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{
    "id": "The Ito Sisters (film)",
    "doctype": "articles",
    "links": {
        "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/The%20Ito%20Sisters%20(film)/",
        "json": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/The%20Ito%20Sisters%20(film)/"
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    "title_sort": "theitosistersfilm",
    "description": "Documentary on three\n  \n   Nisei\n  \n  sisters from Central California who lived to see their\n  \n   beiju\n  \n  (88th birthday) celebration, exploring their lives to the end of World War II.",
    "rg_rgmediatype": [
        "films"
    ],
    "mediatype_label": "Films and Video",
    "mediatype_icon": "fa-film",
    "rg_interestlevel": [
        "Grades 9-12",
        "Adult"
    ],
    "rg_genre": [
        "Documentary"
    ],
    "rg_theme": [
        "Evils of racism",
        "Family – blessing or curse",
        "Immigrant experience",
        "Role of women"
    ],
    "rg_availability": [
        "No availability"
    ],
    "categories": [
        {
            "title": "Arts"
        }
    ],
    "topics": [],
    "authors": [
        {
            "title": "Brian Niiya",
            "json": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/authors/Brian%20Niiya/",
            "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/authors/Brian%20Niiya/"
        }
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    "sources": [
        {
            "id": "en-itosisters-1",
            "json": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/sources/en-itosisters-1/",
            "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/sources/en-itosisters-1/"
        }
    ],
    "title": "The Ito Sisters (film)",
    "source_ids": [
        "en-itosisters-1"
    ],
    "published_rg": true,
    "modified": "2020-12-03T17:49:25",
    "databoxes": {
        "rgdatabox-Core": {
            "rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "title": [
                "The Ito Sisters"
            ],
            "creators": [],
            "interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "readinglevel": [],
            "guidedreadinglevel": [],
            "lexile": [],
            "theme": [
                "Evils of racism",
                "Family – blessing or curse",
                "Immigrant experience",
                "Role of women"
            ],
            "genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "pov": [
                "Told through the eyes of three older Nisei sisters"
            ],
            "relatedevents": [],
            "availability": [
                "No availability"
            ],
            "freewebversion": [
                "No"
            ],
            "primarysecondary": [],
            "hasteachingaids": [
                "No"
            ],
            "warnings": [],
            "denshotopic": [],
            "geography": [
                "Central California"
            ],
            "chronology": [
                "1890s to 1940s"
            ],
            "facility": [
                "Turlock [17] - Turlock, California",
                "Sacramento [14] - Sacramento, California",
                "Gila River [3] - Rivers, Arizona",
                "Tule Lake [10] - Newell, California"
            ]
        },
        "databox-Films": {
            "title": [
                "The Ito Sisters"
            ],
            "date": [
                "2017"
            ],
            "genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "released": [],
            "director": [
                "Antonia Grace Glenn"
            ],
            "producer": [
                "Antonia Grace Glenn",
                "Gregory Pacificar"
            ],
            "writer": [
                "Antonia Grace Glenn"
            ],
            "screenplay": [],
            "story": [],
            "basedon": [],
            "narrator": [
                "Antonia Grace Glenn"
            ],
            "starring": [
                "Hedy Ito Kadoi (interviewee)",
                "Lillian Ito Nakano (interviewee)",
                "Nancy Ito Takahashi (interviewee)",
                "Scott Dawson (voice actor)",
                "Patrick Alexander Glenn (voice actor)",
                "David Johann Kim (voice actor)",
                "Grace Kim (voice actor)",
                "Tim Kniffin (voice actor)",
                "Kerr Lordygan (voice actor)",
                "Vance Reyes (voice actor)",
                "Joel Rieck (voice actor)"
            ],
            "music": [
                "Dave Iwataki"
            ],
            "cinematography": [
                "Antonia Grace Glenn",
                "Gary Glenn",
                "Patrick Glenn",
                "Scott Horstein",
                "Gregory Pacificar"
            ],
            "editing": [
                "Gregory Paificar"
            ],
            "studio": [
                "Unwashed Masses Productions"
            ],
            "distributor": [],
            "runtime": [
                "80/57 minutes"
            ],
            "country": [],
            "language": [],
            "budget": [],
            "gross": [],
            "imdblink": [
                "<a class=\"external free\" href=\"https://www.imdb.com/title/tt8577750/\" rel=\"nofollow\">https://www.imdb.com/title/tt8577750/</a>"
            ],
            "trailerlink": []
        }
    },
    "rg_title": [
        "The Ito Sisters"
    ],
    "rg_pov": [
        "Told through the eyes of three older Nisei sisters"
    ],
    "rg_freewebversion": [
        "No"
    ],
    "rg_geography": [
        "Central California"
    ],
    "rg_chronology": [
        "1890s to 1940s"
    ],
    "rg_hasteachingaids": [
        "No"
    ],
    "body": "<div class=\"mw-parser-output\">\n <div class=\"floatright\">\n </div>\n <div class=\"rgonly\">\n  <!--\"rgdatabox-CoreDisplay\" removed-->\n  <div id=\"rgdatabox-Core\" style=\"display:none;\">\n   <p>\n    RGMediaType:films;\nTitle:The Ito Sisters;\nCreators:;\nInterestLevel:Grades 9-12; Adult;\nReadingLevel:;\nGuidedReadingLevel:;\nLexile:;\nTheme:Evils of racism; Family – blessing or curse; Immigrant experience; Role of women;\nGenre:Documentary;\nPoV:Told through the eyes of three older Nisei sisters;\nRelatedEvents:;\nAvailability:No availability;\nFreeWebVersion:No;\nPrimarySecondary:;\nHasTeachingAids:No;\nWarnings:;\nDenshoTopic:;\nGeography:Central California;\nChronology:1890s to 1940s;\nFacility:Turlock [17] - Turlock, California; Sacramento [14] - Sacramento, California; Gila River [3] - Rivers, Arizona; Tule Lake [10] - Newell, California;\n   </p>\n  </div>\n </div>\n <div id=\"databox-Films\" style=\"display:none;\">\n  <p>\n   Title:The Ito Sisters;\nDate:2017; \nGenre:Documentary;\nReleased:;\nDirector:Antonia Grace Glenn;\nProducer:Antonia Grace Glenn; Gregory Pacificar;\nWriter:Antonia Grace Glenn;\nScreenplay:;\nStory:;\nBasedOn:;\nNarrator:Antonia Grace Glenn;\nStarring:Hedy Ito Kadoi (interviewee); Lillian Ito Nakano (interviewee); Nancy Ito Takahashi (interviewee); Scott Dawson (voice actor); Patrick Alexander Glenn (voice actor); David Johann Kim (voice actor); Grace Kim (voice actor); Tim Kniffin (voice actor); Kerr Lordygan (voice actor); Vance Reyes (voice actor); Joel Rieck (voice actor);\nMusic:Dave Iwataki;\nCinematography:Antonia Grace Glenn; Gary Glenn; Patrick Glenn; Scott Horstein; Gregory Pacificar;\nEditing:Gregory Paificar;\nStudio:Unwashed Masses Productions;\nDistributor:;\nRuntime:80/57 minutes;\nCountry:;\nLanguage:;\nBudget:;\nGross:;\nIMDBLink:\n   <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"https://www.imdb.com/title/tt8577750/\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n    https://www.imdb.com/title/tt8577750/\n   </a>\n   ;\nTrailerLink:;\n  </p>\n </div>\n <p>\n  Documentary on three\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Nisei\" title=\"Nisei\">\n   Nisei\n  </a>\n  sisters from Central California who lived to see their\n  <i>\n   beiju\n  </i>\n  (88th birthday) celebration, exploring their lives to the end of World War II.\n </p>\n <p>\n  Yetsusaburo Ito comes to the U.S. in 1897 from Aichi Prefecture as part of the wave of Japanese migration, working first as a houseboy, then eventually saving enough to open a jewelry business in San Francisco. However, he is wiped out by the 1906 San Francisco earthquake, the first of four times he was forced to start over. He turns to farming in the Courtland area, and in 1913, returns to Japan to marry Toku Suzuki of Shizuoka. Conceived in Japan, first daughter Nancy is born shortly after they arrive in 1914. Lillian (born 1916) and Hedy (born 1922) follow.\n </p>\n <p>\n  The first half of the film focuses on the prewar years: growing up on the farm, going to segregated schools in the Sacramento Delta, the work done by Toku and other\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Issei\" title=\"Issei\">\n   Issei\n  </a>\n  women, and arranged marriages for Nancy and Lillian. World War II brings the forced removal and incarceration of all West Coast Japanese Americans including the Itos. While Lillian, husband Mike and daughter Evelyn are sent to\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Turlock_(detention_facility)\" title=\"Turlock (detention facility)\">\n   Turlock Assembly Center\n  </a>\n  and the\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Gila_River\" title=\"Gila River\">\n   Gila River\n  </a>\n  , Arizona, concentration camp, the rest of the Itos go to the\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Sacramento_(detention_facility)\" title=\"Sacramento (detention facility)\">\n   Sacramento/Walerga Assembly Center\n  </a>\n  and to\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Tule_Lake\" title=\"Tule Lake\">\n   Tule Lake\n  </a>\n  . Lillian contracts tuberculosis while her husband leaves to\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Resettlement_in_Chicago\" title=\"Resettlement in Chicago\">\n   resettle in Chicago\n  </a>\n  while Nancy recounts losing a baby born in\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Heart_Mountain\" title=\"Heart Mountain\">\n   Heart Mountain\n  </a>\n  due to inadequate medical care. Hedy talks about how her engagement to a Nisei soldier she had been corresponding with since before the war was broken up by her family and go-betweens. The postwar years are largely bypassed, with only a brief update of the women's 88th birthday celebrations and subsequent fate noted.\n </p>\n <p>\n  Much of the context on Japanese migration, the\n  <a class=\"mw-redirect encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Anti-Japanese_movement\" title=\"Anti-Japanese movement\">\n   anti-Japanese movement\n  </a>\n  , and removal and incarceration is provided by scholars (one of whom, Evelyn Nakano Glenn, is the daughter of Lillian) and through quotes by leading anti-Japanese figures as voiced by actors. Much of the footage of the sisters, shot over a period of many years, is from informal settings, and their words are often illustrated through drawings by Manuel Falcon Padua and animations by Carlos Bonilla and Kenny Navarro. Original music is by Dave Iwataki.\n </p>\n <p>\n  Filmmaker Antonia Grace Glenn is the daughter of Evelyn, granddaughter of Lillian. The film was funded in part by a grant from the\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/California_Civil_Liberties_Public_Education_Program\" title=\"California Civil Liberties Public Education Program\">\n   California Civil Liberties Public Education Program\n  </a>\n  . It premiered in May of 2017 in San Francisco, and in 2019, it aired on over 160 PBS stations nationwide.\n </p>\n <div id=\"authorByline\">\n  <b>\n   Authored by\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Brian_Niiya\" title=\"Brian Niiya\">\n    Brian Niiya\n   </a>\n   , Densho\n  </b>\n </div>\n <div id=\"citationAuthor\" style=\"display:none;\">\n  Niiya, Brian\n </div>\n <p>\n  Might also like\n  <i>\n   <a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/From a Silk Cocoon (film)/\" title=\"From a Silk Cocoon (film)\">\n    From a Silk Cocoon\n   </a>\n  </i>\n  (2005);\n  <i>\n   <a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/Out of Infamy: Michi Nishiura Weglyn (film)/\" title=\"Out of Infamy: Michi Nishiura Weglyn (film)\">\n    Out of Infamy: Michi Nishiura Weglyn\n   </a>\n  </i>\n  (2010);\n  <i>\n   <a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/Mitsuye and Nellie: Asian American Poets (film)/\" title=\"Mitsuye and Nellie: Asian American Poets (film)\">\n    Mitsuye and Nellie: Asian American Poets\n   </a>\n  </i>\n  (1981)\n </p>\n</div>\n<!-- Saved in parser cache with key encycmw:pcache:idhash:3156-0!canonical and timestamp 20201211231616 and revision id 32690\n -->\n",
    "moreinfo": "<div class=\"section\" id=\"For_More_Information\">\n <h2>\n  <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"For_More_Information\">\n   For More Information\n  </span>\n </h2>\n <div class=\"section_content\">\n  <p>\n   Official website: www.itosisters.com\n  </p>\n  <p>\n   Online streaming link (until May 3, 2022):\n   <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"https://www.kcet.org/shows/ito-sisters-an-american-story/episodes/ito-sisters-an-american-story\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n    https://www.kcet.org/shows/ito-sisters-an-american-story/episodes/ito-sisters-an-american-story\n   </a>\n   .\n  </p>\n  <!-- \nNewPP limit report\nCached time: 20201211231616\nCache expiry: 86400\nDynamic content: false\nCPU time usage: 0.073 seconds\nReal time usage: 0.088 seconds\nPreprocessor visited node count: 378/1000000\nPreprocessor generated node count: 2615/1000000\nPost‐expand include size: 9694/2097152 bytes\nTemplate argument size: 3103/2097152 bytes\nHighest expansion depth: 3/40\nExpensive parser function count: 0/100\nUnstrip recursion depth: 0/20\nUnstrip post‐expand size: 0/5000000 bytes\nExtLoops count: 0/100\n-->\n  <!--\nTransclusion expansion time report (%,ms,calls,template)\n100.00%   25.802      1 -total\n 38.81%   10.013      1 Template:Databox-Films\n 32.38%    8.355      1 Template:RGDatabox-Core\n  9.60%    2.476      1 Template:AuthorByline\n  8.24%    2.125      1 Template:Published\n  7.73%    1.994      1 Template:publish-rgonly\n-->\n </div>\n</div>"
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