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    "id": "The Empty Chair (film)",
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    "title_sort": "emptychair",
    "description": "Feature length documentary film by Greg Chaney that recounts the forced removal and incarceration of Japanese Americans from Juneau, Alaska, during World War II.",
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    "authors": [
        {
            "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/authors/Brian%20Niiya/",
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    "title": "The Empty Chair (film)",
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    "modified": "2018-02-28T20:02:35",
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            "pov": [
                "Interviews with Japanese Americans and non-Japanese Americans from Juneau, Alaska"
            ],
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                "Puyallup (Camp Harmony) [11] - Puyallup, Washington",
                "Minidoka [8] - Hunt, Idaho"
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                "1941–45",
                "2014"
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            "title": [
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            "director": [
                "Greg Chaney"
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                "2014"
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                "Gina Spartz (associate producer)"
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            "writer": [
                "Greg Chaney"
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            "title": [
                "The Empty Chair"
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            "runtime": [
                "96/73 minutes"
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            "starring": [
                "Alice (Tanaka) Hikido (interviewee)",
                "Mary (Tanaka) Abo (interviewee)",
                "Bill Tanaka (interviewee)",
                "Ed Tanaka (interviewee)",
                "Jeanne Tanaka (interviewee)",
                "Roberta Messerschmidt (interviewee)",
                "Katie Torkelson Hurley (interviewee)",
                "Walter Fukuyama (interviewee)",
                "Haruo \"Ham\" Kumasaka (interviewee)",
                "Mary Lou Spartz (interviewee)",
                "Randy Wanamaker (interviewee)",
                "Neil MacKinnon (interviewee)",
                "Jane MacKinnon (interviewee)",
                "John \"Jack\" Hermle (interviewee)",
                "Marie (Hanna) Darlin (interviewee)",
                "Sam Kito, Jr. (interviewee)",
                "Jack Pasquan (interviewee)",
                "Steve Tada (interviewee)",
                "Renee Loree (interviewee)",
                "Judy (Oyama) Neary (interviewee)",
                "Koji Tada (interviewee)",
                "Yohko (Kohsaka) Tada (interviewee)",
                "Rose Komatsubara (interviewee)"
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    "body": "<br/>\n<div class=\"rgonly\">\n <div id=\"rgdatabox-Core\" style=\"display:none;\">\n  <p>\n   RGMediaType:films;\nTitle:The Empty Chair;\nCreators:;\nInterestLevel:Grades 9-12; Adult;\nReadingLevel:;\nGuidedReadingLevel:;\nLexile:;\nTheme:Injustice; Power of the past; Importance of community;\nGenre:Documentary;\nPoV:Interviews with Japanese Americans and non-Japanese Americans from Juneau, Alaska;\nRelatedEvents:;\nAvailability:Available;\nFreeWebVersion:No;\nPrimarySecondary:;\nHasTeachingAids:No;\nWarnings:;\nDenshoTopic:;\nGeography:Juneau, Alaska;\nChronology:1941–45; 2014;\nFacility:Puyallup (Camp Harmony) [11] - Puyallup, Washington; Minidoka [8] - Hunt, Idaho;\n  </p>\n </div>\n</div>\n<div id=\"databox-Films\" style=\"display:none;\">\n <p>\n  Title:The Empty Chair;\nDate:2014; \nGenre:;\nReleased:;\nDirector:Greg Chaney;\nProducer:Gina Spartz (associate producer);\nWriter:Greg Chaney;\nScreenplay:;\nStory:;\nBasedOn:;\nNarrator:;\nStarring:Alice (Tanaka) Hikido (interviewee); Mary (Tanaka) Abo (interviewee); Bill Tanaka (interviewee); Ed Tanaka (interviewee); Jeanne Tanaka (interviewee); Roberta Messerschmidt (interviewee); Katie Torkelson Hurley (interviewee); Walter Fukuyama (interviewee); Haruo \"Ham\" Kumasaka (interviewee); Mary Lou Spartz (interviewee); Randy Wanamaker (interviewee); Neil MacKinnon (interviewee); Jane MacKinnon (interviewee); John \"Jack\" Hermle (interviewee); Marie (Hanna) Darlin (interviewee); Sam Kito, Jr. (interviewee); Jack Pasquan (interviewee); Steve Tada (interviewee); Renee Loree (interviewee); Judy (Oyama) Neary (interviewee); Koji Tada (interviewee); Yohko (Kohsaka) Tada (interviewee); Rose Komatsubara (interviewee);\nMusic:;\nCinematography:;\nEditing:;\nStudio:;\nDistributor:;\nRuntime:96/73 minutes;\nCountry:;\nLanguage:;\nBudget:;\nGross:;\nIMDBLink:\n  <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"http://www.imdb.com/title/tt3996494/\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n   http://www.imdb.com/title/tt3996494/\n  </a>\n  ;\nTrailerLink:;\n </p>\n</div>\n<p>\n Feature length documentary film by Greg Chaney that recounts the forced removal and incarceration of Japanese Americans from Juneau, Alaska, during World War II.\n</p>\n<p>\n <i>\n  The Empty Chair\n </i>\n largely focuses on two families, the Tanakas, who ran the City Café restaurant, and the Fukuyamas, who ran Juneau Laundry, based on interviews with surviving\n <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Nisei\" title=\"Nisei\">\n  Nisei\n </a>\n family members Alice (Tanaka) Hikido, Mary (Tanaka) Abo, and Walter Fukuyama. The story begins with the prewar community in Juneau before the attack on Pearl Harbor changed everything, leading first to the arrests of\n <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Issei\" title=\"Issei\">\n  Issei\n </a>\n community leaders including both the Tanaka and Fukuyama patriarchs, followed by the removal of all Japanese Americans in the area to the\n <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Puyallup_(detention_facility)\" title=\"Puyallup (detention facility)\">\n  Puyallup Assembly Center\n </a>\n and\n <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Minidoka\" title=\"Minidoka\">\n  Minidoka\n </a>\n , Idaho, concentration camp. The film goes on to document their return to Juneau after the war and ends with the 2014 dedication of the Empty Chair memorial in Juneau. Numerous interviews with supportive non-Japanese American Juneauites make the case that there was an unusual level of interracial friendship in Juneau and that many non-Japanese Americans supported the Japanese American families during the war years, including watching over their property and helping them reestablish their businesses after the war. The title of the film and memorial comes from a small protest in the form of an empty chair left on stage at the 1942 high school graduation in honor of John Tanaka, the class valedictorian, who had been removed with his family a month earlier.\n</p>\n<p>\n The film was made in collaboration with the Empty Chair Committee, an organization dedicated to preserving the story of the Japanese American Juneauites. Filmmaker Greg Chaney, the lands manager for the city of Juneau, heard the story of the chair at a city meeting about the proposed memorial, and, as he told Edward Yoshida, \"I found the story of the empty chair to be compelling from the first time I heard it,\" adding that he \"decided on the spot... [to] make a documentary about the event.\" John Tanaka's sisters, Alice Hikido and Mary Abo, readily agreed to assist with the film. Completed in 2014, the film screened locally in Alaska and at the Anchorage Film Festival, as well as at screenings and Days of Remembrance in the continental U.S.\n</p>\n<div id=\"authorByline\">\n <b>\n  Authored by\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Brian_Niiya\" title=\"Brian Niiya\">\n   Brian Niiya\n  </a>\n  , Densho\n </b>\n</div>\n<div id=\"citationAuthor\" style=\"display:none;\">\n Niiya, Brian\n</div>\n<p>\n Might also like\n <i>\n  <a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/The Merced Assembly Center: Injustice Immortalized (film)\" title=\"The Merced Assembly Center: Injustice Immortalized (film)\">\n   The Merced Assembly Center: Injustice Immortalized\n  </a>\n </i>\n (2012);\n <i>\n  <a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/After Silence: Civil Rights and the Japanese American Experience (film)\" title=\"After Silence: Civil Rights and the Japanese American Experience (film)\">\n   After Silence: Civil Rights and the Japanese American Experience\n  </a>\n </i>\n (2003);\n <i>\n  <a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/The Lost Village of Terminal Island (film)\" title=\"The Lost Village of Terminal Island (film)\">\n   The Lost Village of Terminal Island\n  </a>\n </i>\n (2007)\n</p>\n",
    "moreinfo": "<div class=\"section\" id=\"For_More_Information\">\n <h2>\n  <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"For_More_Information\">\n   For More Information\n  </span>\n </h2>\n <div class=\"section_content\">\n  <p>\n   The Empty Chair Project website:\n   <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"https://emptychairproject.wordpress.com/\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n    https://emptychairproject.wordpress.com/\n   </a>\n   .\n  </p>\n  <p>\n   Fletcher, Amy. \"\n   <a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"http://juneauempire.com/art/2014-12-11/empty-chair-traces-multiple-interweaving-narratives\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n    Made in Alaska: Greg Chaney's 'Empty Chair.'\n   </a>\n   \"\n   <i>\n    Juneau Empire\n   </i>\n   , Dec. 11, 2014.\n  </p>\n  <p>\n   Yoshida, Edward. \"\n   <a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"http://www.discovernikkei.org/en/journal/2016/3/25/juneau-greg-chaney/\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n    Documentarian Greg Chaney: Honoring Juneau’s Japanese Community Unjustly Incarcerated during World War II.\n   </a>\n   \"\n   <i>\n    Discover Nikkei\n   </i>\n   , Mar. 25, 2016.\n  </p>\n  <!-- \nNewPP limit report\nCPU time usage: 0.116 seconds\nReal time usage: 0.116 seconds\nPreprocessor visited node count: 355/1000000\nPreprocessor generated node count: 2563/1000000\nPost‐expand include size: 8796/2097152 bytes\nTemplate argument size: 3481/2097152 bytes\nHighest expansion depth: 3/40\nExpensive parser function count: 0/100\nExtLoops count: 0/100\n-->\n  <!-- Saved in parser cache with key mediawiki:pcache:idhash:3687-0!*!0!*!*!5!* and timestamp 20180309150510 and revision id 28416\n -->\n </div>\n</div>",
    "reviews": null,
    "footnotes": null,
    "related": null
}