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    "id": "The Japanese American Internment: Innocence, Guilt, and Wartime Justice (book)",
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    "description": "Overview of the wartime removal and incarceration of Japanese Americans by Ann Heinrichs that is part of Marshall Cavendish Benchmark's \"Perspectives on... \" series.",
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    "title": "The Japanese American Internment: Innocence, Guilt, and Wartime Justice (book)",
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    "modified": "2020-06-10T15:16:23",
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    "body": "<div class=\"mw-parser-output\">\n <div class=\"rgonly\">\n  <!--\"rgdatabox-CoreDisplay\" removed-->\n  <div id=\"rgdatabox-Core\" style=\"display:none;\">\n   <p>\n    RGMediaType:books;\nTitle:The Japanese American Internment: Innocence, Guilt, and Wartime Justice;\nCreators:Ann Heinrichs;\nInterestLevel:Grades 7-8; Grades 9-12;\nReadingLevel:Grades 7-8; Grades 9-12;\nGuidedReadingLevel:;\nLexile:;\nTheme:Displacement; Evils of racism; Hazards of passing judgment; Injustice; Patriotism – positive side or complications;\nGenre:Young Adult; History;\nPoV:Third-person narration;\nRelatedEvents:;\nAvailability:Available;\nFreeWebVersion:Yes;\nPrimarySecondary:;\nHasTeachingAids:No;\nWarnings:;\nDenshoTopic:;\nGeography:;\nChronology:1900s to 2000s;\nFacility:;\n   </p>\n  </div>\n </div>\n <div id=\"databox-Books\" style=\"display:none;\">\n  <p>\n   Title:The Japanese American Internment: Innocence, Guilt, and Wartime Justice;\nAuthor:Ann Heinrichs;\nIllustrator:;\nOrigTitle:;\nCountry:;\nLanguage:;\nSeries:Perspectives On...;\nGenre:;\nPublisher:Marshall Cavendish Benchmark;\nPubDate:2011;\nCurrentPublisher:;\nCurrentPubDate:;\nMediaType:;\nPages:112;\nAwards:;\nISBN:;\nWorldCatLink:\n   <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"https://www.worldcat.org/title/japanese-american-internment-innocence-guilt-and-wartime-justice/oclc/434745067\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n    https://www.worldcat.org/title/japanese-american-internment-innocence-guilt-and-wartime-justice/oclc/434745067\n   </a>\n   ;\n  </p>\n </div>\n <p>\n  Overview of the wartime removal and incarceration of Japanese Americans by Ann Heinrichs that is part of Marshall Cavendish Benchmark's \"Perspectives on... \" series.\n </p>\n <div class=\"section\" id=\"Synopsis\">\n  <h2>\n   <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Synopsis\">\n    Synopsis\n   </span>\n  </h2>\n  <div class=\"section_content\">\n   <p>\n    After a brief introduction that provides an overview of the topic, the book is divided into six chapters. The first, \"A Swelling Tide of Suspicion,\" covers immigration, the\n    <a class=\"mw-redirect encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Anti-Japanese_movement\" title=\"Anti-Japanese movement\">\n     anti-Japanese movement\n    </a>\n    , prewar surveillance of the Japanese American community (including the reports by\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Kenneth_Ringle\" title=\"Kenneth Ringle\">\n     Kenneth Ringle\n    </a>\n    and\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Munson_Report\" title=\"Munson Report\">\n     Curtis Munson\n    </a>\n    ) and the attack on Pearl Harbor. Chapter Two, \"The Aftermath of Pearl Harbor,\" covers the Japanese American reaction highlighting the\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Japanese_American_Citizens_League\" title=\"Japanese American Citizens League\">\n     Japanese American Citizens League\n    </a>\n    (JACL), the roundup of enemy aliens, and the run up to\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Executive_Order_9066\" title=\"Executive Order 9066\">\n     Executive Order 9066\n    </a>\n    . Chapter Three, \"Roundup and Relocation,\" the longest chapter, looks at the forced removal and life in both the \"\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Assembly_centers\" title=\"Assembly centers\">\n     assembly centers\n    </a>\n    ,\" and the\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/War_Relocation_Authority\" title=\"War Relocation Authority\">\n     War Relocation Authority\n    </a>\n    (WRA) administered concentration camps. Chapter Four, \"Voices of Dissent,\" is a short chapter that covers camp unrest and the Supreme Court cases. Chapter Five, \"Release, Redress, and Reparations,\" includes a very brief section on the closing of the camps and fairly detailed sections on the\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Redress_movement\" title=\"Redress movement\">\n     Redress Movement\n    </a>\n    and the\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Coram_nobis_cases\" title=\"Coram nobis cases\">\n     coram nobis cases\n    </a>\n    . Chapter Six, \"Never Again?,\" notes the later regrets expressed by such incarceration architects as\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Earl_Warren\" title=\"Earl Warren\">\n     Earl Warren\n    </a>\n    before focusing on the Patriot Act and the continuing relevance to contemporary issues.\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    The book also includes a timeline, detailed notes, sources for additional information and a bibliography of works cited. Relative to other overview works,\n    <i>\n     The Japanese American Internment\n    </i>\n    includes less on some key elements of the incarceration experience such as the\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Loyalty_questionnaire\" title=\"Loyalty questionnaire\">\n     loyalty questionnaire\n    </a>\n    ,\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Tule_Lake\" title=\"Tule Lake\">\n     Tule Lake\n    </a>\n    ,\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Japanese_Americans_in_military_during_World_War_II\" title=\"Japanese Americans in military during World War II\">\n     military service\n    </a>\n    , and\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Resettlement\" title=\"Resettlement\">\n     resettlement\n    </a>\n    , but more on resistance and the continuing relevance of the story.\n   </p>\n  </div>\n </div>\n <div class=\"section\" id=\"Additional_Information\">\n  <h2>\n   <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Additional_Information\">\n    Additional Information\n   </span>\n  </h2>\n  <div class=\"section_content\">\n   <p>\n    Author Ann Heinrichs has written over 200 books for young people, many on history and politics and others on science. She lives in Chicago.\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    While getting the story broadly right, the book contains many minor errors. They include: citing 1893 as the date the San Francisco school board ordered Japanese American students segregated (page 10; the correct date is 1906); a caption of the famous\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Dorothea_Lange\" title=\"Dorothea Lange\">\n     Dorothea Lange\n    </a>\n    photograph of the Mochida family gathered for their eviction claims that the \"family represents\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Nisei\" title=\"Nisei\">\n     Nisei\n    </a>\n    and\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Sansei\" title=\"Sansei\">\n     Sansei\n    </a>\n    \" (13; both Mochida parents were\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Issei\" title=\"Issei\">\n     Issei\n    </a>\n    and their children Nisei); Barry Saiki is spelled \"Barry Sakai\" (26); claims that \"[m]ost [interned Issei] were shipped to a prison camp for enemy aliens in\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Fort_Missoula_(detention_facility)\" title=\"Fort Missoula (detention facility)\">\n     Missoula\n    </a>\n    , Montana\" (27; interned enemy aliens went to a wide variety of camps all over the country); claims that Earl Warren \"was facing reelection\" while pushing for mass removal in the spring of 1942 (33; Warren, then the attorney general of California, would run successfully for governor later that year); states that Japanese Americans were excluded from Oregon and Washington (35; they were only excluded from the western half of those states); claims that \"[o]f the seventeen hastily prepared assembly centers, eight were in California\" (41; all but four were in California); claims that\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Manzanar\" title=\"Manzanar\">\n     Manzanar\n    </a>\n    's population was 18,789 (45; this figure was the peak population of Tule Lake; Manzanar's population was much smaller); claims that the \"barracks were grouped into\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Block\" title=\"Block\">\n     blocks\n    </a>\n    of twelve buildings\" (45; depending on the camp, there anywhere from twelve to twenty-four barracks per block); claims that \"throughout the 1940s the JACL and the\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/American_Civil_Liberties_Union\" title=\"American Civil Liberties Union\">\n     ACLU\n    </a>\n    tried to challenge the internment in court\" (58; both organizations initially opposed any legal challenge of the exclusion); and claims that \"during the war, judges upheld the constitutionality of the internment; after war, they overruled it\" (75; though the coram nobis cases resulted in the convictions of\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Minoru_Yasui\" title=\"Minoru Yasui\">\n     Minoru Yasui\n    </a>\n    ,\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Gordon_Hirabayashi\" title=\"Gordon Hirabayashi\">\n     Gordon Hirabayashi\n    </a>\n    , and\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Fred_Korematsu\" title=\"Fred Korematsu\">\n     Fred Korematsu\n    </a>\n    being vacated, there was no ruling on the constitutionality of the incarceration).\n   </p>\n   <div id=\"authorByline\">\n    <b>\n     Authored by\n     <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"https://encyclopedia.densho.org/wiki/Brian_Niiya\" title=\"Brian Niiya\">\n      Brian Niiya\n     </a>\n     , Densho\n    </b>\n   </div>\n   <div id=\"citationAuthor\" style=\"display:none;\">\n    Niiya, Brian\n   </div>\n  </div>\n </div>\n</div>\n<!-- Saved in parser cache with key encycmw:pcache:idhash:3597-0!canonical and timestamp 20201114001511 and revision id 29889\n -->\n",
    "findatia": "<div class=\"section\" id=\"Find_in_the_Digital_Library_of_Japanese_American_Incarceration\">\n <h2>\n  <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Find_in_the_Digital_Library_of_Japanese_American_Incarceration\">\n   Find in the Digital Library of Japanese American Incarceration\n  </span>\n </h2>\n <div class=\"section_content\">\n  <p>\n   <b>\n    <a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"https://archive.org/details/japaneseamerican00hein\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n     The Japanese American Internment: Innocence, Guilt, and Wartime Justice\n    </a>\n   </b>\n  </p>\n  <p style=\"font-size:8pt;line-height:1.5;color: #aaa;\">\n   This item has been made freely available in the\n   <a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"https://archive.org/details/digital-library-of-japanese-american-incarceration\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n    Digital Library of Japanese American Incarceration\n   </a>\n   , a collaborative project with\n   <a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"https://archive.org/\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n    Internet Archive\n   </a>\n   .\n  </p>\n  <p>\n   <br/>\n   Might also like\n   <i>\n    <a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/Fred Korematsu Speaks Up (book)/\" title=\"Fred Korematsu Speaks Up (book)\">\n     Fred Korematsu Speaks Up\n    </a>\n   </i>\n   by Laura Atkins and Stan Yogi;\n   <i>\n    <a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/Weedflower (book)/\" title=\"Weedflower (book)\">\n     Weedflower\n    </a>\n   </i>\n   by Cynthia Kadohata;\n   <i>\n    <a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/A Fence Away From Freedom: Japanese-Americans and World War II (book)/\" title=\"A Fence Away From Freedom: Japanese-Americans and World War II (book)\">\n     A Fence Away from Freedom: Japanese Americans and World War II\n    </a>\n   </i>\n   by Ellen Levine\n  </p>\n  <!-- \nNewPP limit report\nCached time: 20201114001511\nCache expiry: 86400\nDynamic content: false\nCPU time usage: 0.071 seconds\nReal time usage: 0.083 seconds\nPreprocessor visited node count: 325/1000000\nPreprocessor generated node count: 2163/1000000\nPost‐expand include size: 7272/2097152 bytes\nTemplate argument size: 1760/2097152 bytes\nHighest expansion depth: 3/40\nExpensive parser function count: 0/100\nUnstrip recursion depth: 0/20\nUnstrip post‐expand size: 0/5000000 bytes\nExtLoops count: 0/100\n-->\n  <!--\nTransclusion expansion time report (%,ms,calls,template)\n100.00%   26.032      1 -total\n 32.75%    8.526      1 Template:RGDatabox-Core\n 27.96%    7.279      1 Template:Databox-Books\n  9.65%    2.511      1 Template:AuthorByline\n  9.08%    2.364      1 Template:FindAtIA\n  8.29%    2.158      1 Template:Published\n  7.98%    2.077      1 Template:publish-rgonly\n-->\n </div>\n</div>"
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