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    "title_sort": "japaneseamericaninternmentinamericanhistorybook",
    "description": "Non-fiction overview of the incarceration experience written for middle school readers. One of the relatively few such books written for this age group, it is part of Enslow Publishers' \"In American History\" series.",
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    "title": "Japanese-American Internment in American History (book)",
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    "modified": "2018-02-28T01:29:48",
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                "Japanese-American Internment in American History"
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    "body": "<br/>\n<div class=\"rgonly\">\n <div id=\"rgdatabox-Core\" style=\"display:none;\">\n  <p>\n   RGMediaType:books;\nTitle:Japanese-American Internment in American History;\nCreators:David K. Fremon;\nInterestLevel:Grades 3-5; Grades 7-8;\nReadingLevel:Grades 3-5; Grades 7-8;\nGuidedReadingLevel:;\nLexile:960L;\nTheme:Displacement; Evils of racism; Hazards of passing judgment; Injustice; Patriotism – positive side or complications;\nGenre:Young Adult; History;\nPoV:third-person overview;\nRelatedEvents:;\nAvailability:Available;\nFreeWebVersion:No;\nPrimarySecondary:;\nHasTeachingAids:No;\nWarnings:;\nDenshoTopic:;\nGeography:;\nChronology:1900s to 1990s;\nFacility:;\n  </p>\n </div>\n</div>\n<div id=\"databox-Books\" style=\"display:none;\">\n <p>\n  Title:Japanese-American Internment in American History;\nAuthor:David K. Fremon;\nIllustrator:;\nOrigTitle:;\nCountry:;\nLanguage:;\nSeries:;\nGenre:;\nPublisher:Enslow Publishers, Inc.;\nPubDate:1996;\nCurrentPublisher:;\nCurrentPubDate:2015;\nMediaType:;\nPages:128;\nAwards:;\nISBN:;\nWorldCatLink:\n  <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"https://www.worldcat.org/title/japanese-american-internment-in-american-history/oclc/34194094\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n   https://www.worldcat.org/title/japanese-american-internment-in-american-history/oclc/34194094\n  </a>\n  ;\n </p>\n</div>\n<p>\n Non-fiction overview of the incarceration experience written for middle school readers. One of the relatively few such books written for this age group, it is part of Enslow Publishers' \"In American History\" series.\n</p>\n<div class=\"section\" id=\"Synopsis\">\n <h2>\n  <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Synopsis\">\n   Synopsis\n  </span>\n </h2>\n <div class=\"section_content\">\n  <p>\n   The 128 page volume is divided into ten chapters covering the attack on Pearl Harbor and its aftermath, Japanese immigration and the\n   <a class=\"mw-redirect encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Anti-Japanese_movement\" title=\"Anti-Japanese movement\">\n    anti-Japanese movement\n   </a>\n   , the road to\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Executive_Order_9066\" title=\"Executive Order 9066\">\n    Executive Order 9066\n   </a>\n   , the roundup of Japanese Americans and their incarceration in both the \"\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Assembly_centers\" title=\"Assembly centers\">\n    assembly centers\n   </a>\n   \" and\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/War_Relocation_Authority\" title=\"War Relocation Authority\">\n    War Relocation Authority\n   </a>\n   administered concentration camps, unrest in the camps,\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Japanese_Americans_in_military_during_World_War_II\" title=\"Japanese Americans in military during World War II\">\n    military service\n   </a>\n   , key legal cases,\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Resettlement\" title=\"Resettlement\">\n    resettlement\n   </a>\n   and the closing of the camps, and the postwar years, including the\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Redress_movement\" title=\"Redress movement\">\n    redress movement\n   </a>\n   . It also includes a handful of \"Source Documents,\" including an excerpt from President\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Franklin_D._Roosevelt\" title=\"Franklin D. Roosevelt\">\n    Franklin Roosevelt\n   </a>\n   's December 8, 1941 speech, an account of exclusion written by a\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Tule_Lake\" title=\"Tule Lake\">\n    Tule Lake\n   </a>\n   inmate, and a reproduction of an\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Civilian_exclusion_orders\" title=\"Civilian exclusion orders\">\n    exclusion order poster\n   </a>\n   . The book is illustrated with historical photographs and includes a chronology and suggestions for further reading.\n  </p>\n </div>\n</div>\n<div class=\"section\" id=\"Additional_Information\">\n <h2>\n  <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Additional_Information\">\n   Additional Information\n  </span>\n </h2>\n <div class=\"section_content\">\n  <p>\n   Author David K. Fremon (1949–99) was a well-known political writer in the Chicago area, known for his acclaimed book\n   <i>\n    Chicago Politics Ward By Ward\n   </i>\n   (1988) and for his contributions to the\n   <i>\n    Chicago Tribune\n   </i>\n   and other publications. He began writing books for young people in the 1990s and authored several other titles for Enslow including works on the Alaska Purchase, Watergate, Oskar Schindler and others who aided Holocaust victims, the Salem witchcraft trials, Jim Crow, and the Great Depression.\n   <i>\n    Japanese-American Internment in American History\n   </i>\n   is based entirely on secondary sources, with the exception of a 1994 interview with Shigeo Wakamatsu, a Chicago area Nisei community leader.\n  </p>\n  <p>\n   Though\n   <i>\n    Japanese-American Internment in American History\n   </i>\n   is sympathetic to Japanese Americans, it contains many errors. Some of these exaggerate deprivations faced by Japanese Americans or their positive reactions to them, for instance mostly false claims that \"[w]hite camp employees read evacuees' incoming and outgoing mail\" (page 66) or the exaggerated claim that \"sixteen thousand Nisei served in the Pacific\" (86; the correct figure is about 6,000). Fremon also claims the\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/442nd_Regimental_Combat_Team\" title=\"442nd Regimental Combat Team\">\n    442nd Regimental Combat Team\n   </a>\n   \"saw action in Europe in the fall of 1943\" (82; they didn't get there until June of 1944).\n  </p>\n  <p>\n   Accounts of many key events contain errors or misinterpretations. In his account of the\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Manzanar_riot/uprising\" title=\"Manzanar riot/uprising\">\n    Manzanar uprising\n   </a>\n   , Fremon has\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Harry_Ueno\" title=\"Harry Ueno\">\n    Harry Ueno\n   </a>\n   in prison as\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Fred_Tayama\" title=\"Fred Tayama\">\n    Fred Tayama\n   </a>\n   is being beaten up (68); Ueno was in prison because he was accused of beating Tayama! His account of the\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Mitsuye_Endo\" title=\"Mitsuye Endo\">\n    Mitsuye Endo\n   </a>\n   <i>\n    habeas corpus\n   </i>\n   case has Endo contacting the\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Japanese_American_Citizens_League\" title=\"Japanese American Citizens League\">\n    Japanese American Citizens League\n   </a>\n   (JACL) who secured lawyers for her (94). While Endo was among those who contacted the JACL, it was for a completely separate matter, that of being among Nisei workers fired by the State of California prior to exclusion. Months later, she was approached by attorney\n   <a class=\"mw-redirect encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/James_Purcell\" title=\"James Purcell\">\n    James Purcell\n   </a>\n   about taking part in the\n   <i>\n    habeas corpus\n   </i>\n   case. Fremon also refers to her choosing to remain in Tule Lake while the case wound its way to the Supreme Court; however, she had moved to\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Topaz\" title=\"Topaz\">\n    Topaz\n   </a>\n   after\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Segregation\" title=\"Segregation\">\n    segregation\n   </a>\n   in 1943. Fremon also largely mischaracterizes the\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Draft_resistance\" title=\"Draft resistance\">\n    draft resistance\n   </a>\n   movement, blaming it on \"insulting documents\" that draftees had to fill out. There are similar types of errors in accounts of the\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Korematsu_v._United_States\" title=\"Korematsu v. United States\">\n    <i>\n     Korematsu\n    </i>\n    case\n   </a>\n   and of the redress movement.\n  </p>\n  <p>\n   Finally there are numerous cases of misidentifying or mischaracterizing people, titles, and camps. In a map of the WRA camps and \"assembly centers,\"\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Merced_(detention_facility)\" title=\"Merced (detention facility)\">\n    Merced\n   </a>\n   is mistakenly identified as a WRA camp (55), the\n   <i>\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Rafu_Shimpo_(newspaper)\" title=\"Rafu Shimpo (newspaper)\">\n     Rafu Shimpo\n    </a>\n   </i>\n   newspaper is referred to as the\n   <i>\n    Rufu Shimpo\n   </i>\n   (125), and\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Bill_Hosokawa\" title=\"Bill Hosokawa\">\n    Bill Hosokawa\n   </a>\n   's notable 1969 book is comically mis-titled\n   <i>\n    Nisei: The Outlet Americans\n   </i>\n   (124). Historian Roger Daniels is \"Roger Davis\" (54), John Christgau is \"John Christgan,\" Daniel Okimoto is \"David I. Okimoto,\" and Stephen S. Fugita is \"Steven S. Fujita\" (all on 124–25). The WRA is referred to as the WPA (96).\n  </p>\n  <p>\n   In 2015, Enslow reissued the book in a new format under the title\n   <i>\n    The Internment of Japanese Americans in United States History\n   </i>\n   . This 96-page volume contains the same text as the original version, but without photographs or the \"Source Documents\" found in the earlier publication. It does include a new (and much briefer) \"Further Reading\" section. Other than the ones in the old \"Further Readings\" section (pp. 124–25), all errors remain in the new book.\n  </p>\n  <div id=\"authorByline\">\n   <b>\n    Authored by\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Brian_Niiya\" title=\"Brian Niiya\">\n     Brian Niiya\n    </a>\n    , Densho\n   </b>\n  </div>\n  <div id=\"citationAuthor\" style=\"display:none;\">\n   Niiya, Brian\n  </div>\n  <p>\n   Might also like\n   <i>\n    <a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/Looking Like the Enemy: My Story of Imprisonment in Japanese-American Internment Camps (book)\" title=\"Looking Like the Enemy: My Story of Imprisonment in Japanese-American Internment Camps (book)\">\n     Looking Like the Enemy: My Story of Imprisonment in Japanese-American Internment Camps: Young Reader's Edition\n    </a>\n   </i>\n   by Mary Matsuda Gruenewald;\n   <i>\n    <a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/Fred Korematsu Speaks Up (book)\" title=\"Fred Korematsu Speaks Up (book)\">\n     Fred Korematsu Speaks Up\n    </a>\n   </i>\n   by Laura Atkins and Stan Yogi;\n   <i>\n    <a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/Weedflower (book)\" title=\"Weedflower (book)\">\n     Weedflower\n    </a>\n   </i>\n   by Cynthia Kadohata\n  </p>\n  <div id=\"RelatedArticlesDisplay\">\n   <div class=\"section\" id=\"Related_Articles\">\n    <h2>\n     <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Related_Articles\">\n      Related Articles\n     </span>\n    </h2>\n    <div class=\"section_content\">\n     <p>\n     </p>\n     <div id=\"RelatedArticlesSectionDisplay\">\n      <div class=\"section\" id=\"\">\n       <h3>\n        <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"\">\n        </span>\n       </h3>\n       <div class=\"section_content\">\n        <p>\n        </p>\n        <ul>\n         <li>\n          <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Children%27s_and_young_adults%27_books_on_incarceration\" title=\"Children's and young adults' books on incarceration\">\n           Children's and young adults' books on incarceration\n          </a>\n         </li>\n        </ul>\n       </div>\n      </div>\n     </div>\n    </div>\n   </div>\n  </div>\n </div>\n</div>",
    "moreinfo": "<div class=\"section\" id=\"For_More_Information\">\n <h2>\n  <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"For_More_Information\">\n   For More Information\n  </span>\n </h2>\n <div class=\"section_content\">\n  <p>\n   Publisher website (for new edition):\n   <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"http://www.enslow.com/books/the_internment_of_japanese_americans_in_united_states_history/\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n    http://www.enslow.com/books/the_internment_of_japanese_americans_in_united_states_history/\n   </a>\n   .\n  </p>\n  <!-- \nNewPP limit report\nCPU time usage: 0.136 seconds\nReal time usage: 0.138 seconds\nPreprocessor visited node count: 358/1000000\nPreprocessor generated node count: 2269/1000000\nPost‐expand include size: 7850/2097152 bytes\nTemplate argument size: 1454/2097152 bytes\nHighest expansion depth: 4/40\nExpensive parser function count: 0/100\nExtLoops count: 0/100\n-->\n  <!-- Saved in parser cache with key mediawiki:pcache:idhash:1886-0!*!0!!en!5!* and timestamp 20180309150826 and revision id 28160\n -->\n </div>\n</div>",
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