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    "description": "Overview textbook on the Japanese American removal and incarceration published by Globe Fearon in 1994 as part of their \"Globe Mosaic of American History\" series. No author is credited with sociologist (and former inmate) Harry H.L. Kitano listed on the title page as the \"consultant.\"",
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    "body": "<br/>\n<div class=\"rgonly\">\n <div id=\"rgdatabox-Core\" style=\"display:none;\">\n  <p>\n   RGMediaType:books;\nTitle:Japanese Americans and Internment;\nCreators:Harry H.L. Kitano (consultant);\nInterestLevel:Grades 7-8;\nReadingLevel:Grades 7-8;\nGuidedReadingLevel:;\nLexile:;\nTheme:Displacement; Evils of racism; Injustice; Patriotism – positive side or complications;\nGenre:Young Adult; History;\nPoV:third-person overview of removal and incarceration;\nRelatedEvents:;\nAvailability:Available;\nFreeWebVersion:No;\nPrimarySecondary:;\nHasTeachingAids:No;\nWarnings:;\nDenshoTopic:;\nGeography:;\nChronology:1900s to 1980s;\nFacility:;\n  </p>\n </div>\n</div>\n<div id=\"databox-Books\" style=\"display:none;\">\n <p>\n  Title:Japanese Americans and Internment;\nAuthor:Harry H.L. Kitano (consultant);\nIllustrator:;\nOrigTitle:;\nCountry:;\nLanguage:;\nSeries:Globe Mosaic of American History;\nGenre:;\nPublisher:Globe Fearon;\nPubDate:1994;\nCurrentPublisher:;\nCurrentPubDate:;\nMediaType:;\nPages:96;\nAwards:;\nISBN:;\nWorldCatLink:\n  <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"https://www.worldcat.org/title/japanese-americans-and-internment/oclc/29568551\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n   https://www.worldcat.org/title/japanese-americans-and-internment/oclc/29568551\n  </a>\n  ;\n </p>\n</div>\n<p>\n Overview textbook on the Japanese American removal and incarceration published by Globe Fearon in 1994 as part of their \"Globe Mosaic of American History\" series. No author is credited with sociologist (and former inmate)\n <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Harry_Kitano\" title=\"Harry Kitano\">\n  Harry H.L. Kitano\n </a>\n listed on the title page as the \"consultant.\"\n</p>\n<div class=\"section\" id=\"Synopsis\">\n <h2>\n  <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Synopsis\">\n   Synopsis\n  </span>\n </h2>\n <div class=\"section_content\">\n  <p>\n   <i>\n    Japanese Americans and Internment\n   </i>\n   follows a textbook-like format in telling its broad story in six chapters. Each chapter except the last begins by focusing on an individual story and is subsequently divided into three sections. A series of study questions follow each section. At the end of each chapter, there is a summary of the main points, more questions, and suggestions for writing assignments. The text is augmented by historical photographs, charts, and maps, and occasional sidebars on related topics.\n  </p>\n  <p>\n   The chapters cover immigration and the prewar history of Japanese Americans; the attack on Pearl Harbor and the\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Executive_Order_9066\" title=\"Executive Order 9066\">\n    Executive Order 9066\n   </a>\n   ; the expulsion of the ethnic community from the West Coast to \"\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Assembly_centers\" title=\"Assembly centers\">\n    assembly centers\n   </a>\n   \"; life in the\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/War_Relocation_Authority\" title=\"War Relocation Authority\">\n    War Relocation Authority\n   </a>\n   (WRA) Camps; exiting the camps, whether through short-term leave, permanent leave, attending college or joining the army; and postwar developments and the\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Redress_movement\" title=\"Redress movement\">\n    Redress Movement\n   </a>\n   . Many individual stories of Japanese Americans are highlighted throughout.\n  </p>\n </div>\n</div>\n<div class=\"section\" id=\"Additional_Information\">\n <h2>\n  <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Additional_Information\">\n   Additional Information\n  </span>\n </h2>\n <div class=\"section_content\">\n  <p>\n   Harry H.L. Kitano (1926–2002) was a pioneering sociologist who wrote extensively on the Japanese American experience. A native of San Francisco, he was incarcerated at the\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Topaz\" title=\"Topaz\">\n    Topaz\n   </a>\n   , Utah, concentration camp. He was a faculty member at UCLA throughout his academic career.\n  </p>\n  <p>\n   The historical accuracy of the main text is high, containing only a few minor errors. However there are more significant errors in the timelines and maps. Among these: listing the annexation of Hawai'i as having taken place in 1898 in the Chapter One timeline (page 5; the correct date of 1900 is noted in the main text two pages later); a map of the exclusion area and the various camps on page 45 has two errors—the shaded area from \"which people of Japanese descent were evacuated\" does not include the eastern half of California (what was know, as \"\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Military_Areas_1_and_2\" title=\"Military Areas 1 and 2\">\n    Military Area No. 2\n   </a>\n   \") and the includes an invented \"Tupelo\" assembly center; and the timeline for Chapter 4 (page 51) places the\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Loyalty_questionnaire\" title=\"Loyalty questionnaire\">\n    loyalty questionnaire\n   </a>\n   a year later than its actual date. Other errors in the main text: a claim that the \"army rounded up more than 120,000 people\" (24; while more than 120,000 were held at one time or another in the WRA camps, this figure includes the 6,000 born in camp and other later arrivals; the number removed from the West Coast was closer to 110,000); noting that assembly centers \"had been hastily set up at racetracks and fair grounds in California, Washington, and Arizona\" (41; there was also the\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Portland_(detention_facility)\" title=\"Portland (detention facility)\">\n    Portland Assembly Center\n   </a>\n   in Oregon); claiming that \"barracks were arranged in\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Block\" title=\"Block\">\n    blocks\n   </a>\n   of two rows of six barracks each\" (52; the number of barracks in a block varied from camp to camp, ranging from twelve to twenty-four); and claiming that the \"\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/442nd_Regimental_Combat_Team\" title=\"442nd Regimental Combat Team\">\n    442nd\n   </a>\n   was mainly recruited from WRA camps\" (76; about half of those who served in the 442nd came from Hawai'i and most of those who came from the continental U.S. did not come directly from the WRA camps).\n  </p>\n  <div id=\"authorByline\">\n   <b>\n    Authored by\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Brian_Niiya\" title=\"Brian Niiya\">\n     Brian Niiya\n    </a>\n    , Densho\n   </b>\n  </div>\n  <div id=\"citationAuthor\" style=\"display:none;\">\n   Niiya, Brian\n  </div>\n  <p>\n   Might also like\n   <i>\n    <a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/The Invisible Thread (book)\" title=\"The Invisible Thread (book)\">\n     The Invisible Thread\n    </a>\n   </i>\n   by Yoshiko Uchida;\n   <i>\n    <a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/A Fence Away From Freedom: Japanese-Americans and World War II (book)\" title=\"A Fence Away From Freedom: Japanese-Americans and World War II (book)\">\n     A Fence Away from Freedom: Japanese Americans and World War II\n    </a>\n   </i>\n   by Ellen Levine; \"\n   <a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/Weedflower (book)\" title=\"Weedflower (book)\">\n    Weedflower\n   </a>\n   <i>\n    by Cynthia Kadohata\n   </i>\n  </p>\n  <!-- \nNewPP limit report\nCPU time usage: 0.108 seconds\nReal time usage: 0.109 seconds\nPreprocessor visited node count: 314/1000000\nPreprocessor generated node count: 2107/1000000\nPost‐expand include size: 6442/2097152 bytes\nTemplate argument size: 1373/2097152 bytes\nHighest expansion depth: 3/40\nExpensive parser function count: 0/100\nExtLoops count: 0/100\n-->\n  <!-- Saved in parser cache with key mediawiki:pcache:idhash:3601-0!*!0!!*!5!* and timestamp 20180309150829 and revision id 28158\n -->\n </div>\n</div>",
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