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            "description": "A play by Wakako Yamauchi that was first produced in 1982. Set in the concentration camp in Poston, Arizona—the same camp the author was incarcerated in—from May 1942 to July 1943, the play follows several Japanese American families at Poston as their characters grapple with the loyalty questionnaire, military service, and possible resettlement. The title of the play refers to the camp address of the Tanaka family, block 12, barracks 1, unit A. Yamauchi wrote the play while the Rockefeller Playwright in Residence at the Mark Taper Forum in Los Angeles. It premiered on March 11, 1982, at East West Players in Los Angeles, the third of four plays in their \"Internment Camp Series\". Subsequent productions include Asian American Theater Co, San Francisco (1982); Kumu Kahua Theatre, Honolulu (1990); University of California, Los Angeles (1992); and California State University, Los Angeles (2012).",
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            "description": "Documentary film that focuses on the forced removal and incarceration of Japanese Americans from Bainbridge Island, Washington, as recounted through the perspective of Dr. Frank Kitamoto, who was a child during World War II. The story is told through interaction between Kitamoto and a small group of high school students from Bainbridge High School as they develop archival photographs from the incarceration and discuss its relevance to post 9/11 America. The film ends with the 2002 dedication of a memorial and plaque marking the site of the Bainbridge Islanders' departure. After Silence was produced by the Bainbridge Island Historical Society as part of an exhibition on the community's World War II experience, with funding from the Washington State Civil Liberties Public Education Program and the Charles W. Gaugl Foundation.",
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            "description": "Exhibition centering on the experiences of Japanese Americans in Jerome and Rohwer, the two concentration camps located in Arkansas, as well as those of who lived near the camps and/or worked in them. The exhibition was developed by the University of Arkansas at Little Rock Public History Program and debuted as part of the Life Interrupted project in 2004. The largest of eight exhibitions mounted in various venues in the Little Rock area, Against Their Will debuted at Arkansas Statehouse Convention Center downstairs foyer on September 24, 2004, running through November 28, 2004. Against Their Will is currently on permanent display at the World War II Japanese American Internment Museum, which opened in McGehee, Arkansas, in 2013.",
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            "description": "Coming-of-age novel by Maureen Lindley that takes place largely in Manzanar and whose protagonist is a mixed-race Sansei girl.",
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            "id": "Aleut Evacuation: The Untold War Story (film)",
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            "index": "15 15/{'value': 665, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
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            "title": "Aleut Evacuation: The Untold War Story (film)",
            "description": "Documentary film that tells the story of the forced removal and incarceration of the Aleut people from their ancestral Alaskan homes to detention camps in southwest Alaska during World War II. Based on interviews with surviving inmates and their descendants and on historical photographs and documents, Aleut Evacuation proceeds in largely chronological fashion, starting with a brief portrait of the Aleut community prior to the war, then covering their forcible removal by the U.S. government—ostensibly for their own protection in the face of possible Japanese attack—and their subsequent incarceration in several different camps. Focusing first on the largest camp, Funter Bay, which held those from the Pribilof Islands, it also considers a camp on Killisnoo Island where those from Atka were held, along with Ward Lake, where those from smaller villages were incarcerated. Former inmates remember the poor and harsh conditions in the camps and the rampant health problems they suffered which resulted in the deaths of some 10% of inmates. The film contrasts these conditions with the relatively good treatment that German POW received in a camp just a few miles from Funter Bay.",
            "url_title": "Aleut Evacuation: The Untold War Story (film)",
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                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
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            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Displacement",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Injustice",
                "Power of the past"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-film"
        },
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            "id": "Alice and the Bear (short story)",
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            "index": "16 16/{'value': 665, 'relation': 'eq'}",
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            "title": "Alice and the Bear (short story)",
            "description": "Short story by Kiyoshi Parker about an old woman whose trip to a Little Tokyo store with her great-granddaughter brings back memories of her camp experience. Alice Miyamoto visits Little Tokyo in Los Angeles for the first time in thirty years with her family. After lunch, her daughter suggests they go visit the Go For Broke Monument. But on the way, her four-year-old great-granddaughter drags her into a store and picks up a stuffed Totoro toy. Alice is immediately reminded of a stuffed bear she had as a child of about the same age that was her constant companion when she was in an unspecified concentration camp.",
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                "Companionship as salvation",
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                "Growing up – pain or pleasure",
                "Power of the past"
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            "id": "Allegiance (book)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "17 17/{'value': 665, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Allegiance%20(book)/",
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/Allegiance%20(book)/"
            },
            "title": "Allegiance (book)",
            "description": "Historical mystery novel by Kermit Roosevelt set during World War II against the backdrop of the Supreme Court and the Japanese American cases.",
            "url_title": "Allegiance (book)",
            "title_sort": "allegiancebook",
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                "Arts"
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                "Grades 9-12",
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            "rg_theme": [
                "Emptiness of attaining a false dream",
                "Facing darkness",
                "Injustice",
                "Loss of innocence",
                "Power and corruption"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ],
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            "id": "All We Could Carry (film)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "18 18/{'value': 665, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/All%20We%20Could%20Carry%20(film)/",
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/All%20We%20Could%20Carry%20(film)/"
            },
            "title": "All We Could Carry (film)",
            "description": "Short documentary film by Steven Okazaki on Heart Mountain that serves as the introductory video to the exhibits at the Heart Mountain Interpretive Center. The fifteen minute film draws on interviews with twelve former Heart Mountain inmates and features photographs by Yoshio Okumoto and Bill Manbo, 8-mm home movie footage by Naokichi Hashizume and Eiichi Edward Sakauye, and drawings by Estelle Ishigo, all of whom where were also incarcerated there. The Heart Mountain Wyoming Foundation commissioned and funded the film. It premiered at the grand opening of the interpretive center on August 20, 2011.",
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        {
            "id": "America at its Best: Legacy of Two Nisei Patriots (film)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "19 19/{'value': 665, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/America%20at%20its%20Best:%20Legacy%20of%20Two%20Nisei%20Patriots%20(film)/",
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/America%20at%20its%20Best:%20Legacy%20of%20Two%20Nisei%20Patriots%20(film)/"
            },
            "title": "America at its Best: Legacy of Two Nisei Patriots (film)",
            "description": "Documentary film produced and directed by Vince Matsudaira that highlights events honoring the two Medal of Honor recipients from the Seattle area, William Nakamura and James Okubo in 2001. The video was produced by the Nakamura/Okubo Medal of Honor Committee of the Nisei Veterans Committee, Seattle.",
            "url_title": "America at its Best: Legacy of Two Nisei Patriots (film)",
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            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
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            ],
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            "rg_theme": [
                "Heroism - real and perceived",
                "War - glory, necessity, pain, tragedy"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "No availability"
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        },
        {
            "id": "American at Heart (film)",
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            "index": "20 20/{'value': 665, 'relation': 'eq'}",
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            "title": "American at Heart (film)",
            "description": "Film that tells the story of the 100th Infantry Battalion and 442nd Regimental Combat Team through historical footage (including clips from the movie Go for Broke!), still photographs and interview with many Nisei veterans, their white commanders, and others tied to the story. American at Heart covers the origin of the units in Hawai'i and Washington, DC, basic training in Camps McCoy and Shelby, their experiences in combat in Europe, and their return to the Hawai'i and the continental U.S. after the war. The film also contrasts the experience of Japanese Americans in Hawai'i vs. those on the West Coast, outlining the mass forced removal and incarceration of the latter. Among those interviewed are General Mark Clark, the World War II commander of the Fifth Army and 15th Army Group in Europe, who discusses what he calls \"the wrong decision\" to send Japanese Americans to \"concentration camps\" and his attempts to convince General John DeWitt to rescind his decision to do so, as well as his glowing descriptions of the Nisei units in combat; Senators Spark Matsunaga and Daniel Inouye on their experiences as members of the 100th and 442nd respectively; and Shig Doi, who takes part in the rescue of the Lost Battalion, only to hear of \"night riders\" attacking his family upon their return to their farm in California. The film ends with scenes from the exhibition A More Perfect Union at the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of American History.",
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            ],
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                "War - glory, necessity, pain, tragedy"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "No availability"
            ],
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            "id": "An American Contradiction (film)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "21 21/{'value': 665, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
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                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/An%20American%20Contradiction%20(film)/"
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            "title": "An American Contradiction (film)",
            "description": "Filmmaker Vanessa Yuille goes to visit the Heart Mountain site, where her mother was born, to learn more about its history. Through interviews with former inmates—particularly Bacon Sakatani—and local residents and experts, she provides an overview of the mass removal and incarceration and of life at Heart Mountain. We also see LaDonna Zall, acting curator at the Heart Mountain Interpretive Center, lead tour of the site as it is today. The film concludes with Sakatani leading what looks like a local community meeting in a discussion about whether the camp should be called a \"concentration camp.\"",
            "url_title": "An American Contradiction (film)",
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            "rg_theme": [
                "Evils of racism",
                "Injustice",
                "Power of the past",
                "Power of words"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Films and Video",
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        {
            "id": "American Dreams (book)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "22 22/{'value': 665, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/American%20Dreams%20(book)/",
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/American%20Dreams%20(book)/"
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            "title": "American Dreams (book)",
            "description": "Chapter book for children about two eleven-year-old girls in Hollywood, one white and one Japanese American, in the weeks just before and just after the attack on Pearl Harbor.",
            "url_title": "American Dreams (book)",
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            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 3-5"
            ],
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                "Evils of racism",
                "Coming of age",
                "Injustice",
                "Growing up – pain or pleasure"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 3-5"
            ],
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                "Available"
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            "id": "American Fish (film)",
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            "title": "American Fish (film)",
            "description": "Short dramatic film about two Nisei women who run into each other at a grocery store and the dance that ensues when neither can remember who the other is. Humorous at first, the tone shifts when one asks about \"camp\" and other replies that she was in Tule Lake, invoking stereotypes of the camp and its inmates in the other. Directed by Jesse Wine, \"American Fish\" was based on the short story of the same name by R. A. Sasaki. It was screened as part of the Tule Lake Pilgrimage in 1996.",
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            ],
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            "title": "American Heroes: Japanese American World War II Nisei Soldiers and the Congressional Gold Medal (exhibition)",
            "description": "Traveling exhibition developed by the Smithsonian Institution to commemorate the awarding of the Congressional Gold Medal to the 100th Infantry Battalion, 442nd Regimental Combat Team, and Military Intelligence Service in 2011. Created by the Smithsonian Institution Traveling Exhibition Service in partnership with National Veterans Network, National Museum of American History, and Smithsonian Asian Pacific American Center, the exhibition included photo and text panels about the Japanese Americans who served in World War II along with the medal itself.",
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