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            "description": "Overview textbook on the Japanese American removal and incarceration published by Globe Fearon in 1994 as part of their \"Globe Mosaic of American History\" series. No author is credited with sociologist (and former inmate)\n  \n   Harry H.L. Kitano\n  \n  listed on the title page as the \"consultant.\"",
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            "description": "Art installation by Kristine Yuki Aono that debuted at the\n  \n   Japanese American National Museum\n  \n  (JANM) in 1996. The installation featured soil collected by the artist at each of the ten\n  \n   War Relocation Authority\n  \n  camp sites installed in shallow 3 x 3 square boxes on the floor with glass over them. At each venue, Aono sought community members who lent personal objects from themselves or other family members who had been in each camp that were installed in that camp's box. The exhibition was viewed by walking on the glass over the boxes.",
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            "description": "Documentary film by Mary McDonald and Thomas McDonald Mazawa that tells the story of\n  \n   Nisei\n  \n  who were trapped in Japan during World War II based on interviews with ten such Nisei.",
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            "title": "Internment of Japanese Americans (Greenhaven Press) (book)",
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            "title": "Japanese American Internment Camps (Greenhaven Press, 2001) (book)",
            "description": "Anthology of first-person pieces on the wartime removal and incarceration as part of Greenhaven Press's \"History Firsthand\" Series.",
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            "title": "Lone Heart Mountain (book)",
            "description": "Illustrated memoir of life at\n  \n   Heart Mountain\n  \n  by artist\n  \n   Estelle Ishigo\n  \n  , a white woman married to a\n  \n   Nisei\n  \n  .",
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                "json": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/Enemy%20Alien%20(book)/"
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            "title": "Enemy Alien (book)",
            "description": "Bilingual memoir by Kiyo Hirano of her World War II experiences as an \"enemy alien\" is a rare example of an\n  \n   Issei\n  \n  woman's first-person perspective of the American concentration camps.\n  \n   Enemy Alien\n  \n  (Japanese title: Tekikoku gaijin) was translated into English by George Hirano and Yuri Kageyama and published by Japantown Arts and Media Workshop (JAM) Publications in 1983. Hirano's Japanese-English biographical account of her incarceration at the\n  \n   Merced\n  \n  Assembly Center and\n  \n   Amache\n  \n  and of her resettlement was originally written as an assignment for a creative writing class at the Japantown Arts and Media Workshop in San Francisco, and eventually published by the organization.",
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            "id": "Manzanar and Beyond (book)",
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            "links": {
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            "title": "Manzanar and Beyond (book)",
            "description": "Prominent\n  \n   Nisei\n  \n  attorney recounts his life, including his experiences as the administrator of the hospital at\n  \n   Manzanar\n  \n  concentration camp and his role in landmark legal battles advocating for redressing injustices experienced by Japanese Americans.",
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            "rg_theme": [
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                "Disillusionment and dreams",
                "Displacement",
                "Importance of community",
                "Injustice",
                "Rights - individual or societal"
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            "id": "Children of the Relocation Camps (book)",
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            "index": "12 12/{'value': 111, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/Children%20of%20the%20Relocation%20Camps%20(book)/",
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            "title": "Children of the Relocation Camps (book)",
            "description": "Picture book for elementary school children that tells the story of the wartime removal and incarceration of Japanese Americans from a children's perspective. The book was named a Carter G. Woodson Elementary Level Honor Book in 2001.",
            "url_title": "Children of the Relocation Camps (book)",
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            "id": "Tanforan: From Race Track to Assembly Center (film)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "13 13/{'value': 111, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/Tanforan:%20From%20Race%20Track%20to%20Assembly%20Center%20(film)/",
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            },
            "title": "Tanforan: From Race Track to Assembly Center (film)",
            "description": "Documentary film on\n  \n   Tanforan\n  \n  , a former horse racing track that became the site of a wartime \"\n  \n   assembly center\n  \n  \" for incarcerated Japanese Americans during World War II. The film includes interviews with many former inmates of Tanforan, some of whom lived in what were once horse stalls, including Maya Nagata Aikawa, George and Michiko Uchida, Tomoye Takahashi, Hid Kashima, Sox Kitashima,\n  \n   Dave Tatsuno\n  \n  , Yoneo Kawakita, Hiro Katayama, Sachi Kajiwara, Sugar Hirabayashi, Hiro Fujii, Yo Kasai, Chizu Togasaki, Tomoko Kashiwagi, Toru Saito, and Jan Matsuoka.\n  \n   Tanforan\n  \n  was produced by KCSM, a San Mateo, California based public television station as part of\n  \n   The New Americans\n  \n  series and was directed by Dianne Fukami. Funders for the film included the Chevron Corporation and the Ray and Peggy Daba Fund.",
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            "id": "Journey to Topaz: A Story of the Japanese-American Evacuation (book)",
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            "title": "Journey to Topaz: A Story of the Japanese-American Evacuation (book)",
            "description": "Pioneering 1971 novel by\n  \n   Yoshiko Uchida\n  \n  that was the first book for children on the forced removal and incarceration of Japanese Americans written by a Japanese American. Based in part on Uchida's own family experience,\n  \n   Journey to Topaz\n  \n  was the first of five books the prolific children's book author wrote that focused on the incarceration experience.",
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                "Grades 3-5",
                "Grades 6-8"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Children's",
                "Young Adult"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Displacement",
                "Growing up - pain or pleasure"
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            ],
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        },
        {
            "id": "Four-Four-Two (book)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "15 15/{'value': 111, 'relation': 'eq'}",
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            },
            "title": "Four-Four-Two (book)",
            "description": "A popular and confident\n  \n   Nisei\n  \n  boy and his best friend enlist in the all-Japanese American\n  \n   442nd Regimental Combat Team\n  \n  and are thrown into the horrific reality of combat in Europe.",
            "url_title": "Four-Four-Two (book)",
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                "Historical fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Coming of age",
                "Companionship as salvation",
                "Displacement",
                "Forgiveness",
                "Identity crisis"
            ],
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                "Grades 7-8"
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                "Available"
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        },
        {
            "id": "Manzanar National Historic Site Educator Resources Kit (curricula)",
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            "index": "16 16/{'value': 111, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
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            },
            "title": "Manzanar National Historic Site Educator Resources Kit (curricula)",
            "description": "\"How does identity shape my experience in America?\" is the central question which serves to unify the wide range of materials in this resource kit. The kit includes printed materials (lesson plans, reproductions of primary sources, official park brochure, booklet for self-guided tours, Densho brochure), and digital resources (video documentary, electronic field trip, biographical sketches of former inmates, related standards, lesson plans, and historical photos). The Manzanar National Historic Site Educator Resources Kit was supported by a grant from the\n  \n   California Civil Liberties Public Education Program\n  \n  and the Manzanar History Association.",
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                "Grades 3-5",
                "Grades 7-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Displacement",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Self-awareness",
                "War"
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                "Available"
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            "links": {
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            "title": "Uprooted: Japanese American Farm Labor Camps during World War II (exhibition)",
            "description": "Traveling photographic exhibition on Japanese Americans who left the concentration camps on short term leave to work as farm laborers in the summers of 1942 and 1943. The exhibition features forty-five photographs by Farm Security Administration photographer\n  \n   Russell Lee\n  \n  , who photographed farm labor camps that housed the Japanese Americans, including one in\n  \n   Nyssa\n  \n  , Oregon. The exhibition also includes a short video that include interviews with several Japanese Americans who worked as farm laborers.",
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                "Chroniclers"
            ],
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            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-university"
        },
        {
            "id": "I Am an American: A True Story of Japanese Internment (book)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "18 18/{'value': 111, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/I%20Am%20an%20American:%20A%20True%20Story%20of%20Japanese%20Internment%20(book)/",
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            "title": "I Am an American: A True Story of Japanese Internment (book)",
            "description": "Book aimed at middle school audiences that tells the larger story of the Japanese American World War II removal and incarceration through the experiences of one typical Nisei teenager.",
            "url_title": "I Am an American: A True Story of Japanese Internment (book)",
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                "Children's"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Displacement",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Injustice"
            ],
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                "Widely available"
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            "id": "Blue Skies and Thunder: Farm Boy, Pilot, Inventor, TSA Officer, and WWII Soldier of the 442nd Regimental Combat Team (book)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "19 19/{'value': 111, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/Blue%20Skies%20and%20Thunder:%20Farm%20Boy,%20Pilot,%20Inventor,%20TSA%20Officer,%20and%20WWII%20Soldier%20of%20the%20442nd%20Regimental%20Combat%20Team%20(book)/",
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            },
            "title": "Blue Skies and Thunder: Farm Boy, Pilot, Inventor, TSA Officer, and WWII Soldier of the 442nd Regimental Combat Team (book)",
            "description": "Mixed race Nisei shares his story, from a tough childhood growing up on a farm in the Midwest to his experiences in combat with the\n  \n   522nd Field Artillery Battalion\n  \n  during World War II.",
            "url_title": "Blue Skies and Thunder: Farm Boy, Pilot, Inventor, TSA Officer, and WWII Soldier of the 442nd Regimental Combat Team (book)",
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                "Disillusionment and dreams",
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                "Family - blessing or curse",
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                "Loss of innocence",
                "Overcoming - fear, weakness, vice",
                "War - glory, necessity, pain, tragedy"
            ],
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                "Available"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Books",
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        },
        {
            "id": "Seki-nin (Duty Bound) (book)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "20 20/{'value': 111, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/Seki-nin%20(Duty%20Bound)%20(book)/",
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            },
            "title": "Seki-nin (Duty Bound) (book)",
            "description": "Novel by George Nakagawa about a\n  \n   Nisei\n  \n  stranded in Japan during World War II.",
            "url_title": "Seki-nin (Duty Bound) (book)",
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                "Arts"
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                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
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                "Historical Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Convention and rebellion",
                "Displacement",
                "Facing darkness",
                "Family – blessing or curse",
                "Power of tradition"
            ],
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                "Available"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Books",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-book"
        },
        {
            "id": "Caucasian Boy at a Japanese Camp (book)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "21 21/{'value': 111, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/Caucasian%20Boy%20at%20a%20Japanese%20Camp%20(book)/",
                "json": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/Caucasian%20Boy%20at%20a%20Japanese%20Camp%20(book)/"
            },
            "title": "Caucasian Boy at a Japanese Camp (book)",
            "description": "The son of the superintendent of schools at\n  \n   Tule Lake\n  \n  concentration camp recounts his experiences as a young boy there.",
            "url_title": "Caucasian Boy at a Japanese Camp (book)",
            "title_sort": "caucasianboyatajapanesecampbook",
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                "Coming of age",
                "Companionship as salvation",
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            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
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        },
        {
            "id": "The Kikuchi Diary: Chronicle from an American Concentration Camp (book)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "22 22/{'value': 111, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/The%20Kikuchi%20Diary:%20Chronicle%20from%20an%20American%20Concentration%20Camp%20(book)/",
                "json": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/The%20Kikuchi%20Diary:%20Chronicle%20from%20an%20American%20Concentration%20Camp%20(book)/"
            },
            "title": "The Kikuchi Diary: Chronicle from an American Concentration Camp (book)",
            "description": "The diary of\n  \n   Charles Kikuchi\n  \n  , a\n  \n   Nisei\n  \n  , and his observations about the chaos for Japanese Americans in the Bay Area after the bombing of Pearl Harbor as well as life in\n  \n   Tanforan Assembly Center\n  \n  .",
            "url_title": "The Kikuchi Diary: Chronicle from an American Concentration Camp (book)",
            "title_sort": "thekikuchidiarychroniclefromanamericanconcentrationcampbook",
            "categories": [
                "Arts"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
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            ],
            "rg_genre": [
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            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Coming of age",
                "Displacement",
                "Facing reality",
                "Family - blessing or curse",
                "Self-awareness"
            ],
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            ],
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        },
        {
            "id": "The Evacuation Diary of Hatsuye Egami (book)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "23 23/{'value': 111, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/The%20Evacuation%20Diary%20of%20Hatsuye%20Egami%20(book)/",
                "json": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/The%20Evacuation%20Diary%20of%20Hatsuye%20Egami%20(book)/"
            },
            "title": "The Evacuation Diary of Hatsuye Egami (book)",
            "description": "Translation of the wartime diary of Hatsuye Egami, who carefully describes her experiences and observations while incarcerated at\n  \n   Tulare Assembly Center\n  \n  during World War II.",
            "url_title": "The Evacuation Diary of Hatsuye Egami (book)",
            "title_sort": "theevacuationdiaryofhatsuyeegamibook",
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                "Arts"
            ],
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            ],
            "rg_genre": [
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            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Chaos and order",
                "Displacement",
                "Family - blessing or curse",
                "Immigrant experience",
                "Inner versus outer strength",
                "Motherhood",
                "Self-awareness"
            ],
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                "Available"
            ],
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        },
        {
            "id": "I Call to Remembrance: Toyo Suyemoto's Years of Internment (book)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "24 24/{'value': 111, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/I%20Call%20to%20Remembrance:%20Toyo%20Suyemoto's%20Years%20of%20Internment%20(book)/",
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            },
            "title": "I Call to Remembrance: Toyo Suyemoto's Years of Internment (book)",
            "description": "The memoir of poet\n  \n   Toyo Suyemoto\n  \n  that spans her years of incarceration in\n  \n   Tanforan Assembly Center\n  \n  and later, at\n  \n   Topaz\n  \n  in Utah, from spring 1942 to late autumn 1945. The book, published in 2007 by Rutgers University Press, focuses on the quotidian life in an American concentration camp, while coping both physically and psychologically with the brutality of imprisonment behind barbed wire. The book is dedicated to Suyemoto's son Kay and details his short life from birth in Berkeley, California, to his first steps at Tanforan in a crowded horse stall, and finally to Utah where he developed a serious asthmatic condition and pneumonia in the harsh atmosphere of camp which eventually lead to his premature death. Suyemoto's memoir includes the impact of policies and wartime decisions on her family and the larger Japanese American community, bringing insight on complex and controversial questions of loyalty, citizenship and resistance. She also chronicles her observations of the\n  \n   Issei\n  \n  women and men around her and recounts in detail the ways in which gender and identity evolve and change over the duration of their wartime incarceration.",
            "url_title": "I Call to Remembrance: Toyo Suyemoto's Years of Internment (book)",
            "title_sort": "icalltoremembrancetoyosuyemotosyearsofinternmentbook",
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            "rg_theme": [
                "Rights - individual or societal",
                "Motherhood",
                "Displacement"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
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                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
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            ],
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    ],
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