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            "id": "Am I a Traitor? (short story)",
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            "title": "Am I a Traitor? (short story)",
            "description": "Essay by\n  \n   Issei\n  \n  socialist journalist Shigeki Oka (1878–1959) focusing on his decision to aid the Allies and oppose the Japanese militarist regime during World War II. Oka begins by describing the situation prior to the war, where Japanese American leaders dismissed the possibility of war between the U.S. and Japan. While preparing a translation of Hitler's anti-Japanese writings to be distributed in Japan, the\n  \n   attack on Pearl Harbor\n  \n  occurs. Oka sends a telegram to President Roosevelt offering his services and expresses the desire that Japan lose the war as quickly as possible so that its militarist regime would be brought down; these actions lead to members of the Japanese American community branding him a traitor. He later volunteers to go to India despite his advanced age to write and distribute propaganda for the U.S. After the war, the Japanese community continues to shun him despite the fact that the events of the war, in his opinion, have proved the rightness of his actions.",
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                "Facing reality",
                "Nationalism – complications",
                "Patriotism – positive side or complications"
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                "Available"
            ],
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        },
        {
            "id": "Swimming in the American: A Memoir and Selected Writings (book)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "16 66/{'value': 75, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/Swimming%20in%20the%20American:%20A%20Memoir%20and%20Selected%20Writings%20(book)/",
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            },
            "title": "Swimming in the American: A Memoir and Selected Writings (book)",
            "description": "Memoir by Nisei playwright\n  \n   Hiroshi Kashiwagi\n  \n  (1922–2019) told in short prose vignettes, poetry and a play.",
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                "Arts"
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            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Memoir",
                "Poetry"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Coming of age",
                "Growing up – pain or pleasure",
                "Wisdom of experience",
                "Working class struggles"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Adult"
            ],
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                "Widely available"
            ],
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            "id": "Song of Anger: Tales of Tule Lake (book)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "17 67/{'value': 75, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
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                "json": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/Song%20of%20Anger:%20Tales%20of%20Tule%20Lake%20(book)/"
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            "title": "Song of Anger: Tales of Tule Lake (book)",
            "description": "Reflections and observations of a social worker in\n  \n   Tule Lake\n  \n  segregation center during World War II.",
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                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
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                "Darkness and light",
                "Displacement",
                "Injustice"
            ],
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            ],
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            "id": "Journey to Washington (book)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "18 68/{'value': 75, 'relation': 'eq'}",
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                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/Journey%20to%20Washington%20(book)/",
                "json": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/Journey%20to%20Washington%20(book)/"
            },
            "title": "Journey to Washington (book)",
            "description": "Ghostwritten autobiography by Senator\n  \n   Daniel K. Inouye\n  \n  of Hawai'i, authored with Lawrence Elliott and published in 1967. One of the first autobiographies by a\n  \n   Nisei\n  \n  ,\n  \n   Journey to Washington\n  \n  was published as Inouye was finishing his first term as a U.S. Senator from Hawai'i and preparing to run for reelection. The book covers his life up to that time, beginning with his grandfather leaving Japan to come to America to pay off a debt and ending with his father visiting the White House to visit President John. F. Kennedy. A success story that established a template for many Nisei memoirs to come, the book reinforced the \"\n  \n   model minority\n  \n  \" narrative then current.\n  \n   Reader's Digest\n  \n  also excerpted the book in its February 1968 issue. The book includes three forewords, by President Lyndon Johnson, Vice-President Hubert Humphrey, and Senate Majority Leader Mike Mansfield.",
            "url_title": "Journey to Washington (book)",
            "title_sort": "journeytowashingtonbook",
            "categories": [
                "Chroniclers"
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                "books"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Memoir"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Self-reliance",
                "Patriotism - positive side or complications",
                "Empowerment"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ],
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        },
        {
            "id": "Unfinished Message (short story)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "19 69/{'value': 75, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/Unfinished%20Message%20(short%20story)/",
                "json": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/Unfinished%20Message%20(short%20story)/"
            },
            "title": "Unfinished Message (short story)",
            "description": "Seemingly autobiographical story by\n  \n   Toshio Mori\n  \n  about his mother and brother. The story begins in 1945 in\n  \n   Topaz\n  \n  , where the author's mother can't sleep one night because of anxiety about her son, who is serving in Europe. She later finds out that he was wounded in battle that night. Later, they arrange for his transfer to a hospital in the U.S, deciding on one near the family home in California. When they leave camp and return home, she is able to visit him at the hospital. However, she later dies in her sleep before her son is released. After her death, the author and his brother hear tapping on the window of the room in which she died, which they interpret as her message to them. Written by Mori in 1947, the story was first published in his 1979 short story collection,\n  \n   The Chauvinist and Other Stories\n  \n  and reprinted in the 2000 Mori anthology\n  \n\n    Unfinished Message: Selected Works of Toshio Mori\n   \n\n  .",
            "url_title": "Unfinished Message (short story)",
            "title_sort": "unfinishedmessageshortstory",
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            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
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                "Memoir"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Communication – verbal and nonverbal",
                "Motherhood"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-file-text"
        },
        {
            "id": "Pleasure of Plain Rice (short story)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "20 70/{'value': 75, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/Pleasure%20of%20Plain%20Rice%20(short%20story)/",
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            },
            "title": "Pleasure of Plain Rice (short story)",
            "description": "Essay/story by\n  \n   Hisaye Yamamoto\n  \n  on racial identity that focuses on her month-long stint as a domestic in Springfield, Massachusetts, during World War II. She begins the piece by noting various white Americans she knows who have changed their ethnic-sounding last names to less ethnic sounding ones, noting the futility of her doing such a thing as a Japanese American, citing the mass incarceration during World War II. Anxious to leave\n  \n   Poston\n  \n  , where she and her family ended up, she and two of her younger brothers are allowed to leave for Massachusetts in the summer of 1944. While her fifteen-year-old brother Yuke is placed in a summer camp in the Berkshires, the\n  \n   War Relocation Authority\n  \n  office in Boston assigns her and her seventeen-year-old brother Jemo to become domestic servants for a wealthy widow in Springfield. Both initially dislike the stern and formal family and the job duties that had to be completed in different uniforms. Though mostly familiar with Japanese dishes, the narrator nonetheless finds herself cooking Western-style food for the family. When finally asked to make a Japanese meal for guests, she is appalled to find the guests dousing their rice with soy sauce. After a month, the three are called back to Poston by their father after hearing of the death of her other brother, John, in Italy as a member of the\n  \n   442nd Regimental Combat Team\n  \n  .",
            "url_title": "Pleasure of Plain Rice (short story)",
            "title_sort": "pleasureofplainriceshortstory",
            "categories": [
                "Arts"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Memoir"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Desire to escape",
                "Self-awareness",
                "Working class struggles"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-file-text"
        },
        {
            "id": "\"Iwao-chan!\" (short story)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "21 71/{'value': 75, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
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            },
            "title": "\"Iwao-chan!\" (short story)",
            "description": "Short story by Yachiyo Uehara about a\n  \n   Nisei\n  \n  woman's bond with her deceased\n  \n   Issei\n  \n  mother in the years after the war. As the story begins, Yachiyo is on a plane from New York to San Francisco around 1950 with her two-year-old son Andy, the first time since the war years that she would be returning to her hometown. She will be moving there, initially staying with her Issei father. She is saddened that Andy will never meet her mother, whom she last saw in 1944 when she left\n  \n   Heart Mountain\n  \n  for New York and who subsequently died after they returned to San Francisco. She is relieved that her father, who dislikes children, tolerates Andy and even seems to like him. But she is also concerned about the dangerous stairs leading to the small house. She finds that despite her death two years prior, her mother's presence permeates the house. One day, while Yachiyo is fetching a first-aid kit after her father cuts his hand, she hears her mother's voice calling out Andy's Japanese name, \"Iwao-chan.\" She hurries outside to find Andy reaching perilously for a favorite blanket hanging from a branch over the stairs. After grabbing him before he can fall, she learns from her father that her mother had fallen in the same spot just prior to her death.",
            "url_title": "\"Iwao-chan!\" (short story)",
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            ],
            "rg_genre": [
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            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Everlasting love",
                "Motherhood"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "No availability"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-file-text"
        },
        {
            "id": "Farewell to Manzanar (book)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "22 72/{'value': 75, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/Farewell%20to%20Manzanar%20(book)/",
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            },
            "title": "Farewell to Manzanar (book)",
            "description": "Popular memoir that tells the story of one family's forced removal and confinement at\n  \n   Manzanar\n  \n  through the eyes of a young girl. First published in 1973,\n  \n   Farewell to Manzanar\n  \n  has sold over one million copies and is one of the most widely read accounts of Japanese American incarceration and its aftermath.",
            "url_title": "Farewell to Manzanar (book)",
            "title_sort": "farewelltomanzanarbook",
            "categories": [
                "Arts"
            ],
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                "Grades 9-12",
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            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Coming of age",
                "Displacement",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Family – blessing or curse",
                "Working class struggles"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
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                "Grades 9-12",
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            "id": "Letters to Memory (book)",
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                "json": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/Letters%20to%20Memory%20(book)/"
            },
            "title": "Letters to Memory (book)",
            "description": "Incarceration-centered history of one Japanese American family told through short vignettes inspired by letters, photographs, and other objects in the family archive, as written by acclaimed novelist Karen Tei Yamashita.",
            "url_title": "Letters to Memory (book)",
            "title_sort": "letterstomemorybook",
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            ],
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            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Circle of life",
                "Family – blessing or curse",
                "Optimism – power or folly",
                "Power of the past",
                "Quest for discovery"
            ],
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                "Widely available"
            ],
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            "id": "Child Prisoner in American Concentration Camps (book)",
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            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/Child%20Prisoner%20in%20American%20Concentration%20Camps%20(book)/",
                "json": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/Child%20Prisoner%20in%20American%20Concentration%20Camps%20(book)/"
            },
            "title": "Child Prisoner in American Concentration Camps (book)",
            "description": "Memoir of a childhood spent in American concentration camps by a Nisei educator and activist from Seattle.",
            "url_title": "Child Prisoner in American Concentration Camps (book)",
            "title_sort": "childprisonerinamericanconcentrationcampsbook",
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                "Grades 7-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
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            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Evils of racism",
                "Family – blessing or curse",
                "Immigrant experience",
                "Working class struggles"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ],
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            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-book"
        }
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