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{
    "id": "The Japanese in America (book)",
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    "title_sort": "japaneseinamerica",
    "description": "Overview book for children on the history of Japanese Americans from the 1860s to the 1990s. First published in 1967 as one of the first books for children on Japanese Americans, it saw revised versions in 1974 and 1991.",
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        "Empowerment",
        "Evils of racism",
        "Immigrant experience",
        "Overcoming – fear, weakness, vice"
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            "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/authors/Brian%20Niiya/",
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    "title": "The Japanese in America (book)",
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    "modified": "2018-02-28T01:30:30",
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            "title": [
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            "creators": [
                "Noel L. Leathers"
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                "Evils of racism",
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            "pubdate": [
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            "title": [
                "The Japanese in America"
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                "1991"
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                "<a class=\"external free\" href=\"https://www.worldcat.org/title/japanese-in-america/oclc/712359\" rel=\"nofollow\">https://www.worldcat.org/title/japanese-in-america/oclc/712359</a>"
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                "72 (1967 version)/64 (1991 version)"
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                "The In America Series"
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    "body": "<br/>\n<div class=\"rgonly\">\n <div id=\"rgdatabox-Core\" style=\"display:none;\">\n  <p>\n   RGMediaType:books;\nTitle:The Japanese in America;\nCreators:Noel L. Leathers;\nInterestLevel:Grades 3-5; Grades 7-8;\nReadingLevel:Grades 3-5;\nGuidedReadingLevel:;\nLexile:;\nTheme:Empowerment; Evils of racism; Immigrant experience; Overcoming – fear, weakness, vice;\nGenre:History;\nPoV:Third-person outsider perspective on Japanese American history;\nRelatedEvents:;\nAvailability:Available;\nFreeWebVersion:No;\nPrimarySecondary:;\nHasTeachingAids:No;\nWarnings:;\nDenshoTopic:;\nGeography:;\nChronology:1860s to 1990s;\nFacility:;\n  </p>\n </div>\n</div>\n<div id=\"databox-Books\" style=\"display:none;\">\n <p>\n  Title:The Japanese in America;\nAuthor:Noel L. Leathers;\nIllustrator:;\nOrigTitle:;\nCountry:;\nLanguage:;\nSeries:The In America Series;\nGenre:;\nPublisher:Lerner Publications Company;\nPubDate:1967;\nCurrentPublisher:;\nCurrentPubDate:1991;\nMediaType:;\nPages:72 (1967 version)/64 (1991 version);\nAwards:;\nISBN:;\nWorldCatLink:\n  <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"https://www.worldcat.org/title/japanese-in-america/oclc/712359\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n   https://www.worldcat.org/title/japanese-in-america/oclc/712359\n  </a>\n  ;\n </p>\n</div>\n<p>\n Overview book for children on the history of Japanese Americans from the 1860s to the 1990s. First published in 1967 as one of the first books for children on Japanese Americans, it saw revised versions in 1974 and 1991.\n</p>\n<p>\n The 1967 version of the book consisted of six chapters, the first three mostly focusing on the prewar years and the next two on the World War II years—equally on the forced removal and incarceration and on Japanese American military service—with the last on Japanese Americans in Hawai'i. The second and last chapters include lengthy sections on successful Japanese Americans, ranging from artists, athletes, and scholars to political leaders. The core of the 1991 version is the same as earlier versions but arranged somewhat differently, consisting of just four chapters: \"Japanese Immigration to America,\" \"An American Way of Life\" (on Japanese American communities, occupations, and picture brides), \"Prejudice and War,\" and \"Contributions to American Life.\" The third chapter, which is much longer than the others, covers everything from the anti-Japanese Movement to the events of World War II, and going all the way to the\n <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Redress_movement\" title=\"Redress movement\">\n  Redress Movement\n </a>\n . The final chapter consists of an expanded version of the profiles of successful Japanese Americans from a variety of fields. The book is illustrated with photographs.\n <i>\n  The Japanese in America\n </i>\n is part of the \"In America Series,\" all of which focus on specific American ethnic groups.\n</p>\n<p>\n Author Noel L. Leathers (1923–2013) was an academic historian who taught mostly at the Universities of Toledo and Akron. A native of Ohio, he was a Marine interpreter in the Pacific during World War II and an FBI agent in Los Angeles and Washington, DC, and a high school history teacher after the war before turning to academia.\n</p>\n<p>\n For the most part, the 1991 version of\n <i>\n  The Japanese in America\n </i>\n is historically accurate, containing only minor errors. These include a claim that the Japanese American population in Hawai'i was 48 percent in 1920 (page 19; the actual figure was 42 percent); that Japanese language newspapers before the war were \"mostly based in California\" (22; two of the largest were in Honolulu and there were also significant papers in New York, Seattle, Portland, Denver, and Salt Lake City); that the \"California legislature enacted an even stricter Alien Land Law in 1920\" (28; that stricter\n <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Alien_land_laws\" title=\"Alien land laws\">\n  land law\n </a>\n was a ballot initiative voted on directly by California voters); and that Japanese Americans were forced out \"with less than 48 hours' notice\" (33–34; only those removed from\n <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Terminal_Island,_California\" title=\"Terminal Island, California\">\n  Terminal Island\n </a>\n received such short notice; others were given about a week). The text also refers to Japanese Americans from Hawai'i as \"Hawaiians,\" a term that is now correctly only used to refer to those of native Hawaiian ancestry. Two photo caption contain more serious errors. A photograph of President Ronald Reagan signing the\n <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Civil_Liberties_Act_of_1988\" title=\"Civil Liberties Act of 1988\">\n  Civil Liberties Act of 1988\n </a>\n into law refers to Japanese Americans such as\n <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Daniel_Inouye\" title=\"Daniel Inouye\">\n  Daniel Inouye\n </a>\n and\n <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Norman_Mineta\" title=\"Norman Mineta\">\n  Norman Mineta\n </a>\n as \"Japanese legislators\" (47), and a picture of the\n <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Santa_Anita_(detention_facility)\" title=\"Santa Anita (detention facility)\">\n  Santa Anita\n </a>\n racetrack claims \"served as a temporary school for interned Japanese-Americans schoolchildren\" without mentioning that that school was inside a prison camp (60).\n</p>\n<p>\n A 1975 annotated bibliography gives the 1967 edition a rating of 6 out of 10, citing it as promoting \"the 'success' element of the 'Oriental' stereotype.\"\n <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-1\">\n  <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-1\">\n   [1]\n  </a>\n </sup>\n</p>\n<div id=\"authorByline\">\n <b>\n  Authored by\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Brian_Niiya\" title=\"Brian Niiya\">\n   Brian Niiya\n  </a>\n  , Densho\n </b>\n</div>\n<div id=\"citationAuthor\" style=\"display:none;\">\n Niiya, Brian\n</div>\n<p>\n Might also like\n <i>\n  <a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/The Invisible Thread (book)\" title=\"The Invisible Thread (book)\">\n   The Invisible Thread\n  </a>\n </i>\n by Yoshiko Uchida;\n <i>\n  <a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/Journey to Topaz: A Story of the Japanese-American Evacuation (book)\" title=\"Journey to Topaz: A Story of the Japanese-American Evacuation (book)\">\n   Journey to Topaz\n  </a>\n </i>\n by Yoshiko Uchida;\n <i>\n  <a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/Fred Korematsu Speaks Up (book)\" title=\"Fred Korematsu Speaks Up (book)\">\n   Fred Korematsu Speaks Up\n  </a>\n </i>\n by Laura Atkins and Stan Yogi\n</p>\n",
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    "reviews": null,
    "footnotes": "<div class=\"section\" id=\"Footnotes\">\n <h2>\n  <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Footnotes\">\n   Footnotes\n  </span>\n </h2>\n <div class=\"section_content\">\n  <div class=\"reflist\" style=\"list-style-type: decimal;\">\n   <ol class=\"references\">\n    <li id=\"cite_note-1\">\n     <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n      <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-1\">\n       ↑\n      </a>\n     </span>\n     <span class=\"reference-text\">\n      <i>\n       A Bibliography of Asian and Asian American Books for Elementary School Youngsters\n      </i>\n      , Washington Office of the State Superintendent of Public Instruction, Olympia, January, 1975, 34.\n     </span>\n    </li>\n   </ol>\n  </div>\n  <!-- \nNewPP limit report\nCPU time usage: 0.128 seconds\nReal time usage: 0.131 seconds\nPreprocessor visited node count: 371/1000000\nPreprocessor generated node count: 2507/1000000\nPost‐expand include size: 6831/2097152 bytes\nTemplate argument size: 1361/2097152 bytes\nHighest expansion depth: 4/40\nExpensive parser function count: 0/100\nExtLoops count: 0/100\n-->\n  <!-- Saved in parser cache with key mediawiki:pcache:idhash:3756-0!*!0!*!*!5!* and timestamp 20180309150834 and revision id 28162\n -->\n </div>\n</div>",
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