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    "id": "American Sons (film)",
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    "title_sort": "americansonsfilm",
    "description": "Docudrama by Steven Okazaki about four Asian American male characters talking about the role of race in their lives. Though played by actors, the words spoken by each character come from interviews with real people.",
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    "rg_interestlevel": [
        "Grades 9-12",
        "Adult"
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    "rg_genre": [
        "Drama"
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    "rg_theme": [
        "Empowerment",
        "Evils of racism",
        "Quest for discovery",
        "Role of men"
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        "Widely available"
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    "authors": [
        {
            "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/authors/Brian%20Niiya/",
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            "title": "Brian Niiya"
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    "sources": [],
    "title": "American Sons (film)",
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    "published_encyc": false,
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    "modified": "2018-02-28T20:09:03",
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    "databoxes": {
        "databox-Films": {
            "imdblink": [],
            "story": [],
            "screenplay": [],
            "date": [
                "1995"
            ],
            "released": [],
            "writer": [
                "Steven Okazaki"
            ],
            "studio": [
                "Farallon Films"
            ],
            "budget": [],
            "gross": [],
            "title": [
                "American Sons"
            ],
            "starring": [
                "Yuji Okumoto",
                "Kelvin Han Yee",
                "Lane Nishikawa",
                "Ron Muriera"
            ],
            "runtime": [
                "28/40 minutes"
            ],
            "editing": [],
            "director": [
                "Steven Okazaki"
            ],
            "basedon": [],
            "country": [],
            "producer": [
                "Steven Okazaki"
            ],
            "language": [],
            "narrator": [],
            "music": [
                "Mark Izu"
            ],
            "trailerlink": [],
            "cinematography": [
                "Steven Condiotti"
            ],
            "genre": [
                "Drama"
            ],
            "distributor": []
        },
        "rgdatabox-Core": {
            "pov": [
                "First person",
                "four young Asian American men"
            ],
            "interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "relatedevents": [
                "Asian American men",
                "masculinity"
            ],
            "warnings": [],
            "creators": [],
            "guidedreadinglevel": [],
            "lexile": [],
            "theme": [
                "Empowerment",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Quest for discovery",
                "Role of men"
            ],
            "primarysecondary": [],
            "chronology": [
                "1990s"
            ],
            "freewebversion": [
                "No"
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            "availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ],
            "geography": [],
            "facility": [],
            "title": [
                "American Sons"
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                "films"
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            "genre": [
                "Drama"
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    "rg_title": "American Sons",
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    "rg_pov": [
        "First person",
        "four young Asian American men"
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        "No"
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    "rg_chronology": [
        "1990s"
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    "body": "<br/>\n<div class=\"rgonly\">\n <div id=\"rgdatabox-Core\" style=\"display:none;\">\n  <p>\n   RGMediaType:films;\nTitle:American Sons;\nCreators:;\nInterestLevel:Grades 9-12; Adult;\nReadingLevel:;\nGuidedReadingLevel:;\nLexile:;\nTheme:Empowerment; Evils of racism; Quest for discovery; Role of men;\nGenre:Drama;\nPoV:First person; four young Asian American men;\nRelatedEvents:Asian American men; masculinity;\nAvailability:Widely available;\nFreeWebVersion:No;\nPrimarySecondary:;\nHasTeachingAids:No;\nWarnings:;\nDenshoTopic:;\nGeography:;\nChronology:1990s;\nFacility:;\n  </p>\n </div>\n</div>\n<div id=\"databox-Films\" style=\"display:none;\">\n <p>\n  Title:American Sons;\nDate:1995; \nGenre:Drama;\nReleased:;\nDirector:Steven Okazaki;\nProducer:Steven Okazaki;\nWriter:Steven Okazaki;\nScreenplay:;\nStory:;\nBasedOn:;\nNarrator:;\nStarring:Yuji Okumoto; Kelvin Han Yee; Lane Nishikawa; Ron Muriera;\nMusic:Mark Izu;\nCinematography:Steven Condiotti;\nEditing:;\nStudio:Farallon Films;\nDistributor:;\nRuntime:28/40 minutes;\nCountry:;\nLanguage:;\nBudget:;\nGross:;\nIMDBLink:;\nTrailerLink:;\n </p>\n</div>\n<p>\n Docudrama by Steven Okazaki about four Asian American male characters talking about the role of race in their lives. Though played by actors, the words spoken by each character come from interviews with real people.\n</p>\n<p>\n The film features each actor playing the role of a single Asian American male character who speaks into the camera as if being interviewed for a documentary. The characters speak for varying amounts of time, and their comments are edited into five thematic segments, which are separated by musical interludes played on camera by an Asian American jazz ensemble led by Mark Izu. The four characters are James (played by Yuji Okumoto), a Korean American who was adopted from Korea and raised by a white American family; Mitchell (Kelvin Han Yee), a Chinese American whose anger at the racism he faced turned him into an violent man; Robert (Lane Nishikawa), a Japanese American Vietnam War veteran; and Danny (Ron Muriera), a Filipino American son of laborers who channels his anger into becoming a public interest lawyer.\n</p>\n<p>\n The first segment focuses on childhood, with the characters talking about school, friends, culture, and the impact of race, relating early instances of racism. The second traces a bit of the family history of each, while the third and fourth focus on racism in the present and the challenges each face as Asian American men whose masculinity is constantly being questioned. The final segment features each actor reading short newspaper summaries of violent anti-Asian incidents.\n</p>\n<p>\n As played by Nishikawa, Robert talks about his mother's World War II experience in which \"she spent four years in concentration camps in California and Arkansas instead of four years of college\" and of his father, who after serving in Europe as part of the\n <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/522nd_Field_Artillery_Battalion\" title=\"522nd Field Artillery Battalion\">\n  522nd Field Artillery Battalion\n </a>\n , was turned away from the first restaurant he visited upon his return and told, \"We don't serve Japs.\" At a low ebb after returning from Vietnam, he turns his life around after moving to Hawai'i and working for his uncle, a veteran of the\n <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/442nd_Regimental_Combat_Team\" title=\"442nd Regimental Combat Team\">\n  442nd Regimental Combat Team\n </a>\n .\n</p>\n<p>\n In his analysis of the film, Peter Feng writes that, \"Okazaki has dared to put angry Asian American men on display in a film that is confrontational and uncompromising.\"\n <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref1_1-0\">\n  <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref1-1\">\n   [1]\n  </a>\n </sup>\n</p>\n<p>\n <i>\n  American Sons\n </i>\n premiered in San Francisco on August 31, 1995 at a benefit for the Asian American Theater Company of San Francisco.\n <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref2_2-0\">\n  <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref2-2\">\n   [2]\n  </a>\n </sup>\n</p>\n<div id=\"authorByline\">\n <b>\n  Authored by\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Brian_Niiya\" title=\"Brian Niiya\">\n   Brian Niiya\n  </a>\n  , Densho\n </b>\n</div>\n<div id=\"citationAuthor\" style=\"display:none;\">\n Niiya, Brian\n</div>\n<p>\n Might also like\n <i>\n  <a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/Looking Like the Enemy (film)\" title=\"Looking Like the Enemy (film)\">\n   Looking Like the Enemy\n  </a>\n </i>\n (1996);\n <i>\n  <a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/From Hawaii to the Holocaust: A Shared Moment in History (film)\" title=\"From Hawaii to the Holocaust: A Shared Moment in History (film)\">\n   From Hawaii to the Holocaust: A Shared Moment in History\n  </a>\n </i>\n (1993);\n <i>\n  <a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/Only the Brave (film)\" title=\"Only the Brave (film)\">\n   Only the Brave\n  </a>\n </i>\n (2006)\n</p>\n",
    "moreinfo": "<div class=\"section\" id=\"For_More_Information\">\n <h2>\n  <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"For_More_Information\">\n   For More Information\n  </span>\n </h2>\n <div class=\"section_content\">\n  <p>\n   Official website:\n   <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"http://www.farfilm.com/films/american-sons.html\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n    http://www.farfilm.com/films/american-sons.html\n   </a>\n   .\n  </p>\n  <p>\n   Feng, Peter. \"Redefining Asian American Masculinity: Steven Okazaki's American Sons.\"\n   <i>\n    Cineaste\n   </i>\n   22.3 (Dec. 1996): 27–31.\n  </p>\n </div>\n</div>",
    "reviews": null,
    "footnotes": "<div class=\"section\" id=\"Footnotes\">\n <h2>\n  <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Footnotes\">\n   Footnotes\n  </span>\n </h2>\n <div class=\"section_content\">\n  <div class=\"reflist\" style=\"list-style-type: decimal;\">\n   <ol class=\"references\">\n    <li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref1-1\">\n     <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n      <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref1_1-0\">\n       ↑\n      </a>\n     </span>\n     <span class=\"reference-text\">\n      Peter Feng, \"Redefining Asian American masculinity: Steven Okazaki's American Sons,\"\n      <i>\n       Cineaste\n      </i>\n      22.33 (December 1996): 27, MasterFILE Complete, EBSCOhost (accessed June 21, 2016).\n     </span>\n    </li>\n    <li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref2-2\">\n     <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n      <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref2_2-0\">\n       ↑\n      </a>\n     </span>\n     <span class=\"reference-text\">\n      <i>\n       Pacific Citizen\n      </i>\n      , Aug. 18–31, 1995, 10.\n     </span>\n    </li>\n   </ol>\n  </div>\n  <!-- \nNewPP limit report\nCPU time usage: 0.136 seconds\nReal time usage: 0.141 seconds\nPreprocessor visited node count: 434/1000000\nPreprocessor generated node count: 3007/1000000\nPost‐expand include size: 7083/2097152 bytes\nTemplate argument size: 1152/2097152 bytes\nHighest expansion depth: 4/40\nExpensive parser function count: 0/100\nExtLoops count: 0/100\n-->\n  <!-- Saved in parser cache with key mediawiki:pcache:idhash:1529-0!*!0!!*!5!* and timestamp 20180309150214 and revision id 28434\n -->\n </div>\n</div>",
    "related": null
}