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    "body": "<br/>\n<div class=\"rgonly\">\n <div id=\"rgdatabox-Core\" style=\"display:none;\">\n  <p>\n   RGMediaType:books;\nTitle:The Internment of Japanese Americans;\nCreators:Jeff Hay;\nInterestLevel:Grades 9-12;\nReadingLevel:Grades 9-12;\nGuidedReadingLevel:;\nLexile:;\nTheme:Displacement; Evils of racism; Hazards of passing judgment; Injustice;\nGenre:Young adult;\nPoV:Various;\nRelatedEvents:;\nAvailability:Limited availability;\nFreeWebVersion:No;\nPrimarySecondary:;\nHasTeachingAids:No;\nWarnings:;\nDenshoTopic:;\nGeography:;\nChronology:1940s to 2000s; mostly 1940s;\nFacility:Multiple;\n  </p>\n </div>\n</div>\n<div id=\"databox-Books\" style=\"display:none;\">\n <p>\n  Title:The Internment of Japanese Americans;\nAuthor:Jeff Hay (editor);\nIllustrator:;\nOrigTitle:;\nCountry:;\nLanguage:;\nSeries:Perspectives on Modern World History;\nGenre:;\nPublisher:Greenhaven Press;\nPubDate:2012;\nCurrentPublisher:;\nCurrentPubDate:;\nMediaType:;\nPages:170;\nAwards:;\nISBN:;\nWorldCatLink:\n  <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"https://www.worldcat.org/title/internment-of-japanese-americans/oclc/707965473\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n   https://www.worldcat.org/title/internment-of-japanese-americans/oclc/707965473\n  </a>\n  ;\n </p>\n</div>\n<p>\n Reader intended for high school audiences that includes a mixture of primary, contemporaneous, and contemporary pieces on the wartime incarceration of Japanese Americans.\n</p>\n<div class=\"section\" id=\"Synopsis\">\n <h2>\n  <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Synopsis\">\n   Synopsis\n  </span>\n </h2>\n <div class=\"section_content\">\n  <p>\n   <i>\n    The Internment of Japanese Americans\n   </i>\n   is part of Greenhaven Press's \"Perspectives on Modern World History,\" which focuses on key historical events and features a mixture of primary sources, first-person narratives of people involved in the event and background information. After a foreword that includes a general series overview and a brief unsigned introduction that provides an overview on the forced removal and incarceration, the book is divided into three chapters, each of which includes multiple \"Viewpoints\" on the topic, along with an introduction that provides relevant background and sidebars that expand on key issues.\n  </p>\n  <p>\n   Chapter 1, \"Background on the Japanese American Internment Camps,\" includes scholarly pieces by Midori Takagi and David M. Kennedy, a 1944 piece on life in the camps by the pacifist legal scholar Caleb Foote, an overview on the\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Redress_movement\" title=\"Redress movement\">\n    redress movement\n   </a>\n   by the\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Japanese_American_National_Museum\" title=\"Japanese American National Museum\">\n    Japanese American National Museum\n   </a>\n   , a newspaper article on the movement to memorialize the former confinement sites, and the text of\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Executive_Order_9066\" title=\"Executive Order 9066\">\n    Executive Order 9066\n   </a>\n   and of a typical exclusion order.\n  </p>\n  <p>\n   Chapter 2, \"Controversies Over Japanese American Internment,\" includes a period newspaper editorial that argues for the mass removal and incarceration; an excerpt of Chief Justice Harlan F. Stone's Supreme Court opinion on the\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Hirabayashi_v._United_States\" title=\"Hirabayashi v. United States\">\n    <i>\n     Hirabayashi\n    </i>\n    case\n   </a>\n   ; excerpts from scholarly works by Roger Daniels (on how Executive Order 9066 came to pass), Page Smith (on the return of Japanese Americans to the West Coast), and Ronald Takaki (on Japanese American military service); and newspaper articles on a 1990 effort by California State Assemblyman Gil Ferguson that would require schools to teach that the removal and incarceration were justified and on a forum featuring members of the\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Heart_Mountain_Fair_Play_Committee\" title=\"Heart Mountain Fair Play Committee\">\n    Heart Mountain Fair Play Committee\n   </a>\n   .\n  </p>\n  <p>\n   Chapter 3, \"Personal Narratives,\" includes excerpts from Yoshiko Uchida's\n   <a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/Desert Exile (book)\" title=\"Desert Exile (book)\">\n    <i>\n     Desert Exile: The Uprooting of a Japanese American Family\n    </i>\n   </a>\n   (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1982),\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Tanforan_(detention_facility)\" title=\"Tanforan (detention facility)\">\n    Tanforan\n   </a>\n   diary entries by\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Charles_Kikuchi\" title=\"Charles Kikuchi\">\n    Charles Kikuchi\n   </a>\n   taken from\n   <i>\n    The Kikuchi Diary: Chronicle from an American Concentration Camp\n   </i>\n   (edited by John Modell; Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1973), and excerpts from letters exchanged by Hanaye and Iwao Matsushita, taken from Louis Fiset's\n   <a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/Imprisoned Apart: The World War II Correspondence of an Issei Couple (book)\" title=\"Imprisoned Apart: The World War II Correspondence of an Issei Couple (book)\">\n    <i>\n     Imprisoned Apart: The World War II Correspondence of an Issei Couple\n    </i>\n   </a>\n   (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1997), along with a 1997 personal essay looking back at the incarceration experience by Reiko Oshima Komoto.\n  </p>\n  <p>\n   The book also includes a world map, a chronology, and suggestions for further reading. It is illustrated with photographs.\n  </p>\n </div>\n</div>\n<div class=\"section\" id=\"Additional_Information\">\n <h2>\n  <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Additional_Information\">\n   Additional Information\n  </span>\n </h2>\n <div class=\"section_content\">\n  <p>\n   Editor Jeff Hay is a freelance writer, editor and historian who has written and/or edited multiple history books for young audiences for Greenhaven Press since 2001. He holds M.A. and Ph.D. degrees from the University of California, San Diego (1991, 1994). His four volume\n   <i>\n    A History of the Third Reich\n   </i>\n   (2003) won\n   <i>\n    Booklist\n   </i>\n   Editor's Choice and American Library Association awards.\n  </p>\n  <p>\n   <i>\n    The Internment of Japanese Americans\n   </i>\n   is well-researched and is historically accurate. Among the minor errors/over generalizations: a claim that the camps \"were closed in 1945... or in early 1946\" (page 8; Jerome closed in 1944); that \"only residents of Japanese ancestry were forced to leave their homes\" (14; German and Italian residents were also interned, though on a limited and selective basis); and that the Supreme Court rulings on the\n   <i>\n    Hirabayashi\n   </i>\n   ,\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Yasui_v._United_States\" title=\"Yasui v. United States\">\n    <i>\n     Yasui\n    </i>\n   </a>\n   , and\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Korematsu_v._United_States\" title=\"Korematsu v. United States\">\n    <i>\n     Korematsu\n    </i>\n   </a>\n   cases were \"overturned\" in the 1980s (9 and 101; though each man's conviction was vacated in the 1980s in lower courts, the Supreme Court decision was not overturned).\n  </p>\n  <div id=\"authorByline\">\n   <b>\n    Authored by\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Brian_Niiya\" title=\"Brian Niiya\">\n     Brian Niiya\n    </a>\n    , Densho\n   </b>\n  </div>\n  <div id=\"citationAuthor\" style=\"display:none;\">\n   Niiya, Brian\n  </div>\n  <p>\n   Might also like:\n   <i>\n    <a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/When the Emperor Was Divine (book)\" title=\"When the Emperor Was Divine (book)\">\n     When the Emperor Was Divine\n    </a>\n   </i>\n   by Julie Otsuka;\n   <i>\n    <a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/Hotel on the Corner of Bitter and Sweet (book)\" title=\"Hotel on the Corner of Bitter and Sweet (book)\">\n     Hotel on the Corner of Bitter and Sweet\n    </a>\n   </i>\n   by Jamie Ford;\n   <i>\n    <a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/The Invisible Thread (book)\" title=\"The Invisible Thread (book)\">\n     The Invisible Thread\n    </a>\n   </i>\n   by Yoshiko Uchida\n  </p>\n </div>\n</div>",
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    "footnotes": "<div class=\"section\" id=\"Footnotes\">\n <h2>\n  <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Footnotes\">\n   Footnotes\n  </span>\n </h2>\n <div class=\"section_content\">\n  <div class=\"reflist\" style=\"list-style-type: decimal;\">\n  </div>\n  <!-- \nNewPP limit report\nCPU time usage: 0.112 seconds\nReal time usage: 0.114 seconds\nPreprocessor visited node count: 347/1000000\nPreprocessor generated node count: 2377/1000000\nPost‐expand include size: 6656/2097152 bytes\nTemplate argument size: 1218/2097152 bytes\nHighest expansion depth: 4/40\nExpensive parser function count: 0/100\nExtLoops count: 0/100\n-->\n  <!-- Saved in parser cache with key mediawiki:pcache:idhash:4166-0!*!0!!*!5!* and timestamp 20180404174207 and revision id 28453\n -->\n </div>\n</div>",
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