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    "description": "A prominent journalist reflects on his life and career, including the difficult years during World War II during which he and his family were incarcerated because of their Japanese ancestry.",
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            "title": "Emily Anderson",
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    "body": "<br/>\n<div class=\"floatright\">\n</div>\n<div class=\"rgonly\">\n <div id=\"rgdatabox-Core\" style=\"display:none;\">\n  <p>\n   RGMediaType:books;\nTitle:Out of the Frying Pan: Reflections of a Japanese American;\nCreators:Bill Hosokawa;\nInterestLevel:;\nReadingLevel:;\nGuidedReadingLevel:;\nLexile:;\nTheme:Heroism - real and perceived; Injustice;\nGenre:Memoir;\nPoV:;\nRelatedEvents:;\nAvailability:Available;\nFreeWebVersion:;\nPrimarySecondary:;\nHasTeachingAids:No;\nWarnings:;\nDenshoTopic:;\nGeography:Seattle, Washington; Singapore; Shanghai; Puyallup; Heart Mountain; Denver;\nChronology:1900-1990s;\nFacility:Heart Mountain [5]; Puyallup (Camp Harmony) [11];\n  </p>\n </div>\n</div>\n<div id=\"databox-Books\" style=\"display:none;\">\n <p>\n  Title:Out of the Frying Pan: Reflections of a Japanese American;\nAuthor:Bill Hosokawa;\nIllustrator:;\nOrigTitle:;\nCountry:;\nLanguage:;\nSeries:;\nGenre:;\nPublisher:University Press of Colorado;\nPubDate:1998;\nCurrentPublisher:;\nCurrentPubDate:;\nMediaType:;\nPages:192;\nAwards:;\nISBN:;\nWorldCatLink:\n  <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"http://www.worldcat.org/title/out-of-the-frying-pan-reflections-of-a-japanese-american/oclc/39307292\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n   http://www.worldcat.org/title/out-of-the-frying-pan-reflections-of-a-japanese-american/oclc/39307292\n  </a>\n  ;\n </p>\n</div>\n<p>\n A prominent journalist reflects on his life and career, including the difficult years during World War II during which he and his family were incarcerated because of their Japanese ancestry.\n</p>\n<div class=\"section\" id=\"Synopsis\">\n <h2>\n  <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Synopsis\">\n   Synopsis\n  </span>\n </h2>\n <div class=\"section_content\">\n  <p>\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Bill_Hosokawa\" title=\"Bill Hosokawa\">\n    Bill Hosokawa\n   </a>\n   begins his memoir by recounting his childhood in Seattle, his pursuit of journalism as a career through majoring in the subject at University of Washington, and his decision to take a job in Singapore in 1938 because he could not find employment with an American newspaper due to racial discrimination. He returned to the U.S. in October 1941.\n  </p>\n  <p>\n   While he was a university student he had worked with\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/James_Sakamoto\" title=\"James Sakamoto\">\n    Jimmie Sakamoto\n   </a>\n   's\n   <i>\n    Japanese American Courier\n   </i>\n   newspaper, and when Pearl Harbor was attacked Hosokawa was among the community leaders Sakamoto gathered to create the Emergency Defense Council, which Hosokawa describes as an organization that facilitated communication between the Japanese American community and the government. This group continued to play this role even after residents were taken to\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Puyallup_(detention_facility)\" title=\"Puyallup (detention facility)\">\n    Puyallup Assembly Center\n   </a>\n   (formally known as \"Camp Harmony\"). His chapters on the war years are detailed, and describe the difficulties his family faced as they prepared for removal, his appearance before a grand jury to determine whether or not he could be charged with actual crimes, and the unpleasant conditions he and his family faced at Puyallup. Unlike most Seattle Japanese Americans, Hosokawa, his wife, and young son were sent to\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Heart_Mountain\" title=\"Heart Mountain\">\n    Heart Mountain\n   </a>\n   in Wyoming, a decision Hosokawa attributes to the government wanting to separate him from the community because they believed he was fomenting discontent. Most Seattle residents were sent to Minidoka in south-central Idaho.\n  </p>\n  <p>\n   Hosokawa devotes most of his discussion of his time in Heart Mountain to his role in establishing the\n   <i>\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Heart_Mountain_Sentinel_(newspaper)\" title=\"Heart Mountain Sentinel (newspaper)\">\n     Sentinel\n    </a>\n   </i>\n   , the Heart Mountain newspaper, including the logistical challenges involved, editorial policy, and key controversies the newspaper addressed. He recounts that through the influence of\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Dillon_Myer\" title=\"Dillon Myer\">\n    Dillon S. Myer\n   </a>\n   , the second director of the\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/War_Relocation_Authority\" title=\"War Relocation Authority\">\n    War Relocation Authority\n   </a>\n   , he was offered a position as copyeditor with the\n   <i>\n    Register\n   </i>\n   of Des Moines, Iowa, and he and his family left Heart Mountain in October 1943. In addition to recounting his own experiences, Hosokawa also discusses the four Nisei who challenged the constitutionality of the treatment of Japanese Americans before the Supreme Court. The second half of the work is a collection of columns Hosokawa wrote for\n   <i>\n    The Denver Post\n   </i>\n   , where he spent most of his career, as well as the\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Japanese_American_Citizens_League\" title=\"Japanese American Citizens League\">\n    Japanese American Citizens League\n   </a>\n   (JACL) newspaper,\n   <i>\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Pacific_Citizen_(newspaper)\" title=\"Pacific Citizen (newspaper)\">\n     Pacific Citizen\n    </a>\n   </i>\n   , and other papers.\n  </p>\n </div>\n</div>\n<div class=\"section\" id=\"Author_Background\">\n <h2>\n  <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Author_Background\">\n   Author Background\n  </span>\n </h2>\n <div class=\"section_content\">\n  <p>\n   Bill Hosokawa (1915-2007) was a prominent journalist and author whose support of the JACL's activities during World War II—in which he himself also participated—has prompted controversy within the Japanese American community. In addition to a long and successful career with the\n   <i>\n    Denver Post\n   </i>\n   , he also authored several books about Japanese Americans and journalism, including\n   <i>\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Nisei:_The_Quiet_Americans_(book)\" title=\"Nisei: The Quiet Americans (book)\">\n     Nisei: The Quiet Americans\n    </a>\n   </i>\n   .\n  </p>\n </div>\n</div>\n<div class=\"section\" id=\"Historical_Accuracy\">\n <h2>\n  <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Historical_Accuracy\">\n   Historical Accuracy\n  </span>\n </h2>\n <div class=\"section_content\">\n  <p>\n   In the brief aside Hosokawa makes to describe the four cases where the constitutionality of the wartime treatment of Japanese Americans was argued before the Supreme Court, there are several errors that while brief, are significant. First, when he summarizes the reconsideration of these\n   <i>\n    coram nobis\n   </i>\n   cases in the 1980s, he names\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Peter_Irons\" title=\"Peter Irons\">\n    Peter Irons\n   </a>\n   as the person who made the crucial discovery of evidence proving the U.S. government illegally used race as the justification for the Exclusion Order. In fact,\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Aiko_Herzig-Yoshinaga\" title=\"Aiko Herzig-Yoshinaga\">\n    Aiko Herzig\n   </a>\n   , working as a researcher for the redress movement, was the one who discovered these documents in the National Archives.\n  </p>\n </div>\n</div>\n<div class=\"section\" id=\"Response\">\n <h2>\n  <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Response\">\n   Response\n  </span>\n </h2>\n <div class=\"section_content\">\n  <p>\n   Hosokawa's recounting of his own experiences and role working with the JACL during World War II has come under some criticism. A useful summary appears in\n   <i>\n    Asian American Autobiographers: A Bio-bibliographical Critical Sourcebook\n   </i>\n   .\n   <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref1_1-0\">\n    <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref1-1\">\n     [1]\n    </a>\n   </sup>\n  </p>\n  <div id=\"authorByline\">\n   <b>\n    Authored by\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Emily_Anderson\" title=\"Emily Anderson\">\n     Emily Anderson\n    </a>\n   </b>\n  </div>\n  <div id=\"citationAuthor\" style=\"display:none;\">\n   Anderson, Emily\n  </div>\n  <p>\n   Might also like\n   <i>\n    <a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/They Call Me Moses Masaoka: An American Saga (book)\" title=\"They Call Me Moses Masaoka: An American Saga (book)\">\n     They Call Me Moses Masaoka\n    </a>\n   </i>\n   by Mike Masaoka;\n   <i>\n    <a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/Manzanar and Beyond (book)\" title=\"Manzanar and Beyond (book)\">\n     Manzanar and Beyond: Memoirs of Frank F. Chuman\n    </a>\n   </i>\n   by Frank F. Chuman;\n   <i>\n    <a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/Ganbatte: Sixty-year Struggle of a Kibei Worker (book)\" title=\"Ganbatte: Sixty-year Struggle of a Kibei Worker (book)\">\n     Ganbatte: Sixty-Year Struggle of a Kibei Worker\n    </a>\n   </i>\n   by Karl G. Yoneda\n  </p>\n </div>\n</div>",
    "moreinfo": "<div class=\"section\" id=\"For_More_Information\">\n <h2>\n  <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"For_More_Information\">\n   For More Information\n  </span>\n </h2>\n <div class=\"section_content\">\n  <p>\n   <i>\n    <a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"http://www.publishersweekly.com/978-0-87081-500-3\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n     Publishers Weekly\n    </a>\n   </i>\n   review.\n  </p>\n  <p>\n   Daniels, Roger.\n   <i>\n    Pacific Historical Review\n   </i>\n   69.2 (May 2000): 338-39.\n  </p>\n </div>\n</div>",
    "reviews": null,
    "footnotes": "<div class=\"section\" id=\"Footnotes\">\n <h2>\n  <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Footnotes\">\n   Footnotes\n  </span>\n </h2>\n <div class=\"section_content\">\n  <div class=\"reflist\" style=\"list-style-type: decimal;\">\n   <ol class=\"references\">\n    <li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref1-1\">\n     <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n      <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref1_1-0\">\n       ↑\n      </a>\n     </span>\n     <span class=\"reference-text\">\n      Guiyou Huang, editor,\n      <i>\n       Asian American Autobiographers: A Bio-bibliographical Critical Sourcebook\n      </i>\n      (Greenwood Publishing Group, 2001), 121-24.\n     </span>\n    </li>\n   </ol>\n  </div>\n  <!-- \nNewPP limit report\nCPU time usage: 0.136 seconds\nReal time usage: 0.139 seconds\nPreprocessor visited node count: 372/1000000\nPreprocessor generated node count: 2447/1000000\nPost‐expand include size: 6114/2097152 bytes\nTemplate argument size: 1382/2097152 bytes\nHighest expansion depth: 4/40\nExpensive parser function count: 0/100\nExtLoops count: 0/100\n-->\n  <!-- Saved in parser cache with key mediawiki:pcache:idhash:3679-0!*!0!!en!5!* and timestamp 20180309151222 and revision id 28191\n -->\n </div>\n</div>",
    "related": null
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