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        {
            "id": "Allegiance (book)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "0 0/{'value': 117, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/Allegiance%20(book)/",
                "json": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/Allegiance%20(book)/"
            },
            "title": "Allegiance (book)",
            "description": "Historical mystery novel by Kermit Roosevelt set during World War II against the backdrop of the Supreme Court and the Japanese American cases.",
            "url_title": "Allegiance (book)",
            "title_sort": "allegiancebook",
            "categories": [
                "Arts"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Historical Fiction",
                "Mystery"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Emptiness of attaining a false dream",
                "Facing darkness",
                "Injustice",
                "Loss of innocence",
                "Power and corruption"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Books",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-book"
        },
        {
            "id": "What the Scarecrow Said (book)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "1 1/{'value': 117, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/What%20the%20Scarecrow%20Said%20(book)/",
                "json": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/What%20the%20Scarecrow%20Said%20(book)/"
            },
            "title": "What the Scarecrow Said (book)",
            "description": "Novel set in the last months of World War II whose protagonist is a middle-aged\n  \n   Nisei\n  \n  widower who resettles in a small New England town.",
            "url_title": "What the Scarecrow Said (book)",
            "title_sort": "whatthescarecrowsaidbook",
            "categories": [
                "Arts"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Importance of community"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Facing darkness",
                "Importance of community",
                "Overcoming – fear, weakness, vice"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Books",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-book"
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        {
            "id": "Nebraska's Nisei (film)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "2 2/{'value': 117, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/Nebraska's%20Nisei%20(film)/",
                "json": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/Nebraska's%20Nisei%20(film)/"
            },
            "title": "Nebraska's Nisei (film)",
            "description": "Documentary film produced by the University of Nebraska that tells the story of three\n  \n   Nisei\n  \n  from\n  \n   Heart Mountain\n  \n  who left camp to attend the University of Nebraska through the\n  \n   National Japanese American Student Relocation Council\n  \n  during World War II. The three are Pat Sano, Marie Yamashita Snell, and Tom Shiokari. The story is told through interviews, historical photographs, and unidentified home movie type footage of Heart Mountain. No credits are listed for the production of the film. A nine minute version is available on the University of Nebraska's YouTube channel.",
            "url_title": "Nebraska's Nisei (film)",
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                "Arts"
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                "films"
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            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
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            "rg_genre": [
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            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Importance of community"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-film"
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            "id": "Legacy of the Nisei Veterans: WWII Stories of the 100th/442nd and Military Intelligence Service (film)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "3 3/{'value': 117, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/Legacy%20of%20the%20Nisei%20Veterans:%20WWII%20Stories%20of%20the%20100th/442nd%20and%20Military%20Intelligence%20Service%20(film)/",
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            },
            "title": "Legacy of the Nisei Veterans: WWII Stories of the 100th/442nd and Military Intelligence Service (film)",
            "description": "Documentary film made up of interviews with ten\n  \n   Nisei\n  \n  World War II veterans from the San Francisco Bay area. Short segments of the interviews are organized by topic in more or less chronological fashion, with the occasional insertion of still photographs from the period. Segments include the reaction to the attack on Pearl Harbor, the arrest of\n  \n   Issei\n  \n  leaders,\n  \n   Executive Order 9066\n  \n  and its aftermath, early recruits to the\n  \n   Military Intelligence Service\n  \n  (MIS), the formation of the\n  \n   442nd\n  \n  and the\n  \n   loyalty questionnaire\n  \n  episode of early 1943, the battlefield experiences of the MIS in the Pacific and the 442nd in Europe, and the role of the MIS in occupation Japan. The film ends with a brief summary of each man's life after the war. One unusual element in the inclusion of Takeshi \"Gish\" Endo's story of being recruited out of\n  \n   Heart Mountain\n  \n  by the British Political Warfare Mission, and doing translation and Japanese broadcasting work out of Denver.",
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            "title_sort": "legacyoftheniseiveteranswwiistoriesofthe100th442ndandmilitaryintelligenceservicefilm",
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                "Arts"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "War – glory, necessity, pain, tragedy",
                "Heroism - real and perceived",
                "Role of men"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-film"
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        {
            "id": "Nakamura Comes Home (short story)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "4 4/{'value': 117, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/Nakamura%20Comes%20Home%20(short%20story)/",
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            },
            "title": "Nakamura Comes Home (short story)",
            "description": "Short story about the return of a Nisei veteran to his California hometown by Henry H. Hayden. Kido Nakamura, with his chest full of medals and a limp due to a war wound, returns to Bonneville, where he had grown up as an orphan, and been on his own since age fourteen, until his forced removal to\n  \n   Tanforan\n  \n  . From camp, he joined the\n  \n   442nd\n  \n  and served in Europe. He stops first at the hotel where he used to live and work, but a former co-worker tells him that the new owners are unwelcoming. He walks through he town, seeing racist signs, tangible evidence of anti-Japanese sentiment. Walking out to a farm he thinks he can get a job at, he is harassed by drunks and ponders his future in the town.",
            "url_title": "Nakamura Comes Home (short story)",
            "title_sort": "nakamuracomeshomeshortstory",
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                "Arts"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
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            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Evils of racism",
                "Injustice",
                "Totalitarianism"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Short Stories",
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        },
        {
            "id": "Case History (short story)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "5 5/{'value': 117, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/Case%20History%20(short%20story)/",
                "json": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/Case%20History%20(short%20story)/"
            },
            "title": "Case History (short story)",
            "description": "Short story about a young Nisei couple settling in \"Centreville,\" a fictional small town in California, after World War II. John and Mary Mori arrive and open a flower market in town. But despite John's military service and the couple's good deeds, the face anti-Japanese harassment before a series of events begin to turn the tide. Author Bradford Smith tells the story using fictitious newspaper articles, letters, and personal testimony.",
            "url_title": "Case History (short story)",
            "title_sort": "casehistoryshortstory",
            "categories": [
                "Arts"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Overcoming – fear, weakness, vice",
                "Patriotism – positive side or complications",
                "Evils of racism"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-file-text"
        },
        {
            "id": "Arts and Crafts from the Camps: The Arkansas Camp Experience (exhibition)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "6 6/{'value': 117, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/Arts%20and%20Crafts%20from%20the%20Camps:%20The%20Arkansas%20Camp%20Experience%20(exhibition)/",
                "json": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/Arts%20and%20Crafts%20from%20the%20Camps:%20The%20Arkansas%20Camp%20Experience%20(exhibition)/"
            },
            "title": "Arts and Crafts from the Camps: The Arkansas Camp Experience (exhibition)",
            "description": "Exhibition of art and craft objects created by Japanese American inmates at the Arkansas concentration camps. Curated by the University of Arkansas at Little Rock Public History Program in 2004, the exhibition included objects from the collection of Rosalie Gould, a former mayor of McGehee, Arkansas, who had amassed a substantial private collection.\n  \n\n    [1]\n   \n\n\n   Arts and Crafts from the Camps\n  \n  was one of the eight exhibitions mounted in the Little Rock area that were part of the\n  \n\n    Life Interrupted\n   \n\n  project, a collaboration between the\n  \n   Japanese American National Museum\n  \n  and the University of Arkansas at Little Rock.",
            "url_title": "Arts and Crafts from the Camps: The Arkansas Camp Experience (exhibition)",
            "title_sort": "artsandcraftsfromthecampsthearkansascampexperienceexhibition",
            "categories": [
                "Chroniclers"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
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            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Art",
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Beauty of simplicity",
                "Desire to escape"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Museum Exhibitions",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-university"
        },
        {
            "id": "American at Heart (film)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "7 7/{'value': 117, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/American%20at%20Heart%20(film)/",
                "json": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/American%20at%20Heart%20(film)/"
            },
            "title": "American at Heart (film)",
            "description": "Film that tells the story of the\n  \n   100th Infantry Battalion\n  \n  and\n  \n   442nd Regimental Combat Team\n  \n  through historical footage (including clips from the movie\n  \n\n    Go for Broke!\n   \n\n  ), still photographs and interview with many\n  \n   Nisei\n  \n  veterans, their white commanders, and others tied to the story.\n  \n   American at Heart\n  \n  covers the origin of the units in Hawai'i and Washington, DC, basic training in Camps McCoy and Shelby, their experiences in combat in Europe, and their return to the Hawai'i and the continental U.S. after the war. The film also contrasts the experience of Japanese Americans in Hawai'i vs. those on the West Coast, outlining the mass forced removal and incarceration of the latter. Among those interviewed are\n  \n   General Mark Clark\n  \n  , the World War II commander of the Fifth Army and 15th Army Group in Europe, who discusses what he calls \"the wrong decision\" to send Japanese Americans to \"concentration camps\" and his attempts to convince General\n  \n   John DeWitt\n  \n  to rescind his decision to do so, as well as his glowing descriptions of the Nisei units in combat; Senators\n  \n   Spark Matsunaga\n  \n  and\n  \n   Daniel Inouye\n  \n  on their experiences as members of the 100th and 442nd respectively; and Shig Doi, who takes part in the rescue of the\n  \n   Lost Battalion\n  \n  , only to hear of\n  \n   \"night riders\"\n  \n  attacking his family upon their return to their farm in California. The film ends with scenes from the exhibition\n  \n\n    A More Perfect Union\n   \n\n  at the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of American History.",
            "url_title": "American at Heart (film)",
            "title_sort": "americanatheartfilm",
            "categories": [
                "Arts"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Heroism - real and perceived",
                "War - glory, necessity, pain, tragedy"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "No availability"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-film"
        },
        {
            "id": "Manzanar (film)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "8 8/{'value': 117, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/Manzanar%20(film)/",
                "json": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/Manzanar%20(film)/"
            },
            "title": "Manzanar (film)",
            "description": "Experimental documentary film by Bob Nakamura made in 1971 that was one of the first films to explore the legacy of the wartime incarceration of Japanese Americans.",
            "url_title": "Manzanar (film)",
            "title_sort": "manzanarfilm",
            "categories": [
                "Arts"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "films"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Power of the past",
                "Quest for discovery",
                "Growing up – pain or pleasure"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-film"
        },
        {
            "id": "Valley of the Heart (play)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "9 9/{'value': 117, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/Valley%20of%20the%20Heart%20(play)/",
                "json": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/Valley%20of%20the%20Heart%20(play)/"
            },
            "title": "Valley of the Heart (play)",
            "description": "Play by Luis Valdez centered on two farm families—one Japanese American and one Mexican American—in Cupertino, California, during World War II.",
            "url_title": "Valley of the Heart (play)",
            "title_sort": "valleyoftheheartplay",
            "categories": [
                "Arts"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "plays"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Drama",
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Change versus tradition",
                "Everlasting love",
                "Family – blessing or curse",
                "Love and sacrifice",
                "Patriotism – positive side or complications"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Plays",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-ticket"
        },
        {
            "id": "Children of Topaz (short story)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "10 10/{'value': 117, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/Children%20of%20Topaz%20(short%20story)/",
                "json": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/Children%20of%20Topaz%20(short%20story)/"
            },
            "title": "Children of Topaz (short story)",
            "description": "A snowfall at\n  \n   Topaz\n  \n  brings children out of the barracks to engage in snowball fights and snowman building. They recall friends back home and wish their non-Japanese American friends can join them in play. The very short story by\n  \n   Toshio Mori\n  \n  —dubbed \"A Sketch\"—appeared in the\n  \n\n    Pacific Citizen\n   \n\n  newspaper in 1945.",
            "url_title": "Children of Topaz (short story)",
            "title_sort": "childrenoftopazshortstory",
            "categories": [
                "Arts"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 7-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Companionship as salvation",
                "Isolation",
                "Nature as beauty"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-file-text"
        },
        {
            "id": "Home Is the Expatriate (short story)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "11 11/{'value': 117, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/Home%20Is%20the%20Expatriate%20(short%20story)/",
                "json": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/Home%20Is%20the%20Expatriate%20(short%20story)/"
            },
            "title": "Home Is the Expatriate (short story)",
            "description": "Short story by\n  \n   Larry Tajiri\n  \n  about a\n  \n   Nisei\n  \n  strandee just returned from Japan after a decade there. Joe Suzuki was a Nisei in Los Angeles who graduated high school in the mid 1930s. Unwilling to take the types of jobs available to Nisei at that time—primarily agricultural and/or manual labor type jobs—he first tried Hollywood, then went to Japan, as did many other Nisei at that time. He landed a white-collar job at a Japanese firm, but it proved to be a dead end job, and, as a Nisei, he drew suspicion from the police. He attempted to return to the U.S. in November 1941, but his ship turned around midway as war broke out, and he was stuck in Japan during the war. He returns embittered, his mother having died in an American concentration camp, and his father having\n  \n   resettled in Chicago\n  \n  .",
            "url_title": "Home Is the Expatriate (short story)",
            "title_sort": "homeistheexpatriateshortstory",
            "categories": [
                "Arts"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Disillusionment and dreams",
                "Pride and downfall"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-file-text"
        },
        {
            "id": "A Star Is Something to Steer By (short story)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "12 12/{'value': 117, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/A%20Star%20Is%20Something%20to%20Steer%20By%20(short%20story)/",
                "json": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/A%20Star%20Is%20Something%20to%20Steer%20By%20(short%20story)/"
            },
            "title": "A Star Is Something to Steer By (short story)",
            "description": "Short story by Mataileen Larkin Ramsdell about the contentious but affectionate relationship between a white high school teacher in\n  \n   Rohwer\n  \n  and an intelligent but cynical student. A young teacher from Wisconsin, Eve Erickson is immediately drawn to Joe Moriyama, the smallest boy in 11th grade homeroom class, who is constantly challenging her by pointing out the contradictions between the American creed and the treatment of Japanese Americans. In one instance, he tells her about a girl in her class who had her family farm registered in her name to get around the\n  \n   alien land law\n  \n  , but who now found herself the target of an\n  \n   escheat case\n  \n  upon the death of her father. Over time Joe and Eve come to like and respect each other. When\n  \n   Nisei\n  \n  are deemed eligible for the draft in 1944, Joe and other boys in her class are drafted, but he is uncharacteristically silent. He later comes to tell her that he is going to\n  \n   resist the draft\n  \n  and go to prison. Eve is eventually able to convince him otherwise, and he goes on to join the\n  \n   442nd Regimental Combat Team\n  \n  . The story begins and ends with Joe's funeral back in Rohwer after his death in combat.",
            "url_title": "A Star Is Something to Steer By (short story)",
            "title_sort": "starissomething",
            "categories": [
                "Arts"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "short stories"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Historical Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Coming of age",
                "Convention and rebellion",
                "Losing hope"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-file-text"
        },
        {
            "id": "Weedflower (book)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "13 13/{'value': 117, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/Weedflower%20(book)/",
                "json": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/Weedflower%20(book)/"
            },
            "title": "Weedflower (book)",
            "description": "Coming-of-age novel for young adults set in\n  \n   Poston\n  \n  with a young\n  \n   Nisei\n  \n  girl as the protagonist.\n  \n   Weedflower\n  \n  was author Cynthia Kadohata's second young adult novel, after the Newbery Medal winning\n  \n   Kira-Kira\n  \n  .",
            "url_title": "Weedflower (book)",
            "title_sort": "weedflowerbook",
            "categories": [
                "Arts"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "books"
            ],
            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 7-8",
                "Grades 9-12"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Children's",
                "Historical Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Growing up – pain or pleasure",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Fear of other",
                "Losing hope"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Books",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-book"
        },
        {
            "id": "Japanese American Internment Camps (Greenhaven Press, 2001) (book)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "14 14/{'value': 117, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/Japanese%20American%20Internment%20Camps%20(Greenhaven%20Press,%202001)%20(book)/",
                "json": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/Japanese%20American%20Internment%20Camps%20(Greenhaven%20Press,%202001)%20(book)/"
            },
            "title": "Japanese American Internment Camps (Greenhaven Press, 2001) (book)",
            "description": "Anthology of first-person pieces on the wartime removal and incarceration as part of Greenhaven Press's \"History Firsthand\" Series.",
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                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Young Adult",
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Displacement",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Hazards of passing judgment",
                "Injustice"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
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                "Available"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Books",
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        },
        {
            "id": "The Flower Girls (short story)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "15 15/{'value': 117, 'relation': 'eq'}",
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            },
            "title": "The Flower Girls (short story)",
            "description": "Short story by\n  \n   Lawson Fusao Inada\n  \n  . Two girls named Cherry and Rose—dubbed the \"flower girls\" by their teacher—become best friends as first and second graders in Portland, Oregon, just prior to World War II. They play at each other's houses after school and explore each other's neighborhood, though both agree that Cherry's—the Japantown area known as Shita Machi—is more interesting. But the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor drives a wedge between them, and Cherry and her family are soon sent away. While the girls exchange a few letters, they soon lose touch. Switching to the present, the narrator writes about a new Cherry and Rose, who meet to play in the Japanese garden of a Portland park.",
            "url_title": "The Flower Girls (short story)",
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                "Arts"
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            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Heartbreak of betrayal",
                "Loss of innocence",
                "Optimism – power or folly",
                "Progress – real or illusion"
            ],
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                "Available"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-file-text"
        },
        {
            "id": "An Internment Odyssey: Haisho Tenten (book)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "16 16/{'value': 117, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/An%20Internment%20Odyssey:%20Haisho%20Tenten%20(book)/",
                "json": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/An%20Internment%20Odyssey:%20Haisho%20Tenten%20(book)/"
            },
            "title": "An Internment Odyssey: Haisho Tenten (book)",
            "description": "An Internment Odyssey: Haisho Tenten\n  \n  is the third book in a series published by the Japanese Cultural Center of Hawai'i and University of Hawai'i Press of a Hawai'i inmate's account of their incarceration experience during World War II. It represents a critical addition to Japanese American history as it provides the perspective of an\n  \n   Issei\n  \n  from Hawai'i who authorities incarcerated at multiple sites in the Islands and the mainland. The author,\n  \n   Kumaji Furuya\n  \n  , thus gives voice to some of the experiences faced by the 1,320 inmates from Hawai'i who like Furuya were often separated from their families for the duration of the war.",
            "url_title": "An Internment Odyssey: Haisho Tenten (book)",
            "title_sort": "aninternmentodysseyhaishotentenbook",
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                "Arts"
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                "books"
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            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Memoir"
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            "rg_theme": [
                "Immigrant experience",
                "Nationalism – complications",
                "Overcoming – fear, weakness, vice",
                "Will to survive"
            ],
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                "Widely available"
            ],
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        {
            "id": "The Bracelet (book)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "17 17/{'value': 117, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/The%20Bracelet%20(book)/",
                "json": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/The%20Bracelet%20(book)/"
            },
            "title": "The Bracelet (book)",
            "description": "A children's picture book by\n  \n   Nisei\n  \n  author\n  \n   Yoshiko Uchida\n  \n  , with illustrations by Joanne Yardley, originally published in 1993.\n  \n   The Bracelet\n  \n  is a story derived from the author's own childhood experiences in an American concentration camp during World War II. The book opens as seven-year-old Emi, her mother and sister prepare to leave their home in Berkeley, California, for\n  \n   Tanforan\n  \n  , a racetrack that has been converted into a temporary camp for Japanese Americans. Emi's best friend, Laurie Madison, brings her a gold bracelet as a farewell gift, and as a reminder of the value of their friendship. Emi vows that she will never take it off, but as she helps clean out the filthy horse stable that will serve has her family's \"apartment,\" the gold chain slips off her wrist and is lost. At first, she is desolate, but Emi eventually realizes that she does not need the bracelet to remember her friend, just as she does not need a photo to remember her father (who has been sent to a separate prisoner-of-war camp in Montana).",
            "url_title": "The Bracelet (book)",
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            "rg_interestlevel": [
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            "rg_genre": [
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            "rg_theme": [
                "Growing up – pain or pleasure",
                "Importance of community",
                "Self-awareness",
                "Will to survive"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 1-2",
                "Grades 3-5"
            ],
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                "Widely available"
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            "id": "American Heroes: Japanese American World War II Nisei Soldiers and the Congressional Gold Medal (exhibition)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "18 18/{'value': 117, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
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            },
            "title": "American Heroes: Japanese American World War II Nisei Soldiers and the Congressional Gold Medal (exhibition)",
            "description": "Traveling exhibition developed by the Smithsonian Institution to commemorate the awarding of the Congressional Gold Medal to the\n  \n   100th Infantry Battalion\n  \n  ,\n  \n   442nd Regimental Combat Team\n  \n  , and\n  \n   Military Intelligence Service\n  \n  in 2011. Created by the Smithsonian Institution Traveling Exhibition Service in partnership with National Veterans Network, National Museum of American History, and Smithsonian Asian Pacific American Center, the exhibition included photo and text panels about the Japanese Americans who served in World War II along with the medal itself.",
            "url_title": "American Heroes: Japanese American World War II Nisei Soldiers and the Congressional Gold Medal (exhibition)",
            "title_sort": "americanheroesjapaneseamericanworldwariiniseisoldiersandthecongressionalgoldmedalexhibition",
            "categories": [
                "Chroniclers"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype": [
                "exhibitions"
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            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
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            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Patriotism - positive side or complications",
                "Heroism - real and perceived"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Museum Exhibitions",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-university"
        },
        {
            "id": "Tule Lake (book)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "19 19/{'value': 117, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/Tule%20Lake%20(book)/",
                "json": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/Tule%20Lake%20(book)/"
            },
            "title": "Tule Lake (book)",
            "description": "Novel by Edward Miyakawa set in the eponymous concentration camp.\n  \n   Tule Lake\n  \n  was likely the first novel by a Japanese American set in one of the World War II concentration camps to be published when it first appeared in 1979. It was also notable for its unflinching portrayal of life in the most repressive of the camps.",
            "url_title": "Tule Lake (book)",
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            "categories": [
                "Arts"
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                "books"
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            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Historical Fiction"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Evils of racism",
                "Family – blessing or curse",
                "Importance of community",
                "Individual versus society"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Books",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-book"
        },
        {
            "id": "Journey to Topaz: A Story of the Japanese-American Evacuation (book)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "20 20/{'value': 117, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/Journey%20to%20Topaz:%20A%20Story%20of%20the%20Japanese-American%20Evacuation%20(book)/",
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            },
            "title": "Journey to Topaz: A Story of the Japanese-American Evacuation (book)",
            "description": "Pioneering 1971 novel by\n  \n   Yoshiko Uchida\n  \n  that was the first book for children on the forced removal and incarceration of Japanese Americans written by a Japanese American. Based in part on Uchida's own family experience,\n  \n   Journey to Topaz\n  \n  was the first of five books the prolific children's book author wrote that focused on the incarceration experience.",
            "url_title": "Journey to Topaz: A Story of the Japanese-American Evacuation (book)",
            "title_sort": "journeytotopazastoryofthejapaneseamericanevacuationbook",
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                "Arts"
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            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 3-5",
                "Grades 6-8"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
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                "Young Adult"
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            "rg_theme": [
                "Displacement",
                "Growing up - pain or pleasure"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
                "Grades 6-8"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Books",
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        {
            "id": "Transcending: The Wat Misaka Story (film)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "21 21/{'value': 117, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/Transcending:%20The%20Wat%20Misaka%20Story%20(film)/",
                "json": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/Transcending:%20The%20Wat%20Misaka%20Story%20(film)/"
            },
            "title": "Transcending: The Wat Misaka Story (film)",
            "description": "Feature length documentary film that traces the basketball exploits of Wat Misaka, a\n  \n   Nisei\n  \n  from Utah who starred on two college basketball national championship teams and played briefly for the New York Knicks in the 1940s.",
            "url_title": "Transcending: The Wat Misaka Story (film)",
            "title_sort": "transcendingthewatmisakastoryfilm",
            "categories": [
                "Arts"
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            "rg_rgmediatype": [
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                "Grades 7-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary",
                "History"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Convention and rebellion",
                "Heroism – real and perceived",
                "Overcoming – fear, weakness, vice"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-film"
        },
        {
            "id": "Manzanar National Historic Site Educator Resources Kit (curricula)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "22 22/{'value': 117, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/Manzanar%20National%20Historic%20Site%20Educator%20Resources%20Kit%20(curricula)/",
                "json": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/Manzanar%20National%20Historic%20Site%20Educator%20Resources%20Kit%20(curricula)/"
            },
            "title": "Manzanar National Historic Site Educator Resources Kit (curricula)",
            "description": "\"How does identity shape my experience in America?\" is the central question which serves to unify the wide range of materials in this resource kit. The kit includes printed materials (lesson plans, reproductions of primary sources, official park brochure, booklet for self-guided tours, Densho brochure), and digital resources (video documentary, electronic field trip, biographical sketches of former inmates, related standards, lesson plans, and historical photos). The Manzanar National Historic Site Educator Resources Kit was supported by a grant from the\n  \n   California Civil Liberties Public Education Program\n  \n  and the Manzanar History Association.",
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            "title_sort": "manzanarnationalhistoricsiteeducatorresourceskitcurricula",
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            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 3-5",
                "Grades 7-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Displacement",
                "Evils of racism",
                "Self-awareness",
                "War"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Curricula",
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        {
            "id": "Nurse (short story)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "23 23/{'value': 117, 'relation': 'eq'}",
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                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/Nurse%20(short%20story)/",
                "json": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/Nurse%20(short%20story)/"
            },
            "title": "Nurse (short story)",
            "description": "Short story by Masaharu Hane centering on an\n  \n   Issei\n  \n  man on a train in the Southwest during World War II. Spotting a\n  \n   Nisei\n  \n  young woman fellow passenger—one of the few \"Japanese\" on the train—sitting next to a white soldier, the narrator passes time on the trip by conjuring various unlikely scenarios that explain her travel circumstances, before learning the rather mundane truth. Originally published in a\n  \n   Poston\n  \n  Japanese language literary publication, \"Nurse\" was included in the 1991 literary anthology\n  \n   The Big Aiiieeeee!",
            "url_title": "Nurse (short story)",
            "title_sort": "nurseshortstory",
            "categories": [
                "Chroniclers"
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            ],
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            "rg_theme": [
                "Communication – verbal and nonverbal",
                "Hazards of passing judgment"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Short Stories",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-file-text"
        },
        {
            "id": "The War Outside (book)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "24 24/{'value': 117, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/The%20War%20Outside%20(book)/",
                "json": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/api/3.0/articles/The%20War%20Outside%20(book)/"
            },
            "title": "The War Outside (book)",
            "description": "Young adult novel by Monica Hesse that tells a complex story of a friendship between two teenage girls, one Japanese American and one German American, in the\n  \n   Crystal City internment camp\n  \n  in the fall of 1944.",
            "url_title": "The War Outside (book)",
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            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Coming of age",
                "Growing up – pain or pleasure",
                "Loss of innocence"
            ],
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                "Grades 7-8"
            ],
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                "Widely available"
            ],
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