DOCUMENTATION GOES HERE.

GET /api/1.0/articles/The%20Japanese%20American%20Internment:%20Innocence,%20Guilt,%20and%20Wartime%20Justice%20(book)/
HTTP 200 OK
Allow: OPTIONS, GET
Content-Type: application/json
Vary: Accept

{
    "id": "The Japanese American Internment: Innocence, Guilt, and Wartime Justice (book)",
    "doctype": "articles",
    "links": {
        "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/The%20Japanese%20American%20Internment:%20Innocence,%20Guilt,%20and%20Wartime%20Justice%20(book)/",
        "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/articles/The%20Japanese%20American%20Internment:%20Innocence,%20Guilt,%20and%20Wartime%20Justice%20(book)/"
    },
    "title_sort": "japaneseamericaninternmentinnocenceguiltandwartimejustice",
    "description": "Overview of the wartime removal and incarceration of Japanese Americans by Ann Heinrichs that is part of Marshall Cavendish Benchmark's \"Perspectives on... \" series.",
    "rg_rgmediatype": [
        "books"
    ],
    "mediatype_label": "Books",
    "mediatype_icon": "fa-book",
    "rg_interestlevel": [
        "Grades 7-8",
        "Grades 9-12"
    ],
    "rg_genre": [
        "Young Adult",
        "History"
    ],
    "rg_theme": [
        "Displacement",
        "Evils of racism",
        "Hazards of passing judgment",
        "Injustice",
        "Patriotism – positive side or complications"
    ],
    "rg_readinglevel": [
        "Grades 7-8",
        "Grades 9-12"
    ],
    "rg_availability": [
        "Available"
    ],
    "categories": [
        {
            "title": "Arts",
            "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/categories/Arts/",
            "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/browse/categories/Arts/"
        }
    ],
    "topics": [],
    "authors": [
        {
            "title": "Brian Niiya",
            "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/authors/Brian%20Niiya/",
            "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/1.0/authors/Brian%20Niiya/"
        }
    ],
    "sources": [],
    "title": "The Japanese American Internment: Innocence, Guilt, and Wartime Justice (book)",
    "source_ids": [],
    "published_encyc": false,
    "published_rg": true,
    "modified": "2018-02-28T05:13:04",
    "coordinates": [],
    "databoxes": {
        "rgdatabox-Core": {
            "freewebversion": [
                "No"
            ],
            "relatedevents": [],
            "primarysecondary": [],
            "warnings": [],
            "readinglevel": [
                "Grades 7-8",
                "Grades 9-12"
            ],
            "availability": [
                "Available"
            ],
            "facility": [],
            "genre": [
                "Young Adult",
                "History"
            ],
            "creators": [
                "Ann Heinrichs"
            ],
            "rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "title": [
                "The Japanese American Internment: Innocence, Guilt, and Wartime Justice"
            ],
            "lexile": [],
            "geography": [],
            "denshotopic": [],
            "pov": [
                "Third-person narration"
            ],
            "guidedreadinglevel": [],
            "theme": [
                "Displacement",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Hazards of passing judgment",
                "Injustice",
                "Patriotism – positive side or complications"
            ],
            "interestlevel": [
                "Grades 7-8",
                "Grades 9-12"
            ],
            "chronology": [
                "1900s to 2000s"
            ],
            "hasteachingaids": [
                "No"
            ]
        },
        "databox-Books": {
            "series": [
                "Perspectives On..."
            ],
            "author": [
                "Ann Heinrichs"
            ],
            "mediatype": [],
            "currentpubdate": [],
            "illustrator": [],
            "awards": [],
            "genre": [],
            "country": [],
            "pubdate": [
                "2011"
            ],
            "title": [
                "The Japanese American Internment: Innocence, Guilt, and Wartime Justice"
            ],
            "origtitle": [],
            "currentpublisher": [],
            "pages": [
                "112"
            ],
            "worldcatlink": [
                "<a class=\"external free\" href=\"https://www.worldcat.org/title/japanese-american-internment-innocence-guilt-and-wartime-justice/oclc/434745067\" rel=\"nofollow\">https://www.worldcat.org/title/japanese-american-internment-innocence-guilt-and-wartime-justice/oclc/434745067</a>"
            ],
            "isbn": [],
            "language": [],
            "publisher": [
                "Marshall Cavendish Benchmark"
            ]
        }
    },
    "rg_title": "The Japanese American Internment: Innocence, Guilt, and Wartime Justice",
    "rg_creators": [
        "Ann Heinrichs"
    ],
    "rg_pov": [
        "Third-person narration"
    ],
    "rg_freewebversion": [
        "No"
    ],
    "rg_geography": [],
    "rg_chronology": [
        "1900s to 2000s"
    ],
    "rg_hasteachingaids": [
        "No"
    ],
    "rg_warnings": null,
    "body": "<br/>\n<div class=\"rgonly\">\n <div id=\"rgdatabox-Core\" style=\"display:none;\">\n  <p>\n   RGMediaType:books;\nTitle:The Japanese American Internment: Innocence, Guilt, and Wartime Justice;\nCreators:Ann Heinrichs;\nInterestLevel:Grades 7-8; Grades 9-12;\nReadingLevel:Grades 7-8; Grades 9-12;\nGuidedReadingLevel:;\nLexile:;\nTheme:Displacement; Evils of racism; Hazards of passing judgment; Injustice; Patriotism – positive side or complications;\nGenre:Young Adult; History;\nPoV:Third-person narration;\nRelatedEvents:;\nAvailability:Available;\nFreeWebVersion:No;\nPrimarySecondary:;\nHasTeachingAids:No;\nWarnings:;\nDenshoTopic:;\nGeography:;\nChronology:1900s to 2000s;\nFacility:;\n  </p>\n </div>\n</div>\n<div id=\"databox-Books\" style=\"display:none;\">\n <p>\n  Title:The Japanese American Internment: Innocence, Guilt, and Wartime Justice;\nAuthor:Ann Heinrichs;\nIllustrator:;\nOrigTitle:;\nCountry:;\nLanguage:;\nSeries:Perspectives On...;\nGenre:;\nPublisher:Marshall Cavendish Benchmark;\nPubDate:2011;\nCurrentPublisher:;\nCurrentPubDate:;\nMediaType:;\nPages:112;\nAwards:;\nISBN:;\nWorldCatLink:\n  <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"https://www.worldcat.org/title/japanese-american-internment-innocence-guilt-and-wartime-justice/oclc/434745067\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n   https://www.worldcat.org/title/japanese-american-internment-innocence-guilt-and-wartime-justice/oclc/434745067\n  </a>\n  ;\n </p>\n</div>\n<p>\n Overview of the wartime removal and incarceration of Japanese Americans by Ann Heinrichs that is part of Marshall Cavendish Benchmark's \"Perspectives on... \" series.\n</p>\n<div class=\"section\" id=\"Synopsis\">\n <h2>\n  <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Synopsis\">\n   Synopsis\n  </span>\n </h2>\n <div class=\"section_content\">\n  <p>\n   After a brief introduction that provides an overview of the topic, the book is divided into six chapters. The first, \"A Swelling Tide of Suspicion,\" covers immigration, the\n   <a class=\"mw-redirect encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Anti-Japanese_movement\" title=\"Anti-Japanese movement\">\n    anti-Japanese movement\n   </a>\n   , prewar surveillance of the Japanese American community (including the reports by\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Kenneth_Ringle\" title=\"Kenneth Ringle\">\n    Kenneth Ringle\n   </a>\n   and\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Munson_Report\" title=\"Munson Report\">\n    Curtis Munson\n   </a>\n   ) and the attack on Pearl Harbor. Chapter Two, \"The Aftermath of Pearl Harbor,\" covers the Japanese American reaction highlighting the\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Japanese_American_Citizens_League\" title=\"Japanese American Citizens League\">\n    Japanese American Citizens League\n   </a>\n   (JACL), the roundup of enemy aliens, and the run up to\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Executive_Order_9066\" title=\"Executive Order 9066\">\n    Executive Order 9066\n   </a>\n   . Chapter Three, \"Roundup and Relocation,\" the longest chapter, looks at the forced removal and life in both the \"\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Assembly_centers\" title=\"Assembly centers\">\n    assembly centers\n   </a>\n   ,\" and the\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/War_Relocation_Authority\" title=\"War Relocation Authority\">\n    War Relocation Authority\n   </a>\n   (WRA) administered concentration camps. Chapter Four, \"Voices of Dissent,\" is a short chapter that covers camp unrest and the Supreme Court cases. Chapter Five, \"Release, Redress, and Reparations,\" includes a very brief section on the closing of the camps and fairly detailed sections on the\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Redress_movement\" title=\"Redress movement\">\n    Redress Movement\n   </a>\n   and the\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Coram_nobis_cases\" title=\"Coram nobis cases\">\n    coram nobis cases\n   </a>\n   . Chapter Six, \"Never Again?,\" notes the later regrets expressed by such incarceration architects as\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Earl_Warren\" title=\"Earl Warren\">\n    Earl Warren\n   </a>\n   before focusing on the Patriot Act and the continuing relevance to contemporary issues.\n  </p>\n  <p>\n   The book also includes a timeline, detailed notes, sources for additional information and a bibliography of works cited. Relative to other overview works,\n   <i>\n    The Japanese American Internment\n   </i>\n   includes less on some key elements of the incarceration experience such as the\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Loyalty_questionnaire\" title=\"Loyalty questionnaire\">\n    loyalty questionnaire\n   </a>\n   ,\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Tule_Lake\" title=\"Tule Lake\">\n    Tule Lake\n   </a>\n   ,\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Japanese_Americans_in_military_during_World_War_II\" title=\"Japanese Americans in military during World War II\">\n    military service\n   </a>\n   , and\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Resettlement\" title=\"Resettlement\">\n    resettlement\n   </a>\n   , but more on resistance and the continuing relevance of the story.\n  </p>\n </div>\n</div>\n<div class=\"section\" id=\"Additional_Information\">\n <h2>\n  <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Additional_Information\">\n   Additional Information\n  </span>\n </h2>\n <div class=\"section_content\">\n  <p>\n   Author Ann Heinrichs has written over 200 books for young people, many on history and politics and others on science. She lives in Chicago.\n  </p>\n  <p>\n   While getting the story broadly right, the book contains many minor errors. They include: citing 1893 as the date the San Francisco school board ordered Japanese American students segregated (page 10; the correct date is 1906); a caption of the famous\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Dorothea_Lange\" title=\"Dorothea Lange\">\n    Dorothea Lange\n   </a>\n   photograph of the Mochida family gathered for their eviction claims that the \"family represents\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Nisei\" title=\"Nisei\">\n    Nisei\n   </a>\n   and\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Sansei\" title=\"Sansei\">\n    Sansei\n   </a>\n   \" (13; both Mochida parents were\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Issei\" title=\"Issei\">\n    Issei\n   </a>\n   and their children Nisei); Barry Saiki is spelled \"Barry Sakai\" (26); claims that \"[m]ost [interned Issei] were shipped to a prison camp for enemy aliens in\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Fort_Missoula_(detention_facility)\" title=\"Fort Missoula (detention facility)\">\n    Missoula\n   </a>\n   , Montana\" (27; interned enemy aliens went to a wide variety of camps all over the country); claims that Earl Warren \"was facing reelection\" while pushing for mass removal in the spring of 1942 (33; Warren, then the attorney general of California, would run successfully for governor later that year); states that Japanese Americans were excluded from Oregon and Washington (35; they were only excluded from the western half of those states); claims that \"[o]f the seventeen hastily prepared assembly centers, eight were in California\" (41; all but four were in California); claims that\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Manzanar\" title=\"Manzanar\">\n    Manzanar\n   </a>\n   's population was 18,789 (45; this figure was the peak population of Tule Lake; Manzanar's population was much smaller); claims that the \"barracks were grouped into\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Block\" title=\"Block\">\n    blocks\n   </a>\n   of twelve buildings\" (45; depending on the camp, there anywhere from twelve to twenty-four barracks per block); claims that \"throughout the 1940s the JACL and the\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/American_Civil_Liberties_Union\" title=\"American Civil Liberties Union\">\n    ACLU\n   </a>\n   tried to challenge the internment in court\" (58; both organizations initially opposed any legal challenge of the exclusion); and claims that \"during the war, judges upheld the constitutionality of the internment; after war, they overruled it\" (75; though the coram nobis cases resulted in the convictions of\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Minoru_Yasui\" title=\"Minoru Yasui\">\n    Minoru Yasui\n   </a>\n   ,\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Gordon_Hirabayashi\" title=\"Gordon Hirabayashi\">\n    Gordon Hirabayashi\n   </a>\n   , and\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Fred_Korematsu\" title=\"Fred Korematsu\">\n    Fred Korematsu\n   </a>\n   being vacated, there was no ruling on the constitutionality of the incarceration).\n  </p>\n  <div id=\"authorByline\">\n   <b>\n    Authored by\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Brian_Niiya\" title=\"Brian Niiya\">\n     Brian Niiya\n    </a>\n    , Densho\n   </b>\n  </div>\n  <div id=\"citationAuthor\" style=\"display:none;\">\n   Niiya, Brian\n  </div>\n  <p>\n   Might also like\n   <i>\n    <a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/Fred Korematsu Speaks Up (book)\" title=\"Fred Korematsu Speaks Up (book)\">\n     Fred Korematsu Speaks Up\n    </a>\n   </i>\n   by Laura Atkins and Stan Yogi;\n   <i>\n    <a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/Weedflower (book)\" title=\"Weedflower (book)\">\n     Weedflower\n    </a>\n   </i>\n   by Cynthia Kadohata;\n   <i>\n    <a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/A Fence Away From Freedom: Japanese-Americans and World War II (book)\" title=\"A Fence Away From Freedom: Japanese-Americans and World War II (book)\">\n     A Fence Away from Freedom: Japanese Americans and World War II\n    </a>\n   </i>\n   by Ellen Levine\n  </p>\n  <!-- \nNewPP limit report\nCPU time usage: 0.112 seconds\nReal time usage: 0.115 seconds\nPreprocessor visited node count: 315/1000000\nPreprocessor generated node count: 2115/1000000\nPost‐expand include size: 6733/2097152 bytes\nTemplate argument size: 1664/2097152 bytes\nHighest expansion depth: 3/40\nExpensive parser function count: 0/100\nExtLoops count: 0/100\n-->\n  <!-- Saved in parser cache with key mediawiki:pcache:idhash:3597-0!*!0!!*!5!* and timestamp 20180309150826 and revision id 28233\n -->\n </div>\n</div>",
    "moreinfo": null,
    "reviews": null,
    "footnotes": null,
    "related": null
}