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    "title_sort": "bobsakataamericanfarmerbook",
    "description": "Biography for children by Daniel Blegen about a Nisei farmer in Colorado that covers his wartime incarceration in an American concentration camp.",
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    "title": "Bob Sakata: American Farmer (book)",
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    "modified": "2018-02-27T23:02:50",
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    "body": "<br/>\n<div class=\"floatright\">\n</div>\n<div class=\"rgonly\">\n <div id=\"rgdatabox-Core\" style=\"display:none;\">\n  <p>\n   RGMediaType:books;\nTitle:Bob Sakata: American Farmer;\nCreators:Daniel Blegen;\nInterestLevel:Grades 3-5;\nReadingLevel:Grades 3-5;\nGuidedReadingLevel:;\nLexile:;\nTheme:Overcoming – fear, weakness, vice; Injustice; Role of men; Coming of age;\nGenre:Biography; Children's;\nPoV:Based on interviews with Nisei farmer Bob Sakata;\nRelatedEvents:;\nAvailability:Available;\nFreeWebVersion:No;\nPrimarySecondary:;\nHasTeachingAids:No;\nWarnings:;\nDenshoTopic:;\nGeography:Brighton, Colorado; San Francisco Bay Area;\nChronology:1880s to 2000s;\nFacility:Topaz (Central Utah) [1] - Delta, Utah; Tanforan [15] - San Bruno, California;\n  </p>\n </div>\n</div>\n<div id=\"databox-Books\" style=\"display:none;\">\n <p>\n  Title:Bob Sakata: American Farmer;\nAuthor:Daniel Blegen;\nIllustrator:;\nOrigTitle:;\nCountry:;\nLanguage:;\nSeries:A Now You Know Bio;\nGenre:;\nPublisher:Filter Press;\nPubDate:2009;\nCurrentPublisher:;\nCurrentPubDate:;\nMediaType:;\nPages:100;\nAwards:;\nISBN:;\nWorldCatLink:\n  <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"https://www.worldcat.org/title/bob-sakata-american-farmer/oclc/401376070\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n   https://www.worldcat.org/title/bob-sakata-american-farmer/oclc/401376070\n  </a>\n  ;\n </p>\n</div>\n<p>\n Biography for children by Daniel Blegen about a\n <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Nisei\" title=\"Nisei\">\n  Nisei\n </a>\n farmer in Colorado that covers his wartime incarceration in an American concentration camp.\n</p>\n<div class=\"section\" id=\"Synopsis_and_Background\">\n <h2>\n  <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Synopsis_and_Background\">\n   Synopsis and Background\n  </span>\n </h2>\n <div class=\"section_content\">\n  <p>\n   The book's nine chapters cover Sakata's life in chronological fashion. The first three chapters cover his father's childhood in Kyūshū and migration to the U.S. in 1902; establishing a family farm in Centerville, California, where Bob, the youngest of four children, was born; and Bob's early life amid poverty. The next five chapters largely focus on the war years and aftermath, covering the family's forcible removal and incarceration at\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Tanforan_(detention_facility)\" title=\"Tanforan (detention facility)\">\n    Tanforan\n   </a>\n   and\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Topaz\" title=\"Topaz\">\n    Topaz\n   </a>\n   , Bob's\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Resettlement\" title=\"Resettlement\">\n    resettlement\n   </a>\n   in Brighton, Colorado, at the end of 1942, and the entire family's ultimate settlement there after the war. The last two chapters briefly cover the postwar years and Sakata's ultimate success as a farmer despite serious injury and personal tragedy, culminating with a visit from Emperor Akihito to the Sakata farm in 1994. To buttress Sakata's reminiscence of the war years, Blegen also relies on many excerpts from\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Yoshiko_Uchida\" title=\"Yoshiko Uchida\">\n    Yoshiko Uchida\n   </a>\n   's\n   <i>\n    <a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/Journey to Topaz: A Story of the Japanese-American Evacuation (book)\" title=\"Journey to Topaz: A Story of the Japanese-American Evacuation (book)\">\n     Journey to Topaz\n    </a>\n   </i>\n   . The book is illustrated with archival photographs—many by\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Dorothea_Lange\" title=\"Dorothea Lange\">\n    Dorothea Lange\n   </a>\n   —and includes a timeline, glossary, sources, index, and acknowledgments, as well as Sakata's \"Philosophy of Life.\"\n  </p>\n  <p>\n   Author Blegen was a longtime schoolteacher in Brighton who met Sakata in 1975, when Sakata was president of the local school board and Blegen was a new hire.\n   <i>\n    Bob Sakata: American Farmer\n   </i>\n   was his second book for children. Blegen is also a musical performer who has done one-man theatrical performances based on the lives of Woody Guthrie and Pete Seeger. He works out of Longmont, Colorado.\n   <i>\n    Bob Sakata: American Farmer\n   </i>\n   is one of seventeen books in Filter Press's \"Now You Know Bio\" series. Filter Press also has a bilingual \"Great Lives in Colorado History\" series that includes books on journalist\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Bill_Hosokawa\" title=\"Bill Hosokawa\">\n    Bill Hosokawa\n   </a>\n   and wartime Colorado Governor\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Ralph_Carr\" title=\"Ralph Carr\">\n    Ralph Carr\n   </a>\n   . All books in both series profile prominent people in Colorado history.\n  </p>\n </div>\n</div>\n<div class=\"section\" id=\"Historical_Accuracy\">\n <h2>\n  <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Historical_Accuracy\">\n   Historical Accuracy\n  </span>\n </h2>\n <div class=\"section_content\">\n  <p>\n   There are many mostly minor errors in\n   <i>\n    Bob Sakata: American Farmer\n   </i>\n   . Blegen writes that \"Emperor Taishō\" was emperor during Bob's father's childhood in Japan (page 7); however the Taishō emperor's reign didn't begin until 1912, at which point Bob's father had been in the U.S. for a decade and was twenty-eight years old. \"The first Japanese immigrants had settled in California, Oregon, and Washington early in the 1800s.\" (30) Barred from traveling abroad until the end of the Tokugawa era in Japan in 1867, the first migrants to the U.S. didn't arrive until after that and didn't arrive in significant numbers until the 1890s. \"The Oriental Exclusion Act of 1907 even barred Asian immigrants from becoming citizens.\" (30) The author is likely conflating the\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Gentlemen%27s_Agreement\" title=\"Gentlemen's Agreement\">\n    Gentlemen's Agreement\n   </a>\n   of 1907–08 that ended the migration of Japanese laborers to the U.S. with the\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Immigration_Act_of_1924\" title=\"Immigration Act of 1924\">\n    Immigration Act of 1924\n   </a>\n   , which ended all Japanese immigration to the U.S. The ban on Asian immigrants becoming naturalized American citizens stems from\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Naturalization_Act_of_1790\" title=\"Naturalization Act of 1790\">\n    1870 legislation\n   </a>\n   and was definitively determined by the\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Ozawa_v._United_States\" title=\"Ozawa v. United States\">\n    1922 Ozawa Supreme Court decision\n   </a>\n   .\n  </p>\n  <p>\n   In describing the run up to\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Executive_Order_9066\" title=\"Executive Order 9066\">\n    Executive Order 9066\n   </a>\n   , Blegen quotes from the\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Munson_Report\" title=\"Munson Report\">\n    Munson Report\n   </a>\n   (without naming it) and claims it came from \"the State Department\" (33); the Munson Report was a product of a secret intelligence operation based in the White House. A claim that\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Executive_Order_9066\" title=\"Executive Order 9066\">\n    Executive Order 9066\n   </a>\n   ordered the removal of \"both 'aliens' and 'non-aliens'.... all Japanese Americans would be forced out of California, Oregon, and Washington.\" (34) Here, the author seems to conflate EO9066 with the later\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Civilian_exclusion_orders\" title=\"Civilian exclusion orders\">\n    civilian exclusion orders\n   </a>\n   where the \"non-alien\" terminology appears. While the exclusion orders did force all Japanese Americans out of California, those in the eastern portions of Oregon and Washington were spared. Japanese Americans in the southern part of Arizona were also removed. A claim that 10,000 Japanese American left the West Coast during the \"\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Voluntary_evacuation\" title=\"Voluntary evacuation\">\n    voluntary evacuation\n   </a>\n   \" period (35); the actual figure is closer to 5,000. \"Nearly 110,000 Japanese Americans were taken to the temporary assembly centers throughout California, Oregon, and Washington.\" (49) Over 25,000 of the evicted Japanese Americans did not go to \"\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Assembly_centers\" title=\"Assembly centers\">\n    assembly centers\n   </a>\n   ,\" instead going directly to\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Poston_(Colorado_River)\" title=\"Poston (Colorado River)\">\n    Poston\n   </a>\n   (about 11,000),\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Manzanar\" title=\"Manzanar\">\n    Manzanar\n   </a>\n   (10,000),\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Tule_Lake\" title=\"Tule Lake\">\n    Tule Lake\n   </a>\n   (3,000), and\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Gila_River\" title=\"Gila River\">\n    Gila River\n   </a>\n   (3,000). The number who did go to assembly centers is thus in the low 80,000s. There was also an assembly center,\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Mayer_(detention_facility)\" title=\"Mayer (detention facility)\">\n    Mayer\n   </a>\n   , in Arizona. In the chapter on life in the concentration camps, the author suggests that inmates set up and ran the schools and quotes Sakata as saying that the \"government 'did nothing' about providing education\" (57); the federal agency running the camps, the\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/War_Relocation_Authority\" title=\"War Relocation Authority\">\n    War Relocation Authority\n   </a>\n   , did operate K–12 schools in all of the camps it ran, hiring teachers from both inside and outside the camps.\n  </p>\n  <div id=\"authorByline\">\n   <b>\n    Authored by\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Brian_Niiya\" title=\"Brian Niiya\">\n     Brian Niiya\n    </a>\n    , Densho\n   </b>\n  </div>\n  <div id=\"citationAuthor\" style=\"display:none;\">\n   Niiya, Brian\n  </div>\n  <p>\n   Might also like\n   <i>\n    <a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/When Justice Failed: The Fred Korematsu Story (book)\" title=\"When Justice Failed: The Fred Korematsu Story (book)\">\n     When Justice Failed: The Fred Korematsu Story\n    </a>\n   </i>\n   by Steven A. Chin;\n   <i>\n    <a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/The Japanese American Internment: An Interactive History Adventure (book)\" title=\"The Japanese American Internment: An Interactive History Adventure (book)\">\n     The Japanese American Internment: An Interactive History Adventure\n    </a>\n   </i>\n   by Rachael Hanel;\n   <i>\n    <a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/Lucky Ears: The True Story of Ben Kuroki, World War II Hero (book)\" title=\"Lucky Ears: The True Story of Ben Kuroki, World War II Hero (book)\">\n     Lucky Ears: The True Story of Ben Kuroki, World War II Hero\n    </a>\n   </i>\n   by Jean A. Lukesh\n  </p>\n </div>\n</div>",
    "moreinfo": "<div class=\"section\" id=\"For_More_Information\">\n <h2>\n  <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"For_More_Information\">\n   For More Information\n  </span>\n </h2>\n <div class=\"section_content\">\n  <p>\n   Publisher website:\n   <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"http://www.fieldmousebooks.com/index.php\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n    http://www.fieldmousebooks.com/index.php\n   </a>\n   .\n  </p>\n  <p>\n   Author website:\n   <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"http://www.danielblegen.com/\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n    http://www.danielblegen.com/\n   </a>\n   .\n  </p>\n  <!-- \nNewPP limit report\nCPU time usage: 0.128 seconds\nReal time usage: 0.130 seconds\nPreprocessor visited node count: 330/1000000\nPreprocessor generated node count: 2143/1000000\nPost‐expand include size: 6995/2097152 bytes\nTemplate argument size: 1516/2097152 bytes\nHighest expansion depth: 3/40\nExpensive parser function count: 0/100\nExtLoops count: 0/100\n-->\n  <!-- Saved in parser cache with key mediawiki:pcache:idhash:1573-0!*!0!!*!5!* and timestamp 20180309150302 and revision id 28119\n -->\n </div>\n</div>",
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