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            "id": "Manzanar (film)",
            "model": "article",
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            "title": "Manzanar (film)",
            "description": "Experimental documentary film by Bob Nakamura made in 1971 that was one of the first films to explore the legacy of the wartime incarceration of Japanese Americans.",
            "url_title": "Manzanar (film)",
            "title_sort": "manzanarfilm",
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                "Arts"
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                "films"
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            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Documentary"
            ],
            "rg_theme": [
                "Power of the past",
                "Quest for discovery",
                "Growing up – pain or pleasure"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-film"
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        {
            "id": "A Grain of Sand (album)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "1 1/{'value': 9, 'relation': 'eq'}",
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            "title": "A Grain of Sand (album)",
            "description": "Originally produced and released in 1973 by Paredon Records,\n  \n   A Grain of Sand: Music for the Struggle by Asians in America\n  \n  by folk trio\n  \n   Chris Kando Iijima\n  \n  ,\n  \n   Nobuko JoAnne Miyamoto\n  \n  , and William \"Charlie\" Chin is widely recognized to be the first album of Asian American music. The record is a combination of folk songs, political ballads and protest songs. The music was written, performed and recorded at the height of the Asian American, black, and anti-war movements in the early '70s by New York musicians and activists Iijima, Miyamoto, and Chin, who were then in their twenties and early thirties. The original album includes artwork by Arlan Huang/Artist Resource Basement Workshop on the album jacket and liner notes with a political statement by the musicians, lyrics, and a list of Asian American publications from the era. One of the songs, \"We Are the Children,\" is likely the first song in English to explicitly mention the wartime incarceration of Japanese Americans.",
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            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
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            "rg_genre": [
                "Contemporary Folk"
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            "rg_theme": [
                "Evils of racism",
                "Immigrant experience",
                "Injustice"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Widely available"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Albums",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-music"
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        {
            "id": "When the World Winds Down (short story)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "2 2/{'value': 9, 'relation': 'eq'}",
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                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/When%20the%20World%20Winds%20Down%20(short%20story)/",
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            "title": "When the World Winds Down (short story)",
            "description": "Short story by Sharon Hashimoto about a watch repairman who fixes a gold watch brought in by a young man who reminds him of his late brother. Fred Fujita is one of the last remaining\n  \n   Nisei\n  \n  businessmen in the old Japanese section of Seattle. Agreeing to fix the gold watch at the end of one day, he decides to work on it at home, observing that his late wife would have objected to his doing so. While working on the watch, he recalls his brother Jimmy—the night at\n  \n   Heart Mountain\n  \n  when the seventeen-year-old Jimmy tells him he is going to enlist, trying to talk him out of it, and receiving word that he is missing in action.",
            "url_title": "When the World Winds Down (short story)",
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            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
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            "rg_genre": [
                "Fiction"
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            "rg_theme": [
                "Isolation",
                "Lost love"
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            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Short Stories",
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            "id": "The Legacy of a Cemetery (short story)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "3 3/{'value': 9, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/The%20Legacy%20of%20a%20Cemetery%20(short%20story)/",
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            "title": "The Legacy of a Cemetery (short story)",
            "description": "First person reflections on a trip back to his hometown of Los Angeles by a man who had settled in New Jersey after leaving the\n  \n   Jerome\n  \n  , Arkansas, concentration camps some thirty years earlier. A visit to Evergreen Cemetery east of downtown Los Angeles brings back memories of his forced removal in 1942, remembrances of\n  \n   Nisei\n  \n  soldiers he knew who are buried there, and memories of his deceased family members.",
            "url_title": "The Legacy of a Cemetery (short story)",
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            "rg_interestlevel": [
                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
            ],
            "rg_genre": [
                "Memoir"
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            "rg_theme": [
                "Reunion",
                "Wisdom of experience"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Short Stories",
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        {
            "id": "Hito Hata: Raise the Banner (film)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "4 4/{'value': 9, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/Hito%20Hata:%20Raise%20the%20Banner%20(film)/",
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            "title": "Hito Hata: Raise the Banner (film)",
            "description": "Landmark feature film produced by Visual Communications (VC), a Los Angeles based non-profit in 1980. Centering on the life story of an\n  \n   Issei\n  \n  man,\n  \n   Hito Hata\n  \n  was likely the first dramatic feature film about Asian Americans by Asian Americans since the silent film era.",
            "url_title": "Hito Hata: Raise the Banner (film)",
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            "categories": [
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                "Grades 6-8",
                "Grades 9-12",
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            "rg_genre": [
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                "Immigrant experience"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Limited availability"
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            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Films and Video",
            "rg_rgmediatype_icon": "fa-film"
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            "id": "Ruth Asawa: Of Forms and Growth (film)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "5 5/{'value': 9, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/Ruth%20Asawa:%20Of%20Forms%20and%20Growth%20(film)/",
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            "title": "Ruth Asawa: Of Forms and Growth (film)",
            "description": "Documentary profile of\n  \n   Nisei\n  \n  artist\n  \n   Ruth Asawa\n  \n  produced and directed by Robert Snyder.\n  \n   Of Forms and Growth\n  \n  includes footage of Asawa at home, in her garden and at work, and features the artist talking about her artistic influences and techniques. In particular, she highlights the influence of artists Joseph Albers and Buckminster Fuller, and the film includes footage of Asawa and Fuller. She goes on to talk about the various media she has worked with, including ink and oil paintings, wire and paper sculptures, and sculptures made from baker's clay. The film also explores Asawa's community work, particularly in establishing art programs in schools as well as a community arts festival. Photographer Imogen Cunningham talks about photographing Asawa and her family and about Asawa's marriage to Albert Lanier. Asawa's early life—including her wartime incarceration—is covered only briefly, and her later work that is influenced by Japanese American history is not noted.",
            "url_title": "Ruth Asawa: Of Forms and Growth (film)",
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                "Grades 9-12",
                "Adult"
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            "rg_genre": [
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            "rg_theme": [
                "Expression through art",
                "Nature as beauty",
                "Role of women"
            ],
            "rg_availability": [
                "Available"
            ],
            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Films and Video",
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        {
            "id": "Time of Decay (short story)",
            "model": "article",
            "index": "6 6/{'value': 9, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://resourceguide.densho.org/Time%20of%20Decay%20(short%20story)/",
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            "title": "Time of Decay (short story)",
            "description": "Short story by Ferris Takahashi of an Issei woman whose family puts her in a cold nursing home against her will at the end of her life. Told from the perspective of the woman, she recalls her forced removal and incarceration in unspecified concentration camps and other episodes in her life.",
            "url_title": "Time of Decay (short story)",
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            "rg_theme": [
                "Desire to escape",
                "Family—blessing or curse",
                "Loneliness as destructive force",
                "Losing hope"
            ],
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                "Widely available"
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            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Short Stories",
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            "id": "An Abandoned Pot of Rice (short story)",
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            "title": "An Abandoned Pot of Rice (short story)",
            "description": "Short essay by\n  \n   Hisaye Yamamoto DeSoto\n  \n  about the Kumamoto-mura community near Oceanside, California, where her family lived just prior to World War II. The pleasant reminiscences of life there are tempered by recollections of the chaos after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor and the events leading up to the forced removal of Japanese Americans from the West Coast. The title of the story comes from the narrator's recollection of making a pot of rice intending to make rice balls on the day of their forced departure, but forgetting about it, leaving the full pot behind. Years later, she returns to the site of the community, which subsequently became a large military base which for a time housed tens of thousands of Southeast Asian refugees. Noting the similarities with the concentration camps she and her family were in, she observes that this group was the third group of Asians to come and go from the geographical area, after the Japanese Americans and the Native Americans before them.",
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            "rg_theme": [
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                "Importance of community",
                "Progress – real or illusion"
            ],
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            "id": "The Loom (short story)",
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            "title": "The Loom (short story)",
            "description": "Short story by R. A. Sasaki that portrays the life of a\n  \n   Nisei\n  \n  woman looking both backwards and forwards after the death of one of her daughters. Born and raised in San Francisco where her family ran a boarding house, the unnamed woman graduated from the University of California before being incarcerated with her family in\n  \n   Tanforan\n  \n  and\n  \n   Topaz\n  \n  during World War II. Returning to San Francisco after the war having married a\n  \n   Kibei\n  \n  man she had known from before the war, she has four daughters while her husband works in the flower industry. Devoted to her daughters, she is at a loss as they leave the house to pursue their own lives and after one dies in a mountain climbing accident. Her daughters' efforts to bring her out of her torpor are largely unsuccessful until one gives her a loom, through which she is able to express the feelings she cannot verbalize.",
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                "Motherhood",
                "Power of silence"
            ],
            "rg_readinglevel": [
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            "rg_rgmediatype_label": "Short Stories",
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