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            "title": "American Heroes: Japanese American World War II Nisei Soldiers and the Congressional Gold Medal (exhibition)",
            "description": "Traveling exhibition developed by the Smithsonian Institution to commemorate the awarding of the Congressional Gold Medal to the\n  \n   100th Infantry Battalion\n  \n  ,\n  \n   442nd Regimental Combat Team\n  \n  , and\n  \n   Military Intelligence Service\n  \n  in 2011. Created by the Smithsonian Institution Traveling Exhibition Service in partnership with National Veterans Network, National Museum of American History, and Smithsonian Asian Pacific American Center, the exhibition included photo and text panels about the Japanese Americans who served in World War II along with the medal itself.",
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            "title": "American in Disguise (book)",
            "description": "American in Disguise\n  \n  is Daniel Okimoto's account of his search for identity in America and Japan. The book was originally published in 1971 by John Weatherhill, Inc, with a foreword by James Michener.",
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            "description": "A 2007 feature film directed by Desmond Nakano that is based on true events that occurred at\n  \n   Topaz\n  \n  , an American concentration camp in Utah which held thousands of Japanese Americans during World War II. The film's story focuses on the Nomura family, whose mother and father are both\n  \n   Issei\n  \n  , and their two\n  \n   Nisei\n  \n  children, Lane and Lyle. Following the signing of\n  \n   Executive Order 9066\n  \n  in February 1942, the Nomuras, along with over 120,000 other Japanese living on the West Coast, are forced into desolate government camps across the country. To boost the morale of the younger inmates and help build a sense of community, Mr. Nomura, who was once a professional baseball player, forms an in-camp league within the concentration camp, in an attempt to to instill some sense of normality into their lives.",
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            "description": "Novel set in\n  \n   Manzanar\n  \n  and\n  \n   Tule Lake\n  \n  by prolific writer Jerome Charyn and published in 1969.",
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            "title": "American Sons (film)",
            "description": "Docudrama by Steven Okazaki about four Asian American male characters talking about the role of race in their lives. Though played by actors, the words spoken by each character come from interviews with real people.",
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            "description": "Documentary film that profiles Nisei politician\n  \n   Norman Mineta\n  \n  with a particular focus on his childhood years in an American concentration camp and his role forty years later in the\n  \n   Redress movement\n  \n  .",
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            "title": "An American Story: The History of California's Nisei Veterans (film)",
            "description": "Short documentary on California's Nisei veterans produced by photographer Tom Graves. The video was funded by a grant from the\n  \n   California Civil Liberties Public Education Program\n  \n  .",
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            },
            "title": "An American Story: World War II Stories of the Tragedy and Triumph of Our Japanese-American Community During Wartime (film)",
            "description": "Video on the World War II odyssey of Japanese Americans from the Watsonville area based on interviews with survivors of that time. The video was part of a larger project that also included a curriculum guide/lesson plan kit for teachers and an interactive video kiosk available for display by community organizations. The project was sponsored by the Watsonville Public Library and Watsonville-Santa Cruz chapter of the\n  \n   Japanese American Citizens League\n  \n  and funded by a $14,000 grant from the\n  \n   California Civil Liberties Public Education Program\n  \n  . The film's premiere screening took place on August 27, 2011.\n  \n\n    [1]",
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                "Grades 9-12",
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                "Importance of community"
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                "Widely available"
            ],
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            "id": "America's Betrayal (book)",
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            "title": "America's Betrayal (book)",
            "description": "Young adult novel by Jodi Icenoggle written in the first person voice of Margaret Yamaguchi, a high school sophomore and aspiring writer in Valle Verde in coastal California. Her father runs a successful orchard and oversees a happy family that includes Margaret's mother, an older brother Robert, and younger brother Timmy. She has also started going steady with John Wilson, star athlete of Valle Verde High. But her happy life is slowly torn apart by the outbreak of war. As anti-Japanese sentiment rises after the attack on Pearl Harbor, so do tensions at the high school, particularly for an interracial couple like John and Margaret. Inevitably, the Yamaguchis get sent first to the\n  \n   Salinas Assembly Center\n  \n  , then to\n  \n   Poston\n  \n  , while John gets drafted. As family tragedies ensue, Margaret comes of age in the concentration camp, starting a camp newspaper and waiting for John to come back. But will he?",
            "url_title": "America's Betrayal (book)",
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                "Grades 9-12"
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            "rg_theme": [
                "Coming of age",
                "Companionship as salvation",
                "Everlasting love",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Female roles",
                "Losing hope",
                "Will to survive"
            ],
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                "Grades 7-8"
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            "id": "Am I a Traitor? (short story)",
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            "title": "Am I a Traitor? (short story)",
            "description": "Essay by\n  \n   Issei\n  \n  socialist journalist Shigeki Oka (1878–1959) focusing on his decision to aid the Allies and oppose the Japanese militarist regime during World War II. Oka begins by describing the situation prior to the war, where Japanese American leaders dismissed the possibility of war between the U.S. and Japan. While preparing a translation of Hitler's anti-Japanese writings to be distributed in Japan, the\n  \n   attack on Pearl Harbor\n  \n  occurs. Oka sends a telegram to President Roosevelt offering his services and expresses the desire that Japan lose the war as quickly as possible so that its militarist regime would be brought down; these actions lead to members of the Japanese American community branding him a traitor. He later volunteers to go to India despite his advanced age to write and distribute propaganda for the U.S. After the war, the Japanese community continues to shun him despite the fact that the events of the war, in his opinion, have proved the rightness of his actions.",
            "url_title": "Am I a Traitor? (short story)",
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            "categories": [
                "Arts"
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            "rg_interestlevel": [
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                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
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            "rg_theme": [
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                "Nationalism – complications",
                "Patriotism – positive side or complications"
            ],
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                "Available"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Short Stories",
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        },
        {
            "id": "An American Christmas (short story)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "12 37/{'value': 697, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/An%20American%20Christmas%20(short%20story)/",
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            },
            "title": "An American Christmas (short story)",
            "description": "Short story by Alice Nash centering on an elderly\n  \n   Issei\n  \n  woman in contemporary New York. As she struggles to carry a bag of rice home to her apartment, she reflects on her\n  \n   arrival in New York\n  \n  with her late husband after leaving the concentration camp and the kind Yamaguchi family who put them up while refusing to take money from them. They eventually opened a cleaning shop that helped pay for their only son's college education. A successful businessman in California, the son takes her on a trip every year, but largely keeps her away from her grandchildren due to his white wife's discomfort with her. When she gets back to her apartment, the family of the building's supervisor, the Gonzalez family, invites her to their home to help decorate their Christmas tree.",
            "url_title": "An American Christmas (short story)",
            "title_sort": "anamericanchristmasshortstory",
            "categories": [
                "Arts"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Family – blessing or curse",
                "Immigrant experience",
                "Motherhood",
                "Working class struggles"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-file-text"
        },
        {
            "id": "The Ancestors' Box (play)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "13 38/{'value': 697, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
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            },
            "title": "The Ancestors' Box (play)",
            "description": "Play for children by Christina Hamlett that takes place during and after World War II and explores the wartime expulsion and incarceration of Japanese Americans. The play centers on Japanese American teenager Amy Sasaki, who is sent to an unspecified American concentration camp with her family, and her best friend Lily Danvers, a white teenager who stays behind. The play's scenes take play just prior to the Sasakis leaving for camp from their home in Anaheim, California, in 1942, upon their return in 1945, and in 2000. The estimated length of a performance is 35 minutes.",
            "url_title": "The Ancestors' Box (play)",
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            "categories": [
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            "id": "Ancestry is Not a Crime: The Internment of People of Japanese Descent During World War II (curricula)",
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            },
            "title": "Ancestry is Not a Crime: The Internment of People of Japanese Descent During World War II (curricula)",
            "description": "To commemorate the 50th anniversary of the end of World War II, the Hawai'i state legislature funded the development of\n  \n   Ancestry is Not a Crime\n  \n  , focused on the forced removal and incarceration of Japanese Americans. The 192-page curriculum aims to engage elementary through high school students with this complex history, to wrestle with the meaning of democratic principles, and to think critically about civil liberties and the responsibilities of a democratic citizenry.",
            "url_title": "Ancestry is Not a Crime: The Internment of People of Japanese Descent During World War II (curricula)",
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                "Nationalism – complications",
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            "title": "A Question of Loyalty/The Betrayed (play)",
            "description": "Play authored by\n  \n   Nisei\n  \n  playwright\n  \n   Hiroshi Kashiwagi\n  \n  set in\n  \n   Tule Lake\n  \n  and centered on the dilemmas brought on by the\n  \n   loyalty questionnaire\n  \n  . The main characters are Tak Fujimoto, a country boy loosely based on the playwright, and Grace Tamura, a sophisticated city girl from Seattle, who fall in love in the concentration camp. But they are divided by the loyalty questions and go their separate ways. The play's second act is set forty years later, when Grace, a widowed redress activist from Chicago, visits Tak, a divorced farmer in Fresno, prior to a camp reunion.",
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            "title": "The Art of Gaman: Arts and Crafts from the Japanese American Internment Camps, 1942-1946 (exhibition)",
            "description": "Traveling exhibition highlighting art and craft objects made by incarcerated Japanese Americans in wartime concentration camps. Curated by Delphine Hirasuna and based on the 2005 book of the same name,\n  \n   The Art of Gaman\n  \n  exhibition has traveled to fourteen venues since its debut in 2006.",
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            "title": "The Art of Gaman: The Story Behind the Objects (film)",
            "description": "A short documentary film created by Rick Quan in 2010 to accompany the traveling exhibition,\n  \n\n    The Art of Gaman: Arts and Crafts from the Japanese American Internment Camps, 1942-1946\n   \n\n  which features arts and crafts created by Japanese American internees while living in World War II concentration camps. The film includes stories about the inmates who created the objects included in the exhibition, as told by their children and grandchildren. It also includes an interview with the exhibition's curator, Delphine Hirasuna, who describes\n  \n   The Art of Gaman'\n  \n  s purpose of celebrating the unique talents of these camp artists and helping people understand the larger story of the Japanese American mass confinement. The DVD release also includes\n  \n\n    Voices Long Silent\n   \n   ,\n  \n  a 1980 short film by Bob Matsumoto, that was also shown in conjunction with\n  \n   The Art of Gaman\n  \n  exhibition.",
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