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    "id": "Stanley Hayami, Nisei Son (book)",
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    "description": "Book built around the wartime diary and letters of\n \n  Stanley Hayami\n \n that document his incarceration at the\n \n  Heart Mountain\n \n , Wyoming, concentration camp and his military service in the\n \n  442nd Regimental Combat Team\n \n .",
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        "Patriotism – positive side or complications",
        "Role of men",
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    "authors": [
        {
            "title": "Brian Niiya",
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    "title": "Stanley Hayami, Nisei Son (book)",
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        "en-niseison-1"
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    "modified": "2020-06-08T18:35:27",
    "databoxes": {
        "databox-Books": {
            "title": [
                "Stanley Hayami, Nisei Son: His Diary, Letters & Story From an American Concentration Camp to Battlefield, 1942–1945"
            ],
            "author": [
                "Stanley Hayami",
                "Joanne Oppenheim (annotated by)",
                "Daniel Inouye (foreword by)"
            ],
            "illustrator": [],
            "origtitle": [],
            "country": [],
            "language": [],
            "series": [],
            "genre": [],
            "publisher": [
                "Brick Tower Press"
            ],
            "pubdate": [
                "2008"
            ],
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            "currentpubdate": [],
            "mediatype": [],
            "pages": [
                "200"
            ],
            "awards": [],
            "isbn": [],
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                "<a class=\"external free\" href=\"https://www.worldcat.org/title/stanley-hayami-nisei-son-his-diary-letters-and-story-from-an-american-concentration-camp-to-battlefield-1942-1945/oclc/260108518\" rel=\"nofollow\">https://www.worldcat.org/title/stanley-hayami-nisei-son-his-diary-letters-and-story-from-an-american-concentration-camp-to-battlefield-1942-1945/oclc/260108518</a>"
            ]
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            "rgmediatype": [
                "books"
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            "title": [
                "Stanley Hayami, Nisei Son: His Diary, Letters & Story From an American Concentration Camp to Battlefield, 1942–1945"
            ],
            "creators": [
                "Stanley Hayami",
                "Joanne Oppenheim"
            ],
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                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
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                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
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            "lexile": [],
            "theme": [
                "Evils of racism",
                "Growing up – pain or pleasure",
                "Patriotism – positive side or complications",
                "Role of men",
                "War – glory, necessity, pain, tragedy"
            ],
            "genre": [
                "Memoir"
            ],
            "pov": [
                "diary of Nisei aged 16 to 19"
            ],
            "relatedevents": [],
            "availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ],
            "freewebversion": [
                "Yes"
            ],
            "primarysecondary": [],
            "hasteachingaids": [
                "Yes, <a class=\"external free\" href=\"http://thehayamidiary.com/2016/03/31/teaching-with-the-hayami-diary-2/\" rel=\"nofollow\">http://thehayamidiary.com/2016/03/31/teaching-with-the-hayami-diary-2/</a>"
            ],
            "warnings": [],
            "denshotopic": [],
            "geography": [
                "Heart Mountain, Wyoming",
                "France",
                "Italy"
            ],
            "chronology": [
                "1942–45"
            ],
            "facility": [
                "Heart Mountain [5] - Cody, Wyoming"
            ]
        }
    },
    "rg_title": [
        "Stanley Hayami, Nisei Son: His Diary, Letters & Story From an American Concentration Camp to Battlefield, 1942–1945"
    ],
    "rg_creators": [
        "Stanley Hayami",
        "Joanne Oppenheim"
    ],
    "rg_pov": [
        "diary of Nisei aged 16 to 19"
    ],
    "rg_freewebversion": [
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    "rg_geography": [
        "Heart Mountain, Wyoming",
        "France",
        "Italy"
    ],
    "rg_chronology": [
        "1942–45"
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        "Yes, <a class=\"external free\" href=\"http://thehayamidiary.com/2016/03/31/teaching-with-the-hayami-diary-2/\" rel=\"nofollow\">http://thehayamidiary.com/2016/03/31/teaching-with-the-hayami-diary-2/</a>"
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    "body": "<br/>\n<div class=\"floatright\">\n</div>\n<div class=\"rgonly\">\n <div id=\"rgdatabox-Core\" style=\"display:none;\">\n  <p>\n   RGMediaType:books;\nTitle:Stanley Hayami, Nisei Son: His Diary, Letters &amp; Story From an American Concentration Camp to Battlefield, 1942–1945;\nCreators:Stanley Hayami; Joanne Oppenheim;\nInterestLevel:Grades 9-12; Adult;\nReadingLevel:Grades 9-12; Adult;\nGuidedReadingLevel:;\nLexile:;\nTheme:Evils of racism; Growing up – pain or pleasure; Patriotism – positive side or complications; Role of men; War – glory, necessity, pain, tragedy;\nGenre:Memoir;\nPoV:diary of Nisei aged 16 to 19;\nRelatedEvents:;\nAvailability:Widely available;\nFreeWebVersion:Yes;\nPrimarySecondary:;\nHasTeachingAids:Yes,\n   <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"http://thehayamidiary.com/2016/03/31/teaching-with-the-hayami-diary-2/\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n    http://thehayamidiary.com/2016/03/31/teaching-with-the-hayami-diary-2/\n   </a>\n   ;\nWarnings:;\nDenshoTopic:;\nGeography:Heart Mountain, Wyoming; France; Italy;\nChronology:1942–45;\nFacility:Heart Mountain [5] - Cody, Wyoming;\n  </p>\n </div>\n</div>\n<div id=\"databox-Books\" style=\"display:none;\">\n <p>\n  Title:Stanley Hayami, Nisei Son: His Diary, Letters &amp; Story From an American Concentration Camp to Battlefield, 1942–1945;\nAuthor:Stanley Hayami; Joanne Oppenheim (annotated by); Daniel Inouye (foreword by);\nIllustrator:;\nOrigTitle:;\nCountry:;\nLanguage:;\nSeries:;\nGenre:;\nPublisher:Brick Tower Press;\nPubDate:2008;\nCurrentPublisher:;\nCurrentPubDate:;\nMediaType:;\nPages:200;\nAwards:;\nISBN:;\nWorldCatLink:\n  <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"https://www.worldcat.org/title/stanley-hayami-nisei-son-his-diary-letters-and-story-from-an-american-concentration-camp-to-battlefield-1942-1945/oclc/260108518\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n   https://www.worldcat.org/title/stanley-hayami-nisei-son-his-diary-letters-and-story-from-an-american-concentration-camp-to-battlefield-1942-1945/oclc/260108518\n  </a>\n  ;\n </p>\n</div>\n<p>\n Book built around the wartime diary and letters of\n <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Stanley_Hayami\" title=\"Stanley Hayami\">\n  Stanley Hayami\n </a>\n that document his incarceration at the\n <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Heart_Mountain\" title=\"Heart Mountain\">\n  Heart Mountain\n </a>\n , Wyoming, concentration camp and his military service in the\n <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/442nd_Regimental_Combat_Team\" title=\"442nd Regimental Combat Team\">\n  442nd Regimental Combat Team\n </a>\n .\n</p>\n<p>\n As a sixteen-year-old, Stanley Hayami found himself at Heart Mountain in the winter of 1942 with his\n <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Issei\" title=\"Issei\">\n  Issei\n </a>\n parents, older brother Frank, older sister Grace Sachiko, and younger brother Walt. The Hayamis had run a nursery in Southern California prior to the war. On November 29, 1942, he begins a diary documenting his life at Heart Mountain. An aspiring artist, Hayami's diary also includes many drawings. To the outline provided by Hayami's diary, author Joanne Oppenheim adds written recollections from Frank (who passed away shortly before she began the project) and comments from an interview with Walt along with some of Stanley's friends. She also adds additional background information on many topics ranging from the \"\n <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Loyalty_questionnaire\" title=\"Loyalty questionnaire\">\n  loyalty questionnaire\n </a>\n \" to the\n <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Draft_resistance\" title=\"Draft resistance\">\n  draft resistance\n </a>\n movement. (Stanley's cousin's husband,\n <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Paul_Nakadate\" title=\"Paul Nakadate\">\n  Paul Nakadate\n </a>\n , was one of the leaders of that movement.) Many of Stan's drawings, news clippings, photographs, and reproductions of some diary pages are also included. The diary ends in August 1944, when Stanley is called to active duty and leaves Heart Mountain. Oppenheim uses his letters \"home\" to his incarcerated family to continue the story of his basic training at Camp Blanding Florida, a brief visit to Heart Mountain over the holidays, and his eventual journey to France and Italy with the 442nd. Oppenheim uses secondary sources as well as interviews with men who served with him to tell the story of his final days, culminating with his death near San Terenzo, Italy, on April 23, 1945. She briefly covers the family's reaction to his death and the postwar lives of the rest of the family.\n <i>\n  Stanley Hayami, Nisei Son\n </i>\n also includes a brief Foreword by Senator\n <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Daniel_Inouye\" title=\"Daniel Inouye\">\n  Daniel K. Inouye\n </a>\n , who had been Hayami's platoon leader in the 442nd's Second Battalion, Company E. Acknowledgments, Notes, Credits and a Bibliography complete the book.\n</p>\n<p>\n Author Joanne Oppenheim (1934– ) has authored over fifty books for children in a career that stretches back to the 1960s. Oppenheimer is also a consumer advocate and president of Oppenheimer Toy Portfolio, which reviews and recommends toys and media for children. In the process of researching her 2006 book\n <i>\n  <a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/Dear Miss Breed: True Stories of the Japanese American Incarceration During World War II and a Librarian Who Made a Difference (book)/\" title=\"Dear Miss Breed: True Stories of the Japanese American Incarceration During World War II and a Librarian Who Made a Difference (book)\">\n   Dear Miss Breed: True Stories of the Japanese American Incarceration During World War II and a Librarian Who Made a Difference\n  </a>\n </i>\n , she came across the Hayami diary on the website of the\n <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Japanese_American_National_Museum\" title=\"Japanese American National Museum\">\n  Japanese American National Museum\n </a>\n and immediately recognized its potential for publication. She subsequently secured the cooperation of the family, interviewing Walter Hayami, and gaining access to letters and other documents. She also received a grant from the\n <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/California_Civil_Liberties_Public_Education_Program\" title=\"California Civil Liberties Public Education Program\">\n  California Civil Liberties Public Education Program\n </a>\n for the book project.\n</p>\n<p>\n While the book is historically accurate for the most part, there are some minor errors. In describing the roundup of enemy aliens after the attack on Pearl Harbor, Oppenheimer writes that \"[n]ot one of the people arrested was ever charged, tried or found guilty of any crime\" (page 9); in fact all the arrestees had hearings, though in most cases, these were little more than kangaroo courts. (Note that those forcibly removed and incarcerated as a result of\n <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Executive_Order_9066\" title=\"Executive Order 9066\">\n  Executive Order 9066\n </a>\n did not receive hearings or trials.) Also on page 9, she refers to the\n <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Western_Defense_Command\" title=\"Western Defense Command\">\n  Western Defense Command\n </a>\n as the \"West Coast Defense Command\". \"By late spring 1942, Western portions of California, Washington, Oregon and Arizona were declared as military zones...\" (9-10); the restricted area included the southern part of Arizona, along the Mexico border; later, all of California was declared off limits to Japanese Americans. She writes that\n <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Manzanar\" title=\"Manzanar\">\n  Manzanar\n </a>\n was \"outside the declared 'military' zone\" (27); Manzanar was in fact within the expanded restricted area. She writes that the\n <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/100th_Infantry_Battalion\" title=\"100th Infantry Battalion\">\n  100th Infantry Battalion\n </a>\n was composed of \"Japanese-Hawaiian soldiers who had been part of the Hawaiian National Guard or the ROTC program at the University of Hawaii...\" (56); it was the former—Nisei members of the Hawaii National Guard—who became the original members of the 100th. Those in the ROTC program were mobilized as the\n <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Hawaii_Territorial_Guard\" title=\"Hawaii Territorial Guard\">\n  Hawaii Territorial Guard\n </a>\n (HTG) after the attack on Pearl Harbor. After serving for six weeks, Nisei members of the HTG were summarily dismissed; in response, they formed the\n <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Varsity_Victory_Volunteers\" title=\"Varsity Victory Volunteers\">\n  Varsity Victory Volunteers\n </a>\n , many of whom later joined the 442nd Regimental Combat Team.\n</p>\n<div id=\"authorByline\">\n <b>\n  Authored by\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Brian_Niiya\" title=\"Brian Niiya\">\n   Brian Niiya\n  </a>\n  , Densho\n </b>\n</div>\n<div id=\"citationAuthor\" style=\"display:none;\">\n Niiya, Brian\n</div>\n",
    "moreinfo": "<div class=\"section\" id=\"For_More_Information\">\n <h2>\n  <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"For_More_Information\">\n   For More Information\n  </span>\n </h2>\n <div class=\"section_content\">\n  <p>\n   Author website:\n   <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"http://thehayamidiary.com/\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n    http://thehayamidiary.com/\n   </a>\n   .\n  </p>\n  <p>\n   Stanley Hayami diary online at the Japanese American National Museum:\n   <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"http://www.oac.cdlib.org/findaid/ark:/13030/tf687004zq/\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n    http://www.oac.cdlib.org/findaid/ark:/13030/tf687004zq/\n   </a>\n   .\n  </p>\n  <!-- \nNewPP limit report\nCPU time usage: 0.120 seconds\nReal time usage: 0.122 seconds\nPreprocessor visited node count: 335/1000000\nPreprocessor generated node count: 2183/1000000\nPost‐expand include size: 8705/2097152 bytes\nTemplate argument size: 2754/2097152 bytes\nHighest expansion depth: 3/40\nExpensive parser function count: 0/100\nExtLoops count: 0/100\n-->\n  <!-- Saved in parser cache with key mediawiki:pcache:idhash:3731-0!*!0!!*!5!* and timestamp 20200821004841 and revision id 29807\n -->\n </div>\n</div>",
    "findatia": "<div class=\"section\" id=\"Find_in_the_Digital_Library_of_Japanese_American_Incarceration\">\n <h2>\n  <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Find_in_the_Digital_Library_of_Japanese_American_Incarceration\">\n   Find in the Digital Library of Japanese American Incarceration\n  </span>\n </h2>\n <div class=\"section_content\">\n  <p>\n   <b>\n    <a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"https://archive.org/details/stanleyhayaminis00oppe\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n     Stanley Hayami, Nisei Son\n    </a>\n   </b>\n  </p>\n  <p style=\"font-size:8pt;line-height:1.5;color: #aaa;\">\n   This item has been made freely available in the\n   <a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"https://archive.org/details/digital-library-of-japanese-american-incarceration\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n    Digital Library of Japanese American Incarceration\n   </a>\n   , a collaborative project with\n   <a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"https://archive.org/\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n    Internet Archive\n   </a>\n   .\n  </p>\n  <p>\n   <br/>\n   Might also like\n   <i>\n    <a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/Letters from the 442nd: The World War II Correspondence of a Japanese American Medic (book)/\" title=\"Letters from the 442nd: The World War II Correspondence of a Japanese American Medic (book)\">\n     Letters from the 442nd: The World War II Correspondence of a Japanese American Medic\n    </a>\n   </i>\n   by Minoru Masuda;\n   <i>\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/%22Wase_Time!%22:_A_Teen%27s_Memoir_of_Gila_River_Internment_Camp_(book)\" title=\"&quot;Wase Time!&quot;: A Teen's Memoir of Gila River Internment Camp (book)\">\n     \"Wase Time!\": A Teen's Memoir of Gila River Interment Camp\n    </a>\n   </i>\n   by Kenneth A. Tashiro; Manzanar to Mount Whitney: The Life and Times of a Lost Hiker by Hank Umemoto\n  </p>\n </div>\n</div>"
}