raised after the war by an aunt and uncle in Washington state. Okazaki Kodama recalls her memories of the camp and the orphanage, talks about her parents' deaths and reflects on the impact on the incarceration over visuals that include archival photographs and footage, photographs from her own family album, and images of the Manzanar National Historic Site today. The title refers to the Okazaki's family number at Manzanar.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Family – blessing or curse",
                "Growing up – pain or pleasure",
                "Power of the past"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "One with the Angels (short story)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
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                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/One%20with%20the%20Angels%20(short%20story)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "onewiththeangelsshortstory",
            "description": "Short story by Yachiyo Uehara about a young woman's death shortly after leaving the concentration camps. The story begins in the present when Saye sees an editorial cartoon in a Japanese American newspaper that laments the fact that the $20,000 reparations payments advocated by the Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians (CWRIC) would be too late for many former inmates. She then recalls her younger sister Yoko's story and how even a fraction of that money might have changed its course. Imprisoned in Heart Mountain with her family, Yoko leaves for New York City in 1944 and soon finds a good job and a nice apartment. The widowed Saye and her young son soon join Yoko and have a joyous reunion and initially enjoy their new life. But a demanding job and active social life—including an ill-fated lover affair—drain Yoko, and she is soon diagnosed with tuberculosis, which leads to her untimely death at age twenty-six.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-file-text",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Death – inevitable or tragedy",
                "Facing darkness",
                "Loss of innocence",
                "Power of the past"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Only the Brave (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Only%20the%20Brave%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Only%20the%20Brave%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "onlythebravefilm",
            "description": "Feature film that dramatizes the rescue of the \"Lost Battalion\" by the 442nd Regimental Combat Team in France and its aftermath.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "War",
                "Drama"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Death – inevitable or tragedy",
                "Power of the past",
                "Role of men",
                "War – glory, necessity, pain, tragedy"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Only What We Could Carry: The Santa Anita Assembly Center (exhibition)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Only%20What%20We%20Could%20Carry:%20The%20Santa%20Anita%20Assembly%20Center%20(exhibition)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Only%20What%20We%20Could%20Carry:%20The%20Santa%20Anita%20Assembly%20Center%20(exhibition)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "onlywhatwecouldcarrythesantaanitaassemblycenterexhibition",
            "description": "Temporary exhibition at the Ruth and Charles Gilb Arcadia Historical Museum about the nearby detention facility. Drawing on photographs, objects, and issues of the Santa Anita Pacemaker in the museum's collection, Only What We Could Carry opened in November 2009. The museum also includes the story of the Santa Anita Assembly Center as part of its permanent gallery on the history of Arcadia.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "exhibitions"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Museum Exhibitions",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-university",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 3-5",
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Displacement",
                "Injustice"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "On the Go: Little Tokyo (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/On%20the%20Go:%20Little%20Tokyo%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/On%20the%20Go:%20Little%20Tokyo%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "onthegolittletokyofilm",
            "description": "Segment of Jack Linkletter's On the Go television show set in Little Tokyo that focuses on the wartime incarceration and its aftermath. Linkletter interviews three Japanese Americans on the sidewalks of Little Tokyo: Eiji Tanabe (referred to only as \"Mr. Tanabe\"), a Nisei businessman who had been active in the Japanese American Citizens League (JACL) before and after the war; Mr. Shimizu, the Issei owner of Asahi Shoe Store; and John Aiso, then a municipal court judge. In Tanabe's segment, the longest, he describes his work for the JACL (which is not referred to by name), the loss of his hotel businesses—for which he received token compensation through the Evacuation Claims Act—and his \"voluntary evacuation\" to his hometown of Spokane, before returning to Los Angeles and starting a travel business. Shimizu describes in halting English his arrest on the night of December 7 and subsequent internment in San Pedro and Montana (presumably Missoula) camps. Aiso recounts his story of being in the military and eventually assuming head instructor status of the Military Intelligence Service Language School. Linkletter asks each if they are bitter, which none claim to be. The only one to express any anger is Fumi Hirata, the daughter of Shimizu, brought in at the end of his segment, who says that upon his arrest, \"we were mad, aggravated, upset, scared....\"",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Drama"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Power of the past"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Otoko (short story)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Otoko%20(short%20story)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Otoko%20(short%20story)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "otokoshortstory",
            "description": "Short story by Wakako Yamauchi centering on a Nisei brother and sister who recall their father and their family's prewar and wartime hardships while listening to Japanese folksongs. On the longest day of the year one summer, Kiyo visits his sister, the narrator, bringing a record of Japanese children's songs. The act of listening to the songs triggers memories of their early years. Once relatively prosperous, their fortunes turn dire quickly when their father loses his job. He becomes a tenant farmer, but can't make enough to support the family. Kiyo recalls a time when he went with his father to visit a friend, Kiyo thinks, to ask to borrow money. The narrator recalls working as a \"school girl\" with a white family for a few months, returning to find her family living in a tent, her little sister's teeth rotting, and her father suffering from a stomach ailment. Later, they live in a boarding house, where her mother cooks for the tenants; the narrator recounts an attempted sexual assault by one of them. Their parents' dream of returning to Japan are dashed forever by the family's wartime incarceration as Japanese Americans. While the narrator leaves camp early to work in Chicago and Kiyo ends up in Tule Lake, one of the Nisei who renounces his citizenship, their father dies in camp just prior to the camp's closing after the end of the war.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-file-text",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Historical Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Disillusionment and dreams",
                "Growing up – pain or pleasure",
                "Immigrant experience",
                "Loss of innocence",
                "Role of men",
                "Vulnerability of the meek"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Our American Family: The Furutas (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Our%20American%20Family:%20The%20Furutas%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Our%20American%20Family:%20The%20Furutas%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "ouramericanfamilythefurutasfilm",
            "description": "Episode of the television series Our American Family that focuses on a Japanese American family from Southern California. The episode premiered in February 2015.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary",
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Overcoming – fear, weakness, vice",
                "Injustice",
                "Importance of community"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Our Burden of Shame: Japanese-American Internment During World War II (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Our%20Burden%20of%20Shame:%20Japanese-American%20Internment%20During%20World%20War%20II%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Our%20Burden%20of%20Shame:%20Japanese-American%20Internment%20During%20World%20War%20II%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "ourburdenofshamejapaneseamericaninternmentduringworldwariibook",
            "description": "Book by Susan Sinnott on the wartime forced removal and incarceration of Japanese Americans intended for a middle-school audience and published by Franklin Watts in 1995.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 3-5",
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Children's",
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Displacement",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Hazards of passing judgment",
                "Injustice",
                "Patriotism – positive side or complications"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 3-5",
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Out of Infamy: Michi Nishiura Weglyn (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Out%20of%20Infamy:%20Michi%20Nishiura%20Weglyn%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Out%20of%20Infamy:%20Michi%20Nishiura%20Weglyn%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "outofinfamymichinishiuraweglynfilm",
            "description": "Documentary film profile of Michi Nishiura Weglyn, a Nisei former costume designer and Gila River inmate who wrote the landmark history of the Japanese American exclusion and incarceration, Years of Infamy. The seventeen-minute film, written, produced and directed by Nancy Kapitanoff and Sharon Yamato, includes footage of The Perry Como Show, which Weglyn designed for and also served as a recurring on camera character on, as well as interviews with Weglyn and those who knew her. The film and an associated website were funded in part by grants from the California Civil Liberties Public Education Program. Out of Infamy was screened at several film festivals and community events and won a special jury mention at the 2010 Tribeca Film Festival.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Injustice",
                "Role of women"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Out of the Frying Pan: Reflections of a Japanese American (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Out%20of%20the%20Frying%20Pan:%20Reflections%20of%20a%20Japanese%20American%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Out%20of%20the%20Frying%20Pan:%20Reflections%20of%20a%20Japanese%20American%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "outofthefryingpanreflectionsofajapaneseamericanbook",
            "description": "A prominent journalist reflects on his life and career, including the difficult years during World War II during which he and his family were incarcerated because of their Japanese ancestry.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Memoir"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Heroism - real and perceived",
                "Injustice"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Painting the Rainbow (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Painting%20the%20Rainbow%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Painting%20the%20Rainbow%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "paintingtherainbowbook",
            "description": "Coming-of-age novel for young readers about two thirteen-year old cousins at a New England family summer retreat in 1965 who grapple with both their changing relationship and with the discovery of family secrets stemming from the World War II period that tangentially involve the wartime incarceration of Japanese Americans.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 3-5",
                "Grades 7-8",
                "Grades 9-12"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Children's",
                "Historical Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Family – blessing or curse",
                "Coming of age",
                "Communication – verbal and nonverbal",
                "Growing up – pain or pleasure"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 3-5",
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Paper Wishes (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Paper%20Wishes%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Paper%20Wishes%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "paperwishesbook",
            "description": "Children's novel by Lois Sepahban centering on a young girl from Bainbridge Island, Washington, who turns mute when she and her family are uprooted and sent to Manzanar.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 3-5",
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Children's",
                "Historical Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Communication – verbal and nonverbal",
                "Growing up – pain or pleasure",
                "Lost love",
                "Power of silence"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 3-5"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Passing It On--A Memoir (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Passing%20It%20On--A%20Memoir%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Passing%20It%20On--A%20Memoir%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "passingitonamemoirbook",
            "description": "Leading human rights activist reflects on her life, including her insulated childhood and the wartime incarceration experience that awakened her lifelong commitment to advocacy for all marginalized peoples.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Memoir"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Coming of age",
                "Overcoming - fear, weakness, vice",
                "Rebirth",
                "Rights - individual or societal"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Passing Poston (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Passing%20Poston%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Passing%20Poston%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "passingpostonfilm",
            "description": "Documentary film that tells the story of Poston through the lives of four former inmates, Mary Higashi, Ruth Okimoto, Kiyo Sato, and Leon Uyeda. The four—who ranged in age from young adulthood to young childhood at the time of their incarceration—talk about their wartime experiences and also the continuing postwar impacts over footage of government propaganda films and archival and personal photographs.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Power of the past"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "People Aren't All Bad (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/People%20Aren't%20All%20Bad%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/People%20Aren't%20All%20Bad%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "peoplearentallbadfilm",
            "description": "Short video by Matthew Hashiguchi that centers on the wartime experience of Yutaka Kobayashi, a Nisei from San Francisco, who recalls a memorable moment of kindness from a guard at Topaz.",
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                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Companionship as salvation",
                "Darkness and light",
                "Evils of racism"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Personal Justice Denied: An Issue for All Americans (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
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                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Personal%20Justice%20Denied:%20An%20Issue%20for%20All%20Americans%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "personaljusticedeniedanissueforallamericansfilm",
            "description": "Video of a February 19, 1998, panel discussion at the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of American History on the topic of the coram nobis cases, featuring presentations by principals Fred Korematsu and Gordon Hirabayashi and lead attorneys Dale Minami, Peggy Nagae, and Rod Kawakami.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Convention and rebellion",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Injustice",
                "Power of the past"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "A Personal Matter: Gordon Hirabayashi vs. the United States (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
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            },
            "title_sort": "personalmattergordonhirabayashi",
            "description": "Documentary film on Gordon Hirabayashi and his legal challenge to the World War II-era measures against Japanese Americans during the war and the revival of that challenge forty years later. John de Graaf directed the 28-minute documentary, which tells his story in a largely chronological manner, ending with the 1980s coram nobis case verdict. In addition to Hirabayashi's own words and contemporary footage of him visiting such key locales as the Federal Court House in Seattle, where he was first tried; the King County Jail, where he was incarcerated; and his alma mater, Auburn High School, the filmmakers tell the story through interviews with two of his brothers, friends, and some of his lawyers (including Arthur Barnett, his friend and lawyer in the 1940s cases). A Personal Matter aired nationally on Public Broadcasting Service stations in 1992. Among the funders of the film are the National Commission on the Bicentennial of the U.S. Constitution, the Rose E. Tucker Charitable Trust, the Collins Foundation, the Oregon Law Foundation, and the Jackson Foundation. de Graaf had produced in earlier film on the removal and incarceration of Japanese Americans from Bainbridge Island, Visible Target, in 1985.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Injustice",
                "Character - destruction, building up",
                "Rights - individual or societal"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Picture Bride (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Picture%20Bride%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Picture%20Bride%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "picturebridebook",
            "description": "The fictional account of a picture bride, from her arrival in the U.S. to the life she and her husband create for themselves with their daughter, to her experience of incarceration during World War II.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Historical fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Change versus tradition",
                "Disillusionment and dreams",
                "Displacement",
                "Facing reality",
                "Female roles",
                "Immigrant experience",
                "Importance of community",
                "Will to survive"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "A Piece of Cake (short story)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
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                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/A%20Piece%20of%20Cake%20(short%20story)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "pieceofcake",
            "description": "Short story by Yachiyo Uehara that recalls friendships made while in a concentration camp. In the 1980s, a Nisei woman named Fumi is making a roast when she notices a story about a Heart Mountain reunion in the newspaper. The article triggers memories of her two years at Heart Mountain forty years prior, in particular her work as a waitress in the Block 17 mess hall. A city girl from San Francisco, she is at first treated as an outsider by fellow workers who mostly hailed from rural areas. But through her hard work and skill in the Japanese language, she wins them over, in particular the group's de facto leader, Mrs. Shirota. The story climaxes with a visit to the Shirotas' family barrack, where Mrs. Shirota has secured the rare treat of a manju (rice and sweet bean pastry) that the chefs had managed to concoct. Fumi is particularly taken with the fact that Mrs. Shirota has cut the small treat into four small pieces so that each could enjoy a piece. Back in the present, Fumi wonders if Mrs. Shirota is still alive and if she will be at the reunion.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-file-text",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Female roles",
                "Importance of community",
                "Role of women"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Piecing Memories (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Piecing%20Memories%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Piecing%20Memories%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "piecingmemoriesfilm",
            "description": "Short film about Japanese American senior citizen women in a Japanese American Services of the East Bay (JASEB) quilting class who make a quilt inspired by their World War II experiences. The seventeen minute film was made by Bridge Media for the JASEB and was funded in part by a grant from the California Civil Liberties Public Education Program.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Power of the past"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "The Pigtail Twins",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/The%20Pigtail%20Twins/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/The%20Pigtail%20Twins/"
            },
            "title_sort": "pigtailtwins",
            "description": "Children's book published in 1943 that may have been the first book-length work of fiction to mention the Japanese American exclusion and incarceration, if obliquely. The book was authored by Anne M. Halladay and published by Friendship Press.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [],
            "rg_genre": [],
            "rg_theme": [],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Pilgrimage (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Pilgrimage%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Pilgrimage%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "pilgrimagefilm",
            "description": "Documentary film that traces the origins of the first Manzanar pilgrimage in 1969 and links it to the 2005 pilgrimage and to efforts to uphold the rights of Arab and Muslim Americans after the 9/11 attacks in 2001. The film includes interviews with many of the organizers of the 1969 pilgrimage and archival footage and photographs of that event and of related events from that time. Directed and edited by Tadashi Nakamura, the film was a production of the Center for EthnoCommunications of the UCLA Asian American Studies Center in 2008. The film is dedicated to the memory of Sue Kunitomi Embrey, who passed away in 2006. It was funded in part by grants from the California Civil Liberties Public Education Fund, the UCLA in LA Center for Community Partnerships, the California Wellness Foundation, and the Center for Asian American Media.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Power of the past",
                "Fear of other"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "The Pink Dress (play)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/The%20Pink%20Dress%20(play)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/The%20Pink%20Dress%20(play)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "pinkdress",
            "description": "Children's puppet show that tells the story of a girl incarcerated with her family at Amache. Los Angeles-based playwright and Triumvirate Pi Theater Artistic Director Leslie K. Gray based the play on a story her mother, Tsuki Maruyama, told her about her childhood at Amache. By collaborating with friend and puppeteer Beth Peterson and visiting Amache with her mother, Gray came up with the concept for the play. Returning to Los Angeles, the pair collaborated with other puppeteers Sam Hale, Jamie Kim and Masanari Kawahara on the design and the concept of the show. (All served as puppeteers in the show's premiere engagement).",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "plays"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Plays",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-ticket",
            "rg_interestlevel": [],
            "rg_genre": [],
            "rg_theme": [],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": null
        },
        {
            "id": "A Place Where Sunflowers Grow (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/A%20Place%20Where%20Sunflowers%20Grow%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/A%20Place%20Where%20Sunflowers%20Grow%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "placewheresunflowersgrow",
            "description": "Children's picture book by Amy Lee-Tai and illustrated by Felicia Hoshino about Mari, a young Japanese American girl in Topaz, an American concentration camp during World War II. As the book begins, she plants sunflower seeds in the desert soil, hoping they will grow like the sunflowers in their old backyard. She recalls their prewar home, where she lived with her older brother and artist parents. At Topaz, she goes with her father to the art school he started. Initially unable to draw anything in the children's class, she slowly starts to find things to draw with the help of a supportive teacher, her father, and her new friend Aiko. After drawing a picture of her barrack with the sunflowers growing tall in front, she returns home to find little sunflower seedlings, giving her hope for the future. A final page provides biographies of the author and illustrator and some background on the book. The main text of the book is in both English and Japanese, the latter via translation by Marc Akio Lee.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 1-2",
                "Grades 3-5"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Children's",
                "Historical Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Darkness and light",
                "Empowerment",
                "Expression through art",
                "Importance of community",
                "Overcoming – fear, weakness, vice"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 1-2"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Pleasure of Plain Rice (short story)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Pleasure%20of%20Plain%20Rice%20(short%20story)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Pleasure%20of%20Plain%20Rice%20(short%20story)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "pleasureofplainriceshortstory",
            "description": "Essay/story by Hisaye Yamamoto on racial identity that focuses on her month-long stint as a domestic in Springfield, Massachusetts, during World War II. She begins the piece by noting various white Americans she knows who have changed their ethnic-sounding last names to less ethnic sounding ones, noting the futility of her doing such a thing as a Japanese American, citing the mass incarceration during World War II. Anxious to leave Poston, where she and her family ended up, she and two of her younger brothers are allowed to leave for Massachusetts in the summer of 1944. While her fifteen-year-old brother Yuke is placed in a summer camp in the Berkshires, the War Relocation Authority office in Boston assigns her and her seventeen-year-old brother Jemo to become domestic servants for a wealthy widow in Springfield. Both initially dislike the stern and formal family and the job duties that had to be completed in different uniforms. Though mostly familiar with Japanese dishes, the narrator nonetheless finds herself cooking Western-style food for the family. When finally asked to make a Japanese meal for guests, she is appalled to find the guests dousing their rice with soy sauce. After a month, the three are called back to Poston by their father after hearing of the death of her other brother, John, in Italy as a member of the 442nd Regimental Combat Team.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-file-text",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Memoir"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Desire to escape",
                "Self-awareness",
                "Working class struggles"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Point of Order: Hirabayashi vs. United States (play)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Point%20of%20Order:%20Hirabayashi%20vs.%20United%20States%20(play)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Point%20of%20Order:%20Hirabayashi%20vs.%20United%20States%20(play)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "pointoforderhirabayashivsunitedstatesplay",
            "description": "Dramatic rendering of Gordon Hirabayashi's challenge of the wartime curfew and exclusion of Japanese Americans from the West Coast by Japanese Canadian playwright R.A. Shiomi. The play debuted at the Asian American Theater Workshop in San Francisco in 1983. Scenes from a performance of the play appear in Steven Okazaki's documentary film on the wartime legal cases, Unfinished Business (1985). A second play on Hirabayashi, Jeanne Sakata's Hold These Truths, premiered at East West Players in Los Angeles in 2007.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "plays"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Plays",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-ticket",
            "rg_interestlevel": [],
            "rg_genre": [],
            "rg_theme": [],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": null
        },
        {
            "id": "Prejudice and Patriotism: Americans of Japanese Ancestry in the Military Intelligence Service of WWII (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Prejudice%20and%20Patriotism:%20Americans%20of%20Japanese%20Ancestry%20in%20the%20Military%20Intelligence%20Service%20of%20WWII%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Prejudice%20and%20Patriotism:%20Americans%20of%20Japanese%20Ancestry%20in%20the%20Military%20Intelligence%20Service%20of%20WWII%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "prejudiceandpatriotismamericansofjapaneseancestryinthemilitaryintelligenceserviceofwwiifilm",
            "description": "Documentary video that tells the story of Japanese Americans in the Military Intelligence Service during World War II, juxtaposing that story against the backdrop of the Japanese American wartime incarceration, highlighting the difficulties brought on by the loyalty questionnaire and its aftermath. Colin Powell introduces and closes the video, which is narrated by Ken Kashiwahara. The story is told using archival footage and photographs and interviews with many MIS veterans and others. No director is identified. The film was produced and funded by the Military Intelligence Service Association of Northern California and the National Japanese American Historical Society.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "War - glory, necessity, pain, tragedy",
                "Heroism - real or perceived"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "No availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Pride and Shame (exhibition)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Pride%20and%20Shame%20(exhibition)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Pride%20and%20Shame%20(exhibition)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "prideandshameexhibition",
            "description": "Early exhibition on the history of Japanese Americans in the Pacific Northwest that was one of the first to highlight the wartime incarceration experience. After its 1970 debut at the Museum of History and Industry (MOHAI) in Seattle, Washington, a traveling version of  Pride and Shame followed that toured numerous venues over the next five years. It was among several key exhibitions that reflected a growing consciousness about the incarceration from this time period.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "exhibitions"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Museum Exhibitions",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-university",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 3-5",
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Immigrant experience",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Injustice"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "No availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Prisoners and Patriots (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Prisoners%20and%20Patriots%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Prisoners%20and%20Patriots%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "prisonersandpatriotsfilm",
            "description": "Feature length documentary film on the Santa Fe detention camp. Produced, directed, and written by Neil H. Simon, Prisoners and Patriots is built around interviews of five former Sante Fe inmates, along with inmate family members, others who remember the camp, and those who have studied it. A former broadcast journalist, Simon began the film in 2005 after discovering the camp while working as a reporter in New Mexico. The film premiered in April of 2011 at the Oregon Nikkei Legacy Center in Portland and was featured in Day of Remembrance related events in 2012 in Sacramento and San Francisco.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Injustice"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Prisoners of the Empire: Educators' Guide (curricula)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Prisoners%20of%20the%20Empire:%20Educators'%20Guide%20(curricula)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Prisoners%20of%20the%20Empire:%20Educators'%20Guide%20(curricula)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "prisonersoftheempireeducatorsguidecurricula",
            "description": "This guide, produced by Random House is for the Prisoners of the Empire series of four books by Graham Salisbury of which Under the Blood-Red Sun is the first title. These young adult novels focus on Japanese Americans in Hawai'i during World War II. The other titles in the series are Eyes of the Emperor, House of the Red Fish, and Hunt for the Bamboo Rat.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "curricula"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 7-8",
                "Grades 9-12"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Coming of age",
                "Companionship as salvation",
                "Growing up - pain or pleasure",
                "War - glory, necessity, pain, tragedy",
                "Overcoming - fear, weakness, vice",
                "Patriotism - positive side or complications"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Private Life (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Private%20Life%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Private%20Life%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "privatelifebook",
            "description": "A middle-aged white woman recounts her friendship with a Japanese American family she first meets through personal tragedy; the injustice they experience, partly as a result of her own husband, leads her to a personal awakening.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Historical Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Facing reality",
                "Identity crisis",
                "Female roles",
                "Disillusionment and dreams"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Proof of Loyalty: Kazuo Yamane and the Nisei Soldiers of Hawaii (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Proof%20of%20Loyalty:%20Kazuo%20Yamane%20and%20the%20Nisei%20Soldiers%20of%20Hawaii%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Proof%20of%20Loyalty:%20Kazuo%20Yamane%20and%20the%20Nisei%20Soldiers%20of%20Hawaii%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "proofofloyaltykazuoyamaneandtheniseisoldiersofhawaiifilm",
            "description": "Documentary film on a Nisei war hero from Hawai'i who served with the Military Intelligence Service during World War II.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary",
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Heroism – real and perceived",
                "Patriotism – positive side or complications"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Question 27, Question 28 (play)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Question%2027,%20Question%2028%20(play)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Question%2027,%20Question%2028%20(play)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "question27question28play",
            "description": "Two-act documentary play by Chay Yew that was first produced in 2004. The play tells the story of the forced removal and incarceration of Japanese Americans from the West Coast and its aftermath through the voices of a variety of Japanese American and non-Japanese American women. All of the play's lines come from \"interviews, transcripts and testimonials\" by women who lived through that experience. The cast includes four characters, three Asian and one Caucasian, who read the lines, with the real life figure from whose testimony they come from first identified. Among the many women whose words are used are Yuri Kochiyama, Monica Sone, Mary Tsukamoto, Yoshiko Uchida, and many others, including some non-Japanese Americans such as teacher Eleanor Gerard Sekerak and Eleanor Roosevelt. The title of the play comes from two contentious questions on the so-called loyalty questionnaire administered to the Japanese American detainees in early 1943.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "plays"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Plays",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-ticket",
            "rg_interestlevel": [],
            "rg_genre": [],
            "rg_theme": [],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": null
        },
        {
            "id": "Rabbit in the Moon (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Rabbit%20in%20the%20Moon%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Rabbit%20in%20the%20Moon%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "rabbitinthemoonfilm",
            "description": "Documentary film written and directed by Emiko Omori and produced by Omori with her sister Chizuko on Japanese Americans in American concentration camps during World War II that highlights resistance and other lesser told stories. Winner of many awards and screened nationally on public television in 1999, Rabbit in Moon has become one of the most acclaimed and widely viewed feature length documentaries on this topic.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Convention and rebellion",
                "Injustice",
                "Power of the past",
                "Role of women"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Racial Profiling (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Racial%20Profiling%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Racial%20Profiling%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "racialprofilingbook",
            "description": "Book for middle schoolers that looks at both sides of the issue of racial profiling. One chapter focuses on the World War II exclusion and incarceration of Japanese Americans.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Young Adult"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Evils of racism",
                "Fear of other",
                "Patriotism – positive side or complications",
                "Rights - individual or societal"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Ralph Story's Los Angeles: Little Tokyo (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Ralph%20Story's%20Los%20Angeles:%20Little%20Tokyo%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Ralph%20Story's%20Los%20Angeles:%20Little%20Tokyo%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "ralphstoryslosangeleslittletokyofilm",
            "description": "Episode of the popular 1960s weekly television show featuring the Little Tokyo area of Los Angeles. Filmed largely in Little Tokyo, the program covers both the history of the neighborhood and its then current status and includes a discussion of the wartime incarceration of its population.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Importance of community",
                "Optimism – power or folly",
                "Self-reliance",
                "Social mobility"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "No availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Red Berries, White Clouds, Blue Sky (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Red%20Berries,%20White%20Clouds,%20Blue%20Sky%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Red%20Berries,%20White%20Clouds,%20Blue%20Sky%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "redberrieswhitecloudsblueskybook",
            "description": "Children's novel aimed at ages 8 to 11 by Sandra Dallas centering on the wartime incarceration experience of the Itano family at the Tallgrass, Colorado, camp, featuring as its protagonist twelve year old Tomi Itano. The book is a sequel of sorts to Dallas' adult novel, Tallgrass (2007).",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 3-5",
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Children's",
                "Historical Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Coming of age",
                "Displacement",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Role of women"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 3-5"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Redress: The JACL Campaign for Justice (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Redress:%20The%20JACL%20Campaign%20for%20Justice%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Redress:%20The%20JACL%20Campaign%20for%20Justice%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "redressthejaclcampaignforjusticefilm",
            "description": "Documentary film produced by Visual Communications for the Japanese American Citizens League (JACL) in 1991 documenting the JACL's role in the Redress Movement, which had recently culminated in the Civil Liberties Act of 1988. Written and directed by John Esaki, the film was shown at Days of Remembrances and other events. William Hohri, a frequent critic of the JACL, wrote a letter to Japanese American vernacular papers that compared the video to \"how history was manipulated in the old Soviet Union\" noting the omission of the corm nobis cases and non-JACL contributors to the movement. In response, Cherry Kinoshita, the JACL's national redress chair, noted the video's goal \"to document JACL's role in the redress effort,\" and not to tell a comprehensive story of redress.[1]",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Injustice",
                "Rights - individual or societal"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Reflections of Internment: The Art of Hawaii's Hiroshi Honda (exhibition)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Reflections%20of%20Internment:%20The%20Art%20of%20Hawaii's%20Hiroshi%20Honda%20(exhibition)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Reflections%20of%20Internment:%20The%20Art%20of%20Hawaii's%20Hiroshi%20Honda%20(exhibition)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "reflectionsofinternmenttheartofhawaiishiroshihondaexhibition",
            "description": "Exhibition of paintings by Hawai'i Kibei artist Hiroshi Honda, most of which depict the various internment and concentration camps he was held in during World War II. The paintings displayed came from a collection discovered and preserved by Honda's son, Ed Honda. Working with an ad hoc committee that included Bill Hoshijo and University of Hawai'i Professor Franklin Odo, the Hondas donated the collection to the Honolulu Academy of Art (HAA) (now the Honolulu Art Museum). With funding from the Hawaii State Foundation on Culture and the Arts and the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, Reflections of Internment opened at HAA on September 10, 1994, alongside a traveling exhibit, The View from Within: Japanese American Art from the Internment Camps, 1942–1945, a broader survey of art from the concentration camps. An accompanying thirty-three page catalog included essays by Odo and Marcia Morse and color reproductions of nineteen of the artworks; it lists a total of fifty-five works. Honda's works displayed included images from his incarceration at the Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, interment camp and the concentration camps at Jerome, Arkansas, and Tule Lake, California. Though he was also held at the Sand Island camp in Honolulu, there are no depictions of that camp. Reflections of Internment closed after a six-week run and has not been mounted since.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "exhibitions"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Museum Exhibitions",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-university",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Art"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Displacement",
                "Expression through art",
                "Injustice"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "No availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Relics from Camp: A Video Journey (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Relics%20from%20Camp:%20A%20Video%20Journey%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Relics%20from%20Camp:%20A%20Video%20Journey%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "relicsfromcampavideojourneyfilm",
            "description": "Companion film to art installation of the same name produced and directed by artist Kristine Yuko Aono and narrated in her first-person voice. Aono explains the origins of the projects and includes footage of her and her family visiting various former concentration camp sites to collect dirt and artifacts as well as installation of the exhibition in three venues. The film also features three Nisei who contributed objects to the installation talking about the significance of those objects.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Expression through art",
                "Power of the past",
                "Evils of racism"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Relics from Camp (exhibition)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Relics%20from%20Camp%20(exhibition)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Relics%20from%20Camp%20(exhibition)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "relicsfromcampexhibition",
            "description": "Art installation by Kristine Yuki Aono that debuted at the Japanese American National Museum (JANM) in 1996. The installation featured soil collected by the artist at each of the ten War Relocation Authority camp sites installed in shallow 3 x 3 square boxes on the floor with glass over them. At each venue, Aono sought community members who lent personal objects from themselves or other family members who had been in each camp that were installed in that camp's box. The exhibition was viewed by walking on the glass over the boxes.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "exhibitions"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Museum Exhibitions",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-university",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 3-5",
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Art",
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Displacement",
                "Injustice"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Relocation, Arkansas: Aftermath of Incarceration (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Relocation,%20Arkansas:%20Aftermath%20of%20Incarceration%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Relocation,%20Arkansas:%20Aftermath%20of%20Incarceration%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "relocationarkansasaftermathofincarcerationfilm",
            "description": "Documentary film by Vivienne Schiffer about the legacy of the Rohwer, Arkansas, concentration camp that focuses on the incarceration's impact on the Sansei and the role of a local mayor in preserving Rohwer's history.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Circle of life",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Power of the past",
                "Reunion",
                "Rights - individual or societal"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Relocations and Revisions: The Japanese-American Internment Reconsidered (exhibition)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Relocations%20and%20Revisions:%20The%20Japanese-American%20Internment%20Reconsidered%20(exhibition)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Relocations%20and%20Revisions:%20The%20Japanese-American%20Internment%20Reconsidered%20(exhibition)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "relocationsandrevisionsthejapaneseamericaninternmentreconsideredexhibition",
            "description": "Exhibition at the Long Beach Museum of Art featuring work inspired by the wartime expulsion and incarceration by contemporary Japanese American artists, most of whom were too young to experience the concentration camps firsthand. Opening on May 10, 1992, Relocations and Revisions also included a program of videos and well as a catalog with both print and video components.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "exhibitions"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Museum Exhibitions",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-university",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Art",
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Expression through art",
                "Displacement",
                "Injustice",
                "Evils of Racism"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Relocations and Revisions: The Japanese-American Internment Reconsidered (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Relocations%20and%20Revisions:%20The%20Japanese-American%20Internment%20Reconsidered%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Relocations%20and%20Revisions:%20The%20Japanese-American%20Internment%20Reconsidered%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "relocationsandrevisionsthejapaneseamericaninternmentreconsideredfilm",
            "description": "Companion video to the 1992 exhibition of art inspired by the wartime exclusion and incarceration at the Long Beach Museum of Art that features interviews with the mostly Sansei artists featured in the exhibition.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Expression through art",
                "Power of the past"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Remembering Manzanar (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Remembering%20Manzanar%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Remembering%20Manzanar%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "rememberingmanzanarfilm",
            "description": "Introductory video at the Manzanar National Historic Site's Visitor Center. Commissioned by the National Park Service and produced by Signature Communications of Huntingtown, Maryland, in 2004, Remembering Manzanar provides a broad overview of the Japanese American wartime forced removal and incarceration based on interviews with a dozen former inmates, along with residents of the area around Manzanar and a teacher at Manzanar. None of the narrators are identified as they talk and none are pictured onscreen. Visuals consists entirely of archival still and moving images, including clips from newsreels and War Relocation Authority films along with home movies shot by inmates; period cartoons and caricatures; period artifacts; and contemporary footage of the Manzanar site. The 22-minute video is shown every half-hour at the Manzanar Visitor Center. No director, editor, or cinematographer is credited.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Injustice",
                "Power of the past"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Remembering Manzanar: Life in a Japanese Relocation Camp (book)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Remembering%20Manzanar:%20Life%20in%20a%20Japanese%20Relocation%20Camp%20(book)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Remembering%20Manzanar:%20Life%20in%20a%20Japanese%20Relocation%20Camp%20(book)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "rememberingmanzanarlifeinajapaneserelocationcampbook",
            "description": "Book for younger children about the Manzanar concentration camp.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Books",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Young Adult",
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Evils of racism",
                "Injustice",
                "Power of the past",
                "Reunion",
                "War – glory, necessity, pain, tragedy"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Resettlement to Redress: Rebirth of the Japanese-American Community (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Resettlement%20to%20Redress:%20Rebirth%20of%20the%20Japanese-American%20Community%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Resettlement%20to%20Redress:%20Rebirth%20of%20the%20Japanese-American%20Community%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "resettlementtoredressrebirthofthejapaneseamericancommunityfilm",
            "description": "Hour-long documentary film produced by Don Young for KVIE television in Sacramento that looks at the Japanese American experience after World War II from the resettlement period to the Redress Movement. Among the topics covered are leaving the camps; resettlement inland in places like Chicago and Seabrook Farms, New Jersey; the drive to blend in and succeed and the rise of the \"model minority\" stereotype; the \"Revolution of 1954\" in Hawai'i and the electoral politics in the continental U.S.; 1960s social movements; camp pilgrimages; and the rise and culmination of the movement for redress. In addition to interviews and historic photos, the film includes footage from the hearing of the Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians (CWRIC). Jan Yanehiro served as the narrator.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Injustice",
                "Rebirth"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Resistance at Tule Lake (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Resistance%20at%20Tule%20Lake%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Resistance%20at%20Tule%20Lake%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "resistanceattulelakefilm",
            "description": "Documentary film that tells the story of the Tule Lake concentration camp, with a focus on the post-segregation period, through interviews with former inmates, archival images, and scenes from contemporary pilgrimages.",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Injustice",
                "Power of the past"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ]
        },
        {
            "id": "Return to the Valley: Japanese American Experience After WWII (film)",
            "doctype": "articles",
            "links": {
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/Return%20to%20the%20Valley:%20Japanese%20American%20Experience%20After%20WWII%20(film)/",
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Return%20to%20the%20Valley:%20Japanese%20American%20Experience%20After%20WWII%20(film)/"
            },
            "title_sort": "returntothevalleyjapaneseamericanexperienceafterwwiifilm",
            "description": "Documentary film that tells the story of Japanese Americans returning to the Santa Clara, Salinas and Pajaro Valleys and the Central Coast after World War II. Produced by KTEH, a San Jose public television station, Return to the Vall