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            "id": "Japanese War Bride (film)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "0 0/{'value': 33, 'relation': 'eq'}",
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                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/Japanese%20War%20Bride%20(film)/",
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            "title": "Japanese War Bride (film)",
            "description": "1952 movie directed by King Vidor about a white Korean War veteran who returns to his California home with a Japanese war bride. The couple faces subtle and overt opposition from his family and friends that comes to a head when the couple has their first baby. A\n  \n   Nisei\n  \n  neighbor discusses his family's wartime incarceration, one of the first mentions of this topic in any Hollywood film.",
            "url_title": "Japanese War Bride (film)",
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            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
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            "rg_genre": [
                "Drama"
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            "rg_theme": [
                "Evils of racism",
                "Love and sacrifice",
                "Family - blessing or curse"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-film"
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        {
            "id": "Valley of the Heart (play)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "1 1/{'value': 33, 'relation': 'eq'}",
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            "title": "Valley of the Heart (play)",
            "description": "Play by Luis Valdez centered on two farm families—one Japanese American and one Mexican American—in Cupertino, California, during World War II.",
            "url_title": "Valley of the Heart (play)",
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            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Drama",
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Change versus tradition",
                "Everlasting love",
                "Family – blessing or curse",
                "Love and sacrifice",
                "Patriotism – positive side or complications"
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            "id": "Farewell to Manzanar (film)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "2 2/{'value': 33, 'relation': 'eq'}",
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                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/Farewell%20to%20Manzanar%20(film)/",
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            "title": "Farewell to Manzanar (film)",
            "description": "Made-for-television movie about a Japanese American family in\n  \n   Manzanar\n  \n  during World War II. Based on the\n  \n   book\n  \n  of the same name by Jeanne Wakatsuki Houston and James D. Houston,\n  \n   Farewell to Manzanar\n  \n  aired nationally on NBC stations on March 11, 1976, and remains one of the few mainstream dramatic films centered on the Japanese American concentration camp experience.",
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            "title_sort": "farewelltomanzanarfilm",
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                "Arts"
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                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
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            "rg_genre": [
                "Drama",
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Evils of racism",
                "Family – blessing or curse",
                "Growing up – pain or pleasure",
                "Injustice",
                "Patriotism – positive side or complications",
                "Power of the past"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Films and Video",
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            "id": "American Pastime (film)",
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            "title": "American Pastime (film)",
            "description": "A 2007 feature film directed by Desmond Nakano that is based on true events that occurred at\n  \n   Topaz\n  \n  , an American concentration camp in Utah which held thousands of Japanese Americans during World War II. The film's story focuses on the Nomura family, whose mother and father are both\n  \n   Issei\n  \n  , and their two\n  \n   Nisei\n  \n  children, Lane and Lyle. Following the signing of\n  \n   Executive Order 9066\n  \n  in February 1942, the Nomuras, along with over 120,000 other Japanese living on the West Coast, are forced into desolate government camps across the country. To boost the morale of the younger inmates and help build a sense of community, Mr. Nomura, who was once a professional baseball player, forms an in-camp league within the concentration camp, in an attempt to to instill some sense of normality into their lives.",
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                "Arts"
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            "rg_rgmediatype": [
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            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Drama",
                "History",
                "Sport"
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            "rg_availability": [
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            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Films and Video",
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        {
            "id": "Conversations: Before the War/After the War (film)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "4 4/{'value': 33, 'relation': 'eq'}",
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                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/Conversations:%20Before%20the%20War/After%20the%20War%20(film)/",
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            "title": "Conversations: Before the War/After the War (film)",
            "description": "A 1986 dramatic film by Robert Nakamura that is based on the play \"Truth of the Matter\" by Karen L. Ishizuka. In\n  \n   Conversations\n  \n  , three characters discuss their life experiences, feelings and the facts of the World War II incarceration of Japanese Americans, exploring the changes in their lives and long term effects of their wartime experiences. Though taking the form of oral history interviews, the three characters were nonprofessional actors playing composite characters based on their own experiences and that of others. The cast included Kimiko Nakamura—the mother of director Nakamura—along with\n  \n   Warren Furutani\n  \n  , playing a role based on his father, and Grace Ino, playing the part of a younger\n  \n   Nisei\n  \n  . in a 2009 interview, Nakamra said that the film \"was experimental in that we used the experiences of the non-actors themselves reading transcripts of interviews, and a little bit of coaching.\"\n  \n\n    [1]",
            "url_title": "Conversations: Before the War/After the War (film)",
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            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
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            "rg_genre": [
                "Drama"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Injustice",
                "Power of the past"
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            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
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            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Films and Video",
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        {
            "id": "Eagle Against the Sun (film)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "5 5/{'value': 33, 'relation': 'eq'}",
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                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/Eagle%20Against%20the%20Sun%20(film)/",
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            "title": "Eagle Against the Sun (film)",
            "description": "A dramatic short film by John Akahoshi centering on a 17-year-old Japanese American high school girl and the impact the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor has on her life.",
            "url_title": "Eagle Against the Sun (film)",
            "title_sort": "eagleagainstthesunfilm",
            "categories": [
                "Arts"
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            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Drama"
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            "rg_theme": [
                "Loss of innocence",
                "Coming of age",
                "Evils of racism"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-film"
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            "id": "Hyakunen no monogatari (film)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "6 6/{'value': 33, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/Hyakunen%20no%20monogatari%20(film)/",
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            },
            "title": "Hyakunen no monogatari (film)",
            "description": "Japanese television drama—whose English title is\n  \n   100 Years\n  \n  —that follows the fortunes of four generations of women over the course of the twentieth century. The three-part drama first aired in Japan on TBS on August 28 to 30, 2000, and was subsequently shown on Japanese language TV stations in the United States. The first segment begins in 1920 and ends in the late 1930s, the second begins in 1949 and covers the early postwar years, and the third takes place in 2000. Each segment stars Nanako Matsushima, who plays Aya Togura, born in 1901 in the first segment, her daughter in the second, and her great-granddaughter in the third. The second segment includes two major Japanese American characters, both of whom were incarcerated in American concentration camps.",
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            "title_sort": "hyakunennomonogatarifilm",
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                "Arts"
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            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
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            "rg_genre": [
                "Drama"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Love and sacrifice",
                "Role of women"
            ],
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            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-film"
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        {
            "id": "Stand Up For Justice: The Ralph Lazo Story (film)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "7 7/{'value': 33, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
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                "json": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/Stand%20Up%20For%20Justice:%20The%20Ralph%20Lazo%20Story%20(film)/"
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            "title": "Stand Up For Justice: The Ralph Lazo Story (film)",
            "description": "Short film that dramatizes the story of\n  \n   Ralph Lazo\n  \n  , a Los Angeles high school student of Mexican and Irish descent, who voluntarily chose to go to\n  \n   Manzanar\n  \n  to support his\n  \n   Nisei\n  \n  friends and protest the mass removal and incarceration of Japanese Americans.",
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                "Arts"
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                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
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            "rg_genre": [
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            "rg_theme": [
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                "Coming of age"
            ],
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                "Available"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-film"
        },
        {
            "id": "The Magic of Ordinary Days (film)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "8 8/{'value': 33, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/The%20Magic%20of%20Ordinary%20Days%20(film)/",
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            "title": "The Magic of Ordinary Days (film)",
            "description": "Made-for-television movie under the Hallmark Hall of Fame banner about the arranged marriage of an educated urban woman carrying an illegitimate child and a kindly farmer. The film includes a subplot about a friendship between the woman and two Japanese American sisters from\n  \n   Amache\n  \n  who are among the farmworkers.",
            "url_title": "The Magic of Ordinary Days (film)",
            "title_sort": "magicofordinarydays",
            "categories": [
                "Arts"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Drama",
                "Romance"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Beauty of simplicity",
                "Love and sacrifice",
                "Role of women"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-film"
        },
        {
            "id": "If Tomorrow Comes (film)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "9 9/{'value': 33, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/If%20Tomorrow%20Comes%20(film)/",
                "json": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/If%20Tomorrow%20Comes%20(film)/"
            },
            "title": "If Tomorrow Comes (film)",
            "description": "Made for television movie that tells the story of a Romeo and Juliet type romance between a\n  \n   Nisei\n  \n  man and a white woman against the backdrop of World War II. Produced by Aaron Spelling Productions, \"If Tomorrow Comes\" debuted on CBS on December 7, 1971. It was directed by George McCowan from a teleplay by Lew Hunter and starred former child star Patty Duke opposite newcomer Frank Liu. The movie was originally titled \"My Husband, the Enemy,\" with protests by the Asian American community leading to a name change.",
            "url_title": "If Tomorrow Comes (film)",
            "title_sort": "iftomorrowcomesfilm",
            "categories": [
                "Arts"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Drama"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Love and sacrifice",
                "Evils of racism"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-film"
        },
        {
            "id": "Midway (film)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "10 10/{'value': 33, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/Midway%20(film)/",
                "json": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/Midway%20(film)/"
            },
            "title": "Midway (film)",
            "description": "Epic war movie that tells the story of the Battle of Midway, the turning point of the Pacific War, from both the American and Japanese perspectives. Made for a modest budget despite its all-star cast,\n  \n   Midway\n  \n  was successful at the box office. In addition to employing many Japanese American actors in the roles of Japanese naval officers, the movie has a subplot involving the internment/incarceration of Japanese Americans.",
            "url_title": "Midway (film)",
            "title_sort": "midwayfilm",
            "categories": [
                "Arts"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Drama",
                "War"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "War - glory, necessity, pain, tragedy"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-film"
        },
        {
            "id": "Hito Hata: Raise the Banner (film)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "11 11/{'value': 33, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/Hito%20Hata:%20Raise%20the%20Banner%20(film)/",
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            "title": "Hito Hata: Raise the Banner (film)",
            "description": "Landmark feature film produced by Visual Communications (VC), a Los Angeles based non-profit in 1980. Centering on the life story of an\n  \n   Issei\n  \n  man,\n  \n   Hito Hata\n  \n  was likely the first dramatic feature film about Asian Americans by Asian Americans since the silent film era.",
            "url_title": "Hito Hata: Raise the Banner (film)",
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            "categories": [
                "Arts"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
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                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Drama"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Immigrant experience"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-film"
        },
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            "id": "Half Kenneth (film)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "12 12/{'value': 33, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/Half%20Kenneth%20(film)/",
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            },
            "title": "Half Kenneth (film)",
            "description": "Short dramatic film about two mixed race brothers at\n  \n   Manzanar\n  \n  in 1945. A 21-minute short,\n  \n   Half Kenneth\n  \n  was made by Ken Ochiai as a master's thesis film at the American Film Institute.",
            "url_title": "Half Kenneth (film)",
            "title_sort": "halfkennethfilm",
            "categories": [
                "Arts"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Drama",
                "Short"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Coming of age",
                "Loss of innocence",
                "Family - blessing or curse"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-film"
        },
        {
            "id": "Sanga moyu (film)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "13 13/{'value': 33, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/Sanga%20moyu%20(film)/",
                "json": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/Sanga%20moyu%20(film)/"
            },
            "title": "Sanga moyu (film)",
            "description": "Japanese television series that dramatized the Japanese American experience.\n  \n   Sanga moyu\n  \n  (Burning Mountains and Rivers) was a 1984 series produced by NHK, Japan's national broadcasting network. Consisting of 51 episodes that ran 45 minutes each, the series debuted on January 8, 1984, and ran through December 23, 1984. The story was based on the novel\n  \n   Futatsu no sokoku\n  \n  (Two Homelands) by Toyoko Yamasaki and focused on the Amo family of Los Angeles whose three\n  \n   Nisei\n  \n  sons chose different paths during World War II while the family was incarcerated at\n  \n   Manzanar\n  \n  : one who volunteers for the U.S. Army and fights in Europe, another who serves in the\n  \n   Military Intelligence Service\n  \n  during the war crimes trials and American occupation, and a third who is trapped in Japan at the outbreak of war and drafted into the Japanese army. Japanese American organizations in the continental United States objected to the portrayal of split Japanese American loyalties depicted in the series and prevented it from being broadcast there in the midst of the\n  \n   Redress Movement\n  \n  . It was shown on the Japanese language cable station Nippon Golden Network (NGN) in Hawai'i beginning in 1989 and reprised in 2002–03.",
            "url_title": "Sanga moyu (film)",
            "title_sort": "sangamoyufilm",
            "categories": [
                "Arts"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Drama"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Family - blessing or curse",
                "Patriotism - positive side or complications"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-film"
        },
        {
            "id": "Day of Independence (film)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "14 14/{'value': 33, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/Day%20of%20Independence%20(film)/",
                "json": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/Day%20of%20Independence%20(film)/"
            },
            "title": "Day of Independence (film)",
            "description": "A 2003 short dramatic film about one Japanese American family's World War II experience in an American concentration camp, told through the narration of a young baseball player, whose life is traumatically altered by the forced removal and his father's decision to expatriate back to Japan. The screenplay is based on the real-life experiences of playwright and executive producer Tim Toyama's family and adapted from a play Toyama wrote entitled \"Independence Day\".",
            "url_title": "Day of Independence (film)",
            "title_sort": "dayofindependencefilm",
            "categories": [
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            "rg_rgmediatype": [
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            "rg_interestlevel": [
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                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Drama"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Coming of age",
                "Family - blessing or curse",
                "Self-reliance"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-film"
        },
        {
            "id": "Come See the Paradise (film)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "15 15/{'value': 33, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/Come%20See%20the%20Paradise%20(film)/",
                "json": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/Come%20See%20the%20Paradise%20(film)/"
            },
            "title": "Come See the Paradise (film)",
            "description": "The content in this article is still under development. A completed version will appear soon!",
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                "Arts"
            ],
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            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Drama",
                "History",
                "Romance"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Everlasting love",
                "Family – blessing or curse",
                "Overcoming – fear, weakness, vice"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-film"
        },
        {
            "id": "Snow Falling on Cedars (film)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "16 16/{'value': 33, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/Snow%20Falling%20on%20Cedars%20(film)/",
                "json": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/Snow%20Falling%20on%20Cedars%20(film)/"
            },
            "title": "Snow Falling on Cedars (film)",
            "description": "Film based on the popular novel by David Guterson set in a small island village in Washington state about a young white newspaper publisher covering the postwar murder trial of a Japanese American fisherman. Flashback scenes depict the forced removal of Japanese Americans and their wartime incarceration. Directed by Scott Hicks from a screenplay by Hicks and Ronald Bass,\n  \n   Snow Falling on Cedars\n  \n  garnered an academy award nomination for its cinematographer, Robert Richardson.",
            "url_title": "Snow Falling on Cedars (film)",
            "title_sort": "snowfallingoncedarsfilm",
            "categories": [
                "Arts"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Drama"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Fear of other",
                "Lost love",
                "Power of the past"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-film"
        },
        {
            "id": "Farewell to Manzanar Educational Kit (curricula)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "17 17/{'value': 33, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/Farewell%20to%20Manzanar%20Educational%20Kit%20(curricula)/",
                "json": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/Farewell%20to%20Manzanar%20Educational%20Kit%20(curricula)/"
            },
            "title": "Farewell to Manzanar Educational Kit (curricula)",
            "description": "In 2003, the\n  \n\n    Farewell to Manzanar\n   \n\n  Education Initiative distributed 10,000 copies of the\n  \n   Farewell to Manzanar Educational Kit\n  \n  to California public schools and public libraries. The kit consists of the book,\n  \n   Farewell to Manzanar and Related Readings\n  \n  (1998), a teaching guide for the book (1998), a VHS cassette of the\n  \n\n    Farewell to Manzanar\n   \n\n  made-for-television movie (1976) with an additional 35-minute classroom version, and a video study guide (2002). Separate elements of the kit are available for purchase (except for the video study guide).",
            "url_title": "Farewell to Manzanar Educational Kit (curricula)",
            "title_sort": "farewelltomanzanareducationalkitcurricula",
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "curricula"
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            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 7-8",
                "Grades 9-12"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Memoir",
                "Drama",
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Coming of age",
                "Displacement",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Family - blessing or curse",
                "Growing up - pain or pleasure",
                "Injustice",
                "Patriotism - positive side or complications",
                "Power of the past"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 7-8",
                "Grades 9-12"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Curricula",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-tasks"
        },
        {
            "id": "On the Go: Little Tokyo (film)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "18 18/{'value': 33, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/On%20the%20Go:%20Little%20Tokyo%20(film)/",
                "json": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/On%20the%20Go:%20Little%20Tokyo%20(film)/"
            },
            "title": "On the Go: Little Tokyo (film)",
            "description": "Segment of Jack Linkletter's\n  \n   On the Go\n  \n  television show set in Little Tokyo that focuses on the wartime incarceration and its aftermath. Linkletter interviews three Japanese Americans on the sidewalks of Little Tokyo: Eiji Tanabe (referred to only as \"Mr. Tanabe\"), a\n  \n   Nisei\n  \n  businessman who had been active in the\n  \n   Japanese American Citizens League\n  \n  (JACL) before and after the war; Mr. Shimizu, the\n  \n   Issei\n  \n  owner of Asahi Shoe Store; and\n  \n   John Aiso\n  \n  , then a municipal court judge. In Tanabe's segment, the longest, he describes his work for the JACL (which is not referred to by name), the loss of his hotel businesses—for which he received token compensation through the\n  \n   Evacuation Claims Act\n  \n  —and his \"\n  \n   voluntary evacuation\n  \n  \" to his hometown of Spokane, before returning to Los Angeles and starting a travel business. Shimizu describes in halting English his arrest on the night of December 7 and subsequent internment in\n  \n   San Pedro\n  \n  and Montana (presumably\n  \n   Missoula\n  \n  ) camps. Aiso recounts his story of being in the military and eventually assuming head instructor status of the\n  \n   Military Intelligence Service Language School\n  \n  . Linkletter asks each if they are bitter, which none claim to be. The only one to express any anger is Fumi Hirata, the daughter of Shimizu, brought in at the end of his segment, who says that upon his arrest, \"we were mad, aggravated, upset, scared....\"",
            "url_title": "On the Go: Little Tokyo (film)",
            "title_sort": "onthegolittletokyofilm",
            "categories": [
                "Chroniclers"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Drama"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Power of the past"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-film"
        },
        {
            "id": "American Sons (film)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "19 19/{'value': 33, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/American%20Sons%20(film)/",
                "json": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/American%20Sons%20(film)/"
            },
            "title": "American Sons (film)",
            "description": "Docudrama by Steven Okazaki about four Asian American male characters talking about the role of race in their lives. Though played by actors, the words spoken by each character come from interviews with real people.",
            "url_title": "American Sons (film)",
            "title_sort": "americansonsfilm",
            "categories": [
                "Arts"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Drama"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Empowerment",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Quest for discovery",
                "Role of men"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-film"
        },
        {
            "id": "The First Battle: The Battle for Equality in War-Time Hawaii (film)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "20 20/{'value': 33, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/The%20First%20Battle:%20The%20Battle%20for%20Equality%20in%20War-Time%20Hawaii%20(film)/",
                "json": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/The%20First%20Battle:%20The%20Battle%20for%20Equality%20in%20War-Time%20Hawaii%20(film)/"
            },
            "title": "The First Battle: The Battle for Equality in War-Time Hawaii (film)",
            "description": "A 2006 film by Tom Coffman about the multi-racial group of civic and military leaders in World War II Hawai'i that monitored race relations and supported Hawai'i's large Japanese American community. After Pearl Harbor was bombed on\n  \n   December 7, 1941\n  \n  , the Committee for Interracial Unity and the Morale Section led by Chinese American YMCA Secretary\n  \n   Hung Wai Ching\n  \n  and Japanese American school principal\n  \n   Shigeo Yoshida\n  \n  , worked to protect the civil liberties of the people of Japanese ancestry living in Hawai'i, which ultimately led to the decision against a mass removal of Japanese Americans from the islands. In addition to interviews with some of the key figures and archival footage and stills,\n  \n   The First Battle\n  \n  also recreates several key scenes with actors playing key historical figures such as Ching, Yoshida, and Hawai'i FBI head\n  \n   Robert Shivers\n  \n  . Major funders included Central Pacific Bank, the Gerbode Foundation, the Hawaii Pacific Rim Society, and the Island Insurance Company.",
            "url_title": "The First Battle: The Battle for Equality in War-Time Hawaii (film)",
            "title_sort": "firstbattlethebattleforequality",
            "categories": [
                "Arts"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary",
                "Drama"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-film"
        },
        {
            "id": "Moving Day (film)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "21 21/{'value': 33, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/Moving%20Day%20(film)/",
                "json": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/Moving%20Day%20(film)/"
            },
            "title": "Moving Day (film)",
            "description": "UCLA student film that dramatizes the wartime eviction of a Japanese American farming family. Silent scenes of a family of five (presumably two\n  \n   Issei\n  \n  parents and their three\n  \n   Nisei\n  \n  children) eating, packing their possessions, making musubi for the voyage, and other preparations for removal are accompanied by first-person narration by a female voice, presumably the daughter of the family. The film begins with the words of\n  \n   John DeWitt\n  \n  read in his voice justifying the need for the forced removal of Japanese Americans. The film ends with a coda about the passage of time and how many have forgotten—or have never known about—the events depicted.\n  \n   Moving Day\n  \n  is one of the first—if not the first—film by a Japanese American that depicts the travails of World War II.",
            "url_title": "Moving Day (film)",
            "title_sort": "movingdayfilm",
            "categories": [
                "Arts"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Drama",
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Evils of racism",
                "Power of the past",
                "Injustice"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "No availability"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-film"
        },
        {
            "id": "The Steel Helmet (film)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "22 22/{'value': 33, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/The%20Steel%20Helmet%20(film)/",
                "json": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/The%20Steel%20Helmet%20(film)/"
            },
            "title": "The Steel Helmet (film)",
            "description": "Dramatic film about infantry soldiers in the Korean War written and directed by Samuel Fuller. One of the ensemble is a\n  \n   Nisei\n  \n  soldier and World War II veteran played by Richard Loo. It is likely the first Hollywood film to note the mass incarceration of Japanese Americans during World War II in a disapproving manner.",
            "url_title": "The Steel Helmet (film)",
            "title_sort": "thesteelhelmetfilm",
            "categories": [
                "Arts"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Drama"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "War - glory, necessity, pain, tragedy"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-film"
        },
        {
            "id": "I'll Remember April (film)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "23 23/{'value': 33, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/I'll%20Remember%20April%20(film)/",
                "json": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/I'll%20Remember%20April%20(film)/"
            },
            "title": "I'll Remember April (film)",
            "description": "Dramatic film directed by Bob Clark and written by Mark Sanderson set in April 1942 about four young boys who discover a Japanese sailor. One of the boys is Japanese American, and he and his family also prepare for their imminent forced removal and incarceration. Pat Morita plays the boy's grandfather.",
            "url_title": "I'll Remember April (film)",
            "title_sort": "illrememberaprilfilm",
            "categories": [
                "Arts"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Drama"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Coming of age",
                "Loss of innocence",
                "Fear of other"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-film"
        },
        {
            "id": "Ho'onani Makuakane (film)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "24 24/{'value': 33, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/Ho'onani%20Makuakane%20(film)/",
                "json": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/Ho'onani%20Makuakane%20(film)/"
            },
            "title": "Ho'onani Makuakane (film)",
            "description": "Episode of the\n  \n   Hawaii Five-0\n  \n  TV series from 2013 that featured a Japanese American internment-related storyline.",
            "url_title": "Ho'onani Makuakane (film)",
            "title_sort": "hoonanimakuakanefilm",
            "categories": [
                "Arts"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Drama"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Power of the past",
                "Injustice",
                "War – glory, necessity, pain, tragedy",
                "Quest for discovery"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-film"
        }
    ],
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                        "term": {
                            "published_rg": true
                        }
                    },
                    {
                        "term": {
                            "rg_genre": "Drama"
                        }
                    }
                ]
            }
        }
    },
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