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    "description": "Overview work on the Japanese American wartime removal and incarceration for middle school audiences that is part of Enslow Publishers' \"From Many Cultures, One History\" series.",
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    "body": "<br/>\n<div class=\"floatright\">\n</div>\n<div class=\"rgonly\">\n <div id=\"rgdatabox-Core\" style=\"display:none;\">\n  <p>\n   RGMediaType:books;\nTitle:The Tragic History of the Japanese-American Internment Camps;\nCreators:Deborah Kent;\nInterestLevel:Grades 7-8;\nReadingLevel:Grades 7-8;\nGuidedReadingLevel:;\nLexile:;\nTheme:Displacement; Evils of racism; Hazards of passing judgment; Injustice; Patriotism – positive side or complications;\nGenre:Children's; History;\nPoV:Third-person narrative;\nRelatedEvents:;\nAvailability:Available;\nFreeWebVersion:No;\nPrimarySecondary:;\nHasTeachingAids:No;\nWarnings:;\nDenshoTopic:;\nGeography:;\nChronology:1860s to present;\nFacility:;\n  </p>\n </div>\n</div>\n<div id=\"databox-Books\" style=\"display:none;\">\n <p>\n  Title:The Tragic History of the Japanese-American Internment Camps;\nAuthor:Deborah Kent;\nIllustrator:;\nOrigTitle:;\nCountry:;\nLanguage:;\nSeries:From Many Cultures, One History;\nGenre:;\nPublisher:Enslow Publishers, Inc.;\nPubDate:2008;\nCurrentPublisher:;\nCurrentPubDate:;\nMediaType:;\nPages:128;\nAwards:;\nISBN:;\nWorldCatLink:\n  <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"https://www.worldcat.org/title/tragic-history-of-the-japanese-american-internment-camps/oclc/123119837\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n   https://www.worldcat.org/title/tragic-history-of-the-japanese-american-internment-camps/oclc/123119837\n  </a>\n  ;\n </p>\n</div>\n<p>\n Overview work on the Japanese American wartime removal and incarceration for middle school audiences that is part of Enslow Publishers' \"From Many Cultures, One History\" series.\n</p>\n<div class=\"section\" id=\"Synopsis\">\n <h2>\n  <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Synopsis\">\n   Synopsis\n  </span>\n </h2>\n <div class=\"section_content\">\n  <p>\n   <i>\n    The Tragic History of the Japanese-American Internment Camps\n   </i>\n   tells its story in seven chapters. After an opening chapter that follows the Matsuda family from the attack on Pearl Harbor to their imprisonment in an \"\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Assembly_centers\" title=\"Assembly centers\">\n    assembly center\n   </a>\n   \" (taken from\n   <a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/Looking Like the Enemy: My Story of Imprisonment in Japanese-American Internment Camps (book)\" title=\"Looking Like the Enemy: My Story of Imprisonment in Japanese-American Internment Camps (book)\">\n    Mary Matsuda Gruenwald's memoir\n   </a>\n   ), the next two chapters cover the prewar history of Japanese Americans and the chain of events leading to\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Executive_Order_9066\" title=\"Executive Order 9066\">\n    Executive Order 9066\n   </a>\n   . Life in the\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/War_Relocation_Authority\" title=\"War Relocation Authority\">\n    War Relocation Authority\n   </a>\n   (WRA) concentration camps is the subject of Chapter Four, while Chapter Five looks at unrest in the camps and those who left camp prior to 1945. The last two chapters examine the closing of the camps and return to the West Coast and the\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Redress_movement\" title=\"Redress movement\">\n    Redress Movement\n   </a>\n   and legacy of the incarceration.\n  </p>\n  <p>\n   In addition to the main narrative, there are many sidebars on topics ranging from photographer of the incarceration experience to the so-called\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Magic_cables\" title=\"Magic cables\">\n    MAGIC cables\n   </a>\n   . The book also includes a timeline, glossary, and suggestions for further reading and is illustrated with historical photographs.\n  </p>\n </div>\n</div>\n<div class=\"section\" id=\"Additional_Information\">\n <h2>\n  <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Additional_Information\">\n   Additional Information\n  </span>\n </h2>\n <div class=\"section_content\">\n  <p>\n   Author Deborah Ann Kent (1948– ) has written over one hundred books for young people. Her first book was a semi-autobiographical novel titled\n   <i>\n    Belonging\n   </i>\n   (1978), about the transition of a blind middle-school student from special to regular classes. Kent, who has been blind all her life, has written several other titles on the experiences of people with disabilities. She has also written many books on U.S. history and geography.\n  </p>\n  <p>\n   The book draws on many sources and incorporates many Japanese American voices. But there are a number of errors and over-generalizations. Perhaps the most serious is the blanket claim that \"the\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Kibei\" title=\"Kibei\">\n    Kibei\n   </a>\n   tended to have strong loyalties to Japan\" (page 73), which reinforces the same stereotypes that U.S. government officials had of this group. Kent also claims that Japanese immigrants \"had little wish to return to Japan\" (15; many—if not most—early immigrants came with the intention of working for a few years and returning to Japan); that \"[many] German and Italian citizens were also removed from the West Coast under Executive Order 9066\" (40; the\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Alien_Enemies_Act_of_1798\" title=\"Alien Enemies Act of 1798\">\n    Alien Enemies Act of 1798\n   </a>\n   authorized the detention of enemy aliens, most of whom were arrested prior to EO 9066); and mischaracterizes the\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Coram_nobis_cases\" title=\"Coram nobis cases\">\n    <i>\n     coram nobis\n    </i>\n    cases\n   </a>\n   by claiming that \"\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Minoru_Yasui\" title=\"Minoru Yasui\">\n    Minoru Yasui\n   </a>\n   's petition was rejected by the courts\" while\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Gordon_Hirabayashi\" title=\"Gordon Hirabayashi\">\n    Hirabayashi\n   </a>\n   and\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Fred_Korematsu\" title=\"Fred Korematsu\">\n    Korematsu\n   </a>\n   \"saw their names cleared\" (103; though technically true, Yasui's conviction was still vacated and his name also cleared). Other minor errors: referring to\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Santa_Anita_(detention_facility)\" title=\"Santa Anita (detention facility)\">\n    Santa Anita Assembly Center\n   </a>\n   as \"Arcadia Assembly Center\" (52); in map of the camps, marking\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Merced_(detention_facility)\" title=\"Merced (detention facility)\">\n    Merced\n   </a>\n   as a WRA \"relocation center\" (59); repeatedly misspelling the name of Topaz shooting victim James Wakasa as \"Nakasa\" (61); claiming that a \"\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Block\" title=\"Block\">\n    block\n   </a>\n   consisted of fourteen barracks\" (64: depending on the camp, blocks had anywhere from twelve to twenty-four barracks); citing the lowest rung of the WRA inmate pay scale as $13 (66; it was $12); claiming that only one\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Nisei\" title=\"Nisei\">\n    Nisei\n   </a>\n   won the\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Congressional_Medal_of_Honor_recipients\" title=\"Congressional Medal of Honor recipients\">\n    Medal of Honor\n   </a>\n   for service in World War II (80; twenty additional Nisei were awarded the medal in 2000); citing $400 million as the amount Japanese Americans lost as a result of the removal and incarceration (97;\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Japanese_American_Citizens_League\" title=\"Japanese American Citizens League\">\n    Japanese American Citizens League\n   </a>\n   leader\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Mike_Masaoka\" title=\"Mike Masaoka\">\n    Mike Masaoka\n   </a>\n   admitted to making up this figure in testimony in support of legislation that would become the\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Japanese_American_Evacuation_Claims_Act\" title=\"Japanese American Evacuation Claims Act\">\n    Japanese American Evacuation Claims Act\n   </a>\n   ); and some incorrect dates on the timeline, including 1964 as the date of the last evacuation claims case (114; it was 1965) and 1973 as the date of the first\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Camp_pilgrimages\" title=\"Camp pilgrimages\">\n    Manzanar pilgrimage\n   </a>\n   (it was 1969).\n  </p>\n  <p>\n   A newer book by Kent and Charlotte Taylor titled\n   <i>\n    The Internment of Japanese Americans\n   </i>\n   (2016) is a slightly updated version of\n   <i>\n    The Tragic History of the Japanese-American Internment Camps\n   </i>\n   .\n  </p>\n  <div id=\"authorByline\">\n   <b>\n    Authored by\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Brian_Niiya\" title=\"Brian Niiya\">\n     Brian Niiya\n    </a>\n    , Densho\n   </b>\n  </div>\n  <div id=\"citationAuthor\" style=\"display:none;\">\n   Niiya, Brian\n  </div>\n  <p>\n   Might also like\n   <i>\n    <a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/The Invisible Thread (book)\" title=\"The Invisible Thread (book)\">\n     The Invisible Thread\n    </a>\n   </i>\n   by Yoshiko Uchida;\n   <i>\n    <a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/Dear Miss Breed: True Stories of the Japanese American Incarceration During World War II and a Librarian Who Made a Difference (book)\" title=\"Dear Miss Breed: True Stories of the Japanese American Incarceration During World War II and a Librarian Who Made a Difference (book)\">\n     Dear Miss Breed: True Stories of the Japanese American Incarceration During World War II and a Librarian Who Made a Difference\n    </a>\n   </i>\n   by Joanne Oppenheim;\n   <i>\n    <a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/Weedflower (book)\" title=\"Weedflower (book)\">\n     Weedflower\n    </a>\n   </i>\n   Cynthia Kadohata\n  </p>\n </div>\n</div>",
    "moreinfo": "<div class=\"section\" id=\"For_More_Information\">\n <h2>\n  <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"For_More_Information\">\n   For More Information\n  </span>\n </h2>\n <div class=\"section_content\">\n  <p>\n   Publisher website:\n   <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"http://www.enslow.com/books/the_tragic_history_of_the_japanese_american_internment_camps/1335#.VwxZYzYrLRY\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n    http://www.enslow.com/books/the_tragic_history_of_the_japanese_american_internment_camps/1335#.VwxZYzYrLRY\n   </a>\n   .\n  </p>\n  <div id=\"authorByline\">\n   <b>\n    Authored by\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Brian_Niiya\" title=\"Brian Niiya\">\n     Brian Niiya\n    </a>\n    , Densho\n   </b>\n  </div>\n  <div id=\"citationAuthor\" style=\"display:none;\">\n   Niiya, Brian\n  </div>\n  <!-- \nNewPP limit report\nCPU time usage: 0.124 seconds\nReal time usage: 0.128 seconds\nPreprocessor visited node count: 334/1000000\nPreprocessor generated node count: 2155/1000000\nPost‐expand include size: 6807/2097152 bytes\nTemplate argument size: 1587/2097152 bytes\nHighest expansion depth: 3/40\nExpensive parser function count: 0/100\nExtLoops count: 0/100\n-->\n  <!-- Saved in parser cache with key mediawiki:pcache:idhash:3612-0!*!0!!*!5!* and timestamp 20180309151605 and revision id 28244\n -->\n </div>\n</div>",
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