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            "title": "Legacy of the Nisei Veterans: WWII Stories of the 100th/442nd and Military Intelligence Service (film)",
            "description": "Documentary film made up of interviews with ten\n \n  Nisei\n \n World War II veterans from the San Francisco Bay area. Short segments of the interviews are organized by topic in more or less chronological fashion, with the occasional insertion of still photographs from the period. Segments include the reaction to the attack on Pearl Harbor, the arrest of\n \n  Issei\n \n leaders,\n \n  Executive Order 9066\n \n and its aftermath, early recruits to the\n \n  Military Intelligence Service\n \n (MIS), the formation of the\n \n  442nd\n \n and the\n \n  loyalty questionnaire\n \n episode of early 1943, the battlefield experiences of the MIS in the Pacific and the 442nd in Europe, and the role of the MIS in occupation Japan. The film ends with a brief summary of each man's life after the war. One unusual element in the inclusion of Takeshi \"Gish\" Endo's story of being recruited out of\n \n  Heart Mountain\n \n by the British Political Warfare Mission, and doing translation and Japanese broadcasting work out of Denver.",
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            "title": "Only the Brave (film)",
            "description": "Feature film that dramatizes the\n \n  rescue of the \"Lost Battalion\"\n \n by the\n \n  442nd Regimental Combat Team\n \n in France and its aftermath.",
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            "rg_theme": [
                "Death – inevitable or tragedy",
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            "title": "Looking Like the Enemy (film)",
            "description": "Documentary film on the unique experiences of Japanese American soldiers in Asian wars: World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam War. The 52-minute film was made by Karen L. Ishizuka and Robert A. Nakamura in conjunction with the exhibition\n \n\n   Fighting for Tomorrow: Japanese Americans in America's Wars\n  \n\n at the\n \n  Japanese American National Museum\n \n and screened in the exhibition gallery.",
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            "id": "Changes (short story)",
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            "title": "Changes (short story)",
            "description": "Short story by Marnie Mueller set in an unspecified Japanese American concentration camp. As the story begins, Toru Horokawa, an\n \n  Issei\n \n man, sits outside his barrack thinking about returning to Japan. He flashes back to the time of the exclusion, two years prior, as he and his wife disagree about the selling of their possessions to bargain seekers. He then recalls his recent clashes with his\n \n  Nisei\n \n son, his only child, who has announced that he will be joining the army.",
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                "short stories"
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            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Change versus tradition",
                "Communication – verbal and nonverbal",
                "Lost honor",
                "Role of men"
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                "Available"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Short Stories",
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            "id": "Lucky Ears: The True Story of Ben Kuroki, World War II Hero (book)",
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            "title": "Lucky Ears: The True Story of Ben Kuroki, World War II Hero (book)",
            "description": "Biography of\n \n  Nisei\n \n war hero\n \n  Ben Kuroki\n \n , written for a fourth grade audience.",
            "url_title": "Lucky Ears: The True Story of Ben Kuroki, World War II Hero (book)",
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                "Grades 7-8"
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            ],
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                "Patriotism – positive side or complications",
                "Role of men",
                "Heroism – real and perceived",
                "Overcoming – fear, weakness, vice"
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                "Adult"
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            "rg_theme": [
                "Evils of racism",
                "Growing up – pain or pleasure",
                "Patriotism – positive side or complications",
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            "rg_readinglevel": [
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            "id": "Bob Sakata: American Farmer (book)",
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            "title": "Bob Sakata: American Farmer (book)",
            "description": "Biography for children by Daniel Blegen about a\n \n  Nisei\n \n farmer in Colorado that covers his wartime incarceration in an American concentration camp.",
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            "id": "Life behind Barbed Wire: The World War II Internment Memoirs of a Hawaii Issei (book)",
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            "title": "Life behind Barbed Wire: The World War II Internment Memoirs of a Hawaii Issei (book)",
            "description": "Internment memoir by Honolulu\n \n  Issei\n \n publisher and community leader\n \n  Yasutaro Soga\n \n . Originally published in 1948 as\n \n  Tessaku seikatsu\n \n , it was translated into English by Kihei Hirai and a team of volunteers at the Japanese Cultural Center of Hawai'i (JCCH) and published by the University of Hawai'i Press in 2008.",
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            "id": "\"Wase Time!\": A Teen's Memoir of Gila River Internment Camp (book)",
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            "index": "8 8/{'value': 23, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/%22Wase%20Time!%22:%20A%20Teen's%20Memoir%20of%20Gila%20River%20Internment%20Camp%20(book)/",
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            "title": "\"Wase Time!\": A Teen's Memoir of Gila River Internment Camp (book)",
            "description": "First person memoir by Kenneth A. Tashiro of his and his family's forced removal and incarceration at the\n \n  Gila River\n \n , Arizona, concentration camp. After a brief introduction that introduces Tashiro's family, the story begins on Pearl Harbor day when Kenneth—nicknamed \"Iggy\"—hears about the start of the war after exiting an Abbott and Costello movie. He and his family move from Los Angeles to Del Rey in an attempt to avoid incarceration, but they are eventually removed from Sanger to Gila in August of 1942. His father, Kenji Tashiro, is a journalist, who becomes the editor of the\n \n  camp newspaper\n \n , before leaving to join the army at age 37. His mother, eight months pregnant at the time of the removal, stays behind for a time, rejoining the family later with the baby girl. Twelve when he entered the camp, Tashiro's perspective is purely that of an active teenager, so there is relatively little on camp politics and civil rights, with the focus instead being on friends, sports, Boy Scouts, and other aspects of teenage camp life. The story ends when Iggy leaves camp in March of 1945 to live with an aunt and uncle in Minneapolis.",
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                "Grades 9-12",
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            "rg_genre": [
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            "rg_theme": [
                "Family – blessing or curse",
                "Importance of community",
                "Role of men"
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            "id": "Beyond Barbed Wire (film)",
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            "title": "Beyond Barbed Wire (film)",
            "description": "A 1997 documentary film on the Japanese American soldiers of the\n \n  100th Infantry Battalion\n \n , the\n \n  442nd Regimental Combat Team\n \n and the\n \n  Military Intelligence Service\n \n who fought for the United States during World War II while some of their families were held in concentration camps. The film is based on interviews with numerous veterans as well as with their wives and adult children. Among topics touched on in\n \n  Beyond Barbed Wire\n \n are friction between men from Hawai'i and the continental U.S. during basic training; the unusual story of Korean American Colonel Young O. Kim; the\n \n  rescue of the Lost Battalion\n \n , and the continuing legacy of the veterans for their families. One unique aspect of the film is its treatment of the controversy over the role of Major General\n \n  John Dahlquist\n \n , whom some veterans feel used the Nisei as \"cannon fodder.\" In telling the story of the mass incarceration, the filmmakers include scenes from the\n \n  Japanese American National Museum\n \n and the Smithsonian Institution's\n \n\n   A More Perfect Union: Japanese Americans and the U.S. Constitution\n  \n\n . The film concludes with scenes from a reunion at the 50th anniversary of the war's end in Honolulu in 1995. The film is narrated by\n \n  Noriyuki \"Pat\" Morita\n \n .",
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            "id": "Diamonds in the Rough (film)",
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            "title": "Diamonds in the Rough (film)",
            "description": "Documentary film on Japanese American baseball that focuses on Kenichi Zenimura (1900–68), a pioneering\n \n  Issei\n \n baseball player and coach in Hawai'i and in Fresno, California. The film includes four main sections. The first looks at Zenimura's prewar baseball exploits, and by extension, Japanese American baseball in general, featuring interviews with those who played with or against him. The next focuses on the World War II incarceration that saw Zenimura and his family sent to the Gila River, Arizona, concentration camp, where he famously built a baseball field. Next, the film looks at the postwar phenomenon of Nisei players going to Japan and becoming stars in the Japanese major leagues, focusing on the most prominent such player, Wally Yonamine. The final segment sees Zenimura's son Howard returning to the site of the\n \n  Gila River\n \n camp and visiting the location of the former barracks and of the baseball field. Actor Noriyuki \"Pat\" Morita serves as the film's host and narrator, and appears on camera in various locations, including Gila River.",
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            "rg_theme": [
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            "title": "Arnold Knows Me: The Tommy Kono Story (film)",
            "description": "Documentary film that charts Nisei\n \n  Tommy Kono\n \n 's unlikely rise from a World War II concentration camp to becoming one of America's greatest Olympic style weightlifters.",
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            "rg_interestlevel": [
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            "title": "Legacy of the Nisei: Stories of Japanese American Internment and World War II Veterans (film)",
            "description": "The second video produced by the San Leandro Public Library built around interviews with Japanese American veterans and former concentration camp inmates from the San Francisco Bay area.",
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            "id": "Otoko (short story)",
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            "index": "14 14/{'value': 23, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
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            "title": "Otoko (short story)",
            "description": "Short story by Wakako Yamauchi centering on a\n \n  Nisei\n \n brother and sister who recall their father and their family's prewar and wartime hardships while listening to Japanese folksongs. On the longest day of the year one summer, Kiyo visits his sister, the narrator, bringing a record of Japanese children's songs. The act of listening to the songs triggers memories of their early years. Once relatively prosperous, their fortunes turn dire quickly when their father loses his job. He becomes a tenant farmer, but can't make enough to support the family. Kiyo recalls a time when he went with his father to visit a friend, Kiyo thinks, to ask to borrow money. The narrator recalls working as a \"school girl\" with a white family for a few months, returning to find her family living in a tent, her little sister's teeth rotting, and her father suffering from a stomach ailment. Later, they live in a boarding house, where her mother cooks for the tenants; the narrator recounts an attempted sexual assault by one of them. Their parents' dream of returning to Japan are dashed forever by the family's wartime incarceration as Japanese Americans. While the narrator leaves camp early to work in\n \n  Chicago\n \n and Kiyo ends up in\n \n  Tule Lake\n \n , one of the Nisei who\n \n  renounces his citizenship\n \n , their father dies in camp just prior to the camp's closing after the end of the war.",
            "url_title": "Otoko (short story)",
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                "short stories"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Historical Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Disillusionment and dreams",
                "Growing up – pain or pleasure",
                "Immigrant experience",
                "Loss of innocence",
                "Role of men",
                "Vulnerability of the meek"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-file-text"
        },
        {
            "id": "From Bullets to Ballots (film)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "15 15/{'value': 23, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/From%20Bullets%20to%20Ballots%20(film)/",
                "json": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/From%20Bullets%20to%20Ballots%20(film)/"
            },
            "title": "From Bullets to Ballots (film)",
            "description": "Documentary film on Japanese Americans from Hawai'i as part of the\n \n  442nd Regimental Combat Team\n \n and their role in the political realignment of Hawai'i after the war.\n \n  From Bullets to Ballots\n \n was one of three short films directed by Robert A. Nakamura and produced by Karen L. Ishizuka in conjunction with\n \n  From Bento to Mixed Plate: Americans of Japanese Ancestry in Multicultural Hawai'i,\n \n an exhibition produced by the\n \n  Japanese American National Museum\n \n in 1997.",
            "url_title": "From Bullets to Ballots (film)",
            "title_sort": "frombulletstoballotsfilm",
            "categories": [
                "Arts"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Quest for power",
                "Role of men",
                "War – glory, necessity, pain, tragedy",
                "Working class struggles"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-film"
        },
        {
            "id": "American Sons (film)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "16 16/{'value': 23, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/American%20Sons%20(film)/",
                "json": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/American%20Sons%20(film)/"
            },
            "title": "American Sons (film)",
            "description": "Docudrama by Steven Okazaki about four Asian American male characters talking about the role of race in their lives. Though played by actors, the words spoken by each character come from interviews with real people.",
            "url_title": "American Sons (film)",
            "title_sort": "americansonsfilm",
            "categories": [
                "Arts"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Drama"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Empowerment",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Quest for discovery",
                "Role of men"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-film"
        },
        {
            "id": "A Tradition of Honor (film)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "17 17/{'value': 23, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/A%20Tradition%20of%20Honor%20(film)/",
                "json": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/A%20Tradition%20of%20Honor%20(film)/"
            },
            "title": "A Tradition of Honor (film)",
            "description": "Feature length documentary telling the stories of Japanese American soldiers in the\n \n  100th Infantry Battalion\n \n ,\n \n  442nd Regimental Combat Team\n \n , and\n \n  Military Intelligence Service\n \n , produced in 2002 by the Go For Broke National Education Foundation.",
            "url_title": "A Tradition of Honor (film)",
            "title_sort": "atraditionofhonorfilm",
            "categories": [
                "Arts"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Heroism – real and perceived",
                "Role of men",
                "War – glory, necessity, pain, tragedy"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-film"
        },
        {
            "id": "442: For the Future (film)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "18 18/{'value': 23, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/442:%20For%20the%20Future%20(film)/",
                "json": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/442:%20For%20the%20Future%20(film)/"
            },
            "title": "442: For the Future (film)",
            "description": "Docu-drama by Patricia Kinaga that tells the story of the Japanese American World War II experience with a focus on the exploits of the\n \n  442nd Regimental Combat Team\n \n , through the experiences of four characters.",
            "url_title": "442: For the Future (film)",
            "title_sort": "442forthefuturefilm",
            "categories": [
                "Arts"
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            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
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            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 7-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Role of men",
                "War – glory, necessity, pain, tragedy"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-film"
        },
        {
            "id": "You Who Are 25 (short story)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "19 19/{'value': 23, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/You%20Who%20Are%2025%20(short%20story)/",
                "json": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/You%20Who%20Are%2025%20(short%20story)/"
            },
            "title": "You Who Are 25 (short story)",
            "description": "Short story by Ted Tajima that recounts the arduous birth of a boy in a concentration camp and which contemplates that young man's fate in the very different world of twenty-five years later. Despite the title, the story is written in a third-person voice and does not directly address the young people it is about. Tajima, a high school teacher and frequent contributor to the\n \n  Rafu Shimpo\n \n holiday edition, published the story in the 1967 issue.",
            "url_title": "You Who Are 25 (short story)",
            "title_sort": "youwhoare25shortstory",
            "categories": [
                "Arts"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Circle of life",
                "Power of the past",
                "Role of men"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "No availability"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-file-text"
        },
        {
            "id": "MIS: Human Secret Weapon (film)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "20 20/{'value': 23, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/MIS:%20Human%20Secret%20Weapon%20(film)/",
                "json": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/MIS:%20Human%20Secret%20Weapon%20(film)/"
            },
            "title": "MIS: Human Secret Weapon (film)",
            "description": "Feature length documentary film on the history of Japanese Americans in the\n \n  Military Intelligence Service\n \n (MIS) during World War II. Written and directed by Japanese filmmaker Junichiro Suzuki,\n \n  MIS: Human Secret Weapon\n \n is the third film in Suzuki's trilogy of documentaries on Japanese Americans during World War II.",
            "url_title": "MIS: Human Secret Weapon (film)",
            "title_sort": "mishumansecretweaponfilm",
            "categories": [
                "Arts"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Heroism – real and perceived",
                "Role of men",
                "Vulnerability of the strong",
                "War – glory, necessity, pain, tragedy"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-film"
        },
        {
            "id": "No-No Boy (play)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "21 21/{'value': 23, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/No-No%20Boy%20(play)/",
                "json": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/No-No%20Boy%20(play)/"
            },
            "title": "No-No Boy (play)",
            "description": "2010 play by Ken Narasaki based on\n \n  John Okada's classic 1957 novel\n \n . While the play largely followed the plot of the novel, the decision to change the ending to a \"happy\" one proved controversial.",
            "url_title": "No-No Boy (play)",
            "title_sort": "nonoboyplay",
            "categories": [
                "Arts"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "plays"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Convention and rebellion",
                "Family – blessing or curse",
                "Heroism – real and perceived",
                "Individual versus society",
                "Role of men"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "No availability"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Plays",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-ticket"
        },
        {
            "id": "The Brothers Murata (short story)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "22 22/{'value': 23, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/The%20Brothers%20Murata%20(short%20story)/",
                "json": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/The%20Brothers%20Murata%20(short%20story)/"
            },
            "title": "The Brothers Murata (short story)",
            "description": "Novella by\n  \n   Toshio Mori\n  \n  about two brothers in\n  \n   Topaz\n  \n  who clash over the issue of military service. Likely written in Topaz, it was first published in the 2000 Mori anthology\n  \n   Unfinished Message: Selected Works of Toshio Mori\n  \n  .",
            "url_title": "The Brothers Murata (short story)",
            "title_sort": "thebrothersmuratashortstory",
            "categories": [
                "Arts"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Family – blessing or curse",
                "Nationalism – complications",
                "Rights - individual or societal",
                "Role of men"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-file-text"
        }
    ],
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                        "term": {
                            "published_rg": true
                        }
                    },
                    {
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                        }
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                ]
            }
        }
    },
    "aggregations": {}
}