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    "body": "<br/>\n<div class=\"rgonly\">\n <div id=\"rgdatabox-Core\" style=\"display:none;\">\n  <p>\n   RGMediaType:books;\nTitle:The Internment of Japanese Americans during World War II;\nCreators:John C. Davenport;\nInterestLevel:Grades 7-8; Grades 9-12;\nReadingLevel:Grades 7-8;\nGuidedReadingLevel:;\nLexile:;\nTheme:Displacement; Evils of racism; Hazards of passing judgment; Injustice; Patriotism – positive side or complications;\nGenre:Young adult;\nPoV:Third person overview;\nRelatedEvents:;\nAvailability:Widely available;\nFreeWebVersion:No;\nPrimarySecondary:;\nHasTeachingAids:No;\nWarnings:;\nDenshoTopic:;\nGeography:;\nChronology:1880s to 2000s; mostly 1940s;\nFacility:Multiple;\n  </p>\n </div>\n</div>\n<div id=\"databox-Books\" style=\"display:none;\">\n <p>\n  Title:The Internment of Japanese Americans during World War II;\nAuthor:John C. Davenport;\nIllustrator:;\nOrigTitle:;\nCountry:;\nLanguage:;\nSeries:Milestones of American History;\nGenre:;\nPublisher:Chelsea House;\nPubDate:2010;\nCurrentPublisher:;\nCurrentPubDate:;\nMediaType:;\nPages:122;\nAwards:;\nISBN:;\nWorldCatLink:\n  <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"https://www.worldcat.org/title/internment-of-japanese-americans-during-world-war-ii-detention-of-american-citizens/oclc/401143230\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n   https://www.worldcat.org/title/internment-of-japanese-americans-during-world-war-ii-detention-of-american-citizens/oclc/401143230\n  </a>\n  ;\n </p>\n</div>\n<p>\n Overview work on the Japanese American World War II incarceration aimed at middle and high school audiences.\n</p>\n<div class=\"section\" id=\"Synopsis\">\n <h2>\n  <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Synopsis\">\n   Synopsis\n  </span>\n </h2>\n <div class=\"section_content\">\n  <p>\n   <i>\n    The Internment of Japanese Americans during World War II\n   </i>\n   tells its story in nine chapters. After an opening chapter that covers the\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/December_7,_1941\" title=\"December 7, 1941\">\n    attack on Pearl Harbor\n   </a>\n   , the\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Federal_Bureau_of_Investigation\" title=\"Federal Bureau of Investigation\">\n    roundup of enemy aliens\n   </a>\n   , and the rising tide of anti-Japanese sentiment, chapter two steps back to examine Japanese immigration and the anti-Japanese movement. Chapters on the run up to\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Executive_Order_9066\" title=\"Executive Order 9066\">\n    Executive Order 9066\n   </a>\n   and the beginning of forced removal follow. Chapter 5 includes profiles of the\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Manzanar\" title=\"Manzanar\">\n    Manzanar\n   </a>\n   ,\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Topaz\" title=\"Topaz\">\n    Topaz\n   </a>\n   and\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Tule_Lake\" title=\"Tule Lake\">\n    Tule Lake\n   </a>\n   camps, while chapter six examines the Japanese American Supreme Court cases and\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Resettlement\" title=\"Resettlement\">\n    resettlement\n   </a>\n   . Chapters seven and eight look at\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Japanese_Americans_in_military_during_World_War_II\" title=\"Japanese Americans in military during World War II\">\n    military service\n   </a>\n   and\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Draft_resistance\" title=\"Draft resistance\">\n    draft resistance\n   </a>\n   . The final chapter explores postwar redress and the continuing significance of this story particularly after the 9/11 terrorist attacks.\n  </p>\n  <p>\n   Based entirely on secondary sources, the most cited works are\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Peter_Irons\" title=\"Peter Irons\">\n    Peter Irons'\n   </a>\n   <i>\n    Justice at War: The Story of the Japanese American Internment Cases\n   </i>\n   (New York: Oxford University Press, 1983; Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993); Roger Daniels'\n   <i>\n    Prisoners Without Trial: Japanese Americans in World War II\n   </i>\n   (New York: Hill and Wang, 1993); Greg Robinson's\n   <i>\n    By Order of the President: FDR and the Internment of Japanese Americans\n   </i>\n   (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2001); and the anthology\n   <i>\n    Only What We Could Carry: The Japanese American Internment Experience\n   </i>\n   edited by\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Lawson_Fusao_Inada\" title=\"Lawson Fusao Inada\">\n    Lawson Fusao Inada\n   </a>\n   (Berkeley, Calif.: Heyday Books, 2000).\n  </p>\n  <p>\n   The book includes an illustrated chronology and a list of additional resources. Historical photographs are incorporated into the text.\n  </p>\n </div>\n</div>\n<div class=\"section\" id=\"Additional_Information\">\n <h2>\n  <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Additional_Information\">\n   Additional Information\n  </span>\n </h2>\n <div class=\"section_content\">\n  <p>\n   Author John Davenport (1960– ) is a middle school history teacher in California who holds a Ph.D. from the University of Connecticut. He has authored numerous books on U.S. and world history as well as biographies for young audiences.\n  </p>\n  <p>\n   While incorporating relatively current research and being more detailed than most similar books,\n   <i>\n    The Internment of Japanese Americans during World War II\n   </i>\n   is marred by many errors, most of them minor. These include: reference to the \"\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Gentlemen%27s_Agreement\" title=\"Gentlemen's Agreement\">\n    Gentlemen's Agreement\n   </a>\n   of 1906\" (page 13; the agreement consisted of correspondence taking place in 1907–08); misspelling the name of\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Issei\" title=\"Issei\">\n    Issei\n   </a>\n   naturalization law challenger Takao Ozawa as \"Takeo\" (15); over counting the number Japanese Americans from Hawai'i who were interned, citing 1,037 sent to\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/War_Relocation_Authority\" title=\"War Relocation Authority\">\n    War Relocation Authority\n   </a>\n   camps, 675 in Justice Department internment camps and 1,500 \"interned locally at Sand Island near Honolulu\" (36; in addition to the last figure being too large, the vast majority of those held in\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Sand_Island_(detention_facility)\" title=\"Sand Island (detention facility)\">\n    Sand Island\n   </a>\n   and the other camps in Hawaii were later sent to camps on the mainland and are thus included in the first two figures); attributing the internment of German and Italian aliens to Executive Order 9066 (37; as with Issei arrested after the attack on Pearl Harbor, this internment was authorized by the\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Alien_Enemies_Act_of_1798\" title=\"Alien Enemies Act of 1798\">\n    Alien Enemies Act of 1798\n   </a>\n   ); claiming Gen.\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/John_DeWitt\" title=\"John DeWitt\">\n    John DeWitt\n   </a>\n   was appointed to head the Army and Navy Staff College \"[a]fter the Japanese surrender in 1945\" (39; he was assigned to this position in 1943 after being removed as head of the Western Defense Command); claiming there were thirteen assembly centers (44; there were fifteen in addition to two \"reception centers\"); claiming that \"more than 2,000\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Japanese_Latin_Americans\" title=\"Japanese Latin Americans\">\n    Latin American Japanese\n   </a>\n   \" were held in WRA camps (46; nearly all were held in Justice Department administered camps); claiming that one of those killed in the\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Manzanar_riot/uprising\" title=\"Manzanar riot/uprising\">\n    Manzanar riot/uprising\n   </a>\n   \"was a 17-year-old girl\" (49; both inmates who were shot by guards were young men); citing\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Gila_River\" title=\"Gila River\">\n    Gila River\n   </a>\n   as having been managed by the Office of Indian Affairs (55; though both Gila and\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Poston_(Colorado_River)\" title=\"Poston (Colorado River)\">\n    Poston\n   </a>\n   were on Indian land, only Poston was managed by the OIA).\n  </p>\n  <p>\n   Other errors: quoting from Justice Frank Murphy's \"dissent\" in the\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Hirabayashi_v._United_States\" title=\"Hirabayashi v. United States\">\n    <i>\n     Hirabayashi\n    </i>\n    Supreme Court case\n   </a>\n   (63; the quote comes from the draft of a dissent; Murphy later had a change of heart and concurred with his colleagues in what became a unanimous decision); claiming that all four of the Japanese American cases \"reached the Supreme Court in 1943\" (63; the\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Ex_parte_Mitsuye_Endo_(1944)\" title=\"Ex parte Mitsuye Endo (1944)\">\n    Mitsuye Endo\n   </a>\n   case did not reach the court until 1944); claiming that the \"\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/100th_Infantry_Battalion\" title=\"100th Infantry Battalion\">\n    100th Battalion\n   </a>\n   had been shipped overseas by the time that the\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/442nd_Regimental_Combat_Team\" title=\"442nd Regimental Combat Team\">\n    442nd Regimental Combat Team\n   </a>\n   came into existence\" (79; the 100th went overseas in the fall of 1943, while the 442nd formed in March 1943; three pages earlier it is implied that the 100th went overseas in the fall of 1942); claiming that the seven leaders of the\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Heart_Mountain_Fair_Play_Committee\" title=\"Heart Mountain Fair Play Committee\">\n    Heart Mountain Fair Play Committee\n   </a>\n   all \"received terms of four years behind bars\" (85; some received two-year terms); claiming that President Harry Truman addressed the 442nd and made his famous statement about fighting prejudice in 1948 (96; the ceremony was in 1946); and claiming the\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Japanese_American_Evacuation_Claims_Act\" title=\"Japanese American Evacuation Claims Act\">\n    Evacuation Claims Act\n   </a>\n   allocated $38 for settling property claims (96; $38 was the amount eventually paid out in claims, not the amount allocated).\n  </p>\n  <div id=\"authorByline\">\n   <b>\n    Authored by\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Brian_Niiya\" title=\"Brian Niiya\">\n     Brian Niiya\n    </a>\n    , Densho\n   </b>\n  </div>\n  <div id=\"citationAuthor\" style=\"display:none;\">\n   Niiya, Brian\n  </div>\n  <p>\n   Might also like\n   <i>\n    <a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/A Fence Away From Freedom: Japanese-Americans and World War II (book)\" title=\"A Fence Away From Freedom: Japanese-Americans and World War II (book)\">\n     A Fence Away from Freedom: Japanese Americans and World War II\n    </a>\n   </i>\n   by Ellen Levine;\n   <i>\n    <a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/Fred Korematsu: All American Hero (book)\" title=\"Fred Korematsu: All American Hero (book)\">\n     Fred Korematsu: All American Hero\n    </a>\n   </i>\n   by Anupam Chander and Madhavi Sunder;\n   <i>\n    <a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/Looking Like the Enemy: My Story of Imprisonment in Japanese-American Internment Camps (book)\" title=\"Looking Like the Enemy: My Story of Imprisonment in Japanese-American Internment Camps (book)\">\n     Looking Like the Enemy: My Story of Imprisonment in Japanese-American Internment Camps: Young Reader's Edition\n    </a>\n   </i>\n   by Mary Matsuda Gruenewald\n  </p>\n </div>\n</div>",
    "moreinfo": "<div class=\"section\" id=\"For_More_Information\">\n <h2>\n  <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"For_More_Information\">\n   For More Information\n  </span>\n </h2>\n <div class=\"section_content\">\n  <p>\n   Publisher website:\n   <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"http://www.infobasepublishing.com/Bookdetail.aspx?ISBN=1604136812\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n    http://www.infobasepublishing.com/Bookdetail.aspx?ISBN=1604136812\n   </a>\n   .\n  </p>\n  <!-- \nNewPP limit report\nCPU time usage: 0.120 seconds\nReal time usage: 0.125 seconds\nPreprocessor visited node count: 318/1000000\nPreprocessor generated node count: 2087/1000000\nPost‐expand include size: 6948/2097152 bytes\nTemplate argument size: 1675/2097152 bytes\nHighest expansion depth: 3/40\nExpensive parser function count: 0/100\nExtLoops count: 0/100\n-->\n  <!-- Saved in parser cache with key mediawiki:pcache:idhash:3590-0!*!0!!*!5!* and timestamp 20180827024926 and revision id 29009\n -->\n </div>\n</div>",
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