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            "id": "Allegiance (book)",
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            "title": "Allegiance (book)",
            "description": "Historical mystery novel by Kermit Roosevelt set during World War II against the backdrop of the Supreme Court and the Japanese American cases.",
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            "title": "Day of Remembrance (film)",
            "description": "Documentary film by Cynthia Gates Fujikawa consisting of highlights from 2003\n  \n   Day of Remembrance\n  \n  (DoR) commemorations in New York, San Francisco, Los Angeles, Seattle, and Honolulu, all of which highlight the parallels between what happened to Japanese Americans in 1942 and what was then happening to Arab and Muslim Americans in the aftermath of the 9/11 attacks. The film also includes brief interviews with some of the event organizers and excerpts from press conferences organized in reaction to remarks defending the roundup and imprisonment of Japanese Americans by North Carolina Congressman Howard Coble two weeks prior to the DoRs. Highlighted speakers include Hakim Oaunsafi, Muslim Association of Hawai'i; Nadine Hamoui, whose family in the Seattle area were imprisoned by the INS in 2002; Salam Al-Marayati, executive director of the Muslim Public Affairs Council; legal scholar Chris Iijima; Congressman\n  \n   Mike Honda\n  \n  ; and civil rights attorney\n  \n   Dale Minami\n  \n  .\n  \n   Day of Remembrance\n  \n  is available on DVD in combination with Fujikawa's earlier\n  \n\n    Old Man River\n   \n\n  (1998).",
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            "description": "Novel set in the last months of World War II whose protagonist is a middle-aged\n  \n   Nisei\n  \n  widower who resettles in a small New England town.",
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                "Overcoming – fear, weakness, vice"
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            "title": "Tokyo Rose: Victim of Propaganda (film)",
            "description": "Television documentary for A&E network's \"Biography\" series that sympathetically tells the story of\n  \n   Iva Toguri d'Aquino\n  \n  and the myth of \"Tokyo Rose.\"",
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            "title": "Imprisoned Apart: The World War II Correspondence of an Issei Couple (book)",
            "description": "An intimate history of one\n  \n   Issei\n  \n  couple's experience of World War II, including transcriptions of the letters they sent each other when they were incarcerated apart.",
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            "description": "Documentary film by Mary McDonald and Thomas McDonald Mazawa that tells the story of\n  \n   Nisei\n  \n  who were trapped in Japan during World War II based on interviews with ten such Nisei.",
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            "description": "Since the September 11, 2001, attacks on The World Trade Center and Pentagon, terrorism has emerged as one of the most prominent security concerns for the United States. Multiple sectors of society—military, judicial, public health, diplomatic and so on—have been impacted in the effort to address the threats of terrorism. The\n  \n   Security, Civil Liberties, and Terrorism\n  \n  curriculum prompts students to examine the complex issues surrounding terrorism including how to define it, how to analyze it, and how a liberal democratic government can react to it while realizing the consequences and tradeoffs involved.",
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            "title": "Mission in Manila: The Sakakida Story (film)",
            "description": "Documentary film that tells the story of\n  \n   Richard Sakakida\n  \n  , a\n  \n   Nisei\n  \n  intelligence agent in the Philippines who is captured and tortured by the Japanese during World War II and who confronts—and forgives—his torturers after the war. The film is based almost entirely on an interview with Sakakida, augmented by narrator Jerry Kay, archival footage and family photographs, and illustrations by Roberta Twidwell. The 28-minute film was produced by the Military Intelligence Service and the\n  \n   National Japanese American Historical Society\n  \n  for the Military Intelligence Service Fellowship Program.",
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            "description": "Mystery novel by Naomi Hirahara that was the first to feature her Kibei\n  \n   hibakusha\n  \n  (atomic bomb survivor) gardener protagonist Mas Arai.",
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                "Power of the past"
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            "title": "Looking Like the Enemy: My Story of Imprisonment in Japanese-American Internment Camps (book)",
            "description": "Incarceration memoir of life at\n  \n   Pinedale Assembly Center\n  \n  ,\n  \n   Tule Lake\n  \n  , and\n  \n   Minidoka\n  \n  , by Mary Matsuda Gruenewald, a seventeen-year-old\n  \n   Nisei\n  \n  at the time of her and her family's forced removal from their Washington state farm. First published in 2005 by NewSage Press, it was followed by a young reader's edition in 2010.",
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                "Grades 9-12",
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                "Facing darkness",
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            "title": "Seki-nin (Duty Bound) (book)",
            "description": "Novel by George Nakagawa about a\n  \n   Nisei\n  \n  stranded in Japan during World War II.",
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            "rg_theme": [
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            "title": "A Letter (short story)",
            "description": "Short story by Sasabune Sasaki about a group of\n  \n   Issei\n  \n  internees at an unspecified internment camp in the first days of their detention. Though the men write letters to their families, few have received any letters in return, due to, they believe, delays caused by censorship of the letters and their being moved from camp to camp. One day, the narrator sees a letter in its envelope tacked on a bulletin board at the camp post office and copies it down. It is an anonymously authored letter by a Nisei in English that expresses concern and support for the internees. When the narrator reads it to a group of internees, they are greatly moved.",
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            "rg_interestlevel": [
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                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
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            "rg_theme": [
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                "Facing darkness",
                "Isolation",
                "Power of words"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Short Stories",
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        },
        {
            "id": "The Cat Who Chose to Dream (book)",
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            "index": "12 12/{'value': 29, 'relation': 'eq'}",
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            "title": "The Cat Who Chose to Dream (book)",
            "description": "Children's picture book about a cat who accompanies his Japanese American family to an American concentration camp during World War II.",
            "url_title": "The Cat Who Chose to Dream (book)",
            "title_sort": "thecatwhochosetodreambook",
            "categories": [
                "Arts"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
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            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 1-2",
                "Grades 3-5"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
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            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Disillusionment and dreams",
                "Facing darkness",
                "Overcoming – fear, weakness, vice",
                "Will to survive"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
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                "Grades 3-5"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
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            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Books",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-book"
        },
        {
            "id": "The Invisible Thread (book)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "13 13/{'value': 29, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/The%20Invisible%20Thread%20(book)/",
                "json": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/The%20Invisible%20Thread%20(book)/"
            },
            "title": "The Invisible Thread (book)",
            "description": "Memoir for young adult readers by the acclaimed children's book author that covers her charmed childhood in Berkeley, California, and her wartime incarceration during World War II.",
            "url_title": "The Invisible Thread (book)",
            "title_sort": "invisiblethread",
            "categories": [
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            "rg_rgmediatype": [
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            "rg_interestlevel": [
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                "Grades 7-8",
                "Grades 9-12"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
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                "Children's"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Immigrant experience",
                "Growing up – pain or pleasure",
                "Expression through art",
                "Facing darkness",
                "Overcoming – fear, weakness, vice"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 3-5",
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
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            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Books",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-book"
        },
        {
            "id": "Hunt for the Bamboo Rat (book)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "14 14/{'value': 29, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/Hunt%20for%20the%20Bamboo%20Rat%20(book)/",
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            },
            "title": "Hunt for the Bamboo Rat (book)",
            "description": "Young adult novel by Graham Salisbury based on the wartime exploits of\n  \n   Richard Sakakida\n  \n  , a\n  \n   Nisei\n  \n  intelligence agent in the Counter Intelligence Corps who was captured by the Japanese in the Philippines.",
            "url_title": "Hunt for the Bamboo Rat (book)",
            "title_sort": "huntforthebambooratbook",
            "categories": [
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            "rg_rgmediatype": [
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            "rg_interestlevel": [
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                "Grades 9-12",
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            ],
            "rg_genre": [
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            "rg_theme": [
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            ],
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            "id": "Right from Wrong: Learning the Lessons of Honouliuli (exhibition)",
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            "index": "15 15/{'value': 29, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
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            "title": "Right from Wrong: Learning the Lessons of Honouliuli (exhibition)",
            "description": "Wayside exhibition produced by the Japanese Cultural Center of Hawai'i (JCCH) that debuted in 2011. The sixteen panel exhibition focuses on the\n  \n   Honouliuli\n  \n  detention camp and JCCH's efforts to preserve the site and tell the story of Hawai'i's World War II Japanese American internees. Funding for the exhibition came from a grant from the\n  \n   Japanese American Confinement Sites Grant Program\n  \n  and from the Island Insurance Foundation. JCCH contracted Mo'ili'ili Blind Fish Tank (MBFT) Media to produce the exhibition. Arnold Hiura wrote the exhibition script and Stephen Doi designed and built it.",
            "url_title": "Right from Wrong: Learning the Lessons of Honouliuli (exhibition)",
            "title_sort": "rightfromwronglearningthelessonsofhonouliuliexhibition",
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                "Chroniclers"
            ],
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                "exhibitions"
            ],
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                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
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                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Facing darkness",
                "Rights - individual or societal"
            ],
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                "Limited availability"
            ],
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        },
        {
            "id": "Family Torn Apart: The Internment Story of the Otokichi Muin Ozaki Family (book)",
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            },
            "title": "Family Torn Apart: The Internment Story of the Otokichi Muin Ozaki Family (book)",
            "description": "Family Torn Apart\n  \n  is the story of the wartime experiences of Otokichi Muin Ozaki, an\n  \n   Issei\n  \n  who was a Japanese language school teacher,\n  \n   tanka\n  \n  poet, and a leader within the Japanese community in Hilo, Hawai'i. While most incarceration accounts focus on the mainland experience of the English-speaking\n  \n   Nisei\n  \n  who comprised nearly two-thirds of the incarcerated population, Ozaki's story provides insight into the incarceration experience of Hawai'i island Japanese, many of whom authorities detained at mainland incarceration sites. While this book includes radio scripts of Ozaki's incarceration experience and his own accounts of camp news, it is also comprised of letters that family and friends wrote responding to his correspondence. The variety and frequency of these letters and other sources provide intimate details of Ozaki's incarceration that lasted nearly four years. This story highlights the uniqueness of the Hawai'i experience from the perspective of an Issei observer and the impact of incarceration on a family and community.",
            "url_title": "Family Torn Apart: The Internment Story of the Otokichi Muin Ozaki Family (book)",
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                "Arts"
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            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Memoir"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Communication – verbal and nonverbal",
                "Facing darkness",
                "Immigrant experience",
                "Injustice",
                "Power of words"
            ],
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                "Widely available"
            ],
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        {
            "id": "Garden of Stones (book)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "17 17/{'value': 29, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/Garden%20of%20Stones%20(book)/",
                "json": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/Garden%20of%20Stones%20(book)/"
            },
            "title": "Garden of Stones (book)",
            "description": "Popular novel by Sophie Littlefield centering on three generations of Japanese American women whose lives are dramatically shaped by the wartime incarceration of the elder two at\n  \n   Manzanar\n  \n  .",
            "url_title": "Garden of Stones (book)",
            "title_sort": "gardenofstonesbook",
            "categories": [
                "Arts"
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                "books"
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            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Historical Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Role of women",
                "Motherhood",
                "Temporary nature of physical beauty",
                "Power of the past",
                "Facing darkness"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Books",
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        },
        {
            "id": "Letters to Eve (play)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "18 18/{'value': 29, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/Letters%20to%20Eve%20(play)/",
                "json": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/Letters%20to%20Eve%20(play)/"
            },
            "title": "Letters to Eve (play)",
            "description": "Musical play that juxtaposes the experiences of a Japanese American family in\n  \n   Manzanar\n  \n  with that of an African American musician and his Jewish girlfriend held in captivity in a Nazi prison camp.",
            "url_title": "Letters to Eve (play)",
            "title_sort": "letterstoeveplay",
            "categories": [
                "Arts"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "plays"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Expression through art",
                "Facing darkness",
                "Love and sacrifice",
                "War – glory, necessity, pain, tragedy"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "No availability"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Plays",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-ticket"
        },
        {
            "id": "My Friend Suki (short story)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "19 19/{'value': 29, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/My%20Friend%20Suki%20(short%20story)/",
                "json": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/My%20Friend%20Suki%20(short%20story)/"
            },
            "title": "My Friend Suki (short story)",
            "description": "Short story by Vera Arvey about a\n  \n   Nisei\n  \n  woman whose wartime incarceration along with a run of familial tragedies lead to a breakdown and residence in a mental hospital. The narrator of the story begins by sending a Christmas present to Suki, but doesn't hear back for several weeks, when she gets a notice that Suki has been sent to a mental hospital. Through correspondence with various friends and her own recollections, she pieces together the story starting with Suki's\n  \n   Issei\n  \n  parents' immigration, the impact of exclusion and incarceration, the string of events leading to her current state, and Suki's most recent, hopeful, letter.",
            "url_title": "My Friend Suki (short story)",
            "title_sort": "myfriendsukishortstory",
            "categories": [
                "Arts"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Disillusionment and dreams",
                "Displacement",
                "Facing darkness"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-file-text"
        },
        {
            "id": "One with the Angels (short story)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "20 20/{'value': 29, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/One%20with%20the%20Angels%20(short%20story)/",
                "json": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/One%20with%20the%20Angels%20(short%20story)/"
            },
            "title": "One with the Angels (short story)",
            "description": "Short story by Yachiyo Uehara about a young woman's death shortly after leaving the concentration camps. The story begins in the present when Saye sees an editorial cartoon in a Japanese American newspaper that laments the fact that the $20,000 reparations payments advocated by the\n  \n   Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians\n  \n  (CWRIC) would be too late for many former inmates. She then recalls her younger sister Yoko's story and how even a fraction of that money might have changed its course. Imprisoned in\n  \n   Heart Mountain\n  \n  with her family, Yoko leaves for\n  \n   New York City\n  \n  in 1944 and soon finds a good job and a nice apartment. The widowed Saye and her young son soon join Yoko and have a joyous reunion and initially enjoy their new life. But a demanding job and active social life—including an ill-fated lover affair—drain Yoko, and she is soon diagnosed with tuberculosis, which leads to her untimely death at age twenty-six.",
            "url_title": "One with the Angels (short story)",
            "title_sort": "onewiththeangelsshortstory",
            "categories": [
                "Arts"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Death – inevitable or tragedy",
                "Facing darkness",
                "Loss of innocence",
                "Power of the past"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-file-text"
        },
        {
            "id": "Phantoms (book)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "21 21/{'value': 29, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/Phantoms%20(book)/",
                "json": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/Phantoms%20(book)/"
            },
            "title": "Phantoms (book)",
            "description": "Novel by Christian Kiefer centering on a white Vietnam War veteran who tries to unravel the story of what happened to a Nisei World War II veteran, gaining insight into his own experiences in the process.",
            "url_title": "Phantoms (book)",
            "title_sort": "phantomsbook",
            "categories": [
                "Arts"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Historical Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Facing darkness",
                "Heartbreak of betrayal",
                "Injustice",
                "Power of the past"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Books",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-book"
        },
        {
            "id": "The Loom (short story)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "22 22/{'value': 29, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/The%20Loom%20(short%20story)/",
                "json": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/The%20Loom%20(short%20story)/"
            },
            "title": "The Loom (short story)",
            "description": "Short story by R. A. Sasaki that portrays the life of a\n  \n   Nisei\n  \n  woman looking both backwards and forwards after the death of one of her daughters. Born and raised in San Francisco where her family ran a boarding house, the unnamed woman graduated from the University of California before being incarcerated with her family in\n  \n   Tanforan\n  \n  and\n  \n   Topaz\n  \n  during World War II. Returning to San Francisco after the war having married a\n  \n   Kibei\n  \n  man she had known from before the war, she has four daughters while her husband works in the flower industry. Devoted to her daughters, she is at a loss as they leave the house to pursue their own lives and after one dies in a mountain climbing accident. Her daughters' efforts to bring her out of her torpor are largely unsuccessful until one gives her a loom, through which she is able to express the feelings she cannot verbalize.",
            "url_title": "The Loom (short story)",
            "title_sort": "loom",
            "categories": [
                "Arts"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
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            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Communication – verbal and nonverbal",
                "Facing darkness",
                "Loneliness as destructive force",
                "Motherhood",
                "Power of silence"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-file-text"
        },
        {
            "id": "Slant-Eyed Americans (short story)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "23 23/{'value': 29, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/Slant-Eyed%20Americans%20(short%20story)/",
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            },
            "title": "Slant-Eyed Americans (short story)",
            "description": "Short story by\n  \n   Toshio Mori\n  \n  set in the days after the\n  \n   Pearl Harbor attack\n  \n  . A young\n  \n   Nisei\n  \n  man's plans to take his mother to town that day are dashed by the outbreak of war. The next day, business at the flower market is slow, and the Japanese American merchants wonder about their future. Tom, a Nisei gardener friend, doesn't report to work out of despair over the war; the narrator and his family cheer him up. Later, the narrator's brother Kazuo, who is in the army, arrives home for a five-day furlough. At the end of his visit, the family sees him off, pondering the uncertainty of what is to come.",
            "url_title": "Slant-Eyed Americans (short story)",
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            "categories": [
                "Arts"
            ],
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            ],
            "rg_genre": [
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            ],
            "rg_theme": [
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                "Losing hope"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-file-text"
        },
        {
            "id": "A Place to Belong (book)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "24 24/{'value': 29, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/A%20Place%20to%20Belong%20(book)/",
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            },
            "title": "A Place to Belong (book)",
            "description": "Young adult novel by Cynthia Kadohata that tells the story of a Japanese American family's experience in postwar Japan from the perspective of an adolescent female protagonist.",
            "url_title": "A Place to Belong (book)",
            "title_sort": "placetobelong",
            "categories": [
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            ],
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                "Grades 9-12"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
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                "Historical Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Coming of age",
                "Facing darkness",
                "Family – blessing or curse",
                "Growing up – pain or pleasure",
                "Loss of innocence",
                "Will to survive"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Books",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-book"
        }
    ],
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