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    "description": "Coming of age novel by William Hohri about two teenage boys from West Los Angeles who end up at Manzanar with their families.",
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            "title": "Brian Niiya",
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    "modified": "2018-03-06T22:39:36",
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    "body": "<br/>\n<div id=\"databox-Books\" style=\"display:none;\">\n <p>\n  Title:Manzanar Rites;\nAuthor:William Minoru Hohri;\nIllustrator:;\nOrigTitle:;\nCountry:;\nLanguage:;\nSeries:;\nGenre:;\nPublisher:the Epistolarian;\nPubDate:2002;\nCurrentPublisher:;\nCurrentPubDate:;\nMediaType:;\nPages:162;\nAwards:;\nISBN:;\nWorldCatLink:\n  <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"https://www.worldcat.org/title/manzanar-rites-a-novel/oclc/51987253\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n   https://www.worldcat.org/title/manzanar-rites-a-novel/oclc/51987253\n  </a>\n  ;\n </p>\n</div>\n<div class=\"rgonly\">\n <div id=\"rgdatabox-Core\" style=\"display:none;\">\n  <p>\n   RGMediaType:books;\nTitle:Manzanar Rites;\nCreators:William Minoru Hohri;\nInterestLevel:Grades 9-12; Adult;\nReadingLevel:;\nGuidedReadingLevel:;\nLexile:;\nTheme:Coming of age; Evils of racism; Rights - individual or societal; Vulnerability of the strong;\nGenre:Fiction; History;\nPoV:told from perspective of Issei and Nisei characters;\nRelatedEvents:;\nAvailability:Limited availability;\nFreeWebVersion:No;\nPrimarySecondary:;\nHasTeachingAids:No;\nWarnings:Limited availability;\nDenshoTopic:;\nGeography:;\nChronology:1941–42;\nFacility:Manzanar [7] - Manzanar, California;\n  </p>\n </div>\n</div>\n<p>\n Coming of age novel by\n <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/William_Hohri\" title=\"William Hohri\">\n  William Hohri\n </a>\n about two teenage boys from West Los Angeles who end up at\n <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Manzanar\" title=\"Manzanar\">\n  Manzanar\n </a>\n with their families.\n</p>\n<p>\n Close friends Ken Yamanaka and Freddie Inouye have both just started high school, when the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor plunges the U.S. into World War II. Ken's father, a gardener, is soon arrested and sent to the\n <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Fort_Missoula_(detention_facility)\" title=\"Fort Missoula (detention facility)\">\n  Missoula\n </a>\n , Montana, internment camp, where he is joined by his younger and more militant gardener friend Shochiro Hayashida. Freddie, who can pass for white, lives with his German American mother, his Japanese American father having left the family. A few months later, Ken and Freddie—now going by Kenzo and Frederick—are sent to Manzanar with their families. While going to school, playing sports and interacting with teenage girls, the two boys also become politicized by observing the goings on at the camp. Though Ken's father and Hayashida soon are returned to Manzanar, the former is soon sent back to Missoula, accused of fomenting unrest. In reaction, Hayashida puts together a group to wage a complaint to the Spanish consul, leading to a confrontation with the camp's administrators that will come to have tragic consequences.\n</p>\n<p>\n Author Hohri, perhaps best known for his role in the\n <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Redress_movement\" title=\"Redress movement\">\n  Redress Movement\n </a>\n , was about the same age as his two protagonists and was also incarcerated at Manzanar as a teenager. Though the characters are nearly all fictionalized, many are clearly based on real people, including ineffectual camp director Richard Malman (based on Ralph Merritt), vain and racist assistant director Jack Shoup (Ned Campbell), Kitchen Workers Union head Saburo Genda (\n <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Harry_Ueno\" title=\"Harry Ueno\">\n  Harry Ueno\n </a>\n ), and older Hawai'i Nisei leader Mat Ohara (\n <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Joe_Kurihara\" title=\"Joe Kurihara\">\n  Joe Kurihara\n </a>\n ). Frederick's uncle also turns out to be\n <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Karl_Bendetsen\" title=\"Karl Bendetsen\">\n  Karl Bendetsen\n </a>\n , perhaps the main architect of the forced removal and incarceration. Hohri also uses a fictionalized version of the\n <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Manzanar_riot/uprising\" title=\"Manzanar riot/uprising\">\n  Manzanar Riot/uprising\n </a>\n as the book's climax, though he shifts the date forward to August (instead of December), 1942 and changes many aspects of it.\n</p>\n<p>\n Hohri dedicated the book to Kurihara and Ueno. He self-published it in 2002.\n</p>\n<div id=\"authorByline\">\n <b>\n  Authored by\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Brian_Niiya\" title=\"Brian Niiya\">\n   Brian Niiya\n  </a>\n  , Densho\n </b>\n</div>\n<div id=\"citationAuthor\" style=\"display:none;\">\n Niiya, Brian\n</div>\n<p>\n Might also like\n <i>\n  <a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/The Climate of the Country (book)\" title=\"The Climate of the Country (book)\">\n   The Climate of the Country\n  </a>\n </i>\n by Marnie Mueller;\n <i>\n  <a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/Fox Drum Bebop (book)\" title=\"Fox Drum Bebop (book)\">\n   Fox Drum Bebop\n  </a>\n </i>\n by Gene Oishi;\n <i>\n  <a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/When the Emperor Was Divine (book)\" title=\"When the Emperor Was Divine (book)\">\n   When the Emperor Was Divine\n  </a>\n </i>\n by Julie Otsuka.\n</p>\n<!-- \nNewPP limit report\nCPU time usage: 0.096 seconds\nReal time usage: 0.099 seconds\nPreprocessor visited node count: 305/1000000\nPreprocessor generated node count: 2123/1000000\nPost‐expand include size: 6372/2097152 bytes\nTemplate argument size: 1297/2097152 bytes\nHighest expansion depth: 3/40\nExpensive parser function count: 0/100\nExtLoops count: 0/100\n-->\n<!-- Saved in parser cache with key mediawiki:pcache:idhash:4171-0!*!0!*!*!5!* and timestamp 20180404174249 and revision id 28835\n -->\n",
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