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{
    "id": "Birth of an Activist: The Sox Kitashima Story (book)",
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    "title_sort": "birthofanactivistthesoxkitashimastorybook",
    "description": "A renowned redress activist shares her life story, including how the humiliating experience of wartime incarceration helped shape her later involvement in political activism.",
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    "authors": [
        {
            "title": "Emily Anderson",
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    "title": "Birth of an Activist: The Sox Kitashima Story (book)",
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    "modified": "2020-06-02T16:14:02",
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            "title": [
                "Birth of an Activist: The Sox Kitashima Story"
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                "Tsuyako \"Sox\" Kitashima",
                "Joy K. Morimoto"
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            "title": [
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            "author": [
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                "Joy K. Morimoto"
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    "body": "<div class=\"mw-parser-output\">\n <div class=\"rgonly\">\n  <!--\"rgdatabox-CoreDisplay\" removed-->\n  <div id=\"rgdatabox-Core\" style=\"display:none;\">\n   <p>\n    RGMediaType:books;\nTitle:Birth of an Activist: The Sox Kitashima Story;\nCreators:Tsuyako \"Sox\" Kitashima; Joy K. Morimoto;\nInterestLevel:;\nReadingLevel:;\nGuidedReadingLevel:;\nLexile:;\nTheme:Coming of age; Death - inevitable or tragedy; Empowerment; Importance of community;\nGenre:Memoir;\nPoV:Memoir of Nisei woman;\nRelatedEvents:;\nAvailability:Available;\nFreeWebVersion:Yes;\nPrimarySecondary:;\nHasTeachingAids:No;\nWarnings:;\nDenshoTopic:;\nGeography:San Francisco Bay Area; Topaz;\nChronology:1905-1990s;\nFacility:Topaz (Central Utah) [1] - Delta, Utah; Tanforan [15] - San Bruno, California [15];\n   </p>\n  </div>\n </div>\n <div id=\"databox-Books\" style=\"display:none;\">\n  <p>\n   Title:Birth of an Activist: The Sox Kitashima Story;\nAuthor:Tsuyako \"Sox\" Kitashima; Joy K. Morimoto;\nIllustrator:;\nOrigTitle:;\nCountry:;\nLanguage:;\nSeries:;\nGenre:;\nPublisher:Asian American Curriculum Project;\nPubDate:2003;\nCurrentPublisher:;\nCurrentPubDate:;\nMediaType:;\nPages:174;\nAwards:;\nISBN:;\nWorldCatLink:\n   <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/54398486\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n    http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/54398486\n   </a>\n   ;\n  </p>\n </div>\n <p>\n  A renowned redress activist shares her life story, including how the humiliating experience of wartime incarceration helped shape her later involvement in political activism.\n </p>\n <div class=\"section\" id=\"Synopsis\">\n  <h2>\n   <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Synopsis\">\n    Synopsis\n   </span>\n  </h2>\n  <div class=\"section_content\">\n   <p>\n    Kitashima (1918–2006) begins her memoir by sharing details about her childhood and offering basic information about her parents' background. Her father immigrated from Yamaguchi Prefecture right after the turn of the twentieth century and her mother came as a\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Picture_brides\" title=\"Picture brides\">\n     picture bride\n    </a>\n    soon after. They ran a restaurant in San Francisco but it was destroyed during the 1906 earthquake, and her parents moved to farm land south of the city and entered truck farming. After graduating from high school, Sox stayed home and helped the family. Her father died in 1938 from esophageal cancer.\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    With the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Kitashima recalls, she and her family and other Japanese Americans were treated differently, and she experienced extreme shock when the\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Civilian_exclusion_orders\" title=\"Civilian exclusion orders\">\n     exclusion order\n    </a>\n    was issued. Her family was taken to\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Tanforan_(detention_facility)\" title=\"Tanforan (detention facility)\">\n     Tanforan Assembly Center\n    </a>\n    , and the humiliation of living in horse stalls shook her completely. One comfort was visits from their former landlord, who visited and brought them things to help make their stay more tolerable. They then were transferred to\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Topaz\" title=\"Topaz\">\n     Topaz\n    </a>\n    . She also shares her observations about the effects of camp life on intergenerational relationships. Most of her family members answered \"no-no\" to the \"\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Loyalty_questionnaire\" title=\"Loyalty questionnaire\">\n     loyalty questionnaire\n    </a>\n    ,\" while she did not. She married Tom Kitashima, a boy she had been dating for a long time, in Salt Lake City in August 1945, and the couple returned to the Bay Area, first living in the San Francisco Buddhist Temple.\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    When she retired from her long-time job with Veterans Affairs in 1981, she became involved with the\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/National_Coalition_for_Redress/Reparations\" title=\"National Coalition for Redress/Reparations\">\n     National Coalition for Redress/Reparations\n    </a>\n    (NCRR), particularly with their efforts to encourage Japanese Americans to testify before the\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Commission_on_Wartime_Relocation_and_Internment_of_Civilians\" title=\"Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians\">\n     CWRIC (Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians)\n    </a>\n    hearings. She includes a detailed account of her own testimony before CWRIC, as well as what it was like to hear others testify. She was also active in the NCRR letter-writing campaign and lobbying efforts with Congress members to vote for what would become the\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Civil_Liberties_Act_of_1988\" title=\"Civil Liberties Act of 1988\">\n     Civil Liberties Act of 1988\n    </a>\n    .\n   </p>\n  </div>\n </div>\n <div class=\"section\" id=\"Author_Background\">\n  <h2>\n   <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Author_Background\">\n    Author Background\n   </span>\n  </h2>\n  <div class=\"section_content\">\n   <p>\n    Tsuyako \"Sox\" Kitashima was an important community activist and organizer whose role in grassroots organizing with NCRR during the\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Redress_movement\" title=\"Redress movement\">\n     redress movement\n    </a>\n    are well-known. In addition to participating in the efforts to encourage Japanese Americans to testify at the CWRIC hearings, she also invested in various lobbying campaigns to reach out to Congress members to vote for redress legislation, and once it was passed, assisted people negotiating the complicated bureaucratic process of applying for redress funds.\n   </p>\n   <div id=\"authorByline\">\n    <b>\n     Authored by\n     <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Emily_Anderson\" title=\"Emily Anderson\">\n      Emily Anderson\n     </a>\n    </b>\n   </div>\n   <div id=\"citationAuthor\" style=\"display:none;\">\n    Anderson, Emily\n   </div>\n  </div>\n </div>\n</div>\n<!-- Saved in parser cache with key encycmw:pcache:idhash:3699-0!canonical and timestamp 20201114001255 and revision id 29628\n -->\n",
    "moreinfo": "<div class=\"section\" id=\"For_More_Information\">\n <h2>\n  <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"For_More_Information\">\n   For More Information\n  </span>\n </h2>\n <div class=\"section_content\">\n  <p>\n   Johnson, Jason B.\n   <a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"http://www.sfgate.com/bayarea/article/Tsuyako-Kitashima-godmother-of-Japantown-2506989.php\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n    \"Tsuyako Kitashima--'godmother' of Japan town.\"\n   </a>\n   <i>\n    San Francisco Chronicle\n   </i>\n   . January 10, 2006.\n  </p>\n  <p>\n   NCRR-LA\n   <a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fHchGFn81Os\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n    video\n   </a>\n   of Sox Kitashima.\n  </p>\n  <!-- \nNewPP limit report\nCached time: 20201114001255\nCache expiry: 86400\nDynamic content: false\nCPU time usage: 0.070 seconds\nReal time usage: 0.083 seconds\nPreprocessor visited node count: 327/1000000\nPreprocessor generated node count: 2123/1000000\nPost‐expand include size: 7017/2097152 bytes\nTemplate argument size: 1517/2097152 bytes\nHighest expansion depth: 3/40\nExpensive parser function count: 0/100\nUnstrip recursion depth: 0/20\nUnstrip post‐expand size: 0/5000000 bytes\nExtLoops count: 0/100\n-->\n  <!--\nTransclusion expansion time report (%,ms,calls,template)\n100.00%   26.305      1 -total\n 32.31%    8.498      1 Template:RGDatabox-Core\n 27.24%    7.166      1 Template:Databox-Books\n 10.51%    2.764      1 Template:AuthorByline\n  9.11%    2.396      1 Template:FindAtIA\n  8.76%    2.304      1 Template:Published\n  7.84%    2.062      1 Template:publish-rgonly\n-->\n </div>\n</div>",
    "findatia": "<div class=\"section\" id=\"Find_in_the_Digital_Library_of_Japanese_American_Incarceration\">\n <h2>\n  <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Find_in_the_Digital_Library_of_Japanese_American_Incarceration\">\n   Find in the Digital Library of Japanese American Incarceration\n  </span>\n </h2>\n <div class=\"section_content\">\n  <p>\n   <b>\n    <a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"https://archive.org/details/birthofactivist00kita\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n     Birth of an Activist: The Sox Kitashima Story\n    </a>\n   </b>\n  </p>\n  <p style=\"font-size:8pt;line-height:1.5;color: #aaa;\">\n   This item has been made freely available in the\n   <a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"https://archive.org/details/digital-library-of-japanese-american-incarceration\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n    Digital Library of Japanese American Incarceration\n   </a>\n   , a collaborative project with\n   <a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"https://archive.org/\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n    Internet Archive\n   </a>\n   .\n  </p>\n  <p>\n   <br/>\n   Might also like\n   <i>\n    <a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/We the People: A Story of Internment in America (book)/\" title=\"We the People: A Story of Internment in America (book)\">\n     We the People: A Story of Internment in America\n    </a>\n   </i>\n   by Mary Tsukamoto;\n   <i>\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Dandelion_Through_the_Crack/Kiyo%27s_Story_(book)\" title=\"Dandelion Through the Crack/Kiyo's Story (book)\">\n     Dandelion Through the Crack/Kiyo's Story\n    </a>\n   </i>\n   by Kiyo Sato;\n   <i>\n    <a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/Passing It On--A Memoir (book)/\" title=\"Passing It On--A Memoir (book)\">\n     Passing It On: A Memoir\n    </a>\n   </i>\n   by Yuri Kochiyama\n  </p>\n </div>\n</div>"
}