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            "title": "Nasakenai (short story)",
            "description": "Short story about an\n \n  Issei\n \n couple in the San Francisco Bay area in the aftermath of the\n \n  attack on Pearl Harbor\n \n . Both work as servants—the husband as a gardener and the wife as a maid—for prominent white families in a wealthy adjacent community and support three children at home, with a son in the army. After the attack, the husband goes to work and is assured by his employer that she will not fire him despite community pressure to do so. But the wife, who has worked for the family of a prominent lawyer for over a decade, is fired, since the lawyer represents a farming organization that supports anti-Japanese actions. An Issei gardener who works for the same family is also fired. Afterwards, the wife visits briefly with the family of the gardener and goes home to work on her garden, vowing that things will be okay.",
            "url_title": "Nasakenai (short story)",
            "title_sort": "nasakenaishortstory",
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                "short stories"
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            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Historical Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Evils of racism",
                "Facing reality",
                "Will to survive",
                "Working class struggles"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Short Stories",
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        {
            "id": "The Legend of Miss Sasagawara (short story)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "1 1/{'relation': 'eq', 'value': 80}",
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            "title": "The Legend of Miss Sasagawara (short story)",
            "description": "Short story by\n \n  Hisaye Yamamoto\n \n that takes place in an Arizona concentration camp during World War II and centers on the odd activities of one woman in the camp, as described by a college age female fellow inmate. Mari Sasagawara, a former ballet dancer, arrives with her Buddhist priest father upon transfer from another camp and soon becomes the subject of much gossip by other camp inmates for her regal bearing and aloofness. After being absent from the camp for a few months—taken to an institution in Phoenix—she returns a changed woman, friendly and sociable, even organizing and teaching a dance troupe of young girls. But after the narrator leaves the camp to attend school in Philadelphia, her friend tells her that Miss Sasagawara's malaise had returned and that she was taken out of the camp again. The story ends with the narrator finding a poem by Miss Sasagawara published in a literary journal that seems to reveal the difficulties she faced as the daughter of a man seeking to reach a state of Nirvana.",
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                "short stories"
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            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Female roles",
                "Hazards of passing judgment",
                "Individual versus society",
                "Losing hope"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Short Stories",
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            "id": "An Abandoned Pot of Rice (short story)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "2 2/{'relation': 'eq', 'value': 80}",
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            "title": "An Abandoned Pot of Rice (short story)",
            "description": "Short essay by\n \n  Hisaye Yamamoto DeSoto\n \n about the Kumamoto-mura community near Oceanside, California, where her family lived just prior to World War II. The pleasant reminiscences of life there are tempered by recollections of the chaos after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor and the events leading up to the forced removal of Japanese Americans from the West Coast. The title of the story comes from the narrator's recollection of making a pot of rice intending to make rice balls on the day of their forced departure, but forgetting about it, leaving the full pot behind. Years later, she returns to the site of the community, which subsequently became a large military base which for a time housed tens of thousands of Southeast Asian refugees. Noting the similarities with the concentration camps she and her family were in, she observes that this group was the third group of Asians to come and go from the geographical area, after the Japanese Americans and the Native Americans before them.",
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            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
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            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Memoir"
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            "rg_theme": [
                "Displacement",
                "Immigrant experience",
                "Importance of community",
                "Progress – real or illusion"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "No availability"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Short Stories",
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            "id": "My Mother's Music (short story)",
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            "title": "My Mother's Music (short story)",
            "description": "Short story by Lydia Yuri Minatoya told from the perspective of a\n \n  Sansei\n \n woman recalling her\n \n  Kibei\n \n mother's various stories—and silences—about the family history. The narrator's mother recalls her\n \n  Issei\n \n mother's banishment from the family after she had an affair with a Filipino immigrant patron of the family-run pool hall and how she never saw her mother again. The mother also recalls her own arranged marriage while in\n \n  Heart Mountain\n \n , but can recall little—or is unwilling to talk about—details of her and her family's wartime incarceration.\n \n  My Mother's Music\n \n appeared in the fifth volume of the\n \n  Fusion\n \n series published by the Asian American Studies Department at San Francisco State University. Minatoya later published a memoir titled\n \n  Talking to High Monks in the Snow: An Asian-American Odyssey\n \n (1989)—which includes \"My Mother's Music\" as its first chapter—as well as a novel,\n \n  The Strangeness of Beauty\n \n (2001).",
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                "Arts"
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                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
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            "rg_genre": [
                "Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Power of the past",
                "Power of silence",
                "Role of women"
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            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
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            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Short Stories",
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            "id": "An American Christmas (short story)",
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            "title": "An American Christmas (short story)",
            "description": "Short story by Alice Nash centering on an elderly\n \n  Issei\n \n woman in contemporary New York. As she struggles to carry a bag of rice home to her apartment, she reflects on her\n \n  arrival in New York\n \n with her late husband after leaving the concentration camp and the kind Yamaguchi family who put them up while refusing to take money from them. They eventually opened a cleaning shop that helped pay for their only son's college education. A successful businessman in California, the son takes her on a trip every year, but largely keeps her away from her grandchildren due to his white wife's discomfort with her. When she gets back to her apartment, the family of the building's supervisor, the Gonzalez family, invites her to their home to help decorate their Christmas tree.",
            "url_title": "An American Christmas (short story)",
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                "Arts"
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            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Family – blessing or curse",
                "Immigrant experience",
                "Motherhood",
                "Working class struggles"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Short Stories",
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            "id": "Some Lines for a Younger Brother... (short story)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "5 5/{'relation': 'eq', 'value': 80}",
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                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Some%20Lines%20for%20a%20Younger%20Brother...%20(short%20story)/",
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            "title": "Some Lines for a Younger Brother... (short story)",
            "description": "First person recollection of the author's younger brother centering on the impact the World War II incarceration had on him. The youngest of eight children, Tets was doted on by his older siblings, but devastated when his father died when he was eight. A few years later, he had become a demoralized teenager in\n \n  Manzanar\n \n who began skipping high school classes upon his return to Los Angeles after the war. Joining the army to see the world, he is almost at the end of his hitch when the Korean War breaks out. Sent into combat, he is killed in action. Years later, the author recalls attending the first\n \n  Manzanar Pilgrimage\n \n and seeing the image of Tets as a child once again.",
            "url_title": "Some Lines for a Younger Brother... (short story)",
            "title_sort": "somelinesforayoungerbrothershortstory",
            "categories": [
                "Arts"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Memoir"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Death – inevitable or tragedy",
                "Disillusionment and dreams",
                "Growing up – pain or pleasure"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Short Stories",
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        {
            "id": "Pleasure of Plain Rice (short story)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "6 6/{'relation': 'eq', 'value': 80}",
            "links": {
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Pleasure%20of%20Plain%20Rice%20(short%20story)/",
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            "title": "Pleasure of Plain Rice (short story)",
            "description": "Essay/story by\n \n  Hisaye Yamamoto\n \n on racial identity that focuses on her month-long stint as a domestic in Springfield, Massachusetts, during World War II. She begins the piece by noting various white Americans she knows who have changed their ethnic-sounding last names to less ethnic sounding ones, noting the futility of her doing such a thing as a Japanese American, citing the mass incarceration during World War II. Anxious to leave\n \n  Poston\n \n , where she and her family ended up, she and two of her younger brothers are allowed to leave for Massachusetts in the summer of 1944. While her fifteen-year-old brother Yuke is placed in a summer camp in the Berkshires, the\n \n  War Relocation Authority\n \n office in Boston assigns her and her seventeen-year-old brother Jemo to become domestic servants for a wealthy widow in Springfield. Both initially dislike the stern and formal family and the job duties that had to be completed in different uniforms. Though mostly familiar with Japanese dishes, the narrator nonetheless finds herself cooking Western-style food for the family. When finally asked to make a Japanese meal for guests, she is appalled to find the guests dousing their rice with soy sauce. After a month, the three are called back to Poston by their father after hearing of the death of her other brother, John, in Italy as a member of the\n \n  442nd Regimental Combat Team\n \n .",
            "url_title": "Pleasure of Plain Rice (short story)",
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                "Arts"
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            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Memoir"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Desire to escape",
                "Self-awareness",
                "Working class struggles"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Short Stories",
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        },
        {
            "id": "Nurse (short story)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "7 7/{'relation': 'eq', 'value': 80}",
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            },
            "title": "Nurse (short story)",
            "description": "Short story by Masaharu Hane centering on an\n \n  Issei\n \n man on a train in the Southwest during World War II. Spotting a\n \n  Nisei\n \n young woman fellow passenger—one of the few \"Japanese\" on the train—sitting next to a white soldier, the narrator passes time on the trip by conjuring various unlikely scenarios that explain her travel circumstances, before learning the rather mundane truth. Originally published in a\n \n  Poston\n \n Japanese language literary publication, \"Nurse\" was included in the 1991 literary anthology\n \n  The Big Aiiieeeee!",
            "url_title": "Nurse (short story)",
            "title_sort": "nurseshortstory",
            "categories": [
                "Chroniclers"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Communication – verbal and nonverbal",
                "Hazards of passing judgment"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-file-text"
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        {
            "id": "Mary Osaka, I Love You (short story)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "8 8/{'relation': 'eq', 'value': 80}",
            "links": {
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Mary%20Osaka,%20I%20Love%20You%20(short%20story)/",
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            "title": "Mary Osaka, I Love You (short story)",
            "description": "Short story by acclaimed writer John Fante about the love between a Filipino American immigrant man and a\n \n  Nisei\n \n woman that takes place in Los Angeles as World War II breaks out. A part of Fante's intended novel on Filipino Americans, it was first published in\n \n  Good Housekeeping\n \n magazine in October 1942.",
            "url_title": "Mary Osaka, I Love You (short story)",
            "title_sort": "maryosakailoveyoushortstory",
            "categories": [
                "Arts"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
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            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Everlasting love",
                "Immigrant experience",
                "Nationalism – complications"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-file-text"
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        {
            "id": "A Letter (short story)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "9 9/{'relation': 'eq', 'value': 80}",
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            "title": "A Letter (short story)",
            "description": "Short story by Sasabune Sasaki about a group of\n \n  Issei\n \n internees at an unspecified internment camp in the first days of their detention. Though the men write letters to their families, few have received any letters in return, due to, they believe, delays caused by censorship of the letters and their being moved from camp to camp. One day, the narrator sees a letter in its envelope tacked on a bulletin board at the camp post office and copies it down. It is an anonymously authored letter by a Nisei in English that expresses concern and support for the internees. When the narrator reads it to a group of internees, they are greatly moved.",
            "url_title": "A Letter (short story)",
            "title_sort": "letter",
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                "Arts"
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            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
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            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
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            "rg_genre": [
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            "rg_theme": [
                "Communication – verbal and nonverbal",
                "Facing darkness",
                "Isolation",
                "Power of words"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
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            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Short Stories",
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            "id": "The Black Dress (short story)",
            "model": "article",
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            "title": "The Black Dress (short story)",
            "description": "Short story about a young woman who has recently left\n \n  Heart Mountain\n \n to\n \n  resettle in New York City\n \n in 1945. Invited to a party by co-workers at a silk screen shop, she decides to buy a new dress for the party. At the department store, she impulsively asks the friendly young female sales clerks to join her for dinner that night. Though she immediately regrets asking, the evening leads to an unexpected revelation.",
            "url_title": "The Black Dress (short story)",
            "title_sort": "theblackdressshortstory",
            "categories": [
                "Arts"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Companionship as salvation",
                "Overcoming – fear, weakness, vice",
                "Progress – real or illusion"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-file-text"
        },
        {
            "id": "Homecoming (short story)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "11 11/{'relation': 'eq', 'value': 80}",
            "links": {
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            },
            "title": "Homecoming (short story)",
            "description": "Short story by\n \n  Toshio Mori\n \n about an\n \n  Issei\n \n woman's first visit with her son Mamoru after he has been severely wounded in combat as a member of the\n \n  442nd Regimental Combat Team\n \n . \"Homecoming\" takes the form of a story told in the woman's first person voice to her grandchildren. It is one of several stories by Mori featuring the same woman published in the\n \n\n   Pacific Citizen\n  \n\n between 1949 and 1952 that later became the basis of his novel\n \n  Woman from Hiroshima\n \n , published in 1978. The first half of the story is about her efforts to see her son after being allowed to leave\n \n  Topaz\n \n to\n \n  return to the West Coast\n \n . She is at first dismayed to learn that he has been moved to a military hospital in Auburn, California, known to be a hotbed of anti-Japanese racism. Arriving in Auburn, they see numerous anti-Japanese signs and are unable to find a place to stay until the Red Cross sends them to a Japanese American owned farm in the next town. The second half of the story is about her visit with Mamoru, whom she learns for the first time is confined to a wheelchair and may not ever be able to walk again.",
            "url_title": "Homecoming (short story)",
            "title_sort": "homecomingshortstory",
            "categories": [
                "Arts"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Love and sacrifice",
                "Motherhood",
                "Wisdom of experience"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-file-text"
        },
        {
            "id": "Drops of Water (short story)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "12 12/{'relation': 'eq', 'value': 80}",
            "links": {
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Drops%20of%20Water%20(short%20story)/",
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            },
            "title": "Drops of Water (short story)",
            "description": "Short story by Ferris Takahashi. A presumably young\n \n  Sansei\n \n social worker and a colleague discuss the case of an elderly\n \n  Issei\n \n homeless man who seems to want to remain homeless. Sections written from the perspective of the Issei man reveal his life as a laborer first on Hawai'i\n \n  sugar plantations\n \n , then in the continental U.S. and the impact of his wartime incarceration and the razing of the residential hotel he once lived in.",
            "url_title": "Drops of Water (short story)",
            "title_sort": "dropsofwatershortstory",
            "categories": [
                "Arts"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Capitalism – effect on the individual",
                "Immigrant experience",
                "Individual versus society",
                "Working class struggles"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-file-text"
        },
        {
            "id": "Reunion (short story)",
            "model": "article",
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            },
            "title": "Reunion (short story)",
            "description": "Short story by\n \n  Hisaye Yamamoto\n \n centering on a\n \n  Nisei\n \n man named Tak who attends a\n \n  pilgrimage\n \n to\n \n  Poston\n \n , where he had been incarcerated during the war. The story begins with his noticing a striking woman at the reunion dressed in buckskin; he wonders if she is Native American. A visit to the memorial at the site conjures memories of his family's wartime experience: removed from Los Angeles, they left Poston to\n \n  resettle in Chicago\n \n ; his older sister had left earlier on her own to study nursing in Cleveland. He went to high school in Chicago and to college back in Los Angeles, eventually marrying and raising three daughters. But after his wife's death just a year prior, he found himself alone. On the bus ride home, he is surprised to find the buckskin woman on the same bus. She sits across the aisle from him, and he overhears her talking about being twelve in camp and being fascinated by an American Indian man who visited the camp on a white horse that he sometimes let the inmate kids ride. He also discovers that she is a widow. After imagining different scenarios about the woman and the Indian man, he works up the courage to ask her to join him for lunch.",
            "url_title": "Reunion (short story)",
            "title_sort": "reunionshortstory",
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                "Arts"
            ],
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                "short stories"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Lost love",
                "Rebirth",
                "Reunion"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "No availability"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-file-text"
        },
        {
            "id": "Heiji (short story)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "14 14/{'relation': 'eq', 'value': 80}",
            "links": {
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Heiji%20(short%20story)/",
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/Heiji%20(short%20story)/"
            },
            "title": "Heiji (short story)",
            "description": "Short story by Jeff Tsuyoshi Matsuda about a disheveled elderly\n \n  Nisei\n \n widower who goes to a empty field in his Westchester, California, neighborhood every day for reasons that no one can figure out. In slowly revealing the reason for his quest, Heiji Taguma's wartime family history is revealed. His family had farmed twenty acres in the area before the war, but lost their crops and their farm in the mass incarceration of Japanese Americans during World War II. Heiji's father Masu was among the\n \n  Issei\n \n arrested by the FBI and was taken to the\n \n  Bismarck\n \n , North Dakota internment camp, eventually rejoining his family at\n \n  Manzanar\n \n . But he returned a broken man: while Heiji\n \n  resettled in Chicago\n \n , he refused to leave Manzanar and died there just after the end of the war. Heiji's odd ritual seemed to have been triggered by the death of his wife Keiko, who had once cooked all his meals and washed and selected his clothes.",
            "url_title": "Heiji (short story)",
            "title_sort": "heijishortstory",
            "categories": [
                "Arts"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Female roles",
                "Injustice",
                "Power of the past"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "No availability"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-file-text"
        },
        {
            "id": "Roar of Silence (short story)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "15 15/{'relation': 'eq', 'value': 80}",
            "links": {
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Roar%20of%20Silence%20(short%20story)/",
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/Roar%20of%20Silence%20(short%20story)/"
            },
            "title": "Roar of Silence (short story)",
            "description": "While watching a young boy play in a puddle, an elderly Nisei recalls his\n \n  Issei\n \n father. Forced to start over again in his sixties\n \n  in Chicago\n \n after having lost his farm during the mass roundup and incarceration, he also found his role as family leader usurped by his eldest son, who had been a member of the\n \n  442nd Regimental Combat Team\n \n . Despite these setbacks, the narrator recalls the lessons his father had silently transmitted to him.",
            "url_title": "Roar of Silence (short story)",
            "title_sort": "roarofsilenceshortstory",
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                "Arts"
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            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Communication—verbal and nonverbal",
                "Power of silence",
                "Wisdom of experience"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-file-text"
        },
        {
            "id": "Slant-Eyed Americans (short story)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "16 16/{'relation': 'eq', 'value': 80}",
            "links": {
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Slant-Eyed%20Americans%20(short%20story)/",
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/Slant-Eyed%20Americans%20(short%20story)/"
            },
            "title": "Slant-Eyed Americans (short story)",
            "description": "Short story by\n \n  Toshio Mori\n \n set in the days after the\n \n  Pearl Harbor attack\n \n . A young\n \n  Nisei\n \n man's plans to take his mother to town that day are dashed by the outbreak of war. The next day, business at the flower market is slow, and the Japanese American merchants wonder about their future. Tom, a Nisei gardener friend, doesn't report to work out of despair over the war; the narrator and his family cheer him up. Later, the narrator's brother Kazuo, who is in the army, arrives home for a five-day furlough. At the end of his visit, the family sees him off, pondering the uncertainty of what is to come.",
            "url_title": "Slant-Eyed Americans (short story)",
            "title_sort": "slanteyedamericansshortstory",
            "categories": [
                "Arts"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Facing darkness",
                "Losing hope"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-file-text"
        },
        {
            "id": "The Loom (short story)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "17 17/{'relation': 'eq', 'value': 80}",
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                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/The%20Loom%20(short%20story)/",
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/The%20Loom%20(short%20story)/"
            },
            "title": "The Loom (short story)",
            "description": "Short story by R. A. Sasaki that portrays the life of a\n \n  Nisei\n \n woman looking both backwards and forwards after the death of one of her daughters. Born and raised in San Francisco where her family ran a boarding house, the unnamed woman graduated from the University of California before being incarcerated with her family in\n \n  Tanforan\n \n and\n \n  Topaz\n \n during World War II. Returning to San Francisco after the war having married a\n \n  Kibei\n \n man she had known from before the war, she has four daughters while her husband works in the flower industry. Devoted to her daughters, she is at a loss as they leave the house to pursue their own lives and after one dies in a mountain climbing accident. Her daughters' efforts to bring her out of her torpor are largely unsuccessful until one gives her a loom, through which she is able to express the feelings she cannot verbalize.",
            "url_title": "The Loom (short story)",
            "title_sort": "loom",
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                "Arts"
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                "short stories"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
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                "Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Communication – verbal and nonverbal",
                "Facing darkness",
                "Loneliness as destructive force",
                "Motherhood",
                "Power of silence"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-file-text"
        },
        {
            "id": "Nakamura Comes Home (short story)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "18 18/{'relation': 'eq', 'value': 80}",
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                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Nakamura%20Comes%20Home%20(short%20story)/",
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            },
            "title": "Nakamura Comes Home (short story)",
            "description": "Short story about the return of a Nisei veteran to his California hometown by Henry H. Hayden. Kido Nakamura, with his chest full of medals and a limp due to a war wound, returns to Bonneville, where he had grown up as an orphan, and been on his own since age fourteen, until his forced removal to\n \n  Tanforan\n \n . From camp, he joined the\n \n  442nd\n \n and served in Europe. He stops first at the hotel where he used to live and work, but a former co-worker tells him that the new owners are unwelcoming. He walks through he town, seeing racist signs, tangible evidence of anti-Japanese sentiment. Walking out to a farm he thinks he can get a job at, he is harassed by drunks and ponders his future in the town.",
            "url_title": "Nakamura Comes Home (short story)",
            "title_sort": "nakamuracomeshomeshortstory",
            "categories": [
                "Arts"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Evils of racism",
                "Injustice",
                "Totalitarianism"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-file-text"
        },
        {
            "id": "And There Are Stories, There Are Stories (short story)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "19 19/{'relation': 'eq', 'value': 80}",
            "links": {
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/And%20There%20Are%20Stories,%20There%20Are%20Stories%20(short%20story)/",
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/And%20There%20Are%20Stories,%20There%20Are%20Stories%20(short%20story)/"
            },
            "title": "And There Are Stories, There Are Stories (short story)",
            "description": "Prose poem memoir by Momoko Iko that traces her family's journey out of the concentration camps and her subsequent upbringing away from Japanese American communities on the West Coast. She begins with her birth in 1940 to\n \n  Issei\n \n parents, her fleeting recollections of her family's incarceration, and life after the war, first in Philadelphia, then\n \n  Chicago\n \n . Various stories centering on racism, racial identity, interracial relations, and the legacy of the camps in the 1950s and 1960s follow, tracing the narrator's journey to becoming a writer.",
            "url_title": "And There Are Stories, There Are Stories (short story)",
            "title_sort": "andtherearestoriestherearestoriesshortstory",
            "categories": [
                "Arts"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
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            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Coming of age",
                "Coming of age",
                "Power of the past",
                "Self – inner and outer"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-file-text"
        },
        {
            "id": "Case History (short story)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "20 20/{'relation': 'eq', 'value': 80}",
            "links": {
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Case%20History%20(short%20story)/",
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/Case%20History%20(short%20story)/"
            },
            "title": "Case History (short story)",
            "description": "Short story about a young Nisei couple settling in \"Centreville,\" a fictional small town in California, after World War II. John and Mary Mori arrive and open a flower market in town. But despite John's military service and the couple's good deeds, the face anti-Japanese harassment before a series of events begin to turn the tide. Author Bradford Smith tells the story using fictitious newspaper articles, letters, and personal testimony.",
            "url_title": "Case History (short story)",
            "title_sort": "casehistoryshortstory",
            "categories": [
                "Arts"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
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            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Overcoming – fear, weakness, vice",
                "Patriotism – positive side or complications",
                "Evils of racism"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-file-text"
        },
        {
            "id": "Mitsugi's Christmas (short story)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "21 21/{'relation': 'eq', 'value': 80}",
            "links": {
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Mitsugi's%20Christmas%20(short%20story)/",
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/Mitsugi's%20Christmas%20(short%20story)/"
            },
            "title": "Mitsugi's Christmas (short story)",
            "description": "Short story by Jennifer \"Emiko\" Kuida about Mitsugi Yamamoto, an elderly widower at the Keiro Retirement Home in Los Angeles who waits to hear from his busy lawyer daughter and his grandchildren on Christmas Day. Julia, a younger\n \n  Yonsei\n \n volunteer nurse, keeps him company sometimes and listens to his stories of the past, particularly his time at\n \n  Seabrook Farms, New Jersey\n \n , where he and his wife Sumi moved after leaving\n \n  Manzanar\n \n .",
            "url_title": "Mitsugi's Christmas (short story)",
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            "categories": [
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            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Family – blessing or curse",
                "Forgiveness",
                "Love and sacrifice",
                "Optimism – power or folly"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "No availability"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-file-text"
        },
        {
            "id": "The Shoyu Kid (short story)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "22 22/{'relation': 'eq', 'value': 80}",
            "links": {
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/The%20Shoyu%20Kid%20(short%20story)/",
                "json": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/The%20Shoyu%20Kid%20(short%20story)/"
            },
            "title": "The Shoyu Kid (short story)",
            "description": "Short story by Lonny Kaneko set in\n \n  Minidoka\n \n centering on three boys who chase and bully a fourth boy, in the process unearthing his molestation by a camp guard. The Seattle-based author had been incarcerated at Minidoka as a child.\n \n  The Shoyu Kid\n \n was originally published in\n \n  Amerasia Journal\n \n in 1976.",
            "url_title": "The Shoyu Kid (short story)",
            "title_sort": "shoyukid",
            "categories": [
                "Arts"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Coming of age",
                "Growing up – pain or pleasure",
                "Illusion of power",
                "Loss of innocence",
                "Vulnerability of the meek"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-file-text"
        },
        {
            "id": "Home Is the Expatriate (short story)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "23 23/{'relation': 'eq', 'value': 80}",
            "links": {
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/Home%20Is%20the%20Expatriate%20(short%20story)/",
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            },
            "title": "Home Is the Expatriate (short story)",
            "description": "Short story by\n \n  Larry Tajiri\n \n about a\n \n  Nisei\n \n strandee just returned from Japan after a decade there. Joe Suzuki was a Nisei in Los Angeles who graduated high school in the mid 1930s. Unwilling to take the types of jobs available to Nisei at that time—primarily agricultural and/or manual labor type jobs—he first tried Hollywood, then went to Japan, as did many other Nisei at that time. He landed a white-collar job at a Japanese firm, but it proved to be a dead end job, and, as a Nisei, he drew suspicion from the police. He attempted to return to the U.S. in November 1941, but his ship turned around midway as war broke out, and he was stuck in Japan during the war. He returns embittered, his mother having died in an American concentration camp, and his father having\n \n  resettled in Chicago\n \n .",
            "url_title": "Home Is the Expatriate (short story)",
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            "rg_rgmediatype": [
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            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
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            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Disillusionment and dreams",
                "Pride and downfall"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-file-text"
        },
        {
            "id": "The Long Journey and the Short Ride (short story)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "24 24/{'relation': 'eq', 'value': 80}",
            "links": {
                "html": "http://resourceguide.densho.org/The%20Long%20Journey%20and%20the%20Short%20Ride%20(short%20story)/",
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            },
            "title": "The Long Journey and the Short Ride (short story)",
            "description": "Seemingly autobiographical story by\n \n  Toshio Mori\n \n about the author and his brother, a paralyzed veteran of the\n \n  442nd Regimental Combat Team\n \n , recalling the latter's visit to\n \n  Topaz\n \n prior to shipping out for combat in Europe. The author and his mother get a pass to leave Topaz for the first time since they had arrived in order to see the brother off at the train station. Their apprehensions about being outside the camp are eased by a white family—who had also just seen a son off to war—who offer them a ride to town. Shifting back to the present of the story, the author notes the successful recovery that his brother has made since the war and both brothers lament that neither of their parents lived to see that recovery. The same incident is the basis for another story Mori had written in 1943 titled \"\n \n  The Travelers\n \n .\" \"The Long Journey and the Short Ride\" was first published in Mori's 1979 short story collection\n \n  The Chauvinist and Other Stories\n \n .",
            "url_title": "The Long Journey and the Short Ride (short story)",
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            "categories": [
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            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
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            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
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            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Darkness and light",
                "Motherhood",
                "Optimism – power or folly",
                "Reunion"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Short Stories",
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        }
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